Zoekresultaat: 28 artikelen

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Artikel

Ontwikkeling en institutionalisering van een anti-establishmentpartij

De casus Leefbaar Rotterdam

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering Online First 2021
Trefwoorden party institutionalization, political parties, local government, Governance, anti-establishment party
Auteurs Gideon Broekhuizen MSc LLB en dr. Julien van Ostaaijen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    There is much research available about the development and government participation of new political parties (e.g. Pedersen, 1982; Deschouwer, 2008). Scholars show that survival for new political parties is often difficult, as they in general had little time for party building (Bollyer & Bytzek, 2017). Moreover, the expectation for specific types of new parties, mainly anti-establishment parties, is that they pay a high(er) electoral price when participating in government (Van Spanje, 2011). The Dutch case of the local political party of ‘Leefbaar Rotterdam’ (Livable Rotterdam, LR) is a noteworthy exception to this rule. It won the Rotterdam local election in 2002 with almost 35 percent of the votes, only months after its establishment. Until this day, LR remains an electorally large and relevant political party, participating in Rotterdam government twice (2002-2006 and 2014-2018). The article shows that in comparison to some national new political parties, LR succeeded in building a solid party organization and that from a party institutionalization perspective, it can be considered an institutionalized party. Regarding theory, it provides some additions to party building literature, such as the importance of personal relations and the balance between organizational unity and member autonomy.


Gideon Broekhuizen MSc LLB
Gideon Broekhuizen MSc LLB is werkzaam als beleidsadviseur bij het ministerie van Volksgezondheid, Welzijn en Sport.

dr. Julien van Ostaaijen
Dr. Julien van Ostaaijen is werkzaam als universitair docent bestuurskunde aan Tilburg University en lector recht en veiligheid bij Avans Hogeschool.

    From 1964 (until around 1990), political science became the dominant approach within (local) administrative sciences in the Netherlands. This position was taken over from the legal approach. In this period, the concepts of politics, policy and decision-making were central to research and theory. In the period up to 1990, we still see a predominantly administration-centric or government-centric perspective among these political scientists, although we already see incentives from different authors for a broader perspective (the politics, policy and decision-making concepts remain relevant however) that will continue in the period thereafter. This broader perspective (on institutions, management and governance) took shape in the period after 1990, in which Public Administration would increasingly profile itself as an independent (inter)discipline. This essay tells the story of the (local) administrative sciences in this period as envisaged by twelve high-profile professors. The story starts in 1990 in Leiden with the (gradual) transition from classical to institutional Public administration, as is revealed in the inaugural lecture by Theo Toonen. This is followed by eleven other administrative scientists, who are divided into four ‘generations’ of three professors for convenience. In conclusion, the author of this essay argues that there is mainly a need for what he calls a (self-)critical Public Administration.


Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is onderwijscoördinator van de joint degree Public Governance across Borders aan de Universiteit Twente en redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen.
Dossier

Access_open Vechten tegen het monster

Concentratie van deprivatie en deviantie in steden

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2020
Auteurs Prof. dr. Jack Burgers
Auteursinformatie

Prof. dr. Jack Burgers
Prof. dr. Jack Burgers is socioloog en emeritus hoogleraar grootstedelijke vraagstukken aan de Erasmus Universiteit te Rotterdam.
Thema

Access_open De ‘strijd om kerken’

