Zoekresultaat: 39 artikelen

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Artikel

Voorlopige contouren van bestuursgericht toezicht

Empirische inzichten in jonge praktijken van bestuursgericht toezicht

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Governance, Regulation, Oversight
Auteurs Prof. dr. Thomas Schillemans, Dr. Meike Bokhorst, Dr. Marieke van Genugten e.a.
Samenvatting

    The regulatory agencies in various public service sectors are said to be changing (some) of their regulatory attention issues of internal governance of organizations in education, health care en social housing. This paper aims to assess how (if, at all) responsible actors within those organizations experience this shift in regulatory focus. We report on the findings from a survey with modest N, distributed at an early stage of this new policy. The paper shows that respondents have fairly divergent views on whether or not this regulatory shift has indeed occurred, something which is not uncommon for a new policy. We distinguish three mechanisms through which governance-based oversight may have an impact on public service providers. This new regulatory regime could 1) have an agenda-setting effect within organizations, could 2) stimulate organizational decision-makers to take well-considered decisions and could 3) induce a sense of relational felt accountability towards the regulator.


Prof. dr. Thomas Schillemans

Dr. Meike Bokhorst

Dr. Marieke van Genugten

Dr. Mirjan Oude Vrielink
Artikel

Access_open Van toezicht op kwaliteit naar toezicht op bestuur

Ontwikkeling van bestuursgericht toezicht in semipublieke sectoren

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Inspection, Governance, Semipublic sector, Quality improvement, Opportunities and risks
Auteurs Dr. Meike Bokhorst, Dr. Marieke van Genugten, Dr. Mirjan Oude Vrielink e.a.
Samenvatting

    In Dutch semi-public sectors of education, healthcare, and housing there is a tendency towards governance based inspection. The attention of inspectorates shifts from inspection on minimum quality standards to inspection on governance based quality improvement. The aim of this special issue is to learn more about the opportunities and risks of governance based inspection. The survey and sector articles show that governance based inspection (1) puts the responsibility of governors to stimulate quality on the agenda, (2) makes governors more aware of the quality targets they want to achieve within their organisations, and (3) has a deregulating effect. However, the risks are (1) reregulation via sector norms, (2) a lack of reality checks, and (3) a narrow focus on governors instead of the quality of public services. Consequently, inspectors have to learn new skills and competences. All in all, governance based inspection can complement but not replace other ways of inspection.


Dr. Meike Bokhorst

Dr. Marieke van Genugten

Dr. Mirjan Oude Vrielink

Prof. dr. Thomas Schillemans

    In this essay, the author is looking for pioneering local administrators in the Netherlands who dared to push existing boundaries. However, the story starts in Great Britain where progressive liberals under the label ‘municipal socialism’ proceeded to provide public utilities through municipal governments rather than private enterprises. Their example was adopted by the so-called ‘radicals’ in Amsterdam led by Wim Treub. ‘Aldermen socialism’ with Floor Wibaut in Amsterdam as its most important representative, took it a step further. Their aim for a welfare municipality anticipated the later welfare state. After the Second World War we also saw some strong local administrators who in their own way strived for changes in their municipalities. After 1970 the phenomenon of ‘urban renewal’ led to a new flourishing of ‘aldermen socialism’ in the Netherlands with Jan Schaefer (in Amsterdam) as its most appealing figurehead. Since 2000, we have been in a new era of dualism, citizen participation and devolution that has produced new 'boundary pushers', which generated interest abroad (see the book on mayors by Benjamin Barber). At the end of the article, the author takes a look into the future. Current global problems also confront municipalities and they require local administrators with a good mix of political leadership, new civic leadership, inspiring commissioning and good stewardship. This essay is written for the ‘Across boundaries’ annual conference of the VNG (the Association of Netherlands Municipalities founded in 1912) held in Maastricht (in the far south of the Netherlands) in 2018.


Dr. Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is onderwijscoördinator van de joint degree Public Governance across Borders aan de Universiteit Twente en redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen.

