Zoekresultaat: 201 artikelen

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Reflectie & debat

Nieuwe instituties voor het Antropoceen

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2020
Auteurs Albert Faber en Anne van Leeuwen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Anthropocene offers a narrative to rethink the full range of present-day institutions. The urgency, complexity and scope of the ecological challenges that are upon us provide important challenges. Traditional institutions may be up to the task or be able to adapt to the new challenges, but likely new institutional perspectives will be required. The idea of ‘ecological reflexivity’ is helpful to critically explore some new and important institutional features for the Antropocene: recognition of the non-human world and its voices, reflection upon what works and upon what can be imagined, and response in terms of new practices and functions. We explore these features and offer some examples of new institutions.


Albert Faber
Albert Faber is auteur van De gemaakte planeet. Leven in het Antropoceen, dat vorig jaar verscheen bij Amsterdam University Press. Hij werkt als strateeg bij het ministerie van Economische Zaken en Klimaat (EZK). Deze bijdrage is op persoonlijke titel.

Anne van Leeuwen
Anne van Leeuwen zet zich in voor een samenleving waarin mens en natuur onlosmakelijk verbonden zijn. Ze is directielid bij de Ambassade van de Noordzee en medeoprichter van de regeneratieve boerderij en leerplek Bodemzicht.

Dr. Tamara Metze
Dr. Tamara Metze is voorzitter van de redactie van Beleid en Maatschappij.
Reflectie & debat

Is het Antropoceen bestuurbaar?

Pragmatische aantekeningen bij een nieuw tijdperk

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2020
Auteurs Prof. dr. Hans Boutellier
Auteursinformatie

Prof. dr. Hans Boutellier
Prof. dr. Hans Boutellier is wetenschappelijk adviseur van het Verwey-Jonker Instituut en bijzonder hoogleraar Polarisatie en Veerkracht aan de VU.

    On 1 April 2019 in the town hall of the Dutch municipality Zwolle the second Van Poelje lecture (named after the founder of Dutch Public Administration, Gerrit van Poelje) was held. The lecture is organized by the Department of Public Administration of the Faculty of Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences (BMS) of the University of Twente, in close cooperation with BMC advice, the municipality of Zwolle and the province of Overijssel (of which Zwolle is the capital). The subject of this second lecture was ‘Regional development: task-oriented operating and cooperating ’. The keynote speech of the lecture was delivered by the minister of Home Affairs Kajsa Ollongren. The coreferents were Andries Heidema (the King’s Commissioner in the province of Overijssel) and Bas Denters (professor of Public Administration at the University of Twente). Marcel Boogers (the new chief editor of this magazine, Bestuurswetenschappen) acted as chair of the day and as moderator of the discussion between the attendees and the speakers. In his opinion a clearly different wind is blowing from the Home Office, with more attention for regional differences, which demands more tailor-made work from municipalities and provinces. The minister’s main message was that, because not all provinces have the same position and the problems also differ per province, the tasks must be the guiding principle and the scale must be adjusted accordingly. Therefore, administrative culture and style must be central in the present discussion in her opinion, and not so much the administrative structure.


Dr. Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is onderwijscoördinator van de joint degree Public Governance across Borders aan de Universiteit Twente en redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen.
Thema-artikel

Access_open Onafhankelijk onderzoek in positie, oordeelsvorming en beeldvorming

Institutionele en professionele dimensies van ‘speaking truth to power’

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden Independent Research, Policy Evaluation, Organisational Culture, Public Policy, Quality Management
Auteurs Dr. Peter van der Knaap, Dr. Meike Bokhorst en Dr. Yvonne Kleistra
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Regularly, doubts about the independence of research leads to heated discussion. This is especially true if things have gone wrong. This issue explores the question how research organizations and researchers can defend themselves against improper influence: the conscious and active pursuit of too positive research results by commissioners or government officials. This article outlines a number of dimensions of how establishing good, independent research can be structured in a systematic and sensible manner. Independent inquiry manifests itself in position, judgment, and appearance or image. Institutional safeguards form the basis for professional roles and responsibilities that can fulfill the requirements of independent research in the political arena.


Dr. Peter van der Knaap
Dr. P. van der Knaap is directeur-bestuurder van SWOV, voorzitter van Vide en redactielid van Bestuurskunde.

