Zoekresultaat: 38 artikelen

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Thema-artikel

Access_open Decentraliseren en experimenteren

De ontwikkeling van sociaal beleid voor asielmigranten door gemeenten

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2020
Trefwoorden decentralization, migrant integration, social contact, mainstreaming, living labs
Auteurs Dr. Rianne Dekker en Dr. Meike Bokhorst
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    After the European refugee crisis of 2015-2016, many Dutch municipalities took initiative in (re)shaping policies of asylum seeker reception and refugee integration in their own ways. We are witnessing a ‘local turn’ of integration policies with decentralization of responsibilities to the local level of governance. Besides civic integration and socioeconomic integration, social integration of asylum seekers and refugees has been a concern as these groups are often housed in superdiverse and vulnerable neighborhoods. How can municipalities best address the specific problems in their cities? This editorial introduces the four articles that are part of this special issue. We discuss three overarching topics. First, we argue that aside from targeting specific groups and issues, cities should develop mainstreamed policies and provisions to be able to handle future fluctuations and changes in their populations. Second, we observe that in policies aimed at enhancing inter-group contact, earlier immigrant groups are often overlooked. They can play a bridging role in establishing social connections. Third, we highlight the role of urban experiments and living labs in transfer and upscaling of innovative policies.


Dr. Rianne Dekker
Dr. R. Dekker is universitair docent en onderzoeker bij het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht. Zij doet onderzoek naar de invloed van nieuwe media in verschillende beleidsterreinen waaronder integratie en veiligheid.

Dr. Meike Bokhorst
Dr. A.M. Bokhorst is senior wetenschappelijk medewerker bij de Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid en onderzoeker bij de Universiteit Utrecht. Zij is als projectcoördinator migratiediversiteit en auteur betrokken bij WRR-publicaties over de immigratiesamenleving.
Artikel

Een ontspannen perspectief op residentiële segregatie

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering Online First 2020
Trefwoorden residential segregation, Framing, welfare regimes, structural factors, individual preferences
Auteurs Prof. dr. Sako Musterd
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands and surrounding countries, there is reason to ask the question whether levels of segregation according to country of origin (mainly non-western) and in terms of socioeconomic position (mainly social arrears) are sufficiently high to legitimate anti-segregation policy. When will segregation become problematic? If segregation is regarded a problem, what, then, would be the best remedy? Spatial intervention? Or broader societal intervention? In this article developments and mechanisms will be discussed that lead to segregation; also political views on segregation and the framing of segregation will be scrutinized. A confrontation of knowledge, insights, visions, and framings offers material for new perspectives on residential segregation and is reason to argue for a more relaxed attitude towards segregation. We should acknowledge that the process of matching households to residential environments results in some – generally unproblematic – segregation. Only if segregation causes problems that pass certain intensity and/or a certain spatial range, non-spatial or spatial interventions are becoming a necessity. Levels of segregation are relatively moderate still. We ought to be more aware of the fact that strong negative framing actually stimulates segregation, social exclusion, division, discrimination, marginalisation, stigmatisation, fear, estrangement, and the development of first- and second-rate citizens.


Prof. dr. Sako Musterd
Prof. dr. Sako Musterd is hoogleraar stadsgeografie aan het Centre for Urban Studies, Universiteit van Amsterdam. www.uva.nl/profiel/s.musterd

    Large government investments are regularly preceded by an ex-ante evaluation. This article examines the quality of two ex-ante studies and considers the use made by administrators and representatives of the people of these ex-ante studies. In both cases it concerned qualitatively sound ex-ante studies. In both cases, these studies also demonstrably affected the debate about these investment plans in the people’s representations. But there was no question of power-free decision making. In both cases, the representatives of the people were put under great pressure. Not only was there time pressure. The public debate came late. The use of sound ex-ante studies is not only an investment in rationality, but is also accompanied by political-strategic manoeuvring. The relevance of this article to practitioners is that it (a) contains four reasonable requirements that the representative may make of each ex-ante study offered by the executive board; (b) also shows that an ex-ante analysis on which important decisions are based should not be characterised by secret parts or by undefined assumptions and an ex-ante analysis must be transparent; and (c) demonstrates it is important as a representative to be tenacious, to keep a firm hand and not to decide before all questions have been answered and a full list of safeguards is on the table.


