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Article

Truly Exceptional? Participants in the Belgian 2019 Youth for Climate Protest Wave

Tijdschrift Politics of the Low Countries, Aflevering Online First 2022
Trefwoorden protest, participation, inequality, climate change, Fridays For Future
Auteurs Ruud Wouters, Michiel De Vydt en Luna Staes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2019, the world witnessed an exceptional wave of climate protests. In this case study, we scrutinise who participated in the protests staged in Belgium. We ask: did the exceptional mobilising context of the 2019 protest wave also bring exceptional protesters to the streets? Were thanks to the unique momentum standard barriers to protest participation overcome? We answer these questions by comparing three surveys of participants in the 2019 protest wave with three surveys of relevant reference publics. Our findings show that while the Belgian 2019 protest was in many ways exceptional, its participants were less so. Although participants – especially in the early phase of the protest wave – were less protest experienced, younger and unaffiliated to organisations, our findings simultaneously confirm the persistence of a great many well-known socio-demographic and political inequalities. Our conclusion centres on the implications of these findings.


Ruud Wouters
Ruud Wouters, PhD, is a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Antwerp. He studies protest participation and the impact of protest on media, public opinion and politics.

Michiel De Vydt
Michiel De Vydt is a PhD student at the University of Antwerp. He studies the micro-level predictors and outcomes of interpersonal protest recruitment.

Luna Staes
Luna Staes is a PhD student at the University of Antwerp. She studies how protest affects public opinion in the hybrid media environment. All authors are members of research group Media, Movements & Politics (M²P) at the political science department of the University of Antwerp.

    In 2019, the world witnessed an exceptional wave of climate protests. In this case study, we scrutinise who participated in the protests staged in Belgium. We ask: did the exceptional mobilising context of the 2019 protest wave also bring exceptional protesters to the streets? Were thanks to the unique momentum standard barriers to protest participation overcome? We answer these questions by comparing three surveys of participants in the 2019 protest wave with three surveys of relevant reference publics. Our findings show that while the Belgian 2019 protest was in many ways exceptional, its participants were less so. Although participants – especially in the early phase of the protest wave – were less protest experienced, younger and unaffiliated to organisations, our findings simultaneously confirm the persistence of a great many well-known socio-demographic and political inequalities. Our conclusion centres on the implications of these findings.

Artikel

Access_open De veranderende rol van provincies bij de ­uitvoering van hun beleid voor maatschappelijke betrokkenheid bij natuur

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2022
Trefwoorden nature policy, governance strategies, social engagement, province, grants
Auteurs Tineke de Boer, Didi van Doren, Dana Kamphorst e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Promoting societal engagement with nature is an important policy ambition of Dutch nature policy. This article provides an overview of how the provinces together with stakeholders have shaped their policy to increase the societal engagement of citizens with nature in recent years. The goals and governance modes embedded in the policy programs were analyzed, and results and experiences of the various involved parties with the policy were reviewed. Based on a national review and in dept study of three cases, this article describes different regional approaches for increasing societal engagement. In addition it discusses the recent developments within this policy field.
    The analysis shows that provinces pursue different goals with societal engagement. It is both a policy goal in itself – provinces would like to increase the number of citizens involved – as well as a means of achieving a broader range of other goals (welfare, health, quality of life, shared responsibility, funding, support for nature policy). Provinces use different governance modes; they act as responsive and increasingly networking government. They use various policy instruments; financial support for initiatives and intermediaries, network building and communication. Furthermore, the analysis shows that past experiences have shaped provinces’ governance mode and that these are adapted accordingly. A shift is noted from leaving the initiative with communities to more direct facilitation by the government. Also governing based on performance, linked to new public management, is on the rise, as there is increasing demand for accountability of provincial expenditure.


Tineke de Boer
Tineke de Boer is onderzoeker aan het onderzoeksinstituut Wageningen Environmental Research van de Wageningen University & Research.

Didi van Doren
Dr. Didi van Doren is wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij het Planbureau voor de Leefomgeving, Sector Natuur en landelijk gebied.

Dana Kamphorst
Dr. ir. Dana Kamphorst is onderzoeker aan het onderzoeksinstituut Wageningen Environmental Research van de Wageningen University & Research.

Irene Bouwma
Dr. ir. Irene Bouwma is onderzoeker aan het onderzoeksinstituut Wageningen Environmental Research van de Wageningen University & Research.
Van de redactie

Samenwerken of verantwoordelijkheid durven nemen?

