Zoekresultaat: 8 artikelen

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Article

Getting Party Activists on Local Lists

How Dutch Local Party Branches Perform Their Recruitment Function

Tijdschrift Politics of the Low Countries, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden municipal politics, political parties, candidate lists, local party branches, recruitment
Auteurs Simon Otjes, Marcel Boogers en Gerrit Voerman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article examines what explains the performance of Dutch local party branches in the recruitment of candidates for municipal councils. Fielding a list of candidates is the most basic function of political parties. In the Netherlands, party branches are under pressure from the low number of party members. To analyse how branches fulfil their role in recruitment, we employ our own survey of the secretaries of party branches held in the run-up to the 2018 municipal election. We find that party membership drives the successful fulfilment of the recruitment function but that, more than the absolute number of members, the crucial factors are how these party members cooperate, the number of active members and the development of this number.


Simon Otjes
Simon Otjes is Assistant Professor of Dutch Politics at Leiden University and researcher at the Documentation Centre Dutch Political Parties of Groningen University. His research focuses on political parties, parliaments and public opinion. His articles have appeared in the American Journal of Political Science and in the European Journal of Political Research, among others.

Marcel Boogers
Marcel Boogers is Professor of Innovation and Regional governance at Twente University. His research focuses on the structure of and dynamics within networks of local and regional governments. Boogers combines his position at Twente University with a position as senior advisor at consultancy firm BMC.

Gerrit Voerman
Gerrit Voerman is Professor of the Development and Function of the Dutch and European Party System at Groningen University and Director of its Centre Dutch Political Parties. His research focuses on political parties, their history and their organisation. He is editor of a long-running series of books on Dutch political parties.
Article

Access_open Introduction: Parties at the Grassroots

Local Party Branches in the Low Countries

Tijdschrift Politics of the Low Countries, Aflevering 2 2020
Auteurs Bram Wauters, Simon Otjes en Emilie van Haute
Auteursinformatie

Bram Wauters
Bram Wauters is Associate Professor in the Department of Political Sciences of Ghent University, where he leads the research group GASPAR. His research interests include political representation, elections and political parties, with specific attention for diversity. He has recently published on these topics in journals such as Party Politics, Political Studies, Politics & Gender and Political Research Quarterly. He is co-editor (with Knut Heidar) of ‘Do parties still represent?’ (Routledge, 2019).

Simon Otjes
Simon Otjes is Assistant Professor of Dutch Politics at Leiden University and researcher at the Documentation Centre Dutch Political Parties of Groningen University. His research focuses on political parties, parliaments and public opinion. His research has appeared in various journals, including American Journal of Political Science and European Journal of Political Research.

Emilie van Haute
Emilie van Haute is Chair of the Department of Political Science at the Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB) and researcher at the Centre d’étude de la vie politique (Cevipol). Her research interests focus on party membership, intra-party dynamics, elections and voting behaviour. Her research has appeared in West European Politics, Party Politics, Electoral Studies, Political Studies or European Political Science. She is co-editor of Acta Politica.
Article

Access_open What Is Left of the Radical Right?

The Economic Agenda of the Dutch Freedom Party 2006-2017

Tijdschrift Politics of the Low Countries, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden radical right-wing populist parties, economic policies, welfare chauvinism, populism, deserving poor
Auteurs Simon Otjes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article examines the economic agenda of the Dutch Freedom Party. It finds that this party mixes left-wing and right-wing policy positions. This inconsistency can be understood through the group-based account of Ennser-Jedenastik (2016), which proposes that the welfare state agenda of radical right-wing populist parties can be understood in terms of populism, nativism and authoritarianism. Each of these elements is linked to a particular economic policy: economic nativism, which sees the economic interest of natives and foreigners as opposed; economic populism, which seeks to limit economic privileges for the elite; and economic authoritarianism, which sees the interests of deserving and undeserving poor as opposed. By using these different oppositions, radical right-wing populist parties can reconcile left-wing and right-wing positions.


Simon Otjes
Assistant professor of political science at Leiden University and researcher at the Documentation Centre Dutch Political Parties of Groningen University.
Symposium

Fractionalisatie, volatiliteit en nieuwe partijen

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 1 2017
Auteurs Stefanie Beyens, Simon Otjes en Marc van de Wardt
Auteursinformatie

Stefanie Beyens
Stefanie Beyens is als postdoc onderzoeker en universitair docent verbonden aan de Universiteit Utrecht, waar ze succesvolle publieke organisaties onderzoekt. Ze verdedigde in 2016 haar proefschrift over de overlevingskansen van nieuwe politieke partijen en publiceerde over dit onderwerp in Party Politics en West European Politics.

Simon Otjes
Simon Otjes werkt als onderzoeker bij het Documentatiecentrum Nederlandse Politieke Partijen van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. Hij promoveerde in 2012 op een proefschrift over het effect van nieuwe partijen op bestaande partijen. Hij doet onderzoek naar politieke partijen en partijsystemen in West-Europa, met een bijzondere focus op Nederland. Hij publiceerde in European Journal of Political Research, American Journal of Political Science en Party Politics.