Een bestuurskundige schets van een (geloofs- en beleids)gevoelig onderwerp

Tijdschrift Bestuurs­wetenschappen, Aflevering 3 2020
Auteurs Dr. Marlies Honingh en Prof. dr. Nico Nelissen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    While many new churches were built in the Netherlands sixty years ago to meet the demands of religious communities for space for their worship, the situation in 2020 is completely different. It is true that a church is sometimes built here and there in the Netherlands, but the general picture is that many churches have been withdrawn as places of worship in recent years, that a number have been demolished and that many have been given a new designated purpose. The fate of a church building often evokes many emotions in people. For example, we experienced this when we, together with the Parisians, watched in disbelief as fire destroyed parts of Notre Dame. This is related to the fact that for many people churches are more than just ‘beautifully stacked stones’. They are directly linked to the highs and lows of people’s individual and collective lives. People were baptized and married in that church, funeral services of loved ones were held there and the church is still a familiar part of the image of city or village. Rightly so that churches are also seen as ‘affective monuments’. The central question, however, is how to deal with religious heritage (policy related) now that churches are emptying? In this article the authors first give a brief outline of the background, nature and scope of what they call the ‘church problem’. Then they discuss the ‘battle for churches’ associated with this problem, which they subsequently try to interpret from a number of Public Administration theories. The role of certain individuals and organizations in the ‘battle for churches’, the so-called ‘entrepreneurs’, is further explored. They pay specific attention to the role of the municipality in this as a whole and call on all parties involved to deal (politically) with the ‘church problem’ rather than ‘spasmodically’.


Dr. Marlies Honingh
Dr. M.E. Honingh is universitair hoofddocent bestuurskunde aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen en redactielid van Bestuurswetenschappen.

Prof. dr. Nico Nelissen
Prof. dr. N.J.M. Nelissen is emeritus hoogleraar aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, redactielid en oud-hoofdredacteur van Bestuurswetenschappen.

    From 1964 until roughly 1990, political science would become the dominant approach within the (local) administrative sciences in the Netherlands. This central position was taken over from the legal approach. Important impulses from political science for Public Administration came only from the second-generation political scientists: Gijs Kuypers at the Free University Amsterdam, Hans Daudt at the University of Amsterdam and Hans Daalder at the University of Leiden. In their footsteps, a political scientist emerged who, through his contribution to several universities (the Free University, the University of Nijmegen and the University of Twente), had a great deal of influence on the further development of Dutch Public Administration: Andries Hoogerwerf. Two other approaches emerged from political science that were important for the development of modern public administration in the Netherlands, namely policy science and the new political economy (public choice). In this essay the author outlines the input of the main figures from political science, policy science and public choice until 1990 in various stages that are most relevant to Public Administration. These stages take us to various cities and universities in the Netherlands. In addition, we see important cross-fertilization between the institutions through the transfer of people from one university to another. After 1990 however, Public Administration would increasingly profile itself as an independent inter-discipline.


Dr. Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is onderwijscoördinator van de joint degree Public Governance across Borders aan de Universiteit Twente en redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen.

    Access to affordable, decent and secure housing is under increasing pressure in countries across the world, especially in burgeoning cities. This results in displacement, exclusion and increasing housing cost burdens. This theme issue consists of a collection of papers that approach inequality on urban housing markets from different angles. In this introduction to the special issue, we provide a framework to understand these various dimensions of inequality and their interconnectedness. We identify three scales of inequality: First, at the abstract level of housing systems, market developments and housing policies contribute to increasing housing costs and a reduction in affordable housing units. Second, at the urban level we identify increasing spatial segregation between populations as well as the intertwined trends of intensifying gentrification and suburbanization of poverty. Third, at the everyday level we can identify a loss of belonging among long-term residents of changing (gentrifying) neighbourhoods, while other residents may appreciate change. This also fosters the potential for conflict and poses new challenges to professionals dealing with families in situations of poverty. We argue that emerging inequalities at these different scales need to be considered as interconnected.


Dr. Cody Hochstenbach
Dr. Cody Hochstenbach is secretaris van de redactie van Beleid en Maatschappij.

Dr. Nanke Verloo
Dr. Nanke Verloo is lid van de redactie van Beleid en Maatschappij.

Dr. Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is onderwijscoördinator van de joint degree Public Governance across Borders aan de Universiteit Twente en redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen.

