Zoekresultaat: 13 artikelen

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    Access to affordable, decent and secure housing is under increasing pressure in countries across the world, especially in burgeoning cities. This results in displacement, exclusion and increasing housing cost burdens. This theme issue consists of a collection of papers that approach inequality on urban housing markets from different angles. In this introduction to the special issue, we provide a framework to understand these various dimensions of inequality and their interconnectedness. We identify three scales of inequality: First, at the abstract level of housing systems, market developments and housing policies contribute to increasing housing costs and a reduction in affordable housing units. Second, at the urban level we identify increasing spatial segregation between populations as well as the intertwined trends of intensifying gentrification and suburbanization of poverty. Third, at the everyday level we can identify a loss of belonging among long-term residents of changing (gentrifying) neighbourhoods, while other residents may appreciate change. This also fosters the potential for conflict and poses new challenges to professionals dealing with families in situations of poverty. We argue that emerging inequalities at these different scales need to be considered as interconnected.


Dr. Cody Hochstenbach
Dr. Cody Hochstenbach is secretaris van de redactie van Beleid en Maatschappij.

Dr. Nanke Verloo
Dr. Nanke Verloo is lid van de redactie van Beleid en Maatschappij.
Artikel

Stap voor stap

Statushouders over initiatieven voor arbeidstoeleiding in enkele Nederlandse gemeenten

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Refugees, Refugees with residence permit, Trajectories to work, Job guidance, Labour market participation
Auteurs Dr. Monique Stavenuiter en Dr. Merel Kahmann
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The groups studied for this article came to the Netherlands as asylum-seekers, mostly from Syria and Eritrea. After receiving a residence permit it has been difficult for them to find paid work. In recent years many municipalities in the Netherlands developed initiatives to support refugees seeking work. In this article we describe two of such interventions: Vluchtelingen Investeren in Participeren (Refugees Invest in Participation), a nationwide initiative of VluchtelingenWerk Nederland, and NVA Werktrajecten (Trajectories to Work), carried out by a local organisation for integration and participation of refugees. We studied VIP in nine municipalities in the eastern part of the Netherlands and NVA Werktrajecten in the Dutch municipality of Amersfoort. We have focused on the perspective of the participants taking part in the initiatives. The research questions addressed are: How did the participants experience the interventions and how did the interventions meet up to their needs in their search to paid work? We describe the experiences of the participants during several steps in the trajectories, such as obtaining practical skills, practising oral and written presentations, meeting employers during the training and in the workplace, and gaining work experience. The article is based on sixty in depth interviews with refugees.


Dr. Monique Stavenuiter
Dr. Monique Stavenuiter is hoofd van de onderzoeksgroep maatschappelijke participatie en senior onderzoeker aan het Verwey-Jonker Instituut.

Dr. Merel Kahmann
Dr. Merel Kahmann is zelfstandig onderzoeker, Vogelperspectief Onderzoek & Praktijk.
Dossier

Access_open De politiek van buy-to-let

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden Housing, Financialization, Private investors, Buy-to-let, Private rent
Auteurs Jelke Bosma MSc, Dr. Cody Hochstenbach, Dr. Rodrigo Fernandez e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this feature authors discuss recent research findings that are of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.
    Mounting concerns exist that small private investors exacerbate the urban housing crisis, by purchasing dwellings to rent out so-called ‘buy-to-let’ purchases. By buying up property, they may drive up house prices and exclude regular house-seekers. In this paper, we show that buy-to-let purchases constitute an increasing share of all purchases on the Dutch housing market, and especially so in larger cities and university cities. We argue these local trends do not emerge out of thin air and are not a ‘natural’ market process but should be considered the product of both global economic developments and national policies supporting these changes. Global developments include the increased mobility and ample availability of capital, exemplified by a prolonged low interest environment and a growing scarcity of high quality collateral and investment opportunities, making housing attractive for storing capital. Dutch housing policies have increasingly restricted access to social rent to low-income groups, while blowing up house prices fuelled with mortgage debts. As a consequence, a growing number of households falls in-between these two tenures: they have to resort to private rent. Private investors respond to and accommodate this demand through buy-to-let investments. Furthermore, the Dutch national government has made steps to relax regulation on the private-rental market and weakened tenant rights. In so doing, it sets the scene for amplifying social and spatial inequalities between the property rich and the property poor.


Jelke Bosma MSc
Jelke Bosma MSc is junior onderzoeker aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Dr. Cody Hochstenbach
Dr. Cody Hochstenbach is postdoctoraal onderzoeker stadsgeografie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam, en redactielid van Beleid en Maatschappij.

Dr. Rodrigo Fernandez
Dr. Rodrigo Fernandez is postdoc aan de KU Leuven en onderzoeker bij SOMO.

