Zoekresultaat: 31 artikelen

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    From 1964 until roughly 1990, political science would become the dominant approach within the (local) administrative sciences in the Netherlands. This central position was taken over from the legal approach. Important impulses from political science for Public Administration came only from the second-generation political scientists: Gijs Kuypers at the Free University Amsterdam, Hans Daudt at the University of Amsterdam and Hans Daalder at the University of Leiden. In their footsteps, a political scientist emerged who, through his contribution to several universities (the Free University, the University of Nijmegen and the University of Twente), had a great deal of influence on the further development of Dutch Public Administration: Andries Hoogerwerf. Two other approaches emerged from political science that were important for the development of modern public administration in the Netherlands, namely policy science and the new political economy (public choice). In this essay the author outlines the input of the main figures from political science, policy science and public choice until 1990 in various stages that are most relevant to Public Administration. These stages take us to various cities and universities in the Netherlands. In addition, we see important cross-fertilization between the institutions through the transfer of people from one university to another. After 1990 however, Public Administration would increasingly profile itself as an independent inter-discipline.


Dr. Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is onderwijscoördinator van de joint degree Public Governance across Borders aan de Universiteit Twente en redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen.

    On January 9 2015, Job Cohen held his inaugural speech at the University of Leiden as extraordinary professor at the prestigious Thorbecke chair. His study field was the theory of the municipality as an administrative, political and legal system. The title of his inaugural speech was ‘The fourth D’, in which the first three Ds stand for three different decentralizations of tasks to Dutch municipalities and the fourth D for democracy. In his speech Job Cohen advocated a deliberative form of democracy, because it doesn’t emphasize differences and the exaggeration of differences, but emphasizes what the members of a community have in common. This essay contains the farewell lecture that he held on November 30 2018. In it Cohen says that we are still in the transition of a gigantic operation, the three decentralizations of youth care, social services and labor participation. In many areas, therefore, cooperation at a higher level than the original municipalities is necessary and indeed established. Due to the increased regional cooperation, the House of Thorbecke no longer has such a strong foundation, which has long been the case. It is therefore inevitable, according to Cohen, that the House of Thorbecke receives more than just a new coat of paint. In his farewell lecture he furthermore discusses two kinds of citizen participation. The first kind concerns policy-influencing participation, the second involves self-reliant participation, or do-democracy or civil administration, in which the Right to Challenge is currently in the center of attention. This requires a delicate coordination between those who have and exercise government powers and citizens who want to exert influence on it.


Prof. mr. dr. Job Cohen
Prof. mr. dr. M.J. Cohen was tot 1 december 2018 als bijzonder hoogleraar decentrale overheden (Thorbecke-leerstoel) verbonden aan de Universiteit Leiden en redacteur van Bestuurswetenschappen.

    Debates about the quality of local democracy are not new. This was also the case 100 years ago. In 1918 the ground-breaking dissertation of Adriaan Buriks on democratic municipal government was published in the Netherlands. In his dissertation Buriks proposed a radical democratic reform of Dutch municipal government by adopting the new system of ‘commission government’ from the US. That is a system of city government in which (almost) all city authority functions are concentrated in a small commission. The commission is organized in such a way that each member of the commission is the head of a city government department, every member is chosen by the population of the whole city and the exercise of authority is controlled by the whole population. The essay describes the remarkable life of this social revolutionary and municipal law expert. It goes on to discusses the dissertation through an introduction on the central issue of democratic municipal government, a description of the government systems of the US before and after the American Revolution of 1787, a description of the new system of ‘commission government’ and his proposal to adopt the new system in the Netherlands. The essay is closed by the author’s reflection on how the dissertation was received and its impact.


Dr. Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is onderwijscoördinator van de joint degree Public Governance across Borders aan de Universiteit Twente en redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen.

Ariejan Korteweg
Ariejan Korteweg is journalist bij de Volkskrant. Hij studeerde sociologie in Leiden en politicologie in Amsterdam (UvA), werkte bij het Leidsch Dagblad, was hoofdredacteur van dansblad Notes en chef van de kunstredactie van de Volkskrant. In 2001 werd hij daar adjunct-hoofdredacteur, in 2007 correspondent in Parijs. Sinds 2013 is hij parlementair verslaggever en columnist. Hij schreef Surplace (2013) en Lobbyland (2016), dat laatste boek samen met Eline Huisman.
Article

