Zoekresultaat: 13 artikelen

x
Artikel

Laveren tussen belanghebbenden

Reële autonomie en financieel toezicht

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2012
Trefwoorden regulatory governance, de facto autonomy, financial supervision, bureaucracy, institutional reform
Auteurs Dr. Caelesta Braun
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De facto autonomy, the actual potential of regulatory agencies to go about their daily work, is often conceived to be more important to explain regulatory capacity than its formal autonomy and responsibilities. In this article we investigate whether external context factors, such as the financial and economic crisis have an impact on de facto autonomy. More specifically, we investigate whether the de facto autonomy varies after the crisis and distinctively so for specific subsets of employees within regulatory agencies. According to literature, mid-level managers of agencies are key to de facto autonomy and building a secure reputation for the agency in question. We test these external and internal effects on de facto autonomy with a survey among employees of the Dutch Financial Market Authority (N = 248). The findings show that the perceived influence of stakeholders is relatively constant, but that it is more dynamic for European stakeholders. Both middle managers and employees working at strategic and policy departments of the agency conceive the impact of European stakeholders as increasing in nature. The findings have important implications for our studies of de facto autonomy of regulatory agencies as well as reform potential after major institutional crises.


Dr. Caelesta Braun
Caelesta Braun is universitair docent aan het Department of Governance Studies, Vu University en als gastonderzoeker verbonden aan Antwerp Centre for Institutions and Multilevel Politics (ACIM), University of Antwerp. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. Caelesta Braun, afdeling Bestuurswetenschappen, faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen, De Boelelaan 1081, 1081 HV Amsterdam, c.braun@vu.nl.
Artikel

EU-besluitvorming en internationale milieuonderhandelingen

Een principaal-agentperspectief op het intern functioneren van de Europese Unie tijdens multilaterale milieuonderhandelingen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden control, cooperation, European Union, international environmental negotiations, principal-agent
Auteurs Tom Delreux
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article analyses how the European Union functions internally when it participates in international environmental negotiations. It examines the relations between, on the one hand, the European member states and, on the other hand, the EU negotiator who represents the member states around the international negotiation table. Applying a principal-agent model, this article demonstrates, first, that the member states are able to control their negotiator and the way the latter negotiates internationally through the so-called ad locum control mechanisms, being the on the spot EU coordination meetings and the ability of the member states to attend the international negotiations. Second, this article argues that these institutional structures not only have a control function, but also a cooperation function. Finally, the analysis shows that the EU decision-making processes with regard to international environmental negotiations are not only characterized by the principals controlling their agent, but also by the agent keeping its principals under control.


Tom Delreux
Dr T. Delreux is verbonden aan de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven en heeft in 2008 de Van Poeljeprijs gewonnen voor het onderzoek dat aan dit artikel ten grondslag ligt.
Article

Weinig speelruimte, onmiskenbare invloed: het Belgisch EU-Voorzitterschap en de Europese sociale agenda

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden EU Presidency, Belgium, social policy, agenda-shaping, influence
Auteurs Olivier Pintelon en Wim Van Lancker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Traditionally, Belgian EU Presidencies are characterized by an ambitious social agenda. It is, however, unclear to what extent these ambitions are translated into real policy accomplishments. In this article we aim to disentangle the genuine influence of the Belgian 2010 EU Presidency on the European social policy agenda by applying the agenda-shaping framework developed by Jonas Tallberg. Making use of elite interviews and by studying policy documents, we reach a twofold conclusion. First of all, the Belgian Presidency has left its footprints in some specific social policy topics, especially with regard to social impact assessment and child poverty. However, – in line with theoretical expectations – agenda-setting initiatives were less successful than agenda-structuring techniques. Secondly, our findings also shed preliminary light on the determinants of Presidency influence as identified by Simone Bunse. We find that the Belgian social ambitions were curtailed by political and economic constraints, policy preferences in the Council, the difficult inter-institutional dialogue (especially with the European Commission), and the limited Presidency skills of certain Belgian policy actors.


Olivier Pintelon
Olivier Pintelon is onderzoeker aan het Centrum voor Sociaal Beleid Herman Deleeck (CSB) van de Universiteit Antwerpen. Zijn onderzoek handelt over het verdelingsvraagstuk in de welvaartstaat, met bijzondere aandacht voor armoede en inkomensongelijkheid.

