Zoekresultaat: 9 artikelen

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Article

Consensus Democracy and Bureaucracy in the Low Countries

Tijdschrift Politics of the Low Countries, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden consensus democracy, bureaucracy, governance system, Lijphart, policymaking
Auteurs Frits van der Meer, Caspar van den Berg, Charlotte van Dijck e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Taking Lijphart’s work on consensus democracies as our point of departure, we signal a major shortcoming in Lijphart’s focus being almost exclusively on the political hardware of the state structure, leaving little attention for the administrative and bureaucratic characteristics of governance systems. We propose to expand the Lijphart’s model which overviews structural aspects of the executive and the state with seven additional features of the bureaucratic system. We argue that these features are critical for understanding the processes of policymaking and service delivery. Next, in order to better understand the functioning of the Netherlands and Belgium as consensus democracies, we provide a short analysis of the historical context and current characteristics of the political-administrative systems in both countries.


Frits van der Meer
Frits van der Meer, Professor Institute Public Administration, Leiden University.

Caspar van den Berg
Caspar van den Berg, Campus Fryslân, University of Groningen.

Charlotte van Dijck
Charlotte van Dijck, PhD Fellow Research Foundation Flanders (FWO), KU Leuven Public Governance Institute.

Gerrit Dijkstra
Gerrit Dijkstra, Senior Lecturer, Leiden University.

Trui Steen
Trui Steen, Professor, KU Leuven Public Governance Institute.

    In this feature authors review recently published books on subjects of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Jasper Van Dijk
Jasper van Dijk is Tweede Kamerlid en woordvoerder Sociale Zaken Integratie en Migratie voor de SP.
Artikel

Specifieke of generieke institutionalisering van beleid voor de lange termijn

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden future, Policy, short term, long term
Auteurs Albert Faber MSc, Dylan van Dijk en Dr. Peter de Goede
Samenvatting

    Policy decisions taken now can determine the room for manoeuvre of future generations for a very long term. Politicians and civil servants often only seem to be interested in short-term implications, however. A major focus on the short term does not provide sufficient stability and impetus for long-term structural measures. This is primarily an institutional issue. In this article, the authors discuss how to instil a long-term focus in day-to-day processes of policymaking.


Albert Faber MSc

Dylan van Dijk

Dr. Peter de Goede
Artikel

Beleid voor de irrationele mens

Hoe gedragswetenschap de bestuurskunde zou kunnen versterken

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden public administration, psychology, decisions, (ir)rationality
Auteurs Dr. Marijke van Putten, Prof. dr. Wilco van Dijk en Prof. dr. Eric van Dijk
Samenvatting

    Policy is often based on the assumption that people are rational decision makers. Rational decision makers search all relevant information before they make a decision. They list the pros and cons of relevant options and make a well thought choice that best fits their fixed preferences. However, research from amongst others psychology and behavioral economics shows that people decide differently and that they are irrational, emotional decision makers instead. Policy therefore fits people’s decision making strategies worse than expected. It is important for policy makers to gain insight into situational influences on decisions and the influence of the so-called choice architecture on decisions. In this article we discuss research that tested when policy was more efficient, based on behavioral insights and the view of man as an irrational, emotional being.


Dr. Marijke van Putten

Prof. dr. Wilco van Dijk

Prof. dr. Eric van Dijk

    In the safety domain important developments are currently taking place concerning the way in which administrative and tactical operations are dealt with in crises. It is characteristic for the approach that cooperation in chains and networks is increasingly needed to arrive at a suitable approach. In this essay, the authors analyse two subdomains in two concrete cases on how cooperation between several parties takes shape and functions. For that purpose, they differentiate between acute and non-acute crises. In the subdomain ‘acute crises’, they have chosen the case of the Dutch town Moerdijk (the fire at the Chemie-Pack company in 2011). In the subdomain of non-acute crises, they focus on community safety partnerships (‘Veiligheidshuizen’), especially on the community safety partnership in the Dutch province of Friesland (‘Veiligheidshuis Friesland’). In both subdomains the establishment of a good basic cooperation and leadership structure appears to be of prime importance. From there it is necessary to respond in a flexible manner (to be able to execute custom-made work). Within that framework, the capacity may develop to arrange a well-structured and effective cooperation at the operational level (ad hoc in acute crises), to monitor progress properly and to carry out targeted interventions if the developments in the situation ask for these interventions. A good knowledge of each other’s frame of reference is necessary to make this work, so that a maximum level of integration in the approach is achieved.