Voorstel tot een historische kritiek van het neoliberalisme

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden Neoliberalism, Friedrich Hayek, Walter Eucken, classical liberalism, Michel Foucault
Auteurs Lars Cornelissen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article I argue that the commonplace interpretation of neoliberalism in the Netherlands is mistaken. According to this interpretation the term ‘neoliberalism’ refers to a series of policies, including privatisation and deregulation, that were implemented in the Netherlands in the 1980’s in imitation of Thatcher and Reagan. I argue that it is not this series of policies but the justification underpinning them that is of a neoliberal nature. To support this claim I offer a brief genealogical history of neoliberal thought, which developed in the interwar period, by explicitly distinguishing itself from both 19th-century classical liberalism and contemporary modern liberalism. On the basis of this historical account I assert that neoliberalism adopts the foundational principles of classical and modern liberalism, but that it prescribes different formal principles of rational government. I conclude that this diction makes it possible to write a critical history of neoliberalism.


Lars Cornelissen
Lars Cornelissen doet doctoraal onderzoek aan de University of Brighton (Verenigd Koninkrijk). Hij is gespecialiseerd in de geschiedenis van het neoliberalisme en schrijft zijn dissertatie over het antidemocratische aspect van neoliberale politieke economie.

    From 1974 until 1994 John Wevers was alderman in Maastricht (an old city in the deep south of the Netherlands) in the area of urban development. Before (from 1967 until 1974) Wevers was already a political activist in this domain. In 2016 he published his autobiography, which is very interesting for several reasons. The autobiography not only gives insight in the policy and the organization in the area of urban renewal in that period, but also in the functioning of local politics in general. At his farewell as an alderman in 1994 Wevers was the last remnant of a generation of Dutch Labour politicians (the other three were Adri Duivesteijn in The Hague, Ypke Gietema in Groningen and Fons Asselbergs in Amersfoort) who made architecture a public matter during the eighties. During the seventies Wevers also belonged to the generation of Dutch Labour politicians (amongst Jan van der Ploeg in Rotterdam, Max van den Berg in Groningen and Jan Schaefer in Amsterdam) who propagated the human scale and living in the inner city for ordinary people. In this respect they could rightfully call themselves the heirs of the legendary Labour alderman Floor Wibaut (alderman in Amsterdam from 1914 until 1931).


Dr. Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is onderwijscoördinator van de joint degree Public Governance across Borders aan de Universiteit Twente en redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen.
Artikel

Onnodige bureaucratie, hardnekkig of ongrijpbaar verschijnsel?

Achtergronden van ‘onnodige’ bureaucratie binnen het basispolitiewerk

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden red tape, police, policy
Auteurs Jelle Kort
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Police officers’ perception of red tape depends only to a minor extent on the actual usefulness of rules and procedures. Red tape complaints rather refer to ‘rule strain’ and inadequate functioning ICT systems. Factors that can explain police officers’ perception of red tape are (a.o.) differing opinions on what police work should be like and their procedural skills. This article suggests that a constructivist approach to analyzing red tape might in general be more adequate than an objectivist approach.


Jelle Kort
Jelle Kort, MSc heeft bestuurskunde gestudeerd aan de Universiteit Twente en is thans als promovendus werkzaam bij de vakgroep Strafrecht & Criminologie, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.

    In the safety domain important developments are currently taking place concerning the way in which administrative and tactical operations are dealt with in crises. It is characteristic for the approach that cooperation in chains and networks is increasingly needed to arrive at a suitable approach. In this essay, the authors analyse two subdomains in two concrete cases on how cooperation between several parties takes shape and functions. For that purpose, they differentiate between acute and non-acute crises. In the subdomain ‘acute crises’, they have chosen the case of the Dutch town Moerdijk (the fire at the Chemie-Pack company in 2011). In the subdomain of non-acute crises, they focus on community safety partnerships (‘Veiligheidshuizen’), especially on the community safety partnership in the Dutch province of Friesland (‘Veiligheidshuis Friesland’). In both subdomains the establishment of a good basic cooperation and leadership structure appears to be of prime importance. From there it is necessary to respond in a flexible manner (to be able to execute custom-made work). Within that framework, the capacity may develop to arrange a well-structured and effective cooperation at the operational level (ad hoc in acute crises), to monitor progress properly and to carry out targeted interventions if the developments in the situation ask for these interventions. A good knowledge of each other’s frame of reference is necessary to make this work, so that a maximum level of integration in the approach is achieved.


Dr. Jelle Dijkstra
Dr. J.H. Dijkstra is lector Persoonlijk Leiderschap & Innovatiekracht aan het Instituut voor Economie & Management (ECMA) van de NHL Hogeschool te Leeuwarden.