Wim Van Lancker
Wim Van Lancker is onderzoeker aan het Centrum voor Sociaal Beleid Herman Deleeck (CSB) van de Universiteit Antwerpen. Zijn onderzoek richt zich op de sociale verdeling van gezinsbeleid (kinderbijslag, ouderschapsverlof en kinderopvang) in een Europees vergelijkende context en de relatie van gezinsbeleid met armoede, ongelijkheid en vrouwelijke arbeidsmarktparticipatie.

Jan Beyers
Jan Beyers is hoogleraar politieke wetenschappen aan de Universiteit Antwerpen. Hij is actief op het terrein van institutionele theorieën, politieke organisaties en belangengroepen, vergelijkende en Europese politiek en onderzoeksmethoden.

Bart Kerremans
Bart Kerremans is gewoon hoogleraar internationale betrekkingen aan de KU Leuven. Zijn onderzoek richt zich op de internationale politieke economie van handelsbeleid met aandacht voor de rol en het gedrag van publieke en private actoren daarin.

    This article is the introduction to this special issue in which the Europeanisation of Dutch polity, politics and policy forms the central focus of attention. The main question we address in this special issue is to what extent the Netherlands has changed under the influence of processes of Europeanisation. This article first discusses the state-of-the-art Europeanisation literature; then it sets out to discuss four problems with this literature. Based on the insights generated by the contributors to this special issue, the authors conclude that for a better understanding of processes of Europeanisation, the EU should no longer be seen as an actor, but rather as an (cluster of) arena(s) in which a variety of actors (member states, EU institutions, interest groups, et cetera) are trying to achieve their political goals.


Sebastiaan Princen
Verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht Adres: Bijlhouwerstraat 6, 3511 ZC Utrecht, e-mail: s.princen@usg.uu.nl

Kutsal Yesilkagit
Verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht Adres: Bijlhouwerstraat 6, 3511 ZC Utrecht, e-mail: k.yesilkagit@usg.uu.nl
Artikel

Etatisme in de polder?

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2008
Auteurs Berend Snijders en Femke van Esch
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Decision-making in the Netherlands is generally characterised as (neo) corporatist. Whether stakeholders enjoy a similar level of access to, and influence on the formulation of the national position, which the Dutch government advocates in Brussels, remains however unclear. This article aims at providing a first tentative answer to this question by studying the formulation of the Dutch position on EU resolution 882/2004 concerning the official controls on compliance with feed and food law, animal health and animal welfare.

    In-depth analysis of this case reveals that the development process of the Dutch stance on 882/2004 was largely devoid of stakeholder-input. As such, this process may be characterised as essentially etatist rather than corporatist. Moreover, it was established – as expected – that specialised lobby groups – those that could offer additional information and expertise to the dossier team responsible for 882/2004 – were able to exert more influence than general advocacy groups. Finally, the hypothesis that openness leads to more stakeholder-influence was not confirmed in this case. To the contrary, only during private bilateral discussion did a selection of business organizations manage to convince the dossier team of the benefits of limited border controls.


Berend Snijders
Berend Snijders is promovendus aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht. Correspondentiegegevens: Drs. Berend Snijders Universiteit Utrecht Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap Bijlhouwerstraat 6 3511 ZC Utrecht B.J.B.Snijders@uu.nl

Femke van Esch
Femke van Esch is als universitair docent verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht.

Mark Bovens
Article

De Europese Unie in internationale milieuonderhandelingen

Wat verklaart de onderhandelingsautonomie van de EU-onderhandelaar?

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 2 2008
Trefwoorden European Union, Multilateral Environmental Agreements, Negotiation Autonomy, Principal-Agent, Qualitative Comparative Analysis
Auteurs Tom Delreux
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Starting from principal-agent theory, this article analyses the conditions under which an EU negotiator enjoys a particular degree of negotiation autonomy vis-à-vis the member states he represents during multilateral environmental negotiations. A Qualitative Comparative Analysis of eight EU decision-making processes with regard to international negotiations leading to a multilateral environmental agreement indicates that the compellingness of the international negotiations explains the occurrence of negotiation autonomy. However, the international compellingness does not provide explanatory power to understand the particular degree of negotiation autonomy. To understand when an EU negotiator enjoys a high degree of negotiation autonomy, variables such as preference distances, information asymmetries and institutional density need to be taken into account.


