Zoekresultaat: 22 artikelen

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Thema-artikel ‘Uitgesproken Bestuurskunde’

Europese regelgeving: meer dan de som der delen?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden European Union, EU legislation, evaluation, implementation, European administrative networks
Auteurs Prof. dr. Ellen Mastenbroek
Samenvatting

    Evaluations of EU legislation can fulfill a key role in the European policy process. They can provide the knowledge base required for political accountability towards the electorate, and form a basis for the improvement of existing legislation. This article introduces a research agenda in the realm of the ex-post evaluation of EU legislation, which comprises two research lines. The first strand comprises research into ex post legislative evaluations conducted by the European Commission. This research is innovative, because EU policy researchers so far have barely touched upon evaluation, as a final and important stage in the EU policy cycle. By assessing evaluation critically, we can ascertain to what extent the EU’s ex-post evaluation system is more than an instrument, aimed at increasing the EU’s legitimacy. The second research strand is own evaluation research, focusing on the role of European administrative networks- intergovernmental structures that have been established to improve the implementation of EU legislation by the member states. By critically evaluating the functioning and effectiveness of these networks, I hope to be able to find out whether and under what conditions these network structures are more, than the sum of their national parts.


Prof. dr. Ellen Mastenbroek
Thema-artikel ‘Uitgesproken Bestuurskunde’

Access_open Inleiding: een nieuwe bestuurskundige avant-garde

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2019
Auteurs Dr. Haiko van der Voort en Dr. Philip Marcel Karré

Dr. Haiko van der Voort

Dr. Philip Marcel Karré

    An element of the theme of the VNG 2018 ‘Across boundaries’ annual conference in Maastricht is the necessity for Dutch politicians and administrators to push existing boundaries. In many cases this will involve a national border, which is closer in the region than in the national administrative center in The Hague. More than half of the twelve Dutch provinces have national borders, so cross-border cooperation is a regular phenomenon. National or EU regulations and subsidies may help to realize policy goals that are found important at a regional or local level, but when policy crosses national borders in practice it is also confronted with other ‘European’ boundaries. If there are incomprehensible, impracticable or conflicting rules, there is tension between common European policy and Dutch decentralization. Therefore this essay focuses on the control that the European Union has as an administrative challenge. It first discusses the shaky European consciousness and then the actions taken to break this vicious circle.


Dr. Mendeltje van Keulen
Dr. M. van Keulen is lector Europese Studies bij de Haagse Hogeschool. Van 2011 tot 2017 was zij griffier Europese Zaken bij de Tweede Kamer.

    De digitalisering van de samenleving heeft verschillende gevolgen voor de overheid en overheidsbeleid. Eén daarvan heeft betrekking op de manier waarop beleidsanalyse kan worden gebruikt. In deze bijdrage worden de mogelijkheden van meer adaptieve vormen van beleidsanalyse verkend, waarbij beleidsvoerders stap voor stap en op basis van informatie uit het beleidsproces proberen meer over de beleidsuitvoering te leren. Die vorm van beleidsanalyse, die op een aantal punten afwijkt van eerdere vormen, heeft gevolgen voor de organisatie van de overheid maar ook voor de wijze waarop het toezicht moet worden ingericht. Dat levert interessante vragen en spanningen op voor de ‘digitale’ overheid.


Bernard Steunenberg
Bernard Steunenberg is als hoogleraar verbonden aan het Instituut Bestuurskunde, Universiteit Leiden.
Article

Aan de knoppen maar uit de pas?

Euroscepsis en euro-enthousiasme onder Nederlandse ambtenaren

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 4 2016
Trefwoorden Euroscepticism, representative bureaucracy, civil service, public opinion, the Netherlands, public administration
Auteurs Caspar van den Berg, Sebastiaan Princen en Ellen Mastenbroek
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    National officials play an important role in all phases of the EU policy process and are often assumed to be more euro-enthusiastic than other citizens. Yet, thus far systematic knowledge on their views on EU integration is lacking. This study fills this gap through recently collected survey data among Dutch officials (N = 3509). We find first that at least for officials, hard and soft euroscepticism are no gradations on the same scale, but separate dimensions. Second, both sociological and rational choice institutionalism help explain bureaucratic euroscepticism, where the latter seems to have a somewhat stronger explanatory power. Third, officials are on average indeed more euro-enthusiastic than other citizens. However, (a) relatively fewer officials are strongly euro-enthusiastic compared to the general population; (b) the total share of eurosceptics among officials is practically the same as the general population, and (c) significantly more officials report to be ‘strongly eurosceptic’ than among the wider population.