Prof. dr. Manuel Aalbers
Prof. dr. Manuel Aalbers is hoogleraar sociale en economische geografie aan de KU Leuven.

    This article investigates the state of affairs of local participation and participation wishes, and its backgrounds. The central question is if those who participate a lot are also those who wish to have more participation or not. It is not possible to simply summarize the developments in time in terms of ‘less and less’ participation and ‘more and more’ wishes. Since the seventies the turnout in municipal elections has fallen (against fluctuations without trend at the national elections) and collective actions for local goals have remained at the same level (against a fall in collective actions for supralocal goals). In 2016 also less people have appeared to participate non-electorally (19% local activists) than electorally (54% turnout in 2014). In addition the support for new opportunities for participation is larger than the actual use of existing opportunities. Political participants are almost as often as non-participants in favour of new opportunities for participation. In line with previous research the authors find several social and political attitudes in support of promoting more opportunities for participation. For participants as well as non-participants it applies that support for more opportunities is promoted by ‘positive’ characteristics (like interest in local politics, worries about the environment) as well as ‘negative’ ones (dissatisfaction with local democracy, disbelief in the responsiveness of councillors).


Prof. dr. Paul Dekker
Prof. dr. P. Dekker is hoofd van de onderzoekssector Participatie, Cultuur en Leefomgeving van het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau en hoogleraar Civil Society aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.

Dr. Josje den Ridder
Dr. J.M. den Ridder is wetenschappelijk medewerker bij het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau.

    The first contribution to this special issue on local democracy in the Netherlands is the inaugural speech of Job Cohen (the former mayor of Amsterdam) held on January 9th 2015 at the University of Leiden as extraordinary professor at the prestigious Thorbecke-chair. His field is the theory of the municipality as an administrative, political and legal system. The title of his inaugural speech was ‘The fourth D’, in which the first three D’s stand for three different decentralizations of tasks to the Dutch municipalities and the fourth D for democracy. In his speech Cohen advocates a deliberative form of democracy, because it doesn’t emphasize differences and the exaggeration of differences, but emphasizes what the members of a community have in common. Deliberative democracy wants to create space for this common interest through the establishment of an arena for dialogue. Job Cohen is particularly taken by the ideas of the Belgian writer David Van Reybrouck about lottery selection and citizen participation and corresponding initiatives like G1000: a civic-summit, a form of deliberative democracy that generates new ideas, opens new perspectives and increases trust in the democratic process. The element of lottery selection (that was previously put on the agenda by the American professor James Fishkin) is essential for these results, because it creates a maximum of diversity and real involvement of all layers of the population: full citizen participation.


Prof. mr. dr. Job Cohen
Prof. mr. dr. M.J. Cohen is bijzonder hoogleraar decentrale overheden (Thorbecke-leerstoel) aan de Universiteit Leiden en redacteur van Bestuurswetenschappen.

Prof. dr. Gabriel Van den Brink
Prof. dr. Gabriel van den Brink is hoogleraar maatschappelijke bestuurskunde aan de Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur.
Boekbespreking

De overheid is een geluksmachine

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden happiness, government, policy, public policy, well-being
Auteurs Ad Bergsma en Jeroen Boelhouwer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article is a critical review of four books: Bok, 2010 (‘The politics of happiness’); Van Campen, Bergsma, Boelhouwer, Boerefijn, & Bolier, 2012 (‘Sturen op geluk’); Diener, Lucas, Schimmack, & Helliwell, 2009 (‘Well-being for public policy’); Ott, 2012 (‘An eye on happiness’). Based on these works, we conclude that the quality of government is highly correlated with the happiness of citizens. In countries with high levels of freedom (economic, democracy, press), low levels of corruption and good public services, people appear to be the happiest. In this way governments can be seen as ‘happiness machines’. However, precise causal relationships need to be further clarified; which policies do improve happiness and which don’t? In this context, education is an important area in which government plays a role; people should leave school with the right set of competencies to be able to adequately cope with life. Governments cannot solve everybody’s unhappiness, though, but are important for creating the right circumstances.


Ad Bergsma
Ad Bergsma is psycholoog en spreker, en verbonden aan de Erasmus Happiness Economics Research Organisation (EHERO) van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Jeroen Boelhouwer
Jeroen Boelhouwer is onderzoeker bij het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau.
Boekbespreking

Stilte voor de storm?

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden Review
Auteurs Jurre van den Berg MSc.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this feature authors review recently published books on subjects of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Jurre van den Berg MSc.
Jurre van den Berg is socioloog en verbonden aan de afdeling Bestuurswetenschappen aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: J. van den Berg, MSc., afdeling Bestuurswetenschappen, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1081, 1081 HV Amsterdam. J.van.Berg@vu.nl.