Dr. Marc Jacobs
Dr. M.A. Jacobs is voormalig districtschef bij de politiekorpsen Utrecht en Leeuwarden, senior docent en onderzoeker Integrale Veiligheid aan de Thorbecke Academie te Leeuwarden.

    This article is about local referenda in the Netherlands. Based on extensive empirical research the authors make clear how the local referendum in the Dutch democracy has developed not only in time and practice, but also how we can interpret the referendum theoretically. They show how in scientific literature, but also in practice, they are still looking for the meaning of the local referendum for Dutch local democracy. The authors also show that the practice of Dutch local referenda is searching, varied and in continuous development. Since 1906 193 local referenda are organized in the Netherlands. By far most referenda took place after the nineties of the last century. Local referenda are a local democratic ‘domain’, that will be explored in the Netherlands in the coming years. Last year a lot of attention has been given to the (local) referendum in the domain of legislation. The process of legislation has not been finished yet. The authors believe this offers an unique opportunity to share the available knowledge and experience about referenda and debate the adequate filling in and anchoring of the (local) referendum. This is a task for scientists, administrators and politicians alike.


Koen van der Krieken Msc
K.H.J. van der Krieken MSc MA is promovendus aan de Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur van de Universiteit van Tilburg.

Dr. Laurens de Graaf
Dr. L.J. de Graaf is werkzaam als universitair docent aan de Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur van de Universiteit van Tilburg.

    According to the policy makers of the Dutch police the more complex society for years requires a police organization that can operate as a network player, or even network director, in ever increasing local safety networks to fulfil the police functions of criminal investigation and maintenance of public order in an effective manner. This claim hardly seems to validated by empirical evidence. Validation is important because research shows that a lot of time is spent on the police network function within community based policing. The question is if this time is spent in an effective manner. Therefore this article addresses the question of the revenues of the police network function within community based policing for the core tasks maintenance of political order and criminal investigation. Based on a policy analysis, interviews and five weeks of participatory research in one police force in the Netherlands, the authors conclude that the policy of the police is only to ‘take’ out and not ‘give’ to local safety networks, although according to the practice and the network literature networkers from the police should give to be able to achieve results. Because the police network function does contribute to the quality of life and the social safety in the community, the authors believe that the community is best served by police officers that have a broad network function.


Jelle Groenendaal MSc
J. Groenendaal MSc is senior onderzoeker en promovendus bij Crisislab, dat het onderzoek van de leeropdracht Besturen van Veiligheid aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen ondersteunt.

Prof. dr. Ira Helsloot
Prof. dr. I. Helsloot is hoogleraar Besturen van Veiligheid aan de faculteit Managementwetenschappen van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.

    Reflection and Debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Monique Kremer
Monique Kremer is redactielid van Beleid en Maatschappij.
Diversen

Lente

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2012
Auteurs Jelle van der Meer
Auteursinformatie

Jelle van der Meer
Jelle van der Meer is journalist. jellevdm@xs4all.nl.
Artikel

De kracht van de stad

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden local government, urban affairs, urban governance, innovation, institutional change
Auteurs Jos Koffijberg en Henk Wesseling
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Currently, Dutch cities are facing persistent societal problems as well as changing circumstances, due to the financial crisis and changing national policies. This special issue seeks to take analysis beyond a sense of mere crisis and investigates contemporary urban initiatives in order to discern what innovative modes of governance they offer.


Jos Koffijberg
Dr J.J. Koffijberg is hoofd onderzoek bij Nicis Institute, Den Haag.

Henk Wesseling
Drs H.W.M. Wesseling is verbonden aan Berenschot en leidt daar het Expertisecentrum Arrangementbouw.
Artikel

Het falen van deliberatie

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2012
Auteurs Sonja van der Arend en Jelle Behagel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Deliberative democracy is a topic of fierce debate in political philosophy, democratic theory and other disciplines. Over the last two decades, the notion of deliberation - or dialogue - as a key democratic asset has also pervaded practices and empirical studies of public policy and governance. Although avid advocates and critics of deliberative governing and policy making may be found, the majority of scholars and professionals in this field take on a pragmatic, agnostic stance, and a public debate between them remains largely absent. Thus, deliberation is hardly contested or questioned, while in practice, it regularly leads to failure and disappointment. The article introduces and transcribes a dialogue on the failing of deliberation that was performed at a symposium on ‘Contested democracy’ by The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) (Jan. 2011, The Hague). An optimist and a cynic deliberate the role of deliberation, accompanied by a chorus of administration scientists.