Caspar van den Berg
Caspar van den Berg is universitair hoofddocent aan het Instituut Bestuurskunde van de Universiteit Leiden.

Sebastiaan Princen
Sebastiaan Princen is hoogleraar bestuur en beleid in de Europese Unie aan het Departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht.

Ellen Mastenbroek
Ellen Mastenbroek is hoogleraar European Public Policy aan de Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen van de Radboud Universiteit.
Artikel

Evaluatievermogen bij beleidsdepartementen

Lessen uit praktijken rond planning, uitvoering en gebruik van beleidsevaluaties

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden evaluation capacity, policy evaluation, evaluation process, evaluation use
Auteurs Dr. Carolien M. Klein Haarhuis en Dr. Andreea Parapuf
Samenvatting

    In this article, we explore how evaluations are managed by Dutch policy departments in terms of six aspects of evaluation capacity: institutions, programming, budgeting, evaluation process and content, and finally, evaluation use. We also sketch how international organisations and a number of larger countries deal with these issues of evaluation capacity. Internationally, a variety of norms, checklists and procedures demonstrate that the commissioning party is considered to play a key role in the realisation of evaluations as well as their use. Here, evaluation and evaluation knowledge are often viewed as part of the policy process rather than as a separate exercise. Our description of evaluation practices in Dutch policy departments reveals that several capacity-enhancing initiatives were developed in the past few years, such as new evaluation institutions or structures and programs to promote the commissioning of effectiveness evaluations. It also suggests, however, that accountability is an important driving force behind evaluation, perhaps more powerful than learning.


Dr. Carolien M. Klein Haarhuis

Dr. Andreea Parapuf
Article

Vragen naar de bekende weg?

Een analyse van informatiebronnen waarop schriftelijke vragen over Europese zaken in de Nederlandse Tweede Kamer zijn gebaseerd

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden national parliaments, European Union, parliamentary questions, the Netherlands
Auteurs Rik de Ruiter, Jelmer Schalk en Yorick van Rijthoven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper analyses the information sources members of the Dutch Lower House base their questions on with regard to EU affairs in the period 1995-2013. Knowledge of the type of information sources to base questions on is vital for determining what the conditions are under which members of national parliaments can scrutinize the decisions taken by the national government at the EU level. The involvement of national parliaments in EU affairs is according to many scholars a necessary condition for closing the democratic deficit of the European Union, especially when the turnout in elections for the European Parliament remains low and for national parliaments remains stable and relatively high. An original dataset is constructed including all sets of written parliamentary questions on EU affairs asked by Dutch MPs in the period 1995-2013, categorized by different types of information sources on which the question is based. These different categories of information sources are regressed with a variable measuring the Treaty changes impacting on the intensity of contact between MPs of different national parliaments and several variables measuring the characteristics of Dutch MPs and their parties. The findings indicate that Dutch MPs base their written questions primarily on coverage on EU affairs by national newspapers. Moreover, MPs are more likely to use sources rooted in a national context for asking questions when they are a member of a party with a negative attitude towards European integration. These findings imply that parliamentary control via written questions over the decisions of the national executive at the EU level can be strengthened by increasing national media coverage on EU affairs, allowing the EU public sphere to develop further in the future.


Rik de Ruiter
Rik de Ruiter is als universitair docent Bestuurskunde verbonden aan het Instituut Bestuurskunde van de Universiteit Leiden. Zijn onderzoeksinteresse gaat uit naar politiek, beleid en bestuur van de Europese Unie.

Jelmer Schalk
Jelmer Schalk is als universitair docent bestuurskunde verbonden aan het Instituut Bestuurskunde van de Universiteit Leiden. Zijn onderzoeksinteresse gaat uit naar publiek management, interorganisationele netwerken en sociale netwerkanalyse.