Dr. Meike Bokhorst
Dr. A.M. Bokhorst is onderzoeker bij de Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid en bij de Universiteit Utrecht.

Dr. Yvonne Kleistra
Dr. Y. Kleistra is universitair docent aan de Universiteit Leiden en redactielid van Bestuurskunde.
Article

Access_open Opening the Opaque Blank Box

An Exploration into Blank and Null Votes in the 2018 Walloon Local Elections

Tijdschrift Politics of the Low Countries, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden voting, elections, blank vote, invalid vote, abstention
Auteurs Jean-Benoit Pilet, Maria Jimena Sanhuza, David Talukder e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, we propose an in-depth exploration of blank and null ballots in the recent 2018 local elections in Wallonia (Belgium). In the official results, both blank and null ballots are merged together and are classified as invalid votes. After obtaining the authorization to access genuine electoral ballots, we study the votes which were not considered for the composition of local councils in detail. The dataset is a representative sample of 13,243 invalidated ballots from 49 Walloon municipalities. We first describe how many of these invalidated ballots are blank and how many are null votes, as well as the nature of the nulled votes (unintended errors or intentionally spoiled ballots). Second, we dig deeper into the differences between ballots that have been intentionally invalidated by voters (blank votes and intentional null votes) and ballots non-intentionally invalidated. Our results show that most of the ballots (two-thirds) are null ballots and that among them, half are unintentional null ballots. Finally, we show that contextual (socio-demographic and political) factors explain the variations in intentional and unintentional null votes across municipalities.


Jean-Benoit Pilet
Jean-Benoit Pilet is professor of political science at Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB). He works on elections, political parties, and democratic reforms. He has recently co-authored Faces on the Ballot. The Personalization of Electoral Systems in Europe (OUP, 2016, with Alan Renwick) and The Politics of Party Leadership (OUP, 2016, with William Cross).

Maria Jimena Sanhuza
Maria Jimena Sanhueza is PhD Researcher in Political Science at Universite Libre de Bruxelles where she is associated to three projects studying Belgian politics. Her research focuses on citizenship, representation and democracy. Before starting her PhD, Maria Jimena worked as assistant researcher for EU HORIZON 2020 projects Pathways to Power and Solidarity in Times on Crisis, and co-authored a few publications on European democracies and representation.

David Talukder
David Talukder is PhD candidate at the Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB). He is conducting a thesis on the reform of representative democracy, looking at disadvantaged groups’ evaluation of representative democracy and demands for procedural democratic reforms. His main research interests are related to procedural democratic reforms, participatory democracy and democratic innovations.

Jérémy Dodeigne
Jérémy Dodeigne is associate professor in political science at the Université de Namur. His research areas cover the study of political representation in multilevel systems, local politics, comparative politics and mixed methods research designs. His work appears in journals such as Party Politics, American Behavioral Scientist, Local Government Studies, Regional & Federal Studies, Government & Opposition, and Representation.

Audrey E. Brennan
Audrey E. Brennan is completing a joint doctorate in political science at Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB) and Université Laval. Her research interests are political parties, elections, and political participation. Her dissertation studies the effect of leadership change mechanisms on the long-term behaviour of political party members.
Article

How to Improve Local Turnout

The Effect of Municipal Efforts to Improve Turnout in Dutch Local Elections

Tijdschrift Politics of the Low Countries, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden turnout, local elections, get out the vote, campaign, the Netherlands
Auteurs Julien van Ostaaijen, Sabine van Zuydam en Martijn Epskamp
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Even though many municipalities use a variety of means to improve turnout in local elections, citizen participation in local elections is a point of concern in many Western countries, including the Netherlands. Our research question is therefore: How effective are municipal efforts to improve turnout in (Dutch) local elections? To this end, we collected data from three sources: (1) a survey sent to the municipal clerks of 389 Dutch municipalities to learn what they do to improve turnout; (2) data from Statistics Netherlands on municipalities’ socio-demographic characteristics; and (3) data on the turnout in local elections from the Dutch Electoral Council database. Using hierarchical multiple regression analysis, we found that the direct impact of local governments’ efforts to improve turnout is low. Nevertheless, some measures seem to be able to make a difference. The relative number of polling stations was especially found to impact turnout.


Julien van Ostaaijen
Julien van Ostaaijen is assistant professor of public administration at the Tilburg Institute of Governance (Tilburg University).

