Zoekresultaat: 304 artikelen

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Article

Truly Exceptional? Participants in the Belgian 2019 Youth for Climate Protest Wave

Tijdschrift Politics of the Low Countries, Aflevering Online First 2022
Trefwoorden protest, participation, inequality, climate change, Fridays For Future
Auteurs Ruud Wouters, Michiel De Vydt en Luna Staes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2019, the world witnessed an exceptional wave of climate protests. In this case study, we scrutinise who participated in the protests staged in Belgium. We ask: did the exceptional mobilising context of the 2019 protest wave also bring exceptional protesters to the streets? Were thanks to the unique momentum standard barriers to protest participation overcome? We answer these questions by comparing three surveys of participants in the 2019 protest wave with three surveys of relevant reference publics. Our findings show that while the Belgian 2019 protest was in many ways exceptional, its participants were less so. Although participants – especially in the early phase of the protest wave – were less protest experienced, younger and unaffiliated to organisations, our findings simultaneously confirm the persistence of a great many well-known socio-demographic and political inequalities. Our conclusion centres on the implications of these findings.


Ruud Wouters
Ruud Wouters, PhD, is a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Antwerp. He studies protest participation and the impact of protest on media, public opinion and politics.

Michiel De Vydt
Michiel De Vydt is a PhD student at the University of Antwerp. He studies the micro-level predictors and outcomes of interpersonal protest recruitment.

Luna Staes
Luna Staes is a PhD student at the University of Antwerp. She studies how protest affects public opinion in the hybrid media environment. All authors are members of research group Media, Movements & Politics (M²P) at the political science department of the University of Antwerp.

    Reflection & debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Martijn Duineveld
Dr. Martijn Duineveld is universitair hoofddocent Politiek en anti-politiek in planning en ontwerp aan de Wageningen Universiteit.

Guus Dix
Dr. Guus Dix is universitair docent Digitalisering van het hoger onderwijs aan de Universiteit Twente en klimaatactivist voor Extinction Rebellion.
Reflectie & debat

Access_open Over de rol van conflict in de polder

Inleiding bij Reflectie & debat

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2022
Auteurs Tamara Metze en Nanke Verloo
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Reflection & debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Tamara Metze
Dr. Tamara Metze is universitair hoofddocent bij de leerstoelgroep Bestuur en Beleid aan de Wageningen Universiteit en redactielid van Beleid en Maatschappij.

Nanke Verloo
Dr. Nanke Verloo is universitair docent Stedelijke Planologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en voorzitter van de redactie van Beleid en Maatschappij.
De blinde vlek

Klimaatverandering: ecologisch burgerschap

Lessen uit de geschiedenis van sociaal burgerschap in de verzorgingsstaat

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2022
Auteurs Evelien Tonkens en Menno Hurenkamp
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The most relevant part of a discussion is not what is discussed but what cannot be spoken of. The real taboos are those for which it is taboo to call them taboos. The status quo defines itself as non-ideological while denouncing any challenge to itself as radical.
    Therefore the column ‘De blinde vlek’ frames the framers, politicizes the status quo and articulates what is not heard of.


Evelien Tonkens
Prof. dr. Evelien Tonkens is verbonden aan de vakgroep Burgerschap en Humanisering van de Publieke Sector aan de Universiteit voor Humanistiek, Utrecht.

Menno Hurenkamp
Dr. Menno Hurenkamp is verbonden aan de vakgroep Burgerschap en Humanisering van de Publieke Sector aan de Universiteit voor Humanistiek, Utrecht.
Reflectie & debat

Access_open Het failliet van het poldermodel?

Leren van publieke beleidsbemiddeling

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2022
Auteurs Wouter Mensink en Amber Bosse
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Reflection & debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Wouter Mensink
Dr. Wouter Mensink is adviseur bij Public Mediation.

