Zoekresultaat: 545 artikelen

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Artikel

Access_open Huisvestingsbeleid en nieuwe scholen

Over de noodzaak van een geografisch perspectief op onderwijs

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2016
Trefwoorden housing policies, education markets, new schools, educational geography, friction costs
Auteurs Prof. dr. Sietske Waslander
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    While international research gives increasing attention to geographical factors in education, this perspective is lacking in Dutch research and policy. That a geographical perspective is badly needed, is demonstrated on the basis of the proposed policy to promote new schools in the Netherlands. Current housing policies for Dutch schools are described, pointing at disputes between municipalities and school boards who hold shared responsibilities. Next, foreign housing policies for new schools are studied, that is for friskolor in Sweden, free schools in England and charter schools in Texas (USA). Experiences abroad not only testify that very different choices can be made, but indicate that housing policies may in the long run have a substantial impact on segregation and educational inequality. It is also shown that new schools are mainly located in urban areas. It is argued that in addition to costs for new schools, friction costs for existing schools need to be considered. In all, a geographical perspective on education is needed, so as to prevent increasing segregation and social inequality as well as wasting public financial resources.


Prof. dr. Sietske Waslander
Prof. dr. Sietske Waslander is als hoogleraar sociologie verbonden aan de TIAS School for Business and Society en actief in het GovernanceLAB van TIAS.
Artikel

Access_open Opkomst en voortbestaan van de Derde Weg

Het raadsel van de missende veren

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden Derde Weg, Sociaaldemocratie, Partij van de Arbeid, Communitarisme, Ideologie, Nederlandse politiek
Auteurs Drs. Merijn Oudenampsen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the 1990’s, the Dutch social democrats were trailblazers of what became known internationally as the politics of the Third Way, a new middle course between social democracy and neoliberalism. From the start, the Dutch Third Way distinguished itself from its Anglo-Saxon counterparts by its implicit character. The Dutch social democrat party (Partij van de Arbeid, PvdA) never fully embraced the Third Way and has sought to downplay the idea of a break with traditional social democratic thinking, combining Third Way practice with more classical social democratic rhetoric. The resulting political ambiguity, this paper argues, is at the centre of the present identity crisis of the social democrat party. Even though Third Way ideology has at times been declared dead, the range of attitudes, strategies and policy proposals that were introduced under its banner, still play a vital and prominent role in Dutch politics. While in the UK and the US, communitarianism was from the very beginning a defining feature of the Third Way, in the Netherlands this only came to the fore in 2012 under the leadership of Samsom and Asscher, and in the plea for a participation society under the Rutte II government. Leading us to conclude that the reports of the Third Way’s death are greatly exaggerated.


Drs. Merijn Oudenampsen
Merijn Oudenampsen is promovendus bij het Departement Cultuurwetenschappen van Tilburg University.

    Bedrijven en andere organisaties ontvangen vaak veel enquêtes en klagen over de lastendruk hiervan. Tevens dalen responsaantallen en zijn er zorgen over de kwaliteit van de respons. In dit artikel wordt beschreven wat er gedaan kan worden om de motivatie van bedrijven en organisaties, en hun respondenten, te verhogen om daarmee bij organisatie- en bedrijfsenquêtes de responsaantallen en de responskwaliteit te verbeteren.


Vanessa Torres van Grinsven
Vanessa Torres van Grinsven is docent onderzoeksmethoden bij Wageningen University & Research. Haar ervaring en expertise liggen bij zowel de kwalitatieve als kwantitatieve onderzoeksmethodes, met een focus op mixed methods en interdisciplinair onderzoek. Zij promoveerde in 2015 op een onderzoek naar motivatie bij het invullen van bedrijfsenquêtes en het verbeteren daarvan.
Artikel

Waarom zorgorganisaties in Nederland fuseren

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden merger motives, healthcare executives, health policy, healthcare reform, healthcare mergers
Auteurs Dr. Jeroen Postma en Anne-Fleur Roos MSc.
Samenvatting