Sabine van Zuydam
Sabine van Zuydam is assistant professor of public administration at the Tilburg Institute of Governance (Tilburg University) and researcher at Necker van Naem.

Martijn Epskamp
Martijn Epskamp is a researcher of the municipality of Rotterdam (Research and Business Intelligence department)
Article

Split-Ticket Voting in Belgium

An Analysis of the Presence and Determinants of Differentiated Voting in the Municipal and Provincial Elections of 2018

Tijdschrift Politics of the Low Countries, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden split-ticket voting, local elections, voting motives, Belgium, PR-system
Auteurs Tony Valcke en Tom Verhelst
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article tackles the particular issue of split-ticket voting, which has been largely overlooked in Belgian election studies thus far. We contribute to the literature by answering two particular research questions: (1) to what extent and (2) why do voters cast a different vote in the elections for the provincial council as compared to their vote in the elections for the municipal council?
    The article draws on survey data collected via an exit poll in the ‘Belgian Local Elections Study’, a research project conducted by an inter-university team of scholars.
    Our analysis shows that nearly 45% of the total research population cast a split-ticket vote in the local elections of 2018. However, this number drops to one out of four if we only consider a homogenous party landscape at both levels by excluding the numerous votes for ‘local’ lists (which occur mostly at the municipal level). This finding underlines the importance of accounting for the electoral and institutional context of the different electoral arenas in research on split-ticket voting in PR systems. In the Belgian context, split-ticket voting in 2018 also differed between the different parties and regions. Furthermore, it was encouraged by a higher level of education and familiarity with particular candidates. This candidate-centred and strategic voting was matched by party identification and the urban municipal context favouring straight-ticket voting. Other factors such as region, a rural municipal context and preferential voting seemed more relevant to determine voting for local parties than using the instrument of split-ticket votes as such.


Tony Valcke
Tony Valcke is Associate Professor at the Faculty of Political and Social Sciences of Ghent University (Belgium). He is a member of the Centre for Local Politics (CLP) and coordinator of the Teacher Training Department. His research, publications and educational activities focus on elections and democratic participation/innovation, (the history of) political institutions and (local) government reform, political elites and leadership, citizenship (education).

Tom Verhelst
Tom Verhelst is Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Political and Social Sciences at Ghent University (Belgium) and a postdoctoral research fellow at the Department of Political Science at Maastricht University (the Netherlands). His research focuses on the Europeanisation of local government (with a particular interest for the regulatory mobilisation of local government in EU decision-making processes) and on the role and position of the local council in Belgium and the Netherlands (with a particular interest for local council scrutiny).

    This essay is written on the occasion of the appearance of the Dutch translation of Richard Sennett’s new book Building and dwelling. Ethics for the city. For more than half a century Sennett has been occupied with the position of man in the changing society in general and with the life of people in the city in particular. Apparently he doesn’t stop thinking and writing about it. His central thesis is that in the past decades, we have worked from the vision of the ‘closed city’, a city that was conceived and designed by professionals in advance, while for the future there is a need for an ‘open city’, a city where not everything is carefully planned in advance, but where there is room for unpredictability and coincidences. That sounds and is very abstract indeed, but it is a signal that is being delivered in the direction of a city nowadays controlled by state and capital, that should make room for a city that is more inspired by civil initiatives and civil involvement. A statement that is, moreover, largely at odds with the current practice of urban design and spatial planning in the present era. Does this mean that Richard Sennett’s central message has actually been said in advance against ‘deaf ears’? Is the chance that ‘his mission’ ends up in the right place already gone in advance? When we talk about the city Sennett distinguishes between two (and inseparable) dimensions: the city as a physical space (‘ville’) and the city as a whole of people of flesh and blood (‘cité’). It is a fascinating quest for the phenomenon of city: an ‘academic pilgrimage’ to an uncertain urban site, an ‘open city’, undergoing the purification of talking with the great figures in the history of (urban) sociology and urban planning.