Amber Bosse
Mr. Amber Bosse is adviseur bij Public Mediation

    This article examines the rally round the flag in the Netherlands during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in the spring of 2020, i.e. the rise in trust in political authorities in response to the external threat. The authors use unique panel data to do this, the first of which took place in the days before the announcement of the first national lockdown (mid-March 2020), and the second shortly after the announcement of the reopening of schools (late April/early May 2020). This allows them to isolate the rally in time. Their research shows that the government in particular has gained confidence. Confidence in other political institutions rose to a lesser extent; confidence in the police and the judiciary did not increase. We can best understand the rise in confidence as a decline in cynicism: during the first wave, politicians were less often portrayed as incompetent, which proved to be a motivator for increasing confidence. Fear of contamination was an important motivation for increasing confidence. Under the influence of the external threat, people placed their hopes on political authorities. Both mechanisms may explain that confidence rose particularly sharply among voters of radical right parties, although radical right voters remained the least trusting voters.


Tom van der Meer
Prof. dr. T.W.G. van der Meer is hoogleraar politicologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en codirecteur van het Nationaal Kiezersonderzoek.

Eefje Steenvoorden
Dr. E.H. Steenvoorden is universitair docent bij de afdeling Politicologie van de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Ebe Ouattara
E.M.S. Ouattara MSc is werkzaam als promovendus bij de afdeling Politicologie van de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Van ‘alternatieve’ relaties naar de openstelling van het huwelijk voor mensen van hetzelfde geslacht

De politieke geschiedenis van de Nederlandse relatiewetgeving

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2022
Trefwoorden Gay and lesbian history, Legal individualisation, Marriage equality, Registered partnership, Relationship law
Auteurs Joke Swiebel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The history of the opening-up of marriage in the Netherlands is mostly portrayed as a fight started by the Gay Krant in the 1980ies resulting in a clear victory in 2001, the ‘purple’ government of Social Democrats and Liberals being pictured as the heroes. This one-dimensional and triumphalist narrative needs correction. Already in the 1970ies the COC initiated a discussion on law reform for non-marital relationships, but rejected marriage as the model to be followed. In the 1980ies both the gay movement and the feminist movement demanded legal individualisation. This avenue was closed off by the review of the social security system in 1987. A clear defeat. The role of the ‘purple’ coalition also needs revision. It was a more traditional cabinet of Social Democrats and Christian Democrats that in 1994 tabled the first proposal, be it not for marriage but for registered partnerships for couples of the same sex. Consensual politics found its limits in the demand for marriage equality. But also the ‘purple’ cabinet had to be forced by parliament to table this new legislation. The acceptance of marriage equality by the Christian Democrats – a decade later – fits in with integration of same sex relationships in a society where heterosexuality still is the dominant organizing principle.


Joke Swiebel
Drs. Joke Swiebel studeerde politicologie. Zij werkte negen jaar aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en 22 jaar als beleidsambtenaar voor de rijksoverheid. Daarna (1999-2004) was zij lid van het Europees Parlement voor de PvdA. Website: https://jokeswiebel.nl/.

    The most relevant part of a discussion is not what is discussed but what cannot be spoken of. The real taboos are those for which it is taboo to call them taboos. The status quo defines itself as non-ideological while denouncing any challenge to itself as radical. Therefore the column De blinde vlek frames the framers, politicizes the status quo and articulates what is not heard of.


Duco Bannink
Dr. Duco Bannink is universitair hoofddocent aan de Vrije Universiteit en redactiesecretaris ad interim van Beleid en Maatschappij.
Article

Access_open Is Euroscepticism Contagious?

How Mainstream Parties React to Eurosceptic Challengers in Belgian Parliaments

Tijdschrift Politics of the Low Countries, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden Euroscepticism, parliaments, party competition, Belgium, federalism
Auteurs Jordy Weyns en Peter Bursens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Euroscepticism has long been absent among Belgian political parties. However, since the start of the century, some Eurosceptic challengers have risen. This article examines the effect of Eurosceptic competition on the salience other parties give to the EU and on the positions these parties take in parliament. Using a sample of plenary debates in the federal and regional parliaments, we track each party’s evolution from 2000 until 2019. Our findings both contradict and qualify existing theories and findings on Eurosceptic competition. When facing Eurosceptic challengers, all parties raise salience fairly equally, but government and peripheral parties adopted (soft) Euroscepticism more often than other parties.


Jordy Weyns
Jordy Weyns is a doctoral student at the European University Institute in Florence.