    In many OECD countries, healthcare sectors have become increasingly concentrated as a result of mergers. However, detailed empirical insight into why healthcare providers merge is lacking. Also, we know little about the influence of national healthcare policies on mergers. We fill this gap in our knowledge by analyzing the results of a survey study among Dutch executives about mergers between healthcare organizations in the period from 2005 to 2012. During this period, Dutch healthcare providers faced a number of policy changes, including increased competition, more pressure from purchasers (health insurers), growing financial risks, de-institutionalization of long-term care and decentralization of healthcare services to municipalities. Our study shows that Dutch healthcare providers predominantly merge to improve the provision of healthcare services and to strengthen their market position. Efficiency and financial reasons are also important drivers of merger activity in healthcare. Motives for mergers seem to be related to changes in health policy, in particular to the increasing pressure from competitors, insurers and municipalities.


Dr. Jeroen Postma

Anne-Fleur Roos MSc.
Artikel

De opkomst van de nudge unit

Organisatorische inbedding van gedragswetenschappen in beleid – ontwikkelingen en dilemma’s in de praktijk

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden nudging, nudge units, government departments, organization
Auteurs Drs. Jorren Scherpenisse
Samenvatting

    The world of public administration is changing: in many countries around the globe specialized behavioral insights units are on the rise in governments. Behavioral insights teams (or nudge units) are often modelled on the famous BIT UK, although there are important national variations. These units specialize in the application of behavioral insights to the design and evaluation of public policies. This article reports on an interview with the the leader of the Behavioral Insights Team of the Ministry of Economical Affairs in the Netherlands. Four main items are discussed: (1) What projects should behavioral insights units undertake? (2) What mix of professional expertise is necessary? (3) What processes should be instituted? And (4) How should these units be positioned within existing government departments?


Drs. Jorren Scherpenisse
Artikel

Onnodige bureaucratie, hardnekkig of ongrijpbaar verschijnsel?

Achtergronden van ‘onnodige’ bureaucratie binnen het basispolitiewerk

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden red tape, police, policy
Auteurs Jelle Kort
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Police officers’ perception of red tape depends only to a minor extent on the actual usefulness of rules and procedures. Red tape complaints rather refer to ‘rule strain’ and inadequate functioning ICT systems. Factors that can explain police officers’ perception of red tape are (a.o.) differing opinions on what police work should be like and their procedural skills. This article suggests that a constructivist approach to analyzing red tape might in general be more adequate than an objectivist approach.


Jelle Kort
Jelle Kort, MSc heeft bestuurskunde gestudeerd aan de Universiteit Twente en is thans als promovendus werkzaam bij de vakgroep Strafrecht & Criminologie, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Artikel

Access_open De 21ste-eeuwse overheidsmanager

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden Public management, 21st century skills, Megatrends, Strategic HRM, Public managers
Auteurs Zeger van der Wal
Samenvatting

    This article examines who ‘21st century public managers’ are and which skills and roles they have to master to function effectively in the 21st century. Based on a large scale analysis of literature and years of interaction with senior practitioners, seven key 21st century demands for public managers are identified, each of which creates dilemmas as well as opportunities. 21st century public managers utilize a combination of traditional and new roles, competencies, and values to turn demands into opportunities. The article concludes with implications for public administration research and education.


Zeger van der Wal
Artikel

De homo psychologicus op het schip van staat

Gedragskennis in bestuur en beleid

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden behavioural insights, public policy, public administration, psychology
Auteurs Dr. Thomas Schillemans en Dr. Gerdien de Vries
Samenvatting

    This theme issue analyzes and describes the different ways in which behavioral science is currently becoming integrated in public administration as a practice as well as an academic discipline. Many governments and public organizations are currently experimenting with ways to integrate behavioral insights in public policy and public administration. This theme issue addresses the state of the art and the most salient research issues. It does so by explicitly drawing on insights from scholars from both behavioral sciences as well as from public administration. We survey the major theoretical approaches from both fields, investigate up close and personal how real world policy makers are trying to integrate behavioral knowledge in their structures, routines and policies, and we look at some examples of the most promising behaviorally informed policies. The theme issue confirms and documents the sudden rise of behaviorally informed policy making. By doing so, the theme issue allays some of the concerns voiced in the literature. But the theme issues also draws attention to some new critical questions and debates.


