Zoekresultaat: 9 artikelen

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Thema-artikel ‘Uitgesproken Bestuurskunde’

Europese regelgeving: meer dan de som der delen?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden European Union, EU legislation, evaluation, implementation, European administrative networks
Auteurs Prof. dr. Ellen Mastenbroek
Samenvatting

    Evaluations of EU legislation can fulfill a key role in the European policy process. They can provide the knowledge base required for political accountability towards the electorate, and form a basis for the improvement of existing legislation. This article introduces a research agenda in the realm of the ex-post evaluation of EU legislation, which comprises two research lines. The first strand comprises research into ex post legislative evaluations conducted by the European Commission. This research is innovative, because EU policy researchers so far have barely touched upon evaluation, as a final and important stage in the EU policy cycle. By assessing evaluation critically, we can ascertain to what extent the EU’s ex-post evaluation system is more than an instrument, aimed at increasing the EU’s legitimacy. The second research strand is own evaluation research, focusing on the role of European administrative networks- intergovernmental structures that have been established to improve the implementation of EU legislation by the member states. By critically evaluating the functioning and effectiveness of these networks, I hope to be able to find out whether and under what conditions these network structures are more, than the sum of their national parts.


Prof. dr. Ellen Mastenbroek
Artikel

Het vernieuwde toezicht in het onderwijs

Hooggespannen verwachtingen van kwaliteitszorg, bestuurskracht en maatwerk

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Inspectorate of Education, Renewed customized work approach, Policy Theory, Effects, Supervision
Auteurs Dr. Marlies Honingh, Prof. dr Melanie Ehren en Dr. Cor van Montfort
Samenvatting

    This paper presents the policy theory of the Dutch Inspectorate of Education’s 2017 framework. The framework includes a set of indicators and working methods for the inspections of school boards which are expected to lead to improved quality and organizational learning of the schools and colleges within each board’s portfolio. Inspection feedback, quality assurance, stakeholder involvement and governance are the key mechanisms through which customized inspections are assumed to affect change. These customized inspections start from a set of legal requirements schools and colleges have to meet, but add inspections modules which are agreed on with each school board at the start of an inspection visit. As these inspections are currently being implemented, there is no evidence yet on the validity of these assumptions.


Dr. Marlies Honingh

Prof. dr Melanie Ehren

Dr. Cor van Montfort
Artikel

Access_open Van toezicht op kwaliteit naar toezicht op bestuur

Ontwikkeling van bestuursgericht toezicht in semipublieke sectoren

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Inspection, Governance, Semipublic sector, Quality improvement, Opportunities and risks
Auteurs Dr. Meike Bokhorst, Dr. Marieke van Genugten, Dr. Mirjan Oude Vrielink e.a.
Samenvatting

    In Dutch semi-public sectors of education, healthcare, and housing there is a tendency towards governance based inspection. The attention of inspectorates shifts from inspection on minimum quality standards to inspection on governance based quality improvement. The aim of this special issue is to learn more about the opportunities and risks of governance based inspection. The survey and sector articles show that governance based inspection (1) puts the responsibility of governors to stimulate quality on the agenda, (2) makes governors more aware of the quality targets they want to achieve within their organisations, and (3) has a deregulating effect. However, the risks are (1) reregulation via sector norms, (2) a lack of reality checks, and (3) a narrow focus on governors instead of the quality of public services. Consequently, inspectors have to learn new skills and competences. All in all, governance based inspection can complement but not replace other ways of inspection.


Dr. Meike Bokhorst

Dr. Marieke van Genugten

Dr. Mirjan Oude Vrielink

Prof. dr. Thomas Schillemans
Artikel

Oog voor succes: een pleidooi voor positieve beleidsevaluatie

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden public policy, evaluation, success, accountability, learning
Auteurs Dr. Peter van der Knaap en Dr. Rudi Turksema
Samenvatting