    The increased complexity of multilevel democracies makes the evaluation of the performances of the government an increasingly difficult task for citizens. Multilevel governance involves information costs, which makes it more difficult for citizens to give clear responsibility for government tasks to the correct level of government. This article contains the first study that is focussing on the responsibility perceptions in the Netherlands. The authors do not just look at who citizens hold responsible for certain government tasks, but they also look at the consequences of these perceptions for the mechanism of accountability. The satisfaction of citizens are with the policy in a particular area should only influence the political support for the level of government they hold responsible. Results of the research are that in line with this perspective a strong correlation exists between satisfaction with the pursued policy and trust of the citizens in this government, in proportion as they hold a level of government more responsible. On the other hand there are large differences between citizens, that correlate with their level of education. So there are also large groups of citizens for whom it is not possible to keep governments responsible for the policy pursued, because they simply do not know which government is responsible.


Lisanne de Blok MSc
E.A. de Blok MSc is promovendus aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Hiervoor deed ze een research master sociale wetenschappen aan dezelfde universiteit en liep ze stage bij de Raad voor het openbaar bestuur (Rob).

Prof. dr. Wouter van der Brug
Prof. dr. W. van der Brug is hoogleraar Politicologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Staat van de bestuurskunde

Samenvattend én persoonlijk slotakkoord

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2017
Auteurs Dr. Thomas Schillemans

Dr. Thomas Schillemans
Artikel

Doorgeven, negeren of vervormen?

Media als kritische transparanteurs van beleid

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2016
Trefwoorden transparency, media, policy
Auteurs Thomas Schillemans en Anne Klijn MSc.
Samenvatting

    Transparency is a token of modern governance and is said to serve many different goals. Earlier research has shown that the disclosure of information will only be seen by the public and serve its goals if ‘transparators’, such as news media, pay attention to the information. The news media cannot be expected to be uncritical implementers of transparency policies; they will only do so when the policy and ensuing story fit their criteria for newsworthiness. This paper analyzes when and how news media pay attention to different types of policies serving different types of goals. It does so on the basis of quantitative and qualitative content analysis of 8 important cases of transparency-policies in the Netherlands in the past decade. The analysis shows that, even for these high profile cases, the amount of media attention for disclosed information is limited. The analysis also suggests that the media primarily tend to treat items in neutral or critical frames. Particularly in cases where the disclosed information is about the government itself, media stories seem to be primarily negative. These results suggest, in line with prior research, that transparency-policies may easily fail to be effective.


Thomas Schillemans

Anne Klijn MSc.
Artikel

De wil van Wilson

Onder bestuurskundigen: een reflectie op de zelfreflectie en een pleidooi voor bestuurskunde als politieke wetenschap

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2016
Trefwoorden public administration, politics, self-image, myth, critical
Auteurs Mark van Ostaijen MSc MA
Samenvatting

    What do Public Administration scholars tell Public Administration students in the Netherlands about the study of Public Administration as science, public administration as empirical domain and how it works? By means of interpretative and historicizing research I studied student handbooks and historical reviews on the origination myth and self-image of Public Administration.
    It shows a very delineated origin myth and a mainly non-political and neutral self-image. Therefore I conclude that Public Administration mostly neglects its political-normative foundations, which deliver problems in how and what Public Administration scholars teach. This article shows the importance of the political-normative foundations and includes a plea for Public Administration as true political science.


Mark van Ostaijen MSc MA

    For aldermen in Dutch municipalities, ‘integrity’ increasingly seems to be an important factor causing their downfall. A lot of aldermen have resigned in the recent years because of ‘integrity’ and invariably local and national media were actively involved in this process. This article deals with the question of the role of the media in integrity affairs involving aldermen that have to resign. To answer this question, the authors analysed ten affairs that occurred in 2014 in which an alderman had to resigned (forced or voluntarily) because of integrity issues. The analysis shows that local media, regardless of how small they may be and how limited their means, often report extensively about integrity issues. In some cases, local media even act as accountability forums that call these aldermen to account. In other cases, the coverage in local media leads to further questions and calls for political accountability in the municipal council. Sometimes the media ‘merely’ report on the debates between the municipal council and the municipal board, but by doing so magnify the impact of an affair in the local community. In this way, the media fulfil their democratic role as watchdogs of local democracy, a role in which they bark loudly, often persistently and sometimes venomously about (alleged) integrity affairs.