Tom Delreux
De auteur is aspirant van het FWO-Vlaanderen, Instituut voor Internationaal en Europees Beleid, K.U.Leuven.
Article

Europa en de wereld: de eeuwige machtsvraag

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 2 2008
Trefwoorden European Union, EU External Policies, Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), Principal-Agent, Normative Power Europe
Auteurs Jan Orbie en Sophie Vanhoonacker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This introductory article situates the three contributions to this special issue on ‘Europe and the world’ within the broader academic discussion on the European Union’s (EU) international role. It expands on the two central questions that run as a red line through this issue: what is the role and power of EU level players in the external policymaking process; what kind of power is Europe in the world? The fi rst part focuses on the explanatory power of rational choice theories and more particularly the principal-agent model when trying to understand the power struggle between the European and national level. The second part addresses the question whether the EU constitutes a sui generis type of international actor, as suggested by the Normative Power Europe hypothesis. With the articles in this special issue as a starting point, it points to the promises and pitfalls of the particular approaches for researching Europe’s international role and makes suggestions for future research.


Jan Orbie
Jan Orbie is docent aan het Centrum voor EU-Studies van de Universiteit Gent.

Sophie Vanhoonacker
Sophie Vanhoonacker is bijzonder hoogleraar ‘Administrative Governance’ aan de Universiteit Maastricht.

Montserrat González Garibay
Instituut voor Internationaal en Europees Beleid K.U.Leuven.

    On December 1st 2005, Belgian Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt proposed the creation of a ‘United States of Europe’: a core group of Eurozone countries surrounded by a confederation of states. A European social-economic policy, technology cooperation, a common justice and security policy, a common diplomacy and army will make the EU stronger and less patronizing, said Verhofstadt. In this article, we look back over the main political and economic developments in the EU in 2005. This year will probably go down in EU history as the year in which the constitutional treaty was rejected. Yet, as demonstrated, despite a feeling of total malaise, a number of knotty dossiers came to a conclusion and new initiatives were taken.


Edith Drieskens
Onderzoeker FWO-Vlaanderen aan het Instituut voor Internationaal en Europees Beleid van de K.U.Leuven.

Bart Kerremans
Hoogleraar aan het Instituut voor Internationaal en Europees Beleid van de K.U.Leuven.

    This article explains Belgium’s European policy regarding the CAP reforms of 1992 (MacSharry Reforms) and 2003 (Mid Term Review). It addresses the question whether this policy has changed and, if so, what the conditions of policy change are. We argue that Belgium has a two-track policy regarding the CAP reforms. The first track has a conservatist content, stating that Belgium is not in favour of the proposed reforms. The second track is a the more reformist one, given the untenability of the CAP in the light of the simultaneous global GATT, WTO and/or enlargement negotiations. It is argued that the political colour of the Agriculture Minister influences partly the first track, while the relative importance of the global negotiations over the CAP reform negotiations affects the second track. Moreover, we conclude that the involvement of the Flemish and Walloon Region has not led to a deadlock in the internal policy-making process in Belgium.


Tom Delreux
Aspirant van het FWO-Vlaanderen, Instituut voor Internationaal en Europees Beleid, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.

    On May 29th 2005, 54.8% of the French population rejected the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe in a referendum. Three days later, no less than 61.8% of the Dutch voters followed suit. In the following days, commentators wrote that the French non and the Dutch nee made the EU face its biggest crisis ever. EU President Juncker stated that the EU did no longer inspire “dreaming”. Commission President Barroso warned of “permanent crisis and paralysis” in the EU. At the European Council meeting of June 16th and 17th 2005, European leaders agreed to insert a one-year period of reflection in the ratification process. Moreover, the idea of a deadline for ratification was abandonned. After EU members states also failed to agree on the 2007-2013 budget, a higly disappointed Juncker concluded that the EU found itself in a “deep crisis”.
    In comparison to the spring of 2005, the problems the EU faced in 2004 looked relatively easy to solve. However, this is not to say that 2004 should be seen as the calm before the storm. Indeed, the accession of ten new member states and the political agreement on a constitutional treaty made 2004 a milestone in recent EU integration history. Starting from the policy measures taken by the EU members states in the aftermath of the terrorist attacks in Madrid, this contribution focuses on the major political and economic developments in the EU in 2004. Special attention is paid to the elections for a new European Parliament, the Barroso-Commission taking office and the approval of the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe.


Edith Drieskens
Assistente aan het Instituut voor Internationaal en Europees Beleid van de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.

Bart Kerremans
Hoogleraar aan het Instituut voor Internationaal en Europees Beleid van de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
Interface Showing Amount
U kunt door de volledige tekst zoeken naar alle artikelen door uw zoekterm in het zoekveld in te vullen. Als u op de knop 'Zoek' heeft geklikt komt u op de zoekresultatenpagina met filters, die u helpen om snel bij het door u gezochte artikel te komen. Er zijn op dit moment twee filters: rubriek en jaar.