    One of the classic issues in literature on policy evaluation is that of utilization: how can we make sure the results of evaluative inquiry are used more and better? Traditionally, the answer to this question is often searched in improvement of evaluation quality (accuracy, reliability, independence of the researcher) or evaluation processes (more interaction and responsiveness). Although these are and remain crucial elements for any evaluation, the focus remains on the supply side of evaluation. The psychological insight that people tend to learn more from positive feedback and success is not taken into account.
    In this article, we ask whether and how a more positive form of evaluation may contribute to a more effective cycle of learning and accountability. What if – instead of failure, compliance, and accountability – the main focus of monitoring and evaluative inquiry would be to identify and foster achievements that were successful and effective? How would such a positive approach look like and how can it help the actual utilization and usefulness of evaluation? On the basis of theory and international case studies the article describes how focusing on the positive elements of policy and/or implementation may contribute to the demand for and utilization of evaluations.


Dr. Peter van der Knaap

Dr. Rudi Turksema
Artikel

Weinig vreemde handen aan de Nederlandse bedden

Arbeidsmigranten in de ouderenzorg in vergelijkend perspectief

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden migrant care work, The Netherlands, elderly care, labour migration, care policy
Auteurs Dr. Franca van Hooren
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In many European countries immigrants play an important role as employees in the elderly care sector. They are employed by a care providing organisation, or directly by a family as private care assistant. By contrast, in the Netherlands such a development is hardly visible. This article investigates why relatively few migrant workers are employed in Dutch elderly care. The Dutch situation is compared with developments in Italy, Great Britain and Austria. I assess explanations based on demand side, supply side and cultural factors and conclude that especially the large public investments in Dutch elderly care can explain the limited demand for migrant workers. A restrictive immigration policy and language and historical factors play only a minor role. Whether a larger demand for migrant workers will emerge in the future, therefore depends on developments in public elderly care policy.


Dr. Franca van Hooren
Franca van Hooren is postdoctoraal onderzoeker aan de universiteit van Bremen. Zij doet onderzoek naar de gevolgen van de economische crisis voor de verzorgingsstaat, franca.vanhooren@sfb597.uni-bremen.de.
Artikel

Werk in een wantrouwende wereld

Omvang en oorzaken van een uitdijende controle-industrie

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2006
Auteurs Frans van Waarden
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Fraud seems to be on the rise. That feeds a demand for controls. This paper sketches the diversity of supply in reaction to this demand: public regulators of course, but also commercial information providers and benchmarkers, self-regulating associations, hallmark producers, certification and accreditation bodies, and internal business management control systems, whereby ever more levels of control are piled on top of each other. More than a million Dutchmen earn a living in this booming control-industry, or 14% of the working population. In addition to fraud, other causes of this trend are being discussed, among them, paradoxically, neo-liberalist deregulation policies. All these causes contribute to a sense of risk and uncertainty. Although this trend has a number of negative consequences, it has a major benefit: jobs! Economists may have long thought that transaction costs are there for the transactions. But it looks as if transactions exist to produce transaction costs.


Frans van Waarden
Frans van Waarden is hoogleraar Organisatie en Beleid aan de Universiteit Utrecht en fellow van het University College Utrecht. Hij studeerde sociologie in Toronto en Leiden, was voorheen werkzaam aan de Universiteiten van Leiden en Konstanz en visiting scholar in Wenen, Leipzig, Stanford, Berkeley, het European University Institute in Florence en het NIAS in Wassenaar. Hij publiceerde over arbeidsverhoudingen, techniekgeschiedenis, innovatie, katoenindustrie, belangengroepen en corporatisme, verzorgingsstaat, ondernemersorganisaties, de relatie overheid – bedrijfsleven, openbaar bestuur, stijlen van regelgeving en -handhaving en marktwerking en deregulering. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. Frans van Waarden, University College, Utrecht University, Postbus 80145, 3508 TC Utrecht Telefoon: +31-30-253-4820 e-mail: F.vanwaarden@fss.uu.nl
Artikel

In voor- en tegenspoed?

Over krimp en de verzorgingsstaat

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2008
Auteurs Romke van der Veen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article is concerned with the consequences of economic and demographic decline for the welfare state. The issue of decline itself is not investigated. Decline is taken for granted and the consequences of decline are examined. In this article the sociological 'logic' of social policy is investigated and subsequently applied to the issue of decline. The policy-mechanisms that are discussed are: selective versus universal social policy; the extent and character of redistribution; and individual versus collective responsibility. The question that is raised in the final section is what demographic decline in particular might imply for a universal welfare state: more selectivity in social policy? less redistribution between young and old? more individual responsibility? By making use of the policy-mechanisms discussed before, the consequences of these strategies are discussed.