Peter Bursens
Peter Bursens is professor of political science at Universiteit Antwerpen, at the research group Politics and Public Governance and the GOVTRUST Centre of Excellence.
Article

Fit for Office? The Perception of Female and Male Politicians by Dutch Voters

Tijdschrift Politics of the Low Countries, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden political underrepresentation, gender stereotypes, role incongruity, candidate evaluation, experimental vignette study
Auteurs Rozemarijn E. van Dijk en Joop van Holsteyn
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The underrepresentation of women in politics is a worldwide phenomenon and the Netherlands fit the pattern: about 39% of the Dutch MPs are female. Based on social role incongruity theory, it is expected that female politicians are evaluated more negatively than male politicians since women do not fit the dominant male politician role. However, most research is conducted in the United States, that is, a candidate-centred system where individual characteristics play an important role. This article focuses on the party-centred parliamentary context in which we examine (1) whether gender stereotypes are present among citizens and (2) to what extent these stereotypes influence the evaluation of politicians. We do this by conducting an experimental vignette survey design. We find that at the mass level there is no difference between the evaluation of male and female politicians, although gender stereotypes are present.


Rozemarijn E. van Dijk
Rozemarijn E. van Dijk is a PhD student at the department of political science at the University of Antwerp, Belgium.

Joop van Holsteyn
Joop J.M. van Holsteyn is Professor in Political Behaviour and Research Methods at Leiden University, the Netherlands.
Article

Morality in the Populist Radical Right

A Computer-Assisted Morality Frame Analysis of a Prototype

Tijdschrift Politics of the Low Countries, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden Populist radical right, morality, frame analysis, word2vec, crimmigration
Auteurs Job P.H. Vossen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article provides a computer-assisted morality framing analysis of Vlaams Belang’s 2019 manifesto. The VB is regarded in the literature as a prototypical example of the Populist Radical Right (PRR). We first concisely review what PRR politics is and what it consists of, tentatively distinguishing four elements that we hypothesise will materialise in corresponding subframes running throughout the manifesto. We point to a mismatch between the omnipresent role of morality in all PRR subframes and the little attention devoted to the concept in the PRR literature. We introduce a useful theory from social psychology into framing literature to create a novel methodological approach to frame analysis that builds a bridge between a qualitative content and a quantitative context approach. The results support our hypothesis that populism, nationalism, nativism and authoritarianism can be distinguished from one another. Additionally, we detect a fifth PRR subframe, crimmigration, by its unique role of morality.


Job P.H. Vossen
Job Vossen is a PhD candidate at the University of Antwerp. His research investigates (im)morality in political discoursing and its interacting with fear, solidarity and gender and sexuality. The corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.
Commentaar

Access_open Weer eerlijk over terugtredende overheid

Afnemend vertrouwen in overheid en de roep om een nieuwe bestuurlijke cultuur

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2022
Auteurs Peter van der Knaap
Auteursinformatie

Peter van der Knaap
Dr. P. van der Knaap is directeur van IOB en voorzitter van het Nederlands Evaluatiegenootschap Vide.
Thema-artikel

De versnelling van de woningbouwproductie: de rol van grondbeleid

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden Land policy for housebuilding, Delays in the building of new homes, Private developers’ monopoly powers, Interventions
Auteurs Erwin van der Krabben
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    What causes the delays in the building of sufficient new homes in the Netherlands? And why do housebuilding projects so often struggle with financial feasibility? The land market typically can be described as an imperfect market, while the performance of the land and housebuilding market are closely connected. This connection seems to cause, at least partially, delays in the building of new homes. To be able to build new houses, ownership of land is crucial. However, land does not always come available in time. Landownership also influences competition in the housebuilding market. Based on a review of scientific literature, policy documents and empirical research results, this paper discusses the performance of the land and housebuilding market and its possible impact on housing production. Additionally, the paper reviews recent proposals that have been suggested in the context of the on-going Dutch housing market debate that may improve the functioning of these markets. What might be the effects of these interventions on housebuilding production? The paper concludes with a couple of dilemmas governments face with regard to the functioning of the land and housebuilding market.


Erwin van der Krabben
Prof. dr. E. van der Krabben is hoogleraar Gebiedsontwikkeling aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, Faculteit Managementwetenschappen.