Dr. Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is onderwijscoördinator van de joint degree Public Governance across Borders aan de Universiteit Twente en redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen.
Dossier

Access_open De politiek van buy-to-let

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden Housing, Financialization, Private investors, Buy-to-let, Private rent
Auteurs Jelke Bosma MSc, Dr. Cody Hochstenbach, Dr. Rodrigo Fernandez e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this feature authors discuss recent research findings that are of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.
    Mounting concerns exist that small private investors exacerbate the urban housing crisis, by purchasing dwellings to rent out so-called ‘buy-to-let’ purchases. By buying up property, they may drive up house prices and exclude regular house-seekers. In this paper, we show that buy-to-let purchases constitute an increasing share of all purchases on the Dutch housing market, and especially so in larger cities and university cities. We argue these local trends do not emerge out of thin air and are not a ‘natural’ market process but should be considered the product of both global economic developments and national policies supporting these changes. Global developments include the increased mobility and ample availability of capital, exemplified by a prolonged low interest environment and a growing scarcity of high quality collateral and investment opportunities, making housing attractive for storing capital. Dutch housing policies have increasingly restricted access to social rent to low-income groups, while blowing up house prices fuelled with mortgage debts. As a consequence, a growing number of households falls in-between these two tenures: they have to resort to private rent. Private investors respond to and accommodate this demand through buy-to-let investments. Furthermore, the Dutch national government has made steps to relax regulation on the private-rental market and weakened tenant rights. In so doing, it sets the scene for amplifying social and spatial inequalities between the property rich and the property poor.


Jelke Bosma MSc
Jelke Bosma MSc is junior onderzoeker aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Dr. Cody Hochstenbach
Dr. Cody Hochstenbach is postdoctoraal onderzoeker stadsgeografie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam, en redactielid van Beleid en Maatschappij.

Dr. Rodrigo Fernandez
Dr. Rodrigo Fernandez is postdoc aan de KU Leuven en onderzoeker bij SOMO.

Prof. dr. Manuel Aalbers
Prof. dr. Manuel Aalbers is hoogleraar sociale en economische geografie aan de KU Leuven.
Dossier

Access_open De opkomst van private verhuur in Nederland: woningnood als winst

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden Private rental market, Buy-to-let, Welfare state, Pensions, Self-employment
Auteurs Dr. Barend Wind
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    During the last ten years, the private rental sector in the Netherlands has experienced a rapid growth. In the larger cities, this sector grew with 30 percent, mainly as a result of the large amount of private persons operating as small scale landlords (buy-to-let). This article reflects on the findings of a recent report on the nature of the buy-to-let sector in the Netherlands, carried out by Manuel Aalbers, Jelke Bosma, Rodrigo Fernandez and Cody Hochstenbach. This takes their findings as a starting point, and positions the Dutch private rental sector in an internationally comparative perspective. Furthermore, this article explains the rise of the buy-to-let sector not just from a housing market point of view, but from a welfare state perspective. In different European countries, the private rental sector plays a different role in the housing market, which impacts on the availability and affordability of housing in urban areas. Moreover, rental income for buy-to-let or small-scale private landlords can be seen as part of the provision of welfare. For some it is a pension arrangement, for others a speculative investment. This article reflects on the policy recommendations that Aalbers cum suis propose in their report. To what extent are their proposals able to increase the availability and affordability of housing, without undermining the livelihood of landlords for whom the rental incomes function as social security arrangement?


Dr. Barend Wind
Dr. Barend Wind is universitair docent sociale planologie bij de Basiseenheid Planologie, faculteit Ruimtelijke wetenschappen van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Introduction

Wat weten we eigenlijk van elkaar?