Het ‘hoe’ van een duurzame toekomst

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2022
Auteurs Nanke Verloo
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This editorial offers an introduction to the current issue


Nanke Verloo
Dr. Nanke Verloo is universitair docent Stedelijke Planologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en voorzitter van de redactie van Beleid en Maatschappij.

    Reflection & debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Martijn Duineveld
Dr. Martijn Duineveld is universitair hoofddocent Politiek en anti-politiek in planning en ontwerp aan de Wageningen Universiteit.

Guus Dix
Dr. Guus Dix is universitair docent Digitalisering van het hoger onderwijs aan de Universiteit Twente en klimaatactivist voor Extinction Rebellion.
Reflectie & debat

Access_open Over de rol van conflict in de polder

Inleiding bij Reflectie & debat

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2022
Auteurs Tamara Metze en Nanke Verloo
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Reflection & debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Tamara Metze
Dr. Tamara Metze is universitair hoofddocent bij de leerstoelgroep Bestuur en Beleid aan de Wageningen Universiteit en redactielid van Beleid en Maatschappij.

Nanke Verloo
Dr. Nanke Verloo is universitair docent Stedelijke Planologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en voorzitter van de redactie van Beleid en Maatschappij.
Artikel

Regionalisering in de ouderenzorg

Een beleidssociologisch perspectief op grootschalige verandering

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2022
Trefwoorden decentered approach, health policy, Regionalization, regional networks, elderly care
Auteurs Jitse Schuurmans, Oemar van der Woerd, Roland Bal e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Regionalization is foregrounded among policymakers as a solution to the complex problems elderly care is facing, such as a pertinent staff shortage, a greying population and a lack of suitable accommodation. In this article, following a decentered approach, we analyze how field parties like nursing homes and policymakers in interaction give shape to regional collaborations within a market-oriented institutional healthcare context. Our findings show the emerging frictions, due to layered institutional arrangements and the proliferation of policy initiatives and partnerships. We find different responses of institutional actors to these frictions; actors holding off closer regional cooperation, actors creating urgency and commitment to organize care regionally, creating interstices in rules and regulations and building regional networks and care infrastructures. We argue that a focus on the iterative processes through which actors on different layers of the healthcare system give shape to policies adds a valuable perspective to the study of policy changes. We conclude that ‘layered work’ – mobilizing and working with and between different organizational and policy layers simultaneously – is required to develop appropriate (layered) ways to deal with complex problems.


Jitse Schuurmans
Dr. Jitse Schuurmans is Assistant Professor Healthcare Governance, Erasmus School of Health Policy & Management aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Oemar van der Woerd
Oemar van der Woerd, MSc is promovendus Healthcare Governance, Erasmus School of Health Policy & Management aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Roland Bal
Prof. dr. Roland Bal is Professor of Health Care Governance, Erasmus School of Health Policy & Management aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Iris Wallenburg
Dr. Iris Wallenburg is Associate Professor Healthcare Governance, Erasmus School of Health Policy & Management aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
De blinde vlek

Klimaatverandering: ecologisch burgerschap

Lessen uit de geschiedenis van sociaal burgerschap in de verzorgingsstaat

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2022
Auteurs Evelien Tonkens en Menno Hurenkamp
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The most relevant part of a discussion is not what is discussed but what cannot be spoken of. The real taboos are those for which it is taboo to call them taboos. The status quo defines itself as non-ideological while denouncing any challenge to itself as radical.
    Therefore the column ‘De blinde vlek’ frames the framers, politicizes the status quo and articulates what is not heard of.


Evelien Tonkens
Prof. dr. Evelien Tonkens is verbonden aan de vakgroep Burgerschap en Humanisering van de Publieke Sector aan de Universiteit voor Humanistiek, Utrecht.

Menno Hurenkamp
Dr. Menno Hurenkamp is verbonden aan de vakgroep Burgerschap en Humanisering van de Publieke Sector aan de Universiteit voor Humanistiek, Utrecht.
Reflectie & debat

Access_open Het failliet van het poldermodel?

Leren van publieke beleidsbemiddeling

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2022
Auteurs Wouter Mensink en Amber Bosse
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Reflection & debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Wouter Mensink
Dr. Wouter Mensink is adviseur bij Public Mediation.

Amber Bosse
Mr. Amber Bosse is adviseur bij Public Mediation

    In this feature authors review recently published books on subjects of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Erik-Jan van Dorp
Erik-Jan van Dorp MSc is universitair docent aan het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht.
Column

Access_open 100 jaar IRF

Tijdschrift Beleidsonderzoek Online, juli 2022
Auteurs Peter van der Knaap
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In deze column staat de auteur stil bij het eeuwfeest van de Inspectie der Rijksfinanciën (IRF), de waakhond van de rijksfinanciën, de oren en ogen maar vooral ook de scherpe tanden van de minister van Financiën.