Prof. dr. Michiel Herweijer
Prof. dr. M. Herweijer is bijzonder hoogleraar Bestuurskunde aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen en redacteur van Bestuurswetenschappen. Hij was tot 1 januari 2019 directeur van de Noordelijke Rekenkamer. Sinds 1 november 2018 is hij docent publiek management aan de Universitaire Campus Fryslân te Leeuwarden (een nevenvestiging van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen).

Dr. Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is onderwijscoördinator van de joint degree Public Governance across Borders aan de Universiteit Twente en redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen.
Dossier

De politieke economie van macro-economische onbalansen in de eurozone

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Macroeconomic imbalances Eurozone, Euro crisis, Excessive imbalance procedure, Reform EMU
Auteurs Dr. Peter Rodenburg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The introduction of the euro led to large macroeconomic imbalances between Euro countries. Under pressure from the euro crisis, the European Commission adopted EU regulations 1174/2011 and 1176/2011 in 2011 with the aim of reducing these macroeconomic imbalances. These measures include the Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure to identify macroeconomic imbalances and, if necessary, to prompt Member States to take corrective action. This article provides an overview of this recent EU policy for countering imbalances and provides a political-economic analysis of the macroeconomic imbalances in Europe and its consequences. In particular, it focuses on the conflicting interests of the euro-area countries with current account surpluses and deficits. This article also analyses the possibilities offered by the 2019 European election for European policy makers to strengthen this policy. The article concludes that the surplus countries, despite the apparent advantage of trade balance surpluses, do have an interest in reducing imbalances in the EU but fail to translate this into actual policy. The Commission’s role in reducing imbalances is likely to remain limited, even after the 2019 European elections.


Dr. Peter Rodenburg
Peter Rodenburg is Universitair docent bij de afdeling Europese studies van de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Dossier

De schuldencrisis in de eurozone: oorzaken, aanpak en implicaties

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Eurozone crisis, Financialization, Bail-outs, Austerity, Banking union, Quantitative easing
Auteurs Dr. Henk Overbeek
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Ten years ago, now, the Eurozone began to shake on its foundations. This article traces the genesis of the crisis and the present state of affairs. As to the causes of the global financial crisis in 2008, I argue that contrary to common understanding, the financial crisis had its deeper causes in a decades old tendency towards crisis in the real economy, produced by the continuous overaccumulation of capital which can only return profits by undertaking speculative short-term investments (a phenomenon known as ‘financialisation’). I then trace how the global financial crisis morphed into a crisis of public deficits and debt in 2010-2011, particularly in the Eurozone. Three factors are shown to be responsible: financialization, design faults in the European monetary union, and the neo-mercantilist strategy of especially Germany and the Netherlands. The paper next looks at the five main traits of the policy responses in the Eurozone: bailing out governments and banks through creating emergency funds; imposition of austerity and budget discipline for member state governments; attempting to create and complete a Eurozone banking union; subsequently the European Central Bank engaged on an unprecedented scale in ‘quantitative easing’; and finally, institutional reform in an attempt to repair the most pressing design faults of the EMU. The paper concludes that the underlying structural factors leading up to the crisis have only been addressed incompletely: the overaccumulation of capital continues, the completion of the banking union is in an impasse, quantitative easing has mostly just intensified financialization by pushing up asset prizes, and institutional reform has taken the form of a fundamentally undemocratic attempt at monetary and political union by stealth. The broader legitimacy of the European project has been substantially undermined, and Europe is not in a better position than eight years ago in case of a new global crisis.


Dr. Henk Overbeek
Henk Overbeek is Emeritus Hoogleraar Internationale betrekkingen aan de afdeling Bestuurswetenschap en Politicologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Van project naar opgave

Samenwerking als motor van de planning van infrastructuur en ruimte

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2016
Trefwoorden planning, cooperation, challenge-oriented approach, infrastructure and spatial development
Auteurs Wim Leendertse, Jos Arts, Tim Busscher e.a.
Samenvatting