    Beleidsonderzoekers kunnen niet alle patronen doorbreken die ons sociaal contract op de proef stellen, maar ze kunnen wel verschil maken door spiegels voor te houden en handelingsperspectieven te bieden. Te vaak wordt meer bewijswaarde gehecht aan rationeel-analytisch of positivistisch onderzoek, zoals doelmatigheidsonderzoek, en minder aan kwalitatief onderzoek, dat meerdere realiteiten benadrukt. Beleidsonderzoekers kunnen laten zien hoe dit elkaar aanvult en van betekenis is voor effectief en legitiem beleid. In dit essay laat de auteur zien wat een sterk sociaal contract vraagt van beleidsmakers en onderzoekers.


Kim Putters
Kim Putters (1973) is sinds juni 2013 directeur van het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (SCP) en hoogleraar Beleid en Sturing van de Zorg in de Veranderende Verzorgingsstaat bij Erasmus School of Health Policy & Management (ESHPM), van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Van 2008 tot 2013 was hij al hoogleraar Management van zorginstellingen aan hetzelfde instituut. Hij promoveerde op vraagstukken van beleid en bestuur in de zorg en verricht onderzoek naar innovaties in zorginstellingen, naar maatschappelijk ondernemerschap en wijk- en buurtgericht werken. Op 30 mei neemt Kim Putters afscheid van het SCP, zijn termijn loopt na negen jaar af.
Article

Appendix Fit for Office? The Perception of Female and Male Politicians by Dutch Voters

Tijdschrift Politics of the Low Countries, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden political underrepresentation, gender stereotypes, role incongruity, candidate evaluation, experimental vignette study
Auteurs Rozemarijn Esmee van Dijk en Joop van Holsteyn
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The underrepresentation of women in politics is a worldwide phenomenon and the Netherlands fit the pattern: about 39% of the Dutch MPs are female. Based on social role incongruity theory, it is expected that female politicians are evaluated more negatively than male politicians since women do not fit the dominant male politician role. However, most research is conducted in the United States, that is, a candidate-centred system where individual characteristics play an important role. This article focuses on the party-centred parliamentary context in which we examine (1) whether gender stereotypes are present among citizens and (2) to what extent these stereotypes influence the evaluation of politicians. We do this by conducting an experimental vignette survey design. We find that at the mass level there is no difference between the evaluation of male and female politicians, although gender stereotypes are present.


Rozemarijn Esmee van Dijk
Rozemarijn E. van Dijk is a PhD student at the department of political science at the University of Antwerp, Belgium.

Joop van Holsteyn
Joop J.M. van Holsteyn is Professor in Political Behaviour and Research Methods at Leiden University, the Netherlands.

    From 1964 (until 1990 globally) political science would become the dominant approach within the (local) administrative sciences in the Netherlands. This position took over from the legal approach. During this period, the concepts of politics, policy and decision-making were central to research and theory formation. In the period since 1990, we have seen a broader perspective emerging on institutions, management and governance in which Public Administration will increasingly profile itself as an independent discipline. This essay harks back to the importance of the legal approach for (local) administrative sciences from the time of the man who is regarded in the Netherlands as the founder of the discipline of Public Administration: Gerrit van Poelje. More specifically, the author addresses the question of the relationship between Public Administration and legal science in the more than one hundred years of (local) administrative science. After Gerrit van Poelje (his dissertation from 1914 is an important milestone in that history), the author discusses eleven other key persons who have made their own contribution to that history at various universities based on their legal expertise (in the broad senseHe concludes the essay with a brief discussion of the relevance of law and legal science for the future of public administration (the field) and Public Administration (the discipline).


Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is onderwijscoördinator van de joint degree Public Governance across Borders aan de Universiteit Twente en redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen.
Essay

Een nieuwe weg naar Rome?

Alternatieve vorm van burgerparticipatie bij stadsverbetering

Tijdschrift Bestuurs­wetenschappen, Aflevering 1 2022
Auteurs Nico Nelissen en Wouter Jan Verheul
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Municipalities are in a new phase of development. This requires rethinking how citizens can be involved in these developments. Instead of asking citizens to respond to municipal project initiatives, one of the (new) ways is to let citizens have their say about where, what and how urban improvements can be made. In this essay, the authors discuss what they mean by ‘areas for improvement’ and discuss two experiments – in two of the oldest Dutch cities: Maastricht and Nijmegen – of citizen participation that are intended to address such areas. In their view, in this way ‘a new, but obviously not the only, way to Rome is created’ in terms of citizen participation.