Dr. Thomas Schillemans

Dr. Gerdien de Vries
Artikel

Gedragsbestuurskunde

Combineren van inzichten uit de bestuurskunde en de psychologie

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden public administration, psychology, interdisciplinary
Auteurs Dr. Sebastian Jilke, Dr. Asmus Leth Olsen, Dr. Lars Tummers e.a.
Samenvatting

    In this article we show that theories and methods from psychology are valuable for public administration scholars and practitioners. We advocate the development of an interdisciplinary approach entitled ‘Behavioral Public Administration’. It is not the intention that Behavioral Public Administration replaces traditional public administration research. It is an addition. We start with an analysis of the background of Behavioral Public Administration research via a historical overview of the work of Herbert Simon among others. After that, we demonstrate that Behavioral Public Administration can be valuable (a) to test public administration theories and refine these; (b) to encourage methodological sophistication of public administration research; and (c) to improve the interaction between science and practice. We hope that this article contributes to a fruitful conversation that leads to a scientific and practical research area where public administration scholars and psychologists work together and learn from each other.


Dr. Sebastian Jilke

Dr. Asmus Leth Olsen

Dr. Lars Tummers

Dr. Stephan Grimmelikhuijsen
Artikel

Meer dan een nudge

Gedragsexperts bij de Nederlandse overheid

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden nudging, behavioral insights, behavior experts, practices, choice architecture
Auteurs Joram Feitsma Msc
Samenvatting

    Policymakers are increasingly taking notice of behavioural scientific insights to improve their policies. New occupational practices, such as ‘Behavioral Insights Teams’, are emerging within government. This article explores this emergence, based on an ethnographic study on the practices of pioneering behaviour experts in Dutch central government. It argues that the work of these behavior experts is richer and more complex than standard role models, which tend to portray policymakers as direct and standalone choice architects, assume. Three key practices of behavior experts are identified: (1) choice architecture, in various forms; (2) behaviour analysis; and (3) capacity building.


Joram Feitsma Msc
Article

‘A touchstone of consent?’

Euroscepticisme in consensusdemocratieën

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 4 2016
Trefwoorden euroscepticism, consensus democracy, political trust, national institutions
Auteurs Louise Hoon
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article looks at national political institutions and euroscepticism. Over a timespan of 25 years, I compare values for majoritarian vs consensus democracy for 14 European democracies, with measures for euroscepticism at the levels of party systems, elections and public opinion. Consistent with the thesis that consensus democracy generates more system-opposition at the national level, this regime type is also more sensitive to euroscepticism. This is not the case, however, for France and the UK, two very eurosceptic majoritarian democracies. The study also shows that a context of socio-economic crisis (2008-2014) turns this relationship around, as increased conflict within society demands for more consensus at the elite level. The study essentially argues that euroscepticism still is ‘a touchstone of dissent’ for national politics. However, the extent to which national democracies generate this dissent, and especially, whether it is channelled by eurosceptic parties, depends on the dominance of consensus in the domestic institutional context.


Louise Hoon
Louise Hoon is doctoraal onderzoeker aan de Faculteit Economische en Sociale Wetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
Artikel

Sturing van warmtenetten: naar een typologie van governance-structuren van warmte-infrastructuren

Tijdschrift Bestuurs­wetenschappen, Aflevering 3 2016
Auteurs Dr. Maurits Sanders, Mr. Anne Veerle Brunnekreef en Prof. mr. dr. Michiel Heldeweg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A promising option in energy transition is a more efficient use of heat by linking local heating projects to a regional infrastructure. Although this is technologically feasible and the local officials are often benevolent, such projects only scantily get off the ground. The main challenge appears to be the aspect of the appropriate type of governance for the design and use of regional heat networks. The authors of this article developed a governance-typology for heat networks. The aim of the typology is to help unravel the complexity in the planning of heat infrastructures, taking due account of some legal principles. This typology also enables to categorize heating projects. In this way it is possible to provide some insight in the influence of the stakeholders’ preferences on the governance of heat infrastructures. Barriers and opportunities can be reduced that may hinder or promote the use of waste heat. Local officials may use the information for preventing or breaking through deadlocks in the planning of heat infrastructures.