    Infrastructure and adjacent areas represent extensive social value. However, infrastructure and areas are still often developed sectoral and independent. In the Netherlands, national spatial policies strive for combining infrastructure and area as one integrated approach as this is expected to result in more spatial quality. Taking this perspective, this article discusses trendy concepts in current Dutch planning, such as: adaptive planning, public and private cooperation and challenge-oriented approaches (‘opgave-gericht werken’ which focuses less on realising a project but more on the current and future issues and challenges in an area). This article argues that these concepts are closely related. Adaptive planning defines the rules of the game and the playing field, within which cooperation may develop. Cooperation is a means for creating spatial quality in interaction within this playing field. After all, generated quality can be considered as a contribution to the specific objectives and interest of the various partners. A challenge-oriented approach is the process for generating spatial quality from synergies in combined infrastructure and spatial development. This article aims to explore the relationships between adaptive planning, public and private cooperation and challenge-oriented approaches and to provide starting points for further research and discussion.


Wim Leendertse

Jos Arts

Tim Busscher

Frits Verhees

    In this feature authors review recently published books on subjects of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Ewald Engelen
Ewald Engelen is voorzitter van de redactie van Beleid en Maatschappij.
Research Note

Macro-economische prestaties, politiek vertrouwen en de economische crisis

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 2 2016
Auteurs Patrick F.A. van Erkel en Tom W.G. van der Meer
Auteursinformatie

Patrick F.A. van Erkel
Patrick F.A. van Erkel is medewerker en doctoraatsstudent aan het Departement Politieke Wetenschappen van de Universiteit Antwerpen. Tevens is hij lid van de onderzoeksgroep Media, Middenveld en Politiek (M2P). Zijn onderzoeksinteresses omvatten electoraal gedrag, voorkeurstemmen, vergelijkende politiek en politiek vertrouwen.

Tom W.G. van der Meer
Tom W.G. van der Meer is universitair hoofddocent Politicologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en codirecteur van het Nationaal en Lokaal Kiezersonderzoek in Nederland. Zijn onderzoeksinteresses omvatten politiek vertrouwen, electorale volatiliteit en sociaal kapitaal. Hij blogt regelmatig over deze en andere onderwerpen op het politicologisch weblog StukRoodVlees.nl.

    Polling is being done a great deal in the Netherlands, especially during election campaigns when market researchers sometimes present new polls every day. The national government also takes polls that are often larger and more complicated than the quick and small polls conducted by market research agencies. They are often called surveys, and they gather information on the state of affairs in society. That information can become the basis for new policies. Local governments also take polls, although on a smaller scale than national government. Dutch municipalities have a tradition of organizing omnibus surveys in which (as the name indicates) several subjects can be addressed. Nowadays many ‘omnibus surveys have been replaced by ‘citizen panels’. One thing all these polls and surveys have in common is that they are based on random samples of the population and statements are made about the population as a whole based on these samples. Such generalizations are only possible if the sample is drawn using by random sampling methods. This article describes good and bad polling. This is illustrated using a unique example: the research into the opinion of the inhabitants of Alphen aan den Rijn, a Dutch municipality, on Sunday shopping. At the same time, and using the same questionnaire, three different polls were carried out. This example makes clear that the wrong sample can lead to incorrect conclusions and maybe to incorrect policy decisions.


Prof. dr. Jelke Bethlehem
Prof. dr. J.G. Bethlehem is bijzonder hoogleraar in de survey-methodologie aan het Instituut voor Politieke Wetenschap van de Universiteit Leiden. Hij is tevens senior methodologisch adviseur bij het Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek in Den Haag.
Symposium

Doctoraatsopleidingen in Nederland en Vlaanderen

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 3 2015
Auteurs Bas Denters, Maurits Sanders, Trui Steen e.a.
Auteursinformatie

Bas Denters
Bas Denters is gewoon hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan het Departement Bestuurskunde van de Universiteit Twente, wetenschappelijk directeur van het Netherlands Institute of Government (NIG).

Maurits Sanders
Maurits Sanders is associate lector governance aan Saxion en zakelijk directeur van het Netherlands Institute of Government (NIG).

Trui Steen
Trui Steen is hoofdocent ‘bestuurlijke organisatie van de overheid’ aan het Instituut voor de Overheid van de KU Leuven en hoofddocent ‘vergelijkende bestuurskunde’ aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Luzia Helfer
Luzia Helfer is doctoraatsstudente aan de Universiteit Leiden en de Universiteit Antwerpen.
Article

Mondiale standaarden of race-to-the-bottom?