Prof. dr. Nico Nelissen
Prof. dr. N.J.M. Nelissen is emeritus hoogleraar aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, redactielid en oud-hoofdredacteur van Bestuurswetenschappen.
Essay

De vroege geschiedenis van de (lokale) bestuurswetenschappen

Joris in ’t Veld en de nieuwe vormen van decentralisatie

Tijdschrift Bestuurs­wetenschappen, Aflevering 3 2019
Auteurs Dr. Rik Reussing
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This essay is about the Dutch PhD-thesis New forms of decentralization by Joris in ’t Veld from 1929. He was not only a competent and efficient social-democratic administrator, but he was also an early administrative scientist. Like the other early (local) administrative scientists, he mainly worked from the legal discipline. During this period however, we also see an increasing input from other disciplines, such as urban planning, economic geography, business administration and statistics. The subject of his dissertation does not come out of the blue. Like many, In ’t Veld felt strongly attracted to the problems of urban and regional development, but the various problems were not yet ripe for a final solution. An important part of his book is therefore devoted to the various solutions that have been found abroad for similar problems. In his thesis, In ’t Veld discusses various forms of governance. First of all, he looks at the way in which the arrangement of cooperation between municipalities can be improved. Where this (voluntary and forced) cooperation falls short of its nature, the institutes of the port authority and of the regional plan come into the picture. In both cases it concerns decentralization through target corporations. A solution is also conceivable through further territorial decentralization: the insertion of a new regional corporation between the province and the municipality in the form of the region (the urban region or the rural region). The urban region needs a necessary supplement in the form of a system of tax equalization to adequately do justice to the interests of the whole and of the parts. An alternative to the urban region is the unity municipality with local decentralization. His integral vision on the organization of domestic government in 1929 is also instructive for the present time.


Dr. Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is onderwijscoördinator van de joint degree Public Governance across Borders aan de Universiteit Twente en redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen.

    The most relevant part of a discussion is not what is discussed but what cannot be spoken of. The real taboos are those for which it is taboo to call them taboos. The status quo defines itself as non-ideological while denouncing any challenge to itself as radical. Therefore the column De Blinde Vlek frames the framers, politicizes the status quo and articulates what is not heard of.


Jan de Vries
Jan de Vries is senior beleidsadviseur bij het College voor de Rechten van de Mens.

Rina Beers
Rina Beers is senior beleidsmedewerker bij de Federatie Opvang.

    Reflection and debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Miguel Heilbron
Miguel Heilbron, MSc, is ontwikkelingseconoom en een van de oprichters van The Black Archives. Ook werkt hij als conceptontwikkelaar en strategisch en creatief adviseur. Met slavernij-instituut NiNSee ontwikkelde hij het concept van de sinds 2016 jaarlijks gevierde Black Achievement Month. Ook ondersteunt hij scholen bij de verankering van wereldburgerschap in het onderwijs.
Reflectie & debat

Access_open Slavernij in de maatschappij

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2019
Auteurs Dr. Karin Lurvink en Drs. Tamira Combrink
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Reflection and debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Dr. Karin Lurvink
Dr. Karin Lurvink is post-doc onderzoeker aan de VU. Drs. Tamira Combrink is promovenda bij het International Institute of Social History. Zij waren collega’s binnen het onderzoeksproject ‘Slaves, Commodities, and Logistics’. Lurvink was verbonden aan de Vrije Universiteit als postdoc-onderzoeker en publiceerde artikelen over slavenverzekeringen in de achttiende eeuw. Ze promoveerde in 2016 op een studie naar gedwongen winkelnering op plantages en veenderijen in de negentiende en twintigste eeuw. Combrink werkt als promovenda aan het Internationaal Instituut voor Sociale Geschiedenis en publiceerde over de impacterijn van op slavernij gebaseerde producten, zoals suiker en koffie.

Drs. Tamira Combrink

    Reflection and debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Markha Valenta
Dr. Markha Valenta is trans-Atlantisch wetenschapper op het gebied van vraagstukken rond globalisering en politiek. Haar onderzoek richt zich met name op Nederland, de Verenigde Staten en India, met nadruk op de wisselwerking tussen internationale en lokale conflicten rond religie, ras en burgerschap. Kernvraag hierbij is hoe globalisering de natiestaat (nationale identiteit, politiek en rechtssystemen) onder druk zet en alternatieven daarop mogelijk maakt. Ze werkt aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, schrijft voor openDemocracy en doet regelmatig mee aan publieke debatten.
Reflectie & debat

Access_open Slavernijgeschiedenis zonder polderen: observaties over een debat vol contrasten