Yorick van Rijthoven
Yorick van Rijthoven (MSc.) is een recent afgestudeerd bestuurskundige aan de Universiteit Leiden en heeft zich gespecialiseerd in internationale en Europese bestuurskunde. Zijn onderzoeksinteresse gaat uit naar o.a. interparlementaire samenwerking over EU-aangelegenheden, het EU-besluitvormingsproces en (internationaal) publiek management.
Article

Omzetting van Europese richtlijnen

Een balans van de omzettings- en nalevingsachterstand in Vlaanderen (2009-2013)

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden transposition, EU Directives, Flanders, Internal Market Scoreboard
Auteurs Isabelle De Coninck
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The European Commission publishes bi-annual internal market scoreboards which show the member states’ performance in realizing internal market rules. Timely and correct transposition of internal market directives is a crucial part hereof. Member states are regarded as unitary actors. Consequently the Commission does not differentiate the performances of their constituent sub-national entities. This article constructs the internal market scoreboards for Flanders (2009-2013) and holds these against the Belgian performance. In order to frame the fluctuations in the Flemish performance per scoreboard, external and internal factors that help explain maltransposition are pretested in the Flemish case. Flanders struggles with transposition, transposing barely a fourth of the directives under its competence timely and correctly, with timeliness being most problematic. The factors that seem to be connected to this performance, however, are structural and cannot easily be influenced. Further research is needed to go from this exploration toward explaining maltransposition in Flanders.


Isabelle De Coninck
Isabelle De Coninck is bachelor European Studies (Universiteit Maastricht) en master vergelijkende en internationale politiek (KU Leuven). Ze is wetenschappelijk medewerker aan het Instituut voor de Overheid van de KU Leuven, waar ze onderzoek voert naar de omzetting van EU-richtlijnen in subnationale entiteiten in het kader van SBOV III.

    At December 1st 2014 in the Dutch city of Nijmegen (known from the Treaty of Nijmegen, 1678) the yearly VanHeste-lecture took place. This year the mayors Hubert Bruls of Nijmegen (Netherlands) and Louis Tobback of Leuven (Belgium) discussed the binding role of the modern mayor. Their starting point was the latest book of the American political scientist Benjamin Barber ‘If mayors ruled the world’. Michiel Herweijer, professor of Public Administration at Radboud University Nijmegen, is supposed to lead the discussion. To structure the discussion between the two mayors he formulates six questions, which contain six reservations about the gospel of Benjamin Barber. His conclusion is that Barber has written a fascinating book that has aroused much discussion worldwide. This debate is a good thing, because there are at least six good reasons (the six reservations mentioned by Herweijer himself in this contribution) to abandon the idea of a global parliament of mayors.


Prof. dr. Michiel Herweijer
Prof. dr. M. Herweijer is redacteur van Bestuurswetenschappen, directeur van de Noordelijke Rekenkamer en bijzonder hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Artikel

Veelvormige veelfrontenoorlog

Empirische analyse van terugtocht, optocht, stilstand of hervorming van de Nederlandse staat

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden administrative history, central government, retreat of the state, decentralization, financial indicators
Auteurs Dr. Thomas Schillemans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Many authors have claimed that the role of the Dutch government, and other governments, is changing. The overarching consensus is that states are now retreating after decades of expansion. This paper investigates, on the basis of a secondary analysis of existing data, whether, where and how the Dutch state can be said to be retreating. This leads to mixed findings: four different analyses of the ‘state of the state’. The first tale, focusing on macro financial indicators, suggests ‘stability’. The second tale, focusing on net changes in expenses, depicts further expansion, particularly in the domain of health care. The third tale, focusing on policy intentions, sees a retreat indeed. And the fourth tale would suggest that it is merely about a reorganization of the state itself.


Dr. Thomas Schillemans
Dr. T. Schillemans is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Utrecht.

Mendeltje van Keulen
Dr. Mendeltje van Keulen is verbonden aan het Clingendael Europese Studies Programma. Zij deed onderzoek naar de Europeanisering van de Nederlandse rijksoverheid en de Europese rolopvatting van directeuren. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. M. van Keulen Nederlands Instituut voor Internationale Betrekkingen Clingendael Postbus 93080 2509 AB Den Haag mkeulen@clingendael.nl
Boekbespreking

Europeanisering

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2008
Auteurs Marianne van de Steeg
Auteursinformatie

Marianne van de Steeg
Dr. Marianne van de Steeg werkt als junior UD (postdoc) bij de Utrechtse School voor Bestuur- en Organisatiewetenschap, Universiteit Utrecht, en heeft vooral op het gebied van de Europeanisering van mediadebatten gepubliceerd. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. M. van de Steeg Utrechtse School voor Bestuur- en Organisatiewetenschap Bijlhouwerstraat 6 3511 ZC Utrecht m.w.vandesteeg@uu.nl
Artikel

Ambtenaren in transnationale overheidsnetwerken

De politieke aansturing van Haagse ambtenaren in Europese beleidsprocessen

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2008
Auteurs Kutsal Yesilkagit, Karin Geuijen, Sebastiaan Princen e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The EU is one example of how national states try to manage transnational problems. Countless national civil servants meet in EU working groups and committees with representatives of (non-governmental) organisations to exchange information, harmonise policies and regulations, and decide on implementation. To what extent and in which way do Dutch civil servants participate in these networks? How are their activities steered by politicians? One of the main conclusions of this study is that public policymaking within highly Europeanised departments is highly embedded within these transnational government networks, whereas policymaking within weakly Europeanised departments is to a substantial degree shielded from these government networks for reasons of, among others, the protection of national sovereignty of the Member State in their field.