Peter Schokker LLM MA
P. Schokker LLM MA is onderzoeker en adviseur bij het Bureau Integriteit BING.

Dr. Thomas Schillemans
Dr. T. Schillemans is universitair hoofddocent aan de Universiteit Utrecht bij het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO).

    This essay contains a short history of the municipal and other administrative sciences in the Netherlands. This history is divided into seven lives. Each life has its own specific characteristics and approaches. The story starts in 1914 with the dissertation of Gerrit van Poelje and the aldermanship of Floor Wibaut (for the Dutch Labour Party) in Amsterdam. Nevertheless, the authors make a plea to view 1921 as the actual starting point, because it is the year of the introduction to municipal administration written by Van Poelje and the first Dutch academic magazine on municipal administration (‘Gemeentebestuur’). This means that we can prepare for the celebration of 100 years of (municipal) administrative sciences in 2021. A great challenge for all universities, but certainly for the Public Administration programme of the University of Twente, which is now celebrating its 40th anniversary. The challenge is to work on current topics such as the relationship between public administration and technology in smart, sustainable and resilient cities.


Dr. Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is onderwijscoördinator van de opleiding European Public Administration aan de Universiteit Twente en redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen.
Diversen: Rubrieken

Tussen kantklosprincipe en minibieb

Menno Fenger en Margo Trappenburg over de participatiesamenleving

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2016
Auteurs Rixt Riemersma en Thomas Schillemans

Rixt Riemersma

Thomas Schillemans
Artikel

Access_open De 21ste-eeuwse overheidsmanager

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden Public management, 21st century skills, Megatrends, Strategic HRM, Public managers
Auteurs Zeger van der Wal
Samenvatting

    This article examines who ‘21st century public managers’ are and which skills and roles they have to master to function effectively in the 21st century. Based on a large scale analysis of literature and years of interaction with senior practitioners, seven key 21st century demands for public managers are identified, each of which creates dilemmas as well as opportunities. 21st century public managers utilize a combination of traditional and new roles, competencies, and values to turn demands into opportunities. The article concludes with implications for public administration research and education.


Zeger van der Wal
Artikel

De homo psychologicus op het schip van staat

Gedragskennis in bestuur en beleid

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden behavioural insights, public policy, public administration, psychology
Auteurs Dr. Thomas Schillemans en Dr. Gerdien de Vries
Samenvatting

    This theme issue analyzes and describes the different ways in which behavioral science is currently becoming integrated in public administration as a practice as well as an academic discipline. Many governments and public organizations are currently experimenting with ways to integrate behavioral insights in public policy and public administration. This theme issue addresses the state of the art and the most salient research issues. It does so by explicitly drawing on insights from scholars from both behavioral sciences as well as from public administration. We survey the major theoretical approaches from both fields, investigate up close and personal how real world policy makers are trying to integrate behavioral knowledge in their structures, routines and policies, and we look at some examples of the most promising behaviorally informed policies. The theme issue confirms and documents the sudden rise of behaviorally informed policy making. By doing so, the theme issue allays some of the concerns voiced in the literature. But the theme issues also draws attention to some new critical questions and debates.


Dr. Thomas Schillemans

Dr. Gerdien de Vries
Artikel

Access_open Bouwen aan de ideale bestuurskunde

Reflecties van tien jonge hoogleraren

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden Public Administration, Policy Sciences, Academia vs. practice
Auteurs Dr. Philip Marcel Karré
Samenvatting

    For this article, part of a series on the future of the discipline in the Netherlands, the author has talked to ten newly appointed professors in the field of public administration. We discussed their background, how they see their role and position within university and society and how they view recent developments in our field of study and our discipline. The young professors share their view on how our discipline could and should develop and what their role will be in this process.


Dr. Philip Marcel Karré
Artikel

Access_open ‘Wat hebben wij aan u?’

