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Carl Devos
Carl Devos is gewoon hoogleraar, voorzitter van de vakgroep Politieke Wetenschappen van UGent en was vele jaren redactielid van Res Publica, van begin 2008 tot eind 2010 als hoofdredacteur.
Editorial

Editoriaal

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 4 2007
Auteurs Carl Devos
Auteursinformatie

Carl Devos
Hoofdredacteur.

    It is often suggested that the nationalization of local elections has increased. As a result, a hypothesis could be that the mutual differences between policy programs of local divisions of the same national party decrease. In this contribution, we focus on the local election of October 8th 2006 in order to analyse these mutual differences. The aim of this contribution is to measure the homogeneity or heterogeneity of the policy positions of the local divisions of national political parties, on a range of substantive issues on which they have the freedom to differ. Therefore, we compare the opinions of local party agents within the different party families. We use the results of a survey among the representatives of the local departments of the different political parties in the run-up to the local elections. Our research shows that, regarding to the selected questions, in general the local divisions speak with one voice. Our analysis does not indicate that there is a large mixture of visions between divisions of the same national party. Besides, this analysis shows that in general, the size of the municipality can seldom be used in indicating the relative disagreement within political families. This level of agreement is the largest within the green party and the smallest within the liberal family. Those are also the two parties of which the local agents say that the influence of supra-local party levels is small, compared to representatives of other political families.


Carl Devos
Carl Devos is docent aan de vakgroep Politieke Wetenschappen van de Universiteit Gent, voorzitter van het vakgebied Belgische binnenlandse politiek, directeur van het Instituut voor Politieke Besluitvorming en Conflictmanagement en lid van het Centrum voor Lokale Politiek van de Universiteit Gent. Hij doceert o.a. over politieke besluitvorming, federalisme en conflictmanagement.

Dries Verlet
Dries Verlet is doctor in de politieke wetenschappen, doctor-assistent aan de vakgroep Politieke Wetenschappen van de Universiteit Gent, lid van het Centrum voor Lokale Politiek, van het Instituut voor Politieke Besluitvorming en Conflictmanagement van de Universiteit Gent en van de Urban Policy Research Group van de Ghent University Association. Hij schreef een doctoraal proefschrift over tevredenheid en subjectief welzijn op lokaal vlak. Zijn onderzoek situeert zich in de domeinen lokale politiek, methodologie, statistiek, verkiezingen, tevredenheid en de studie van de kwaliteit van het leven.

Herwig Reynaert
Herwig Reynaert is hoogleraar aan de vakgroep Politieke Wetenschappen van de Universiteit Gent, voorzitter van het vakgebied lokale en regionale politiek en van het Centrum voor Lokale Politiek, lid van het Instituut voor Politieke Besluitvorming en Conflictmanagement van de Universiteit Gent en hoofd van de Urban Policy Research Group van de Ghent University Association. Hij publiceerde als auteur en/of coauteur talrijke boeken en is auteur van tientallen wetenschappelijke artikels en hoofdstukken in boeken over politieke rekrutering, politieke elites, verkiezingen en tevredenheid over lokaal beleid. Hij doceert o.a. de vakken lokale politiek, vergelijkende politiek, Belgische binnenlandse politiek. Hij is eveneens promotor van onderzoeksprojecten rond de provincies, de fusies van gemeenten, schepenen en gemeenteraadsleden, ...
Article

Centraal-lokale relaties in Vlaanderen: verdeel of heers?

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 1 2005
Auteurs Koenraad De Ceuninck, Carl Devos, Herwig Reynaert e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    An important element in the debate on the hollowed State is the extent to which the subsidiary idea caused a decrease in dominance of the central State and lead to a multifaceted process of decentralisation. A case in point is the recent regionalisation of the competency to organise local government in Belgium. Based on Page and Goldsmith’s three dimensions in intergovernmental relations between central and local government (functions, discretion and access), we test the discourse of the reform of the local government in Flanders to its practice. It is argued that the principles of a subsidiary founded municipal autonomy, a growing fiscal and functional discretion and a personal disentanglement of local and central decision-makers was inspired by northern European models of government relations. These, however, are only partially being confirmed by the praxis of the reforms, as the main principles of the existing southern European models persist.


Koenraad De Ceuninck
Assistent van de Vakgroep Politieke wetenschappen, Universiteit Gent.

Carl Devos
Docent van de Vakgroep Politieke wetenschappen, Universiteit Gent.

Herwig Reynaert
Docent van de Vakgroep Politieke wetenschappen, Universiteit Gent.

Sofie Staelraeve
Assistent van de Vakgroep Politieke wetenschappen, Universiteit Gent.

Kristof Steyvers
Doctor-assistent van de Vakgroep Politieke wetenschappen, Universiteit Gent.

Tony Valcke
Assistent van de Vakgroep Politieke wetenschappen, Universiteit Gent.

Dries Verlet
Doctor-assistent van de Vakgroep Politieke wetenschappen, Universiteit Gent.
Article

Tevredenheid over het lokaal beleid in Gent

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 4 2003
Auteurs Carl Devos, Herwig Reynaert en Dries Verlet
Samenvatting

    According to the new public management, the interaction between (local) governments and their citizens should be "client oriented". It is considered crucial for (local) policy-makers that they know how citizens perceive the policy process, that they know if citizens are satisfied with policy outcomes. Our empirical study deals with the satisfaction with global local policy. We examine the main determinants of satisfaction with global local policy. This study is based on a face-to-face survey among citizens entitled to vote in Ghent. More than 1500 respondents, spread over 2 surveys, took part in our research. Attention is also paid to the satisfaction with more specific aspects of local policy. We linked the voter's satisfaction with the global local policy to a wide range of traditional and less traditional independent variables. Finally, we discuss the satisfaction of the electorate of the different political parties.


Carl Devos

Herwig Reynaert

Dries Verlet

    The general question of this theoretical reflection concerns the impact of the multi-level organisation of policy processes for the division of power between collective social actors. Firstly, We deal with the shrinking of the political capacity in the contemporary era of postfordism and deterritorialisation. In this framework, attention is paid to the ideological significance of governance. Using the concept of 'jumping of scales', We then consider the different consequences of the sui generis European multi-level setting for organised labour and capital, which serves as a case-study for our general proposition. Multi-level governance is looked upon as a new gestalt of scales, which enables some actors and hinders others to build their own jumping strategy between the different levels. The conclusion is that the European multi-level setting is the result of, as well as, the platform for power relations.


Carl Devos
Article

Hoe komen toekomstige mandatarissen in contact met de lokale politiek?

Een verkennend onderzoek

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 1 1997
Auteurs Carl Devos, Elke Matthyssen, Herwig Reynaert e.a.
Samenvatting

    The way politicians get in contact with local polities in Flanders bas been examined based on the sociological distinction between ascribed and achieved status positions. Politically active relatives were considered characteristic of ascribed local mandates. Membership of different associations was seen as a way of personally achieving a local mandate. The results indicate that a combination of both was most frequently occuring. In spite of popular convictions, family was still quite important to get in contact with politics. This is shown in the high rates of respondents having politically active relatives. Next to this, a lot of political involvement occured via participation in a diversity of associations. Participations considered were membership, diligence and officeholding in a political party, a union, a health insurance organisation, an advisory body and all other political or non-political associations.


Carl Devos

Elke Matthyssen

Herwig Reynaert

Jacqueline Van Hoe
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