Kutsal Yesilkagit
Dr. Kutsal Yesilkagit is verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO), van de Universiteit Utrecht. Zijn onderzoek richt zich op democratische controle en bureaucratische autonomie. Recentelijk publiceerde hij met J. Blom Hansen 'Supranational Governance or National Business-as-Usual? The National Administration of EU Structural Funds in the Netherlands and Denmark'. Public Administration 2007, 85: 503-524. Correspondentiegegevens: K. Yesilkagit Utrechtse School voor Bestuur- en Organisatiewetenschap Bijlhouwerstraat 6 3511 ZC Utrecht a.k.yesilkagit@uu.nl

Karin Geuijen
Dr. Karin Geuijen is verbonden aan de USBO en aan de afdeling Cultuur, Organisatie & Management van de VU. Haar onderzoek gaat over verschillende vormen van transnationale netwerken, uiteenlopend van asielzoekers tot ambtenaren. In 2007 publiceerde ze met P. 't Hart en K. Yesilkagit 'Dutch Eurocrats at Work: Getting Things Done In Europe', In: R.A.W. Rhodes, Paul 't Hart en Mirko Noordegraaf (red.), 2007, Observing Government Elites. Houndsmills Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan.

Sebastiaan Princen
Dr. Sebastiaan Princen is verbonden aan de USBO. Zijn onderzoek concentreert zich op processen van agendavorming in de EU. Hij publiceerde 'Advocacy Coalitions and the Internationalization of Public Health Policies', Journal of Public Policy 2007, 27: 13-34.

Ellen Mastenbroek
Dr. Ellen Mastenbroek is verbonden aan de Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen van de Radboud Universiteit in Nijmegen. Haar onderzoeksbelangstelling concentreert zich op de omzetting van EU- regelgeving in Nederland. Zij promoveerde in 2007 op een proefschrift getiteld The Politics of Compliance: Explaining the Transposition of EC Directives in the Netherlands. Wageningen: Ponsen & Looijen.
Artikel

De verplaatsing van de 'Vierde Macht'

Inleiding op het themanummer

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2008
Auteurs Paul 't Hart, Sebastiaan Princen en Kutsal Yesilkagit
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A large number of Dutch policy areas is governed by institutionalized European policy networks and European laws and rules. Various forms of multi-level governance have emerged that were seemingly unforeseen at the time when the field of European integration studies was preoccupied by the fierce debates between intergouvernmentalists and supernationalists. Nevertheless, the field has hitherto given little attention to how europeanisation has affected national civil service systems. This article kicks off this special issue with an overview of the recent literature on the effects of Europeanisation on national civil service systems.


Paul 't Hart
Prof. dr. Paul 't Hart is als hoogleraar verbonden aan de Australian National University en de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht. 't Hart publiceerde onlangs met R. Rhodes, P. 't Hart en M. Noordegraaf (red.), Up Close and Personal. Studying Government Elites, Basingstoke: Palgrave McMillan 2007. Correspondentiegegevens: Political Science Program Research School of Social Sciences Australian National University Canberra ACT 0200 Australia hart@coombs.anu.edu.au

Sebastiaan Princen
Dr. Sebastiaan Princen is verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht. Princen publiceerde onlangs 'Agenda-setting in the European Union: A Theoretical Exploration and Agenda for Research', Journal of European Public Policy 2007, 14: 21-38.

Kutsal Yesilkagit
Dr. Kutsal Yesilkagit is verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht. Yesilkagit publiceerde onlangs (met J. Blom-Hansen) 'Supranational Governance or National Bussiness-as-Usual? The National Administration of EU Structural Funds in The Netherlands and Denmark', Public Administration 2007, 85: 503-524.