Peter van der Knaap
Peter van der Knaap is directeur van IOB – Instituut voor Internationaal Onderzoek & Beleidsevaluatie en daarnaast voorzitter van Vide – Evaluatiegenootschap van Nederland.
Dissertatie

Crisis leadership by mayors

An empirical multimethod study

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2022
Auteurs Wouter Jong

Wouter Jong
Thema-artikel

Functionele politisering en politieke fragmentatie

Ontwikkelingen in de ambtelijke top in de periode 2007-2021

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2022
Trefwoorden polarization, functional politicization, senior civil servants, bureaucratic powers, civil service scrutiny
Auteurs Caspar van den Berg en Alexandre Belloir
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Functional politicization – political activities and capacities taken on by bureaucrats within their administrative function – has received increased academic attention over recent years. Regardless, the factors and determinants behind this phenomenon remain a point of uncertainty and debate. Within this study, we explore whether increased political polarization and fragmentation in the Dutch political landscape from 2007 to 2019 and functional politicization are related. To do so, we analyze data from surveys conducted in 2007, 2013 and 2019 and semi-structured interviews conducted in 2019 to establish which skills – political-strategic insight, substantive expertise (Fachwissen), or procedural knowledge (Dienstwissen) – are perceived by senior civil servants to be the most prevalent in exercising their profession. The data depicts the prevalence of political astuteness in the profession and highlights three causal dimensions: institutional, organizational, and interpersonal dynamics. It however fails to highlight a cross-time evolution, which is hypothesized to be due to a ceiling effect of this competence having constantly been perceived as the most prevalent. The latter adds a theoretical dimension to the notion of functional politicisation, as it aligns with other academic findings that suggest senior civil servants are now subject to heightened pressures due to being increasingly monitored and in the (public) spotlight.


Caspar van den Berg
Caspar van den Berg is hoogleraar Global and Local Governance aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en bijzonder hoogleraar Transities in de Publieke Sector aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Alexandre Belloir
Alexandre Belloir is promovendus bij het Departement Global and Local Governance van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Thema-artikel

Publieke manager 2030

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2022
Trefwoorden Public Management, VUCA World, Leadership, Futures Thinking, Leadership Development
Auteurs Zeger van der Wal
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This short essay identifies key future trends for public managers and outlines seven leadership challenges for public managers.


Zeger van der Wal
Prof. dr. Z. van der Wal bekleedt de Ien Dales leerstoel aan de Universiteit Leiden en is daarnaast werkzaam als zelfstandig bestuurskundig adviseur.
Thema-artikel

Vernieuwing van vakmanschap

Een kritische analyse van de professionaliseringsactiviteiten van de Algemene Bestuursdienst (ABD)

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2022
Trefwoorden Algemene Bestuursdienst (ABD), Senior Civil Servants, Public Managers, Craftwork, Professionalisation, Institutionalisation
Auteurs Mirko Noordegraaf en Erik-Jan van Dorp
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this paper we study the institutional impact of the Dutch senior executive service (Dutch: Algemene Bestuursdienst, hereafter: ABD) on the craft of senior civil servants in Dutch government. Our study rests upon a thorough evaluation conducted in 2020. For this study, we interviewed 51 (former) cabinet ministers, members of parliament, senior civil servants, HR experts and ‘outsiders’. We structure our paper in three parts. First, we discuss the founding principles and motives for the institutional renewal that became the ABD. Second, we discuss the ABD’s practice. Third, we signal and interpret the outcomes of the ABD so far. This results in five critical observations. We conclude the ABD has become an institutional fact. Nonetheless, the ABD could have done more to transcend the focus on individual appointments and development of collective craftmanship, and to visibly shape and protect such craftmanship.


Mirko Noordegraaf
Prof. dr. M. Noordegraaf is hoogleraar publiek management aan de Universiteit Utrecht (UU), en vice-decaan maatschappelijke impact, en tevens voorzitter van de Vereniging voor Bestuurskunde (VB).

Erik-Jan van Dorp
G.H. van Dorp, MSc is als universitair docent werkzaam bij het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht (UU).
Vrij artikel

Maatschappelijke impact maken?!

