Zoekresultaat: 9 artikelen

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Article

Access_open Introduction: Parties at the Grassroots

Local Party Branches in the Low Countries

Tijdschrift Politics of the Low Countries, Aflevering 2 2020
Auteurs Bram Wauters, Simon Otjes en Emilie van Haute
Auteursinformatie

Bram Wauters
Bram Wauters is Associate Professor in the Department of Political Sciences of Ghent University, where he leads the research group GASPAR. His research interests include political representation, elections and political parties, with specific attention for diversity. He has recently published on these topics in journals such as Party Politics, Political Studies, Politics & Gender and Political Research Quarterly. He is co-editor (with Knut Heidar) of ‘Do parties still represent?’ (Routledge, 2019).

Simon Otjes
Simon Otjes is Assistant Professor of Dutch Politics at Leiden University and researcher at the Documentation Centre Dutch Political Parties of Groningen University. His research focuses on political parties, parliaments and public opinion. His research has appeared in various journals, including American Journal of Political Science and European Journal of Political Research.

Emilie van Haute
Emilie van Haute is Chair of the Department of Political Science at the Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB) and researcher at the Centre d’étude de la vie politique (Cevipol). Her research interests focus on party membership, intra-party dynamics, elections and voting behaviour. Her research has appeared in West European Politics, Party Politics, Electoral Studies, Political Studies or European Political Science. She is co-editor of Acta Politica.
Literature Review

Access_open Preference Voting in the Low Countries

A Research Overview

Tijdschrift Politics of the Low Countries, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden elections, electoral systems, preference voting, candidates, personalization
Auteurs Bram Wauters, Peter Thijssen en Patrick Van Erkel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Preference votes constitute one of the key features of (open and flexible) PR-list electoral systems. In this article, we give an extensive overview of studies conducted on preference voting in Belgium and the Netherlands. After elaborating on the definition and delineation of preference voting, we scrutinize studies about which voters cast preference votes (demand side) and about which candidates obtain preference votes (supply side). For each of these aspects, both theoretical approaches and empirical results are discussed and compared. At the same time, we also pay attention to methodological issues in these kinds of studies. As such, this research overview reads as an ideal introduction to this topic which has repercussions on many other subfields of political science.


Bram Wauters
Bram Wauters is an associate professor at the Department of Political Sciences of Ghent University, where he leads the research group GASPAR. His research interests include political representation, elections and political parties, with special attention to diversity. He has recently published in journals such as International Political Science Review, Party Politics, Political Studies, and Political Research Quarterly. He is co-editor (with Knut Heidar) of ‘Do parties still represent?’ (Routledge, 2019).

Peter Thijssen
Peter Thijssen is a professor at the Department of Political Science of the University of Antwerp, where he is a member the research group M2P (Media, Movements and Politics). His research focuses on political sociology, public opinion and political participation. He has published in such journals as British Journal of Sociology, Electoral Studies, Energy Policy, European Journal of Social Theory, Party Politics and Risk Analysis. He has co-edited ‘New Public Spheres’ (Ashgate, 2013) and ‘Political Engagement of the Young’ (Routledge, 2016).

Patrick Van Erkel
Patrick van Erkel is a postdoctoral researcher at the Department of Political Science of the University of Antwerp, where he is connected to the research group M2P (Media, Movements and Politics). His research interests include electoral behavior, public opinion, political communication and polarization. He has published in journals such as the European Journal of Political Research, Electoral Studies, European Political Science Review and the Journal of Elections, Public Opinion & Parties.
Article

Access_open Do Characteristics of Consociational Democracies Still Apply to Belgian Parties?

Tijdschrift Politics of the Low Countries, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Belgium, political parties, party membership, political participation, political representation
Auteurs Emilie Van Haute en Bram Wauters
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Belgium has long been described as a typical case of a consociational or consensus democracy. This article aims at identifying whether political parties in Belgium share the internal characteristics of parties in consensus democracies: passive mass memberships, the importance of purposive and material incentives for joining, and representation of a clear subculture in the social and attitudinal profiles of their members and via overlapping memberships with related organizations. We mobilize longitudinal party membership data and party member surveys conducted in three different time periods. We show that pillar parties still exercise their role of mobilization and representation of societal segments, but these segments tend to become smaller over time. New parties offer alternative options of mobilization and representation, although not always in line with the specific institutional arrangements of consociational democracy.


