Zoekresultaat: 6 artikelen


Access_open The Resilience of Democracy in the Midst of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Democratic Compensators in Belgium, the Netherlands and France

Tijdschrift Politics of the Low Countries, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden COVID-19, crisis-management, democratic compensators, exceptionalism
Auteurs Tom Massart, Thijs Vos, Clara Egger e.a.

    Since January 2020, European countries have implemented a wide range of restrictions to contain the COVID-19 pandemic. Yet governments have also implemented democratic compensators in order to offset the negative impacts of restrictions. This article aims to account for the variation of their use between Belgium, the Netherlands and France. We analyse three drivers: the strength of counterpowers, the ruling parties’ ideological leanings and political support. Building on an original data set, our results distinguish between embedded and ad hoc compensators. We find that ad hoc compensators are championed mainly by counterpowers, but also by ideology of the ruling coalitions in Belgium and the Netherlands and used strategically to maintain political support in France. Evidence on the link between embedded compensators and counterpowers is more ambiguous.

Tom Massart
Tom Massart is a PhD candidate at ULB / CEVIPOL. His research mainly focuses on European economic governance.

Thijs Vos
Thijs Vos is a political scientist and research assistant at Groningen University.

Clara Egger
Clara Egger is assistant professor in international relations at Groningen University. She is currently leading the Exceptius project on Covid19 containment policies in Europe.

Claire Dupuy
Claire Dupuy is professor of comparative politics at UCLouvain. She specializes in comparative public policy with a focus on multilevel governance, federalism and regionalization processes.

Constance Morel-Jean
Constance Morel-Jean is a master’s student at Grenoble-Alpes University. She specialises in the study of political behaviour.

Raul Magni-Berton
Raul Magni-Berton is professor of political science at Grenoble-Alpes University, PACTE research unit. His research mainly focuses on democracy, its institutions and norms.

Sébastian Roché
Sebastian Roché is CNRS Research Professor at Grenoble-Alpes University, PACTE research unit. He specializes in policing and legitimacy studies.

Is gender bias een mythe?

Op zoek naar verklaringen voor de beperkte aanwezigheid van vrouwelijke politici in het Vlaamse televisienieuws

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden gender, mediated politics, news coverage, journalism, television news, Flanders
Auteurs Debby Vos

    This study analyses the news coverage of female politicians in Flanders (Belgium). We investigate whether the deficiency of media attention for female politicians is due to structural factors or whether the news media themselves create a gender bias. For this purpose, we examine eleven possible explanations for the gender bias. On one hand the characteristics of the politicians, such as their function, can influence their news exposure and on the other hand the features of the news media, such as the broadcasting station, can be of importance. Overall, our evidence suggests that mainly the function determines the news exposure of female politicians and not their gender. Nevertheless, female politicians still get less speaking time, even when controlling for all other variables. We can conclude that a real gender bias exists in the Flemish television news: journalists and editors give significantly less attention to female politicians compared to their male colleagues.

Debby Vos
Debby Vos is als doctoraal onderzoeker verbonden aan de onderzoeksgroep Media, Middenveld en Politiek (M2P) binnen de Universiteit Antwerpen. Zij doet onderzoek naar de media-aandacht die politici krijgen en de determinanten daarvan.

Hendrik Vos
Hendrik Vos (1972) is hoogleraar aan de Vakgroep Politieke Wetenschappen van de Universiteit Gent. Hij is er tevens directeur van het Centrum voor EU-Studies. Hij doceert over Europese politiek in de bacheloropleiding politieke wetenschappen en in de masteropleiding EU-Studies.

Ivo Belet
Ivo Belet (1959) is Europees Parlementslid voor CD&V. Hij is lid van de commissie Onderwijs, Cultuur, Media en Sport en de commissie Industrie, energie, Onderzoek en Ontwikkeling. Daarvoor was hij journalist bij de VRT (onder meer De Zevende Dag, Het Journaal en Ter Zake).

Hoe populistisch zijn Geert Wilders en Rita Verdonk?

Verschillen en overeenkomsten in optreden en discours van twee politici

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 4 2009
Trefwoorden populism, Netherlands, discourse, Geert Wilders, Rita Verdonk
Auteurs Koen Vossen

    In the Netherlands, the rise of new parties such as the Lijst Pim Fortuyn, the Partij voor de Vrijheid, lead by Geert Wilders and the movement Trots op Nederland, lead by Rita Verdonk, have attracted much attention. In an attempt to interpret and explain the (temporary) advance of these parties, both commentators and political scientists have often used the notion of populism. In most commentaries however, it remains unclear what the term exactly means and whether it has any explanatory value. The aim of this article is to investigate whether Rita Verdonk and Geert Wilders and their movements may actually be labelled as populist. By discerning the presence of the features of an ideal-typical populism in discourse and performance of both politicians their ‘degree of populism’ is measured. The differences in degree of populism also helps to explain why Geert Wilders and his party proved (thus far) more successful and durable.

Koen Vossen
Koen Vossen (1971) is universitair docent Nederlandse politiek Instituut Politieke Wetenschap, Universiteit Leiden. In 2003 is hij gepromoveerd op een proefschrift getiteld Vrij vissen in het Vondelpark. Kleine politieke partijen in Nederland 1918-1940 (Wereldbibliotheek 2003). Zijn belangstelling gaat vooral uit naar protestpartijen en populisme in de Nederlandse politiek in heden en verleden.

    In 2006, the European Union was still suffering from a legitimacy crisis following the ill-fated referenda on the Constitutional Treaty in 2005. Nevertheless, this overview of different internal and external European initiatives in 2006 presents a more ambiguous picture. On the one hand, EU policy-makers failed to gather momentum for new and ambitious European initiatives; on the other hand the EU did make some progress in a number of new and running dossiers.
    The extended reflection period did not result in a solution for the institutional impasse, despite some limited proposals (‘Plan D’, a mini-Constitution) to turn the tide. In spite of clear signs of enlargement fatigue, two new member states (Romania and Bulgaria) acceded to the EU. The enlargement negotiations with Croatia and Turkey continued – even though the talks with Turkey were somewhat scaled down. In 2006 the energy issue reached the top of the European political agenda, with ambitious proposals from the European Commission, but this did not result in specific EU policy decisions. The EU did finally reach a compromise on other dossiers that had been stuck in the EU decision-making machinery for years, such as the Bolkestein directive on the liberalisation of services and the REACH regulation on chemicals. The EU’s external and foreign policies were characterised by the EU’s involvement in a number of crisis situations (Lebanon, Congo) and the elaboration of the European Neighbourhood Policy (Action Plans). EU initiatives in the areas of migration and energy also link up with Europe’s external policies – especially in relation to the EU’s neighbouring regions.

Hendrik Vos
Docent Vakgroep politieke wetenschappen UGent.

Jan Orbie
Doctor-assistent Vakgroep politieke wetenschappen UGent.

An Schrijvers
Assistent Vakgroep politieke wetenschappen UGent.

Hendrik Vos
Docent aan de Vakgroep Politieke wetenschappen van de Universiteit Gent. Gasthoofdredacteur van dit themanummer.
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