Een analyse van regelgevende samenwerking in de onderhandelingen over een Trans-Atlantisch Vrijhandels- en Investeringsakkoord (TTIP)

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden trade, European Union, TTIP, regulatory convergence, global standards, race-to-the-bottom
Auteurs Ferdi De Ville en Niels Gheyle
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Since the summer of 2013, the European Union (EU) and the United States (US) are negotiating the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). Especially for the EU, this is one of the policy priorities for the present term. TTIP is supposed to bring much-needed growth and jobs and to enable the EU to remain a global standardsetter, all without lowering EU levels of regulatory protection. Opponents of the agreement, however, fear that TTIP would lead to a regulatory race-to-the-bottom. This article scrutinizes these claims through a detailed document analysis complemented with a number of interviews. It is embedded in the political-economic literature on the trade-regulation nexus as well as on exporting standards and secondary literature on past EU-US regulatory cooperation attempts. We argue that the effects of TTIP are dependent on the concrete mode of regulatory convergence chosen in the agreement. If, as seems presently most plausible, the negotiators opt for bilateral mutual recognition as their preferred mode for regulatory convergence, the plausibility that TTIP would lead to global standards is reduced. The risk of running into a regulatory race-to-the-bottom increases in that case, but will ultimately depend on the number of sectors where this mode is applicable and under which conditions this is applied. We conclude that the probability is low that the TTIP agreement being negotiated will lead either to a significant increase in global standards or to a direct large-scale race-to-the-bottom.


Ferdi De Ville
Ferdi De Ville is docent Europese Politiek aan het Centrum voor EU-Studies van de Universiteit Gent. Zijn onderzoeksbelangstelling gaat voornamelijk uit naar Europees handelsbeleid en de politiek-economische gevolgen van de eurocrisis.

Niels Gheyle
Niels Gheyle is als doctoraatsonderzoeker verbonden aan het Centrum voor EU-Studies. Zijn onderzoek richt zich op de politisering van Europees handelsbeleid, met een specifieke focus op het vrijhandelsverdrag tussen de VS en de EU (TTIP).

Dr. Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is onderwijscoördinator van de opleiding European Public Administration aan de Universiteit Twente en redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen.
Artikel

De Verblijfsregeling Mensenhandel in de praktijk: over oneigenlijk gebruik en niet-gebruik

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden human trafficking, public policy, crime policy, policy misuse, non-take up
Auteurs Dr. Jeanine Klaver en Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In line with international and national legislation, the Netherlands offers certain services, including a temporary residence permit, to third country nationals who have fallen prey to human traffickers. Over the years, concerns have been often expressed about the perceived misuse of this regulation by foreigners who aim at legalising their stay. Based on interviews and file analysis the present article seeks to provide insight into to what extent it is possible to measure this misuse and the policy implications of the findings. In addition, the authors take into account non-use of the programme. The article confirms existing worries about misuse, provides indicators for misuse, but also concludes that at the level of individual cases practitioners cannot discern misuse from rightful use. At the same time, there are also groups that fall outside the reach of the programme. The article concludes with some policy recommendations on the basis of the findings.


Dr. Jeanine Klaver
Dr. Jeanine Klaver is manager onderzoek bij Regioplan Beleidsonderzoek.

Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

    Reflection and Debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Dr. Virginie Mamadouh
Dr. Virginie Mamadouh is universitair hoofddocent politieke en culturele geografie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Zij is hoofdredacteur van het tijdschrift Geopolitics, te raadplegen via www.tandfonline.com/toc/fgeo20/current.

    Reflection and Debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Dr. David Criekemans
Dr. David Criekemans doceert buitenlands beleid aan de Universiteit Antwerpen, internationale politiek en veiligheid aan het University College Roosevelt in Middelburg (Nederland) en geopolitiek aan het Geneva Institute of Geopolitical Studies.
Symposium

Partijen schrijven programma’s

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 1 2014
Auteurs Caroline Gennez, Frederiek Vermeulen, Vincent Van Peteghem e.a.
Auteursinformatie

Caroline Gennez
Caroline Gennez studeerde politieke wetenschappen aan de KU Leuven. Ze was jongerenvoorzitter van de Vlaamse socialisten en bekleedde verschillende politieke functies op lokaal, Vlaams en federaal vlak. Van 2007 tot 2011 was ze voorzitter van sp.a. Ze was ook voorzitter van het Advisory Committee on the Fundamental Programme of the Party of European Socialists (PES). Momenteel is ze lid van de Kamer van Volksvertegenwoordigers en lijsttrekker in de provincie Antwerpen voor het Vlaams Parlement.

