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Artikel

Hoeders van de hygiënische stad

Beveiligers, toezichthouders en handhavers in de openbare ruimte

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2009
Auteurs Ronald van Steden en Maddy Roelofs
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Over recent years, we have seen a steady increase in the number of security officers and city supervisors in Dutch urban areas. However, despite the mounting presence and visibility of these auxiliary patrols, little is known about how citizens perceive and value them. A questionnaire held among a sample of 761 residents of Amsterdam shows that citizens have mixed opinions. Many people are accepting or neutral about the occurrence of security officers and city supervisors in urban space, but at the same time lack a clear idea of their quality and professionalism. This somewhat ignorant and laconic attitude raises the question whether people underestimate the potential consequences of omnipresent quasi-police. It is argued that more repressive approaches may generate substantial conflicts with the general public. Furthermore, safety and security may become 'consumer goods' in the sense that people are quite happy to leave their responsibilities to paid policing professionals – a position which promotes the rise of a 'culture of control'.


Ronald van Steden
Ronald van Steden is als universitair docent verbonden aan de Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. R. van Steden Vrije Universiteit Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen Afdeling Bestuurswetenschappen De Boelelaan 1081 1081 HV Amsterdam r.van.steden@fsw.vu.nl

Maddy Roelofs
Maddy Roelofs was werkzaam bij de Dienst Onderzoek en Statistiek van de gemeente Amsterdam.
Artikel

De sociale kwaliteit van het stedelijke domein

Veiligheid en publieke vertrouwdheid

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2009
Auteurs Bas van Stokkom
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article sketches an alternative route to stimulate public familiarity: introducing spaces and zones of hospitality. Maybe hospitality in (semi)public space can offer more safe and comfortable ways of interaction. How does hospitality relate to the principles of public life like free access? Which views of interaction between strangers are presupposed? It is argued that hospitality means sharing together a certain limited space. The persons present depend on each other and they have the opportunity to make contact and get nearer. Guests have the positive obligation to treat each other with respect. Hospitable social regulation may be promoted in various ways. First by introducing symbolic demarcations like gateways and fences. Secondly by introducing convivial forms of interaction. Making use of public space in sheltered and relaxed ways may function as 'leveler' through which newcomers may feel welcome and 'at home'. Thirdly, by means of a 'personal hospitability' small conflicts can be managed. In that case some persons may take the role of public host without being asked. Finally some objections against hospitability are dealt with: on the one hand the freedom to move as one wants would be restricted and on the other hand informal manners in hospitable spaces would not satisfy the rules of detached and impersonal public interaction. Against that it is argued that 'total freedom of movement' and impersonal interaction are not always suitable principles to shape public life.


Bas van Stokkom
Bas van Stokkom is werkzaam aan het Centrum voor Ethiek, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, en aan de Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. B. van Stokkom Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen Centrum voor Ethiek Postbus 9103 6500 HD Nijmegen b.v.stokkom@cve.ru.nl
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