Emilie Van Haute
Emilie Van Haute, Cevipol, Université libre de Bruxelles.

Bram Wauters
Bram Wauters, Research Group GASPAR, Ghent University.
Article

Van Volksunie (VU) naar Nieuw-Vlaamse Alliantie (N-VA)

Een analyse van de ideologische opvattingen van hun partijleden

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden regionalist parties, party ideology, elections, party members, Belgium
Auteurs Bram Wauters en Nicolas Bouteca
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The electoral rise of the Belgian regionalist party New-Flemish Alliance (N-VA) from scratch to the country’s largest party is remarkable. We explore here to what extent the party has shifted in ideological terms compared to its less successful predecessor VU. We make use of party member survey data (a dynamic indicator of a party’s position). We distinguish three factors that impact on parties’ positions: institutional reforms, the influx of new members and changes in the internal power distribution. The results show a clear change: on each of the five policy dimensions (centre-periphery, socio-economic, moral-ethical, post-materialist and migration issues), significant differences could be found.


Bram Wauters
Bram Wauters is professor aan het Departement Politieke Wetenschappen van de Universiteit Gent. Hij is hoofd van de Ghent Association for the Study of Parties and Representation (GASPAR).

Nicolas Bouteca
Nicolas Bouteca is professor aan de vakgroep Politieke Wetenschappen van de UGent en lid van de Ghent Association for the Study of Parties and Representation (GASPAR). Hij publiceerde eerder over ideologie, politieke partijen, electorale competitie en het Belgisch federalisme.
Symposium

De rekruteringsfunctie van partijen in gevaar?

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 2 2016
Auteurs Gerrit Voerman, Bram Wauters, Jeroen van der Kolk e.a.
Auteursinformatie

Gerrit Voerman
Gerrit Voerman is hoogleraar Ontwikkeling en functioneren van het Nederlandse en Europese partijstelsel aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en directeur van het Documentatiecentrum Nederlandse Politieke Partijen (DNPP).

Bram Wauters
Bram Wauters is hoogleraar aan het Departement Politieke Wetenschappen van de Universiteit Gent. Hij is hoofd van de Ghent Association for the Study of Parties and Representation (GASPAR). Hij bereidt momenteel een boek voor over partijleden in Vlaanderen, dat in het voorjaar van 2017 zal verschijnen.

Jeroen van der Kolk
Hoofd HRM & Ontwikkeling bij het CDA.

Martijn Brandenburg
HR-medewerker bij de PvdA.
Article

Tussen partij en parlement: het profiel van de fractievoorzitter in België

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden political party, parliament, parliamentary party, leader, political elites, Belgium
Auteurs Benjamin de Vet en Bram Wauters
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The leader of the parliamentary party in Belgium occupies a very specific position, which differs from that of the political leader and that of the organizational leader of a party. This person acts as a crucial linking pin between ‘the party in central office’ and ‘the party in public office’. Owing to an increase in power of ‘the party in central office’ in modern ‘cartel parties’, we expect repercussions on the profile, selection and functioning of parliamentary party leaders. In this first, exploratory analysis based on a new dataset, we sketch the profile of these leaders in terms of experience and career, and based on these characteristics, we develop a typology. We also investigate whether these variables vary over time and by government status.
    Our results show for most of the indicators a weakening of the parliamentary party leader over time, whereas government parties appear to prefer a stronger parliamentary party leader than opposition parties.


Benjamin de Vet
Benjamin de Vet is masterstudent Politieke Wetenschappen (nationale politiek) aan de UGent, en schrijft zijn masterproef over de selectie van fractieleiders in het Belgisch federaal en Vlaams Parlement.

Bram Wauters
Bram Wauters is als docent verbonden aan de Faculteit Politieke en Sociale Wetenschappen van de UGent, waar hij de onderzoeksgroep GASPAR (www.gaspar.ugent.be) leidt. Zijn onderzoek gaat over verkiezingen, partijen en politieke representatie, met bijzondere aandacht voor ondervertegenwoordigde groepen.
Article

Van goudwaarde in verkiezingstijden?