Bestuurskundigen beantwoorden vragen over hun vak

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden public administration research, public administration field, state of play, advice, applied research
Auteurs Prof. dr. Martijn van der Steen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The field of public administration research is continuously changing. This article takes stock of the field by asking four open questions to a large group of public administration practitioners and scholars. The questions prompt a debate about the state of play of the field of public administration in The Netherlands. Several dilemmas become apparent. Firstly, there is the tension between rigor and relevance of research. More rigorous methodology should not come at the expense of relevance in practice. Moreover, pressure to publish in international academic journals draws scholars away from the more practical outlets for research findings. Ever more is ‘written’, but less of that reaches the more practical audiences. This is congruent with the impression that public administration scholars should invest more in their narratives, so that the important message of public administration research reaches wider audiences and helps to reflect on pressing societal issues. Furthermore, there is a need for public administration scholars to be more active in helping practitioners solve the complex policy puzzles they face. This requires the ability to walk the fine line between keeping distance and becoming genuinely involved in policy processes. All of these factors can help the field of public administration take next steps in its development, to regain the connection with practice and raise its academic standards.


Prof. dr. Martijn van der Steen
Prof.dr. M.A. van der Steen is adjunct-directeur van de NSOB en bijzonder hoogleraar aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Quo vadis, Nederlandse Bestuurskunde?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Public administration
Auteurs Dr. Caelesta Braun, Dr. Menno Fenger, Prof. dr. Paul ’t Hart e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Forty years ago, Dutch Public Administration started as an independent academic discipline. The founding fathers considered empirical application and multidisciplinarity the most important characteristics of public administration. This article assesses the current state of the discipline in the Netherlands. The assessment is the result of a series of five debates throughout the country, focussing on different elements of the Public Administration discipline: education, academic research, consultancy and policy advice. In brief, the article argues that the discipline has reached maturity in these forty years. It has become an accepted academic discipline, on the verge of a mono-discipline. The Netherlands is considered as one of the leading countries in public administration research. However, these successes also create a gap between public administration as a successful academic discipline and its roots as a multi-disciplinary, applied science. Renewing the balance between these two will be the main challenge for the decades to come.


Dr. Caelesta Braun
Dr. C. Braun is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Utrecht (USBO).

Dr. Menno Fenger
Dr. H.J.M. Fenger is universitair hoofddocent bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Prof. dr. Paul ’t Hart
Prof. dr. P. ’t Hart is hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Utrecht (USBO) en co-decaan bij de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur (NSOB).

Dr. Judith van der Veer
Dr. J. van der Veer, postdoc bestuurskunde aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Drs. Tanja Verheij
Drs. A.J.M. Verheij is managing director bij Berenschot.
Artikel

Professioneel vermogen

Proactieve ‘coping’ door publieke professionals

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Public professionals, Teachers, performance pressures, proactive coping, professional capability
Auteurs Prof. dr. Mirko Noordegraaf, Nina van Loon MSc, Madelon Heerema MSc e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Professional services such as educational services, are increasingly managed and optimized in order to improve performances. Performances of students, teachers and school (boards) are measured and evaluated. Increasingly, rules and systems focus on outputs and control. Consequently, the ‘freedom’ of professionals such as teachers is reduced, or is perceived and felt to be reduced. There have been growing debates on the problematic effects of performance pressures. Often, public professionals are seen as ‘defenseless victims’ of systems and pressures – they are ‘professionals under pressure’. In this paper, we introduce a more positive way of understanding professionals and professional action in changing contexts. We see professionals such as teachers as ‘active agents’ who can develop and regain control over their own situation. Professionals can deliver quality, in spite of bureaucratic burdens and managerial intrusions. We call this ability professional capability: ‘the ability to proactively deal with work-related expectations, tasks and burdens in dynamic stakeholder environments’. This paper combines research on public administration, organizational sociology and occupational psychology, to generate a more productive understanding of proactive coping of professionals in public domains. We define and operationalize professional capacity, we explore sources and effects, and we develop hypotheses for further research.


Prof. dr. Mirko Noordegraaf
Prof. dr. Mirko Noordegraaf is als hoogleraar publiek management verbonden aan het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht.