Lokale politiek en lokale verkiezingen in Nederland en België

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 3 2017
Auteurs Julien van Ostaaijen en Peter Thijssen
Auteursinformatie

Julien van Ostaaijen
Julien van Ostaaijen is als universitair docent verbonden aan de Tilburg School of Governance van Tilburg University. Hij doet veel onderzoek naar lokale democratie en heeft onder meer gepubliceerd over de rol van de gemeenteraad, lokale partijen, de aanstellingswijze van wethouders en burgemeesters, burgerbetrokkenheid en de opkomst bij (lokale) verkiezingen. Zijn proefschrift ging over de vraag hoe veranderingen in het lokaal bestuur kunnen worden doorgevoerd. Voor meer informatie over zijn werk: www.vanostaaijen.nl

Peter Thijssen
Universiteit Antwerpen
Artikel

Particuliere uitbesteding van gemeentelijke handhavingstaken

Wat levert het de lokale overheid op?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2017
Trefwoorden Municipal law enforcement, Outsourcing, Local government
Auteurs Ronald van Steden, Leon Stougie en Dylan van Veldhoven
Samenvatting

    Various Dutch municipalities hire municipal law enforcement officers from private security companies. This process of outsourcing sometimes meets political resistance, because safety and security are central tasks of government that should not be carried out by commercial parties. At the same time, little is known about the actual pros and cons of private law enforcement officers in relation to their public colleagues. From the literature we expect differences in cost, flexibility, local knowledge, professional autonomy, job satisfaction and cooperation with the police. Our empirical research shows that these differences are smaller than initially assumed. Private law enforcement officers work longer hours under more or less the same working conditions (salary) as public law enforcement officers. Their turnover rate is also higher compared to public law enforcement officers, because of their lower career expectations. Overhead costs, including the costs of outsourcing processes, remain unknown.


Ronald van Steden

Leon Stougie

Dylan van Veldhoven

Dr. Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is onderwijscoördinator van de opleiding European Public Administration aan de Universiteit Twente en redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen.
Artikel

De Collectieve Horeca Ontzegging: uitsluiting uit de publieke ruimte?

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden Responsibilization, Collective Pub Ban, Selective exclusion, Security, Public space
Auteurs Dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg en Dr. Ronald van Steden
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The article provides a theoretical and empirical analysis of the Night Time Economy and how the Collective Pub Ban is applied in three Dutch cities: Utrecht, Amersfoort and Den Bosch. The Collective Pub Ban is a measure taken in the Netherlands in an effort to make pubs, bars and clubs co-responsible for maintaining security. Depending on the severity of the conduct, an offender can be denied of entry to these venues for five years. During this period, the offender is not allowed to enter the particular pub or any of the other pubs, bars and clubs that participate in this measure. On the basis of 84 interviews, we show how these venues fill out their new responsibilities with respect to the Collective Pub Ban-measure. Also, we answer the question what this new measure means for the quality of the public space.


Dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg
Dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg is universitair docent aan de afdeling Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. E-mail: m.b.schuilenburg@vu.nl.

Dr. Ronald van Steden
Dr. Ronald van Steden is universitair docent aan de afdeling Politicologie & Bestuurswetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Stille ideologie in beleid en bestuur

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden silent ideology, ideology, values, public debate
Auteurs Cor van Montfort, Ank Michels en Wouter Van Dooren
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Political and policy decisions are often presented as neutral choices. Yet, seemingly neutral and widely accepted views are ideologically embedded in a vision on how society should look and what role citizens have to play. These ideologies, we argue, remain silent. In this special issue, we discuss the value and risks of silent ideologies. While silent ideologies may be functional in some cases, there are also risks. The various contributions show that there is a risk of criticism, new ideas and innovative solutions being removed from the political debate. Also, silent ideologies may conceal conflicting interests of citizens and the state, which may exclude the ‘irresponsible’ citizen from the public domain. We argue that public officials and civil servants should take up a role in addressing silent ideologies and their workings.


Cor van Montfort
Prof. dr. C. van Montfort is als bijzonder hoogleraar verbonden aan de Universiteit van Tilburg, werkzaam als projectleider bij de Algemene Rekenkamer en was tot mei 2013 als visiting fellow verbonden aan de Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid.