Electorale presidentialisering van het burgemeesterschap in Vlaanderen

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden mayor, elections, preference votes, personalization, presidentialization
Auteurs Johannes Rodenbach, Bram Wauters en Kristof Steyvers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Presidentialization involves a shift in focus from collective actors (such as parties) to one person, in this case the mayor. It is a specific form of personalization which focusses on one rather than on several individuals. Electoral presidentialization, which constitutes one of the diverse features of this phenomenon, was studied at the local level in Flanders (Belgium). By formulating hypotheses based on theoretical and empirical insights on personalization (referring to several politicians), we have tried to figure out whether presidentialization differs from personalization. From our results, it appears that mayors indeed attract a huge share of preferential votes, but also that most factors that influence personalization have an impact on presidentialization too. These include both individual variables (such as media attention and incumbency) and municipal variables (such as size of the municipality and number of parties). Although both trends differ in nature, the factors influencing them appear to be similar.


Johannes Rodenbach
Johannes Rodenbach is als doctoraal onderzoeker verbonden aan het Centrum voor Lokale Politiek, onderdeel van de Vakgroep Politieke Wetenschappen van de Universiteit Gent. Hij bereidt een scriptie voor rond de presidentialisering van het burgemeesterschap in Vlaanderen en werkt mee aan het ‘European Mayor’-project, een comparatief onderzoek naar burgemeesters in 28 Europese landen.

Bram Wauters
Bram Wauters is als docent verbonden aan de Faculteit Politieke en Sociale Wetenschappen van de UGent, waar hij de onderzoeksgroep GASPAR (www.gaspar.ugent.be) leidt. Zijn onderzoek gaat over verkiezingen, partijen en politieke representatie, met bijzondere aandacht voor ondervertegenwoordigde groepen.

Kristof Steyvers
Kristof Steyvers is hoofddocent aan de Vakgroep Politieke Wetenschappen van de Universiteit Gent. Zijn onderzoek situeert zich daar in de context van het Centrum voor Lokale Politiek. Het is gericht op lokaal politiek leiderschap, verkiezingen en partijen op lokaal niveau, hervormingen aan het lokaal bestuur, de democratische verankering van lokale netwerkverbanden, vergelijkende lokale politiek en stadspolitiek en stedenbeleid.
Article

Vertegenwoordiging van oude en nieuwe breuklijnen in de Lage Landen

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden group representation, members of parliament, Low Countries, class, gender, ethnicity
Auteurs Karen Celis en Bram Wauters
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article investigates whether group-based politics is still relevant in Belgian and Dutch politics. Based on the PARTIREP MP Survey it more precisely studies the extent to which Belgian and Dutch parliamentarians in comparison to other European countries attach importance to the representation of ‘old’ cleavage groups (class and religious groups) or new groups (age groups, women and ethnic minorities), and which strategies are considered most appropriate. Group representation of old and new groups is found to be of great importance in both countries. Class is not dead and age groups are also highly represented. In contrast, religious groups and ethnic minorities receive far less attention in the Low Countries. Notwithstanding these similarities, there is also cross-country variation regarding the level of importance (greater in the Netherlands), the represented groups and the strategies for representation.


Karen Celis
Karen Celis is als onderzoeksprofessor verbonden aan de Vakgroep Politieke Wetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Zij verricht onderzoek naar de politieke representatie van groepen (vrouwen, etnische minderheden, LBGT, leeftijdsgroepen en sociale klassen).

Bram Wauters
Bram Wauters is docent aan de Faculteit Handelswetenschappen en Bestuurskunde van de Hogeschool Gent en gastdocent aan de Faculteit Politieke en Sociale Wetenschappen van de Universiteit Gent. Zijn onderzoek gaat over politieke vertegenwoordiging, electorale systemen en politieke partijen.

Bram Wauters
Bram Wauters (1975) is doctor in de sociale wetenschappen. Hij is verbonden aan de Vakgroep Bestuur en Beleid van de Hogeschool Gent (associatie Universiteit Gent). Zijn onderzoeksinteresses bevinden zich op het raakvlak tussen vertegenwoordiging, politieke partijen en verkiezingen.
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