Nico Nelissen
Prof. dr. N.J.M. Nelissen is emeritus hoogleraar aan de Radboud Univer­siteit Nijmegen, redactielid en oud-hoofdredacteur van Bestuurs­wetenschappen.

Wouter Jan Verheul
Dr. W.J. Verheul is onderzoeker, adviseur en universitair docent aan de Technische Universiteit Delft bij de faculteit Bouwkunde. Hij houdt zich bezig met urban governance & leadership, grote iconische stadsprojecten, stedelijke gebiedstransformaties, place branding en place making.

    The most relevant part of a discussion is not what is discussed but what cannot be spoken of. The real taboos are those for which it is taboo to call them taboos. The status quo defines itself as non-ideological while denouncing any challenge to itself as radical. Therefore the column De blinde vlek frames the framers, politicizes the status quo and articulates what is not heard of.


Mirjam Pool
Drs. Mirjam Pool is (onderzoeks)journalist en schrijver van onder andere boeken over armoede, zoals Alle dagen schuld (2007) en Leefgeld (te verschijnen in 2022).

    This article describes and explains the development of the regional construct for the coordination of medical assistance in accidents and disasters, the emergency medical services in the region (GHOR), in the Netherlands in the period 1996 to 2020. The authors distinguish four stages of organisational development, which they analyse from a multi-actor perspective consisting of three elements: the impact of disasters and (negative) evaluations, the institutional context and the bureaucratic battle surrounding the GHOR. The GHOR was a solution for a perceived insufficiently coordinated functioning of all parties involved in medical assistance. The GHOR was positioned in a complex way. This made it predictable that the multidisciplinary GHOR process would gradually be integrated within the ‘nearby’ regular mono-disciplinary acute care process and the structures for it. This article gives policymakers involved in disaster and crisis management more insight into the history and development of the GHOR over the last two decades. This insight is important now that the added value of the GHOR has come under discussion, partly due to the doubts of the Evaluation Committee for the Security Regions Act, and decisions about its future have to be taken. For administrative scientists, this case study shows that public administration’s ability to foresee and break through known organisational development patterns is still inadequate.


Bernadette Holtkamp
Mr. B.J. Holtkamp BN is hoofddocent/onderzoeker Safety & Security Management aan de Saxion Hogeschool in Enschede.

Ira Helsloot
Prof. dr. I. Helsloot is hoogleraar Besturen van Veiligheid aan de faculteit Managementwetenschappen van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Essay

Met vreemde ogen kijken

Gemeentelijke visitaties met behulp van bestuurskrachtmetingen: opzet, uitkomsten en benutting

Tijdschrift Bestuurs­wetenschappen, Aflevering 3 2021
Auteurs Jean Schutgens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This study examines the quality of visitation in three government sectors in the Netherlands: academic education (training), urban policy (urban municipalities) and municipal authorities. The focus is mainly on the visitation of municipal authorities in the Dutch province Limburg. The assessment of the visitation quality of university study programmes and of major cities policy must yield hypotheses to determine the quality of the visitation of municipal authorities that have been visited. The object of study is therefore ‘visitation’, in particular ‘visitation quality’. The visitations of university studies were viewed from four quality perspectives, namely on the design quality, the process quality, the assessing and the concluding quality, and usability or utilisation. This is also the case with the visitation of the major cities’ policy and of the Limburg municipal authorities. The question is, of course, what the analysis of the quality of all the assessments in three sectors yields, with special attention to the assessment of municipal authorities. Is it clear after that analysis how this quality inspection should be carried out? The study provides a wealth of insights and shows the state of the administrative strength of the inspected Limburg municipal authorities. A publication of this study has been postponed for more than five years, because the author wanted to investigate whether the administrative strength measurements were used in the longer term.


Jean Schutgens
Dr. J.M.L.R. Schutgens is bestuurskundige en in 2014 bij Arno Korsten gepromoveerd aan de Open Universiteit. Hij was gemeentesecretaris van Landgraaf in de periode 1992-2008.
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