Dr. Jelle Dijkstra
Dr. J.H. Dijkstra is lector Persoonlijk Leiderschap & Innovatiekracht aan het Instituut voor Economie & Management (ECMA) van de NHL Hogeschool te Leeuwarden.

Dr. Marc Jacobs
Dr. M.A. Jacobs is voormalig districtschef bij de politiekorpsen Utrecht en Leeuwarden, senior docent en onderzoeker Integrale Veiligheid aan de Thorbecke Academie te Leeuwarden.
Boekbespreking

Een verruimd perspectief op rijkstoezicht?

Tijdschrift Bestuurs­wetenschappen, Aflevering 2 2014
Auteurs Gerrit Dijkstra en Kees Nagtegaal
Auteursinformatie

Gerrit Dijkstra
Mr. dr. G.S.A. Dijkstra is universitair docent bij het Instituut Bestuurskunde van de Universiteit Leiden aan de Campus Den Haag.

Kees Nagtegaal
Drs. C. Nagtegaal MSc is werkzaam als docent/onderzoeker bij het Instituut Bestuurskunde van de Universiteit Leiden aan de Campus Den Haag.

Drs. Pieter Jan Dijkman
Pieter Jan Dijkman is hoofdredacteur van Christen Democratische Verkenningen, kwartaalblad van het Wetenschappelijk Instituut voor het CDA. Correspondentiegegevens: Drs. P.H.J. Dijkman, hoofdredacteur Christen Democratische Verkenningen, Wetenschappelijk Instituut voor het CDA, Buitenom 18, Postbus 30453, 2500 GL Den Haag. Dijkman.wi@cda.nl.
Artikel

Good governance en ontwikkelingsbeleid: Spijkerhard of boterzacht?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden Good governance, development aid
Auteurs Geske Dijkstra en Steven Van de Walle
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Good governance takes a central role in development policy. A considerable amount of development aid is used to support anti-corruption initiatives, democratisation, or the improvement of public administration. The number of governance indicators has grown tremendously, and these indicators appear to play an ever more important role in aid allocation. These indicators, however, are not value-free and reflect a certain view of good governance, one that is furthermore changing continuously. In this article, we first use the ever-expanding literature to explore how donors define ‘good governance’, and how it is measured. We subsequently analyse whether good governance really matters for development. Finally, we look at international experiences with good governance promotion, and the value tensions inherent to this process.


Geske Dijkstra
Dr A.G. Dijkstra en dr S. Van de Walle zijn respectievelijk universitair hoofddocent Economie en Bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Steven Van de Walle
Dr A.G. Dijkstra en dr S. Van de Walle zijn respectievelijk universitair hoofddocent Economie en Bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Article

De Europese Commissie en het EU-Raadssecretariaat in het GBVB

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 2 2008
Trefwoorden European Commission, Council Secretariat, Common Foreign and Security Policy, Actorness, Treaty of Lisbon
Auteurs Hylke Dijkstra
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    For the European Union to exhibit some ‘actorness’ in the world of international relations requires it to have a certain amount of autonomy from its constituent members. This article analyses, in this respect, the degrees of freedom the Council Secretariat and the European Commission enjoy in the context of the CFSP. While this EU policy is generally known to be intergovernmental, both institutions arguably do have some political influence over the substantive outcomes. This is not the result of formal competencies institutionalized in the Treaties, but rather of an accumulated process and content expertise in these institutions, which can be transformed into political influence via informal means.


Hylke Dijkstra
Hylke Dijkstra is promovendus aan de Faculteit der Cultuur- en Maatschappijwetenschappen van de Universiteit Maastricht.
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