Marc van de Wardt
Marc van de Wardt is als assistant professor verbonden aan Tilburg University en als postdoc aan de Universiteit Gent. Hij onderzoekt het gedrag van politieke partijen (issuecompetitie, partijtoetreding en uittreding) in vergelijkend perspectief en ook politieke vertegenwoordiging op het niveau van parlementariërs. Zijn onderzoekslijn naar de toetreding en uittreding van politieke partijen in West-Europese partijsystemen wordt gefinancierd door een driejarige onderzoeksbeurs van het Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek Vlaanderen (FWO016/PDO/198). Hij publiceerde recentelijk in tijdschriften als American Journal of Political Science, Electoral Studies, European Union Politics en Journal of Politics.
Research Note

Geen woorden maar daden

Stemmen linkse en rechtse populisten hetzelfde in de Tweede Kamer?

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 1 2016
Auteurs Simon Otjes en Tom Louwerse
Auteursinformatie

Simon Otjes
Simon Otjes is onderzoeker aan het Documentatiecentrum Nederlandse Politieke Partijen van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. Hij publiceert over politieke partijen, partijsystemen en parlementair gedrag in Nederland en Europa.

Tom Louwerse
Tom Louwerse is universitair docent aan de Universiteit Leiden. Hij onderzoekt politieke representatie, parlementair gedrag en verkiezingen.
Article

Hervormen en herverdelen

Is de links-rechtslijn de enige conflictlijn op het sociaaleconomisch terrein?

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden policy positions, economic issues, left-right politics, political space, the Netherlands, scaling
Auteurs Simon Otjes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article shows that the economic left/right dimension does not always suffice to understand the social-economic policy positions of political parties. It focuses on social-economic decision-making in the Netherlands in 2012. The increase of the government pension age, which was championed by parties of the left and the right and opposed by parties of the left and the right, is taken as a prime example of an issue where decision-making did not follow the left-right line of conflict. The article continues to show that party policy positions on a number of more important welfare state reforms do not follow the left/right line of conflict, but rather a reform line of conflict that divides parties from the left and the right into pro-European reformers and Eurosceptic defenders of the existing welfare state.


Simon Otjes
Simon Otjes is onderzoeker bij het Documentatiecentrum Nederlandse Politieke Partijen in Groningen. Zijn onderzoek richt zich op politieke partijen, partijsystemen en politieke ruimte in Nederland en in Europa.
Article

Een bijzonder meerderheidskabinet?

Parlementair gedrag tijdens het kabinet Rutte-I

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 4 2013
Trefwoorden minority cabinet, majority cabinet, parliamentary behaviour, the Netherlands
Auteurs Simon Otjes en Tom Louwerse
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article studies how the presence of the supported minority government Rutte-I affected patterns of legislative behaviour. Based on the literature on minority cabinets one would expect that during supported minority cabinets parliamentary parties cooperate more often across the division between coalition and opposition than under multiparty majority cabinet rule. Examining almost 30,000 parliamentary votes between 1994 and 2012, this study finds that on a host of indicators of coalition-opposition-cooperation, there was less cooperation ‘across the aisle’ during the Rutte-I cabinet than during any cabinet before it. We explain this with reference to the comprehensive nature of the support agreement as well as the impact of the cabinets’ ideological composition.


Simon Otjes
Simon Otjes is onderzoeker bij het Documentatiecentrum Nederlandse Politieke Partijen van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. Zijn onderzoeksinteresse gaat met name uit naar partijen, partijsystemen en parlementair gedrag. Otjes is tevens werkzaam als onderzoeker bij het Landelijk Bureau van GroenLinks.

Tom Louwerse
Tom Louwerse is als universitair docent politicologie verbonden aan Trinity College Dublin, Ierland. Zijn onderzoeksinteresses omvatten politieke representatie, legitimiteit, politieke partijen en parlementaire politiek.
Article

Anticipatie en reactie

Hoe en wanneer bestaande partijen voorstellen overnemen van nieuwe partijen

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden new political parties, party positions, Dutch politics, party strategy, party behaviour
Auteurs Simon Otjes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Downs (1957) has proposed that new political parties may be formed in order to change the policy positions of established parties. Rather than seeking to implement their own manifestos directly from government office, some new parties may seek to influence the manifestos of established parties in order to see their policy goals realized. While the notion is old, it has not been studied extensively. This paper seeks to find out under what conditions established parties take over policy positions specific to new parties. It looks at two points in time when an established party can do so: in anticipation, i.e., before a new party enters parliament, and in reaction, i.e., after a new party has entered parliament. To this end, the paper will study the anticipatory behaviour and reactions of all established parties to all new parties entering the Dutch political system since 1946.


Simon Otjes
Simon Otjes (1984) is promovendus bij het Instituut Politieke Wetenschap van de Universiteit Leiden. Zijn promotie-onderzoek betreft het effect van nieuwe politieke partijen op bestaande politieke partijen. Zijn onderzoeksinteresse gaat uit naar partijposities, partijsystemen en parlementair gedrag.
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