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Slavery, Slave trade, Historiography, Public History, Academic cultures
Auteurs Dr. Pepijn Brandon
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Reflection and debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Dr. Pepijn Brandon
Pepijn Brandon is universitair docent sociale en economische geschiedenis aan de VU en senior onderzoeker aan het Internationaal Instituut voor Sociale Geschiedenis (IISG). Hij promoveerde in 2013 op een studie naar de invloed van oorlog op de Nederlandse economie en Staat in de zeventiende en achttiende eeuw. Sindsdien werkte hij in verschillende onderzoeksprojecten over de Atlantische slavernij, onder andere als onderzoeker aan de University of Pittsburgh en als Visiting Fellow aan Harvard. Zijn belangstelling gaat daarbij in het bijzonder uit naar de langetermijngevolgen van slavernij voor arbeidsverhoudingen, (geracialiseerde) sociale controle en kapitalistische ontwikkeling.
De blinde vlek

Klimaatspijbelen heeft wel zin

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Climate change, Social movements, Institutional void, Governance, Acid rain
Auteurs Dr. Duco Bannink
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The most relevant part of a discussion is not what is discussed but what cannot be spoken of. The real taboos are those for which it is taboo to call them taboos. The status quo defines itself as non-ideological while denouncing any challenge to itself as radical. Therefore the column ‘De Blinde Vlek’ frames the framers, politicizes the status quo and articulates what is not heard of.


Dr. Duco Bannink
Dr. Duco Bannink is universitair hoofddocent bij de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en lid van de redactie van Beleid en Maatschappij.

    Reflection and debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Markus Balkenhol
Dr. Markus Balkenhol werkt als sociaal en cultureel antropoloog aan kolonialisme, ras, burgerschap, cultureel erfgoed en religie. Zijn PhD-dissertatie gaat over het cultureel geheugen van de slavernij in Amsterdam-Zuidoost. Hij is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het Meertens Instituut. Recente artikelen van zijn hand zijn getiteld ‘Zwarte Pieten, moskeebezoek en zoenende mannen. Katholiek activisme van Cultuur onder Vuur en de culturalisering van religie’ en ‘Iconic Objects. Making Diasporic Heritage, Blackness, and Whiteness in the Netherlands’.
Reflectie & debat

Access_open Meer dan een zwarte bladzijde

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2019
Auteurs Richard Kofi en Annemarie de Wildt
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Reflection and debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Richard Kofi
Richard Kofi is kunstenaar en tentoonstellingsmaker bij het Tropenmuseum.

Annemarie de Wildt
Annemarie de Wildt is historica en conservator bij het Amsterdam Museum.
Reflectie & debat

Access_open Slavernijonderwijs in de praktijk, wat gebeurt er in de klas? Een pleidooi voor meer aandacht voor de erfenis van het slavernijverleden

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Sensitive history, Slavery, Education, Racism, Discrimination, Slavery education primary school, History, Dutch canon for history, Slavery and citizenship, Empowerment training
Auteurs Dr. Aspha Bijnaar
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Reflection and debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Dr. Aspha Bijnaar
Dr. Aspha Bijnaar is onafhankelijk onderzoeker en directeur van stichting EducatieStudio. Ze is in 2002 als sociologe gepromoveerd aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en heeft als onderzoeker gewerkt aan diverse wetenschappelijke publicaties, tentoonstellingen en lespakketten over slavernij en het erfgoed van slavernij. Ze ontwikkelde een reeks gastcolleges met theater over slavernijgeschiedenis en erfenis getiteld Hedendaags burgerschap, slavernij en jij!. Daarnaast maakte ze de theatervoorstelling Rebelse Vrouwen. Een voorstelling over verzet van vrouwen in slavernij en gaf ze een stripboek uit, getiteld Jacquelina. Slavin van Plantage Driesveld.
PhD Review

‘Romani Women in European Politics: Exploring Multi-Layered Political Spaces for Intersectional Policies and Mobilizations’

PhD by Serena D’Agostino (Vrije Universiteit Brussel), supervisors: Karen Celis, Ilke Adam.

Tijdschrift Politics of the Low Countries, Aflevering 2 2019
Auteurs Peter Vermeersch
Auteursinformatie

Peter Vermeersch
KU Leuven.
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