Olaf van Vliet
Olaf van Vliet is promovendus bij de afdeling Economie van de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden. Correspondentiegegevens: Olaf van Vliet Universiteit Leiden Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid Afdeling Economie Steenschuur 25, 2311 ES Leiden o.p.van.vliet@law.leidenuniv.nl

    This article examines the impact of the EU on the content of policy. It analyses two cases in which the EU affected Dutch policies in different ways: in the case of packaging waste policy the EU exerted direct influence through EU legislation, whereas in the case of railway policy, the EU only had an indirect impact through policy models. Nevertheless, the impact of the EU was greater in the railway policy case than in the packaging waste case. This suggests that domestic political processes are more important in explaining the impact of the EU on policy content, than the degree of legal adaptation pressure. In addition, the article shows that the EU has affected the policy networks in the area of packaging waste policy, even though Dutch corporatist structures have shown remarkable resilience and have even been strengthened by the implementation requirements of EU legislation in this field.


Markus Haverland
Dr. Markus Haverland is docent/onderzoeker bij het departement Bestuurskunde van de Universiteit Leiden. Adres: Pieter de la Court gebouw, Postbus 9555, 2300 RB Leiden, e-mail: mhaverland@fsw.leidenuniv.nl

    This article is the introduction to this special issue in which the Europeanisation of Dutch polity, politics and policy forms the central focus of attention. The main question we address in this special issue is to what extent the Netherlands has changed under the influence of processes of Europeanisation. This article first discusses the state-of-the-art Europeanisation literature; then it sets out to discuss four problems with this literature. Based on the insights generated by the contributors to this special issue, the authors conclude that for a better understanding of processes of Europeanisation, the EU should no longer be seen as an actor, but rather as an (cluster of) arena(s) in which a variety of actors (member states, EU institutions, interest groups, et cetera) are trying to achieve their political goals.


Sebastiaan Princen
Verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht Adres: Bijlhouwerstraat 6, 3511 ZC Utrecht, e-mail: s.princen@usg.uu.nl

Kutsal Yesilkagit
Verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht Adres: Bijlhouwerstraat 6, 3511 ZC Utrecht, e-mail: k.yesilkagit@usg.uu.nl

    Member states must transpose European directives into national rules. This process, however, is not without problems. The Netherlands regularly transposes directives too late. Moreover, very often the content of the national transposition rules does not match the adaptations required by the directives. This article examines whether political resistance or administrative and legal weaknesses cause these problems. The author concludes that problems regarding transposition are caused by a culture of neglect and lack of priority for EU policies. Improving coordination procedures, formal legislative processes, and information facilities will not solve transposition problems as long as the cultural aspect of the problem isn't adequately addressed.


Ellen Mastenbroek
Drs. Ellen Mastenbroek is Assistent in Opleiding bij de departementen Bestuurskunde en Politieke Wetenschap aan de Universiteit Leiden. Adres: Pieter de la Court gebouw, Postbus 9555, 2300 RB Leiden, e-mail: mastenbroek@fsw.leidenuniv.nl
Artikel

De ondefinieerbare staat

Horizontale en verticale sturing door de rijksoverheid sinds 1980

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2010
Auteurs Michiel Blom en Thomas Schillemans
Auteursinformatie

Michiel Blom
Michiel Blom is als senior beleidsmedewerker werkzaam bij het ministerie van Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid. Hij heeft dit artikel op persoonlijke titel geschreven. Correspondentiegegevens: M. Blom Anna van Hannoverstraat 4 2595 BJ Den Haag michiel.blom@planet.nl

Thomas Schillemans
Thomas Schillemans is als docent en onderzoeker verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht. Correspondentiegegevens: T. Schillemans Universiteit Utrecht Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap Bijlhouwerstraat 6 3511 ZC Utrecht t.schillemans@uu.nl

    Over the last decades, the number of European Union member states has significantly increased, resulting into a reduction of the relative formal power of the Dutch government. Improving Dutch influence in Brussels is therefore an important topic on the agenda of public administration scholars and advisory boards. Using experts at the various stages of the EU policymaking process is one option to increase the influence in the EU. This article evaluates the effectiveness of this strategy concerning one of the most complex and most controversial public policy issues in the history of the European Union: the revision of the EU's chemical policy (REACH). The article demonstrates that the 'expert strategy' has been successful in this case. However, the effectiveness of this strategy comes under pressure if the trend towards core departments will continue.


Markus Haverland
Markus Haverland is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan de afdeling Bestuurskunde van de Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. Markus Haverland Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen Afdeling Bestuurskunde Postbus 1738 3000 DR Rotterdam haverland@fsw.eur.nl
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