Ank Michels
Dr. A.M.B. Michels is werkzaam als universitair docent bij het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht.

Wouter Van Dooren
Dr. W. Van Dooren is universitair hoofddocent aan de Universiteit van Antwerpen.
Artikel

Stille ideologie in positief perspectief

Hoe geloof en idealen bijdragen aan een veiliger samenleving

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden faith, ideals, public safety, positive outcomes
Auteurs Ronald van Steden
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper critically reflects on in the idea of ‘silent’ (or concealed) ideologies in society. Its central thesis is that ideologies – in a wider sense: faith and ideals – not only have a negative side, but may also have positive impact on the political and social order. Public safety initiatives serve as examples to support my claim.


Ronald van Steden
Dr. R. van Steden is verbonden aan de onderzoeksgroep Veiligheid en burgerschap, onderdeel van de afdeling Bestuurswetenschappen en Politicologie, Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Veel dynamiek, weinig slagvaardigheid

Een studie naar de praktijk van lokale veiligheidsnetwerken

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2012
Auteurs Ronald van Steden, Ilse de Groot en Hans Boutellier
Auteursinformatie

Ronald van Steden
Dr R. van Steden, Drs. I. de Groot en prof. dr H. Boutellier maken deel uit van de onderzoeksgroep Veiligheid en Burgerschap van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Ilse de Groot
Dr R. van Steden, Drs. I. de Groot en prof. dr H. Boutellier maken deel uit van de onderzoeksgroep Veiligheid en Burgerschap van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Hans Boutellier
Dr R. van Steden, Drs. I. de Groot en prof. dr H. Boutellier maken deel uit van de onderzoeksgroep Veiligheid en Burgerschap van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Ondertussen in de lokale politiek

De ontwikkeling van lokale politieke partijen, de Leefbaar-beweging en Pim Fortuyn

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden local politics, local parties, liveable
Auteurs Julien van Ostaaijen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    When people think of Pim Fortuyn, most of them mainly remember his national campaign and (electoral) debates. However, Fortuyn also had an impact in local politics. With the local party Liveable Rotterdam (Leefbaar Rotterdam) he won the 2002 Rotterdam municipal elections with almost 35 procent of the votes and was involved in coalition talks with the Liberal Party and the Christian Democratic Party. Without Fortuyn, who was murdered in 2002, Liveable Rotterdam was able to implement several parts of its electoral programme (Van Ostaaijen 2010, 2011). But Fortuyn’s anti-establishment attitude was not unprecedented at the local level. Many local parties, meaning parties not affiliated to a national party, already portrayed styles of anti-establishment, especially the so-called ‘Liveable’ (Leefbaar) parties. In this article, the development of those parties, mainly since 2002, is described and discussed. The electoral results of these parties are, where possible, linked or hypothesised to the rise of Fortuyn.


Julien van Ostaaijen
Julien van Ostaaijen is als onderzoeker en docent werkzaam aan de Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur, verbonden aan de Tilburg University (TiU). Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. J. van Ostaaijen, Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur, http://rechten.uvt.nl/ostaaijen. j.j.c.vanostaaijen@uvt.nl.

    Urban government is expected to contribute to the solution of major urban problems. At the same time, urban government is riddled with problems itself, often denoted in terms of governing and democratic deficits. In this article, options for governance reform in the urban realm are being explored along five lines, following up on recent research in the Netherlands and abroad. Both more aggregative arrangements (electronic ‘straw polls’, knowledge polls, prediction markets, ‘dot gov’ competitions for ‘best solutions’) and more collaborative arrangements (electronic co-creation, wiki governance, vital coalitions, urban regimes) are being assessed. The conclusions is that there are good arguments for, at least, more experimentation along these lines - not only from a functionalistic, but also from a democratic and social-psychological point of view.


Frank Hendriks
Prof. dr F. Hendriks is hoogleraar Vergelijkende Bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.
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