Romke van der Veen
Romke van der Veen is hoogleraar Sociologie van arbeid en organisatie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. R.J. van der Veen Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen Postbus 1738 3000 DR Rotterdam vanderveen@fsw.eur.nl

    Alfred Hirschman has analyzed consumers reactions of 'voice' and 'exit' with respect to the functioning of public and private organizations. He has argued that the value of 'voice' to articulate dissatisfaction with respect to public and private organisations is often misunderstood. Especially with respect to so-called complex goods, voice is far more fruitful to explore the norms for 'best practice' and to stimulate the improvement of the organisation than exit. Insurance might be seen as a complex good. From the perspective of Hirschman we analysed the exit- and voice options of citizens with respect to private and public health insurance. We argue that while private insurance offers more exit-options, the quality of the voice options in private insurance might be considered better. However, the opportunities to articulate disagreement or dissatisfaction on an individual level are few all together. Public health insurance does have formal channels for collective voice, but these do not result in real influence on relevant themes. With the reorganization of the Dutch welfare state, much has been invested, ideological and practical, in the increase of exit options. However, dissatisfaction often does develop when people have become ill and when they are dependent upon the insurance. In that situation they often are not able to walk out to a competing company or to perform voice. Against this background we argue that the organisation of collective voice in health insurance is very important.


Klasien Horstman
Prof.dr. Klasien Horstman is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan de sectie Gezondheidsethiek en Wijsbegeerte van de Universiteit Maastricht, en is bijzonder hoogleraar Filosofie en Ethiek van Bio-engi-neering aan de Technische Universiteit Eindhoven (Socrates-leerstoel) Zij publiceerde eerder over de omgang met risico's in moderne samenlevingen in Beleid en maatschappij, het Tijdschrift voor Sociale Geschiedenis, Science, Technology and Human Values, Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics en Sociology of Health and Illness. In 2001 verscheen van haar hand Public bodies, private lives. The historical construction of Life Insurance, Health Risks and Citizenship in the Netherlands 1880-1920 (Erasmus Publishing, Rotterdam). Adres: Universiteit Maastricht, faculteit der Gezondheidswetenschappen, capaciteitsgroep BEOZ, postbus 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, tel: 043 3881118, e-mail: k.horstman@zw.unimaas.nl

Jan van der Made
Drs. J.H. van der Made is als universitair docent Politicologie/Bestuurskunde verbonden aan de Capaciteitsgroep Beleid, Economie en Organisatie van Zorg van de faculteit der Gezondheidswetenschappen van de Universiteit Maastricht. Hij publiceerde onder meer over stelselwijzigingen in de zorg, privatisering en solidariteit in Bestuurskunde, International Journal of Social Welfare, Health Policy en European Journal of Public Health.

    Recently in The Netherlands, as in other countries, many have called for administrative and democratic reform. The perspectives implicated in the arguments for change differ, however. Some argue for a strengthening of mechanisms of control and accountability. Others opt for more – and more direct – citizen participation in governance. In effect, these perspectives often contradict. In this article we will look into J.S. Mill's effort to combine such different perspectives. It is shown that in his considerations on good government a third principle is active: administrative competence or quality. Mill, thus, makes us aware of a deficiency in many contemporary evaluations of administrative and democratic renewal.


Berry Tholen
Dr. Berry Tholen is als bestuurskundige verbonden aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Zijn onderwijs omvat de cursussen 'Binnenlands Bestuur' en 'Bestuurlijke Ethiek'. In zijn onderzoek concentreert hij zich op vragen van rechtvaardigheid en legitimiteit in bestuur en beleid. Hij publiceerde recentelijk onder meer in International Review of Administrative Sciences en in European Journal of Migration and Law. Adres: Afd. Bestuurskunde, Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, Postbus 9108, 6500 HK Nijmegen, email: b.tholen@fm.ru.nl
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