Reactie op ’t Hart & Belabas, ‘Je bent wat je teweegbrengt’

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2022
Trefwoorden Societal impact, Public administration, Impact degrees, Impact pathways, Societal issues
Auteurs Mirko Noordegraaf
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this paper, the athour responds to 't Hart's and Belabas' emphasis on a call for more impact, more specifically, more societal impact. First and foremost, it is important to define what societal impact means, and how it can be generated. In additon to increasing the effects of academic knowledge, it can also mean more links with societal issues, and/or more contributions to changing the societal order. This, in turn, also implies changing academic impact, namely impact on other academic disciplines. In addition, it is important to clarify 'impact pathways' when societal impact is 'made'. Impact can be visible and instantaneous, but it can also be hidden, and/or stretched in time. Public administration scholars should trave these different routes to impact, by going outside, observing grass roots processes, showcase intriguing experiences, and make subtle knowledge connections.


Mirko Noordegraaf
Prof. dr. M. Noordegraaf is hoogleraar Publiek management en vice-decaan Maatschappelijke impact, Universiteit Utrecht, en voorzitter van de Vereniging voor Bestuurskunde (VB).
Thema-artikel

Te veel van het goede?

De meerwaarde en risico’s van employability van ambtelijke managers

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2022
Trefwoorden employability, HRM, management development, mobility, public managers
Auteurs Jasmijn van Harten, Brenda Vermeeren en Carina Schott
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Employability is often framed as a win-win situation for both organizations and employees. It is therefore no surprise that governments’ management development policies usually heavily invest in the employability of public managers. Whether this approach has potential downsides for both parties has been overlooked so far. The aim of this article is to present a critical view on employability of public managers. We illustrate the added value as well as risks of employability investments by using recent Dutch data on senior civil servants. Our findings indicate that employability has benefits but that it can become ‘too much of a good thing’ leading to risks as organizational amnesia and loss of managerial credibility.


Jasmijn van Harten
Dr. J. van Harten is universitair docent bij het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht

Brenda Vermeeren
Dr. B. Vermeeren is universitair hoofddocent bij het departement Bestuurskunde en Sociologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam

Carina Schott
Dr. C. Schott is universitair docent bij het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht
Thema-artikel

Op zoek naar publiek leiderschap

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2022
Trefwoorden Public leadership, Search, Compass, Movement, Dilemmas and paradoxes, No jumping to solutions
Auteurs Mark Frequin
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    At the request of the General Administrative Service (ABD) of the Government in the Netherlands Mark Frequin developed a vision for public leadership. In his opinion it’s not about a paper-reality but about a movement to more leadership. For that reason he made a Compass for public leadership. If you want to set steps to more leadership it’s all about looking for direction. And despite what normally happens in the public sector, jumping to solutions, it’s therefore much more important to find out what are the dilemmas, the problems, the paradoxes, the puzzles…Mark is giving attention to some of them in this article: the need for more long-term-planning and at the same time short-term political promises; the importance of more knowledge in public on the one hand and the same time seeing more opinions in society and media; the information-paradox: not too much and not too little information; being in control and at the same time accepting uncertainty; and being a (civil) servant and also a (public) leader. The search for public leadership is understanding the difficulties. It’s therefore a search given the fact that there are not one-time answers.


Mark Frequin
Drs. M. Frequin is voormalig directeur-generaal bij meerdere departementen en inmiddels buitengewoon adviseur voor publiek leiderschap bij het ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties (BZK); tevens is hij voorzitter van de Vereniging voor Overheidsmanagement (VOM).
Dissertatie

Kwaliteitssystemen in de Nederlandse geestelijke gezondheidszorg

Een analyse van de impact van kwaliteitssystemen op de praktijk van de zorg

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2022
Auteurs Marieke van Geffen

Marieke van Geffen
Vrij artikel

Je bent wat je teweegbrengt

Denken over impact van de Nederlandse bestuurskunde

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2022
Trefwoorden public administration, Dutch context, impact, societal challenges, visibility
Auteurs Warda Belabas en Paul ’t Hart
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article we reflect on the scientific, the administrative governmental and societal impact of Dutch public administration. We argue that this discipline has put itself strongly on the map in the last half century. Additionally, the discipline has, in line with the ethos of its founding fathers, developed itself closely in dialogue with administrative practices. This has led to many different forms of impact in the administrative-professional field. However, there is much to gain when it comes to societal impact, and in particular the visibility of public administration in the broader public debate about the many societal challenges that modern societies face.


Warda Belabas
Dr. W. Belabas is verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit in Rotterdam. Zij onderzoekt beleids- en governance-vraagstukken rondom migratie, integratie en identiteit.

Paul ’t Hart
Prof. dr. P. ’t Hart is als hoogleraar verbonden aan de Universiteit van Utrecht en co-decaan van de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur. Hij leidde van 2016-2022 een ERC onderzoeksprogramma over succesvol bestuur.
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