    Dutch housing policy has been reformed dramatically over the last fifteen years. The reforms were preceded by an equally dramatic policy crisis during the 1970s and 1980s. This article attempts to explain the development of both the crisis and the subsequent reforms. An important explanatory variable is the logic of provision, relating to the fact that housing comes in the shape of stock and capital. However, the institutional logic of Dutch housing policy, notably the fact that most social housing providers are traditionally private nonprofits, has also proved of vital significance in determining the outcome of the reform process. Distinguishing the effects of the logic of provision and the institutional logic enables an analysis of how policy feedback, the inheritance from previous policies, may cause both policy crisis and policy reform.


Jan-Kees Helderman
Jan-Kees Helderman is als universitair docent bestuurs- en beleidswetenschappen verbonden aan het Instituut Beleid en Management Gezondheidszorg, Erasmus Medisch Centrum, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Hij werkt op dit moment aan de afronding van zijn dissertatie Bringing the market back in? A comparative analysis of the politics and policies of market-oriented reforms in Dutch housing and health care. Adres Jan-Kees Helderman: Instituut Beleid en Management Gezondheidszorg, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Postbus 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, tel.: 010-4088544, e-mail: helderman@bmg.eur.nl

Taco Brandsen
Taco Brandsen is universitair docent bij de Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur, Faculteit Rechten, Universiteit van Tilburg. Hij promoveerde in 2001 aan de Universiteit Twente op een proefschrift over de Nederlandse volkshuisvesting als 'quasie markt' en is de auteur van het in 2004 verschenen boek Quasi-Market Governance: An anatomy of Innovation, uitgegeven bij Lemma bv, Utrecht. Adres: Taco Brandsen, Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur, Faculteit Rechten, Universiteit van Tilburg, Postbus 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, tel.: 013-4662156, e-mail: t.brandsen@uvt.nl
Discussie

De samenleving op slot?

Sociale daling in een nieuwe klassensamenleving

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2011
Auteurs Lotte van Vliet MA en Dr. Dieneke de Ruiter
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Reflection and Debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Lotte van Vliet MA
Lotte van Vliet is adviseur bij de Raad voor Maatschappelijke Ontwikkeling. Correspondentiegegevens: L.R. van Vliet MA, Raad voor Maatschappelijke Ontwikkeling, Postbus 16139, 2500 BC Den Haag, www.adviesorgaan-rmo.nl, l.vliet@adviesorgaan-rmo.nl.

Dr. Dieneke de Ruiter
Dr. Dieneke de Ruiter is adviseur bij de Raad voor Maatschappelijke Ontwikkeling. d.d.ruiter@adviesorgaan-rmo.nl.
Artikel

De diplomademocratie

Over de spanning tussen meritocratie en democratie

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2006
Auteurs Mark Bovens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Contemporary western democracies, such the United States, Great Britain, and The Netherlands have become diploma democracies. They are ruled by the well educated, whereas the least educated, even though they still comprise about half of the population, have virtually vanished from most political arenas. Of course, the well educated have always been more politically active than the less educated, but in the past decades this gap has widened substantially. Well-educated citizens are more inclined to vote, to write letters to the editor, or to visit consultative or deliberative meetings than citizens with a low level of education; and most, if not all, members of parliament, all the political officials, and almost all of the political advocates and lobbyists, have college or graduate degrees. The paper substantiates the rise of diploma democracy in The Netherlands, discusses what is problematic about such an educational meritocracy in the context of democracy, and looks at what could be done to mitigate or remedy some of its negative effects.


Mark Bovens
Prof. dr. Mark Bovens is als hoogleraar Bestuurskunde verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht, Bijlhouwerstraat 6, 3511 ZC Utrecht. Zijn meest recente boek is De digitale republiek: Democratie en rechtsstaat in de informatiemaatschappij (AUP 2003). Correspondentiegegevens: m.a.p.bovens@uu.nl www.usg.uu.nl/research/m.bovens
Artikel

Klimaatverandering en waterveiligheid, tussen ernst en enthousiasme

De discursieve framing van bedreigingen en kansen

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2010
Auteurs Arwin van Buuren en Jeroen Warner
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

Arwin van Buuren
Dr. M.W. van Buuren is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. M.W. van Buuren Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam Vakgroep Bestuurskunde Postbus 1738, Kamer M8-31 3000 DR Rotterdam vanbuuren@fsw.eur.nl

Jeroen Warner
Dr. J. Warner is universitair docent rampenstudies aan de Wageningen Universiteit en senior wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

‘Overdieps polderen’

Enkele aspecten van de planvorming voor de overdiepse polder

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2010
Auteurs Dik Roth en Madelinde Winnubst
Auteursinformatie

Dik Roth
Dr D. Roth is universitair docent bij de Leerstoelgroep Recht en Bestuur, Wageningen Universiteit.

Madelinde Winnubst
Drs M. Winnubst is onderzoeker bij het Centrum for Sustainable Management of Resources (CSMR), Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
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