Frederiek Vermeulen
Frederiek Vermeulen werkt voor de European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) in Parijs. Hij was lid van Innesto30 en sinds zijn studententijd actief binnen de christendemocratische beweging op lokaal, nationaal en Europees vlak. Hij schrijft deze bijdrage in eigen naam.

Vincent Van Peteghem
Vincent Van Peteghem is professor Operations Management aan de EDHEC Business School (Lille). Hij was lid van Innesto30 en jarenlang regionaal en provinciaal voorzitter van JONGCD&V Oost-Vlaanderen. Sinds de gemeenteraadsverkiezingen van 2012 is hij fractieleider voor CD&V in De Pinte. Bij de komende verkiezingen is hij kandidaat voor de federale verkiezingen in Oost-Vlaanderen. Hij schrijft deze bijdrage in eigen naam.

Marjolein Meijer
Marjolein Meijer is doctor in de politieke wetenschappen (Universiteit Antwerpen). Zij is al enkele jaren actief binnen GroenLinks en werd in maart 2013 verkozen als internationaal secretaris in het landelijk partijbestuur. In die rol was zij lid van de programmacommissie voor de Europese verkiezingen van GroenLinks. Ze is als delegatieleider van GroenLinks bij de Europese Groene Partij betrokken bij de totstandkoming van het common manifesto. Zij is werkzaam als strategisch onderzoeker bij de Gemeente Almere en schrijft deze bijdrage op persoonlijke titel.
Introduction

China en de EU: partners of rivalen?

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 1 2014
Auteurs Gustaaf Geeraerts en Henk Overbeek
Auteursinformatie

Gustaaf Geeraerts
Gustaaf Geeraerts is gewoon hoogleraar Internationale Betrekkingen en directeur van het Brussels Institute of Contemporary China Studies (BICCS), Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB).

Henk Overbeek
Henk Overbeek is hoogleraar Internationale Betrekkingen en afdelingshoofd bij de Afdeling Bestuurswetenschap en Politicologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Article

De Sino-Europese relaties inzake schone energie: partners of rivalen?

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden EU-China, renewable energy, trade disputes
Auteurs Thijs Van de Graaf
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article examines EU-China relations with regard to two key renewable energy sectors, wind and solar. It finds that, although there have been sources for trade disputes in both sectors, trade frictions have surfaced most prominently in the solar sector. The reason is a double imbalance between the manufacturing and deployment of solar panels, both geographically (with China producing the bulk of solar panels almost exclusively for export) and numerically (with structural overcapacity). Yet, the image of a zero-sum bilateral trade war over solar panels is exaggerated, because there are both opponents and proponents of trade defense measures in China and the EU. The study further argues that the solar dispute is part and parcel of a global wave of clean energy trade frictions and it explores pathways to settle the issue through the negotiation of a multilateral agreement on environmental goods and services.


Thijs Van de Graaf
Thijs Van de Graaf is doctor-assistent aan de Vakgroep Politieke Wetenschappen van de Universiteit Gent. Hij voert onderzoek naar internationale energiepolitiek.
Discussie

Wordt het europeanisering, detachering, mobilisering of doe-het-zelven?

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2013
Auteurs Prof. dr. Ewald Engelen, Dr. Rodrigo Fernandez en Monique Kremer
Auteursinformatie

Prof. dr. Ewald Engelen
Ewald Engelen is professor Financiële Geografie aan de faculteit Mens en Gedragswetenschappen van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, e.r.engelen@uva.nl.

Dr. Rodrigo Fernandez
Rodrigo Fernandez is postdoc onderzoeker aan het departement Aard en Omgevingswetenschappen van de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, R.Fernandez@uva.nl.

Monique Kremer
Monique Kremer is wetenschappelijk medewerker van de Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid, Kremer@wrr.nl.
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