Nina van Loon MSc
Nina van Loon MSc was als promovenda verbonden aan het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht en is thans werkzaam bij Aarhus University, Denemarken.

Madelon Heerema MSc
Madelon Heerema MSc is als researcher verbonden aan het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht.

Marit Weggemans MSc
Marit Weggemans MSc was als student-assistent verbonden aan het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

ZBO-evaluaties: verplicht, verzuimd, en veronachtzaamd?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden ZBO, quangos, agency, evaluations, assessment
Auteurs Prof. Dr. Sandra van Thiel, Stefan Soetekouw Msc, Martijn Dresmé Msc e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article describes our knowledge on the performance of ZBOs (a type of quangos), based on annual reports and official evaluations. We find that evaluations are not done very often even though they are required by law. The content and quality of evaluation reports do not always facilitate the drawing of clear conclusions. Evaluations and annual reports depict a modestly positive picture of ZBO performance, and a negative image of the relationship between ZBOs and their parent departments. Evaluation reports are only occasionally used in political debates and decision making on ZBOs. That raises the question of why politicians have so little interest in ZBO performance and its evaluations, all the more so because expectations regarding ZBO performance were very high at the time when these organizations were established.


Prof. Dr. Sandra van Thiel
Prof. Dr. S. van Thiel is hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Radboud Universiteit te Nijmegen. Zij coördineerde in 2011-2012 het parlementair onderzoek door de Eerste Kamer naar privatisering en verzelfstandiging.

Stefan Soetekouw Msc
J.S. Soetekouw Msc is afgestudeerd aan de opleiding Bestuurskunde aan de Radboud Universiteit te Nijmegen.

Martijn Dresmé Msc
M. Dresmé Msc is afgestudeerd aan de opleiding Bestuurskunde aan de Radboud Universiteit te Nijmegen.

Drs. Peter van Goch
Drs. P.A.M. van Goch is informatiespecialist bij de Tweede Kamer en was in 2011-2012 werkzaam voor het parlementair onderzoek door de Eerste Kamer naar privatisering en verzelfstandiging.
Artikel

Het organiseren van de terugtocht: voorbereidende beschietingen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden administrative history, central government, retreat of the state, decentralization, framing
Auteurs Dr. Thomas Schillemans en Prof. dr. Paul Frissen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The state has been expanding throughout the twentieth century but now seems to be in retreat. This special issue addresses the question how central governments can organize their retreats. It is a theme with a double-sided focus. On the one hand, we will offer an empirical and theoretical state of the art of the ‘state of the state’. On the other hand, this special issue will thematise how a retreat of the state can be organized in a proper way. The special issue consists of eight different articles; some more theoretical and normative and others clearly empirical. Together the articles provide a colourful overview of the state of the Dutch state in the early 21st Century.


Dr. Thomas Schillemans
Dr. T. Schillemans is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Utrecht.

Prof. dr. Paul Frissen
Prof. dr. P.H.F. Frissen is bestuursvoorzitter en decaan Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur, hoogleraar bestuurskunde Universiteit van Tilburg en lid van de Raad voor Maatschappelijke Ontwikkeling.
Artikel

Veelvormige veelfrontenoorlog

Empirische analyse van terugtocht, optocht, stilstand of hervorming van de Nederlandse staat

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden administrative history, central government, retreat of the state, decentralization, financial indicators
Auteurs Dr. Thomas Schillemans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Many authors have claimed that the role of the Dutch government, and other governments, is changing. The overarching consensus is that states are now retreating after decades of expansion. This paper investigates, on the basis of a secondary analysis of existing data, whether, where and how the Dutch state can be said to be retreating. This leads to mixed findings: four different analyses of the ‘state of the state’. The first tale, focusing on macro financial indicators, suggests ‘stability’. The second tale, focusing on net changes in expenses, depicts further expansion, particularly in the domain of health care. The third tale, focusing on policy intentions, sees a retreat indeed. And the fourth tale would suggest that it is merely about a reorganization of the state itself.


Dr. Thomas Schillemans
Dr. T. Schillemans is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
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