Sonja van der Arend
Dr ir S.H. van der Arend is verbonden aan de TU Delft.

Jelle Behagel
Drs J. Behagel is promovendus aan Wageningen University.
Discussie

Fysieke veiligheid en de kunst van evenwichtigheid

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2012
Auteurs Jelle van Aanholt en Prof. dr. ir. Marjolein van Asselt
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Reflection and Debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Jelle van Aanholt
Jelle van Aanholt is masterstudent wijsbegeerte aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en stagiair bij de WRR.

Prof. dr. ir. Marjolein van Asselt
Marjolein van Asselt is lid van de Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid en hoogleraar risk governance aan de Universiteit Maastricht.

    The recent introduction of leadership primaries within the Dutch political parties PvdA, VVD and D66 has attracted much attention, but the opinions about this form of party-reform are divided. This article discusses the reasons for the recent popularity of internal primaries for the selection of the heads of the list of candidates for the national elections and describes the procedures used by the various parties. The article concludes that leader-ship primaries are not always beneficial for parties and democracy. Only if the procedures for primaries are carefully designed and the candidates behave prudently and in an integer way, leadership primaries can have a positive effect on internal party democracy and on the political system as a whole.


Ruud Koole
Prof. dr. R.A. Koole is hoogleraar Nederlandse Politiek. Hij promoveerde op het proefschrift De opkomst van de moderne kaderpartij: veranderende partijorganisatie in Nederland 1960-1990 (Utrecht 1992, Spectrum). Hij publiceerde onder meer over Nederlandse politiek, partijorganisaties, parlementaire fracties, politieke financiën (bijv.: Ruud Koole and Knut Heidar, Parliamentary Party Groups in European Democracies: political parties behind closed doors. London, Routledge, 2000; Ruud Koole en Hans Daalder, 'The Consociational Democracy Model and the Netherlands: Ambivalent Allies?', in: Acta Politica, vol 37, Spring/Summer, 2002, pp. 23-43). Correspondentiegegevens: Departement Politieke Wetenschap, Universiteit Leiden, Postbus 9555, 2300 RB Leiden, 071 527 3936, koole@fsw.leidenuniv.nl

Jelle Visser
De auteur is als hoogleraar empirische sociologie verbonden aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en is wetenschappelijk directeur van het Amsterdams Instituut voor Arbeidsstudies (AIAS).

René Torenvlied
De auteur is als universitair hoofddocent sociologie verbonden aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
Casus

De verzorgingsstaat herwogen

Het gelijk van de verzorgingsstaat

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2007
Auteurs Paul de Beer, Jelle van der Meer en Pieter Pekelharing
Auteursinformatie

Paul de Beer
Paul de Beer (1957) is Henri Polak-hoogleraar voor arbeidsverhoudingen aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en verbonden aan het Amsterdams Instituut voor ArbeidsStudies (AIAS) en De Burcht (Centrum voor Arbeidsverhoudingen). Tezamen met Jelle van der Meer en Pieter Pekelharing stelde hij het boek Gelijk. Over de noodzakelijke terugkeer van een klassiek ideaal (De Balie/Van Gennep 2006) samen.

Jelle van der Meer
Jelle van der Meer is journalist en publicist; o.a. redacteur van Grenzeloze solidariteit; naar een migratiebestendige verzorgingsstaat (2004). Tezamen met Paul de Beer en Pieter Pekelharing stelde hij het boek Gelijk. Over de noodzakelijke terugkeer van een klassiek ideaal (De Balie/Van Gennep 2006) samen.

Pieter Pekelharing
Pieter Pekelharing is docent ethiek en sociale en politieke filosofie aan de universiteit van Amsterdam. Tezamen met Paul de Beer en Jelle van der Meer stelde hij het boek Gelijk. Over de noodzakelijke terugkeer van een klassiek ideaal (De Balie/Van Gennep 2006) samen.
Casus

De verzorgingsstaat herwogen

Verbinden als machtspolitieke opdracht

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2007
Auteurs Barbara Vis en Kees van Kersbergen
Auteursinformatie

Barbara Vis
Barbara Vis is als promovenda verbonden aan de afdeling Politicologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Kees van Kersbergen
Kees van Kersbergen is hoogleraar politicologie, werkzaam aan de afdeling politicologie van de Faculteit der sociale wetenschappen, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam.
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