Dr. Maurits Sanders
Dr. M.P.T. Sanders is associate lector governance bij Saxion Hogescholen, kerndocent Publiek-Private Samenwerking bij de Nyenrode Business Universiteit en partner bij ResetManagement.

Mr. Anne Veerle Brunnekreef
Mr. A.V. Brunnekreef is docent rechten bij Saxion Hogescholen, aan de Academie Bestuur, Recht & Ruimte.

Prof. mr. dr. Michiel Heldeweg
Prof. mr. dr. M.A. Heldeweg is hoogleraar Law, Governance & Technology aan de Universiteit Twente.

    Local authorities know for some time from experience with partnerships with local communities in the area of sustainable development that the urgency of climate change increases and that citizens develop into an equal partner. The convergence of these two motivations asks for an innovative way of acting, in which the performance of local authorities is a crucial factor for the ultimate success of local sustainable energy projects in which citizens are actively involved or will be involved. This article exposes the ways in which local authorities innovate with policy for the support of active citizenship in the production of locally generated sustainable energy. The article also explores the barriers that arise. The authors analyse two cases on different levels of government; ‘The Energy-workplace’ (in the Dutch province Fryslân) and ‘The Armhoede sustainable energy landscape’ (in the Dutch municipality Lochem). The cases show that policy innovations crystallize as well at ‘arm’s length’ distance as in the direct sphere of influence of the (local) authority. However, innovation takes place by the grace of the space in the existing institutional framework and the political (and administrative) system. Formal guidelines (like policy or regulation), persons, and informal practices of the traditional policy implementation may hinder a productive interaction between (active) citizens and government.


Beau Warbroek MSc
W.D.B. Warbroek MSc is promovendus aan het Department of Governance and Technology for Sustainability (CSTM) van de Universiteit Twente en de stichting University Campus Fryslân (UCF).

Dr. Thomas Hoppe
Dr. T. Hoppe is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan de Multi-Actor Systems-vakgroep (MAS-POLG) van de Technische Universiteit Delft.

Dr. Els van der Pool
Dr. E. van der Pool is lector Human Communication Development bij de Hogeschool Arnhem en Nijmegen.

Dr. Guido Rijnja
Dr. G. Rijnja is coördinator algemeen communicatiebeleid bij de Rijksvoorlichtingsdienst.

    This special issue contains five articles based on empirical research into energy transition at the local level. The focus is on the role of local authorities in the energy transition and on partnerships between local authorities (municipalities, provinces, regions) and local communities in the area of sustainable development. The three guest editors have also written an introduction and conclusion for this special issue.


Thomas Hoppe
Dr. T. Hoppe is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan de Multi-Actor Systems-vakgroep (MAS-POLG) van de Technische Universiteit Delft.

Ellen van Bueren
Prof. dr. E.M. van Bueren is als hoogleraar Urban Development Management verbonden aan de Technische Universiteit Delft.

Maurits Sanders
Dr. M.P.T. Sanders is associate lector governance bij Saxion Hogescholen, kerndocent Publiek-Private Samenwerking bij de Nyenrode Business Universiteit en partner bij ResetManagement.

    Energy planning and the realization of a new energetic infrastructure has become an issue for many actors. The local setting has become polycentric. Against this background the authors have tried to answer the question of the possible consequences of a polycentric local decision-making arena for the realization of sustainable energy transition, especially the implementation of smart grids. Polycentrism is characterised by configurations of units that are multi-level, multi-purpose, multi-sectoral and multi-functional. The impact of these configurations can be assessed using four criteria: control, efficiency, political representation and local self-determination. The authors used these criteria to analyse two cases. Both cases show that the consequences of polycentrism are variable and differ on the four criteria. The analysis shows tensions in polycentric configurations between control and efficiency on the one hand and local self-determination and political representation on the other. This outcome was a reason for the authors to argue for a better institutional design for the local polycentric arena with the help of the seven ‘rules-in-use’ of Elinor Ostrom. Her design is universal but requires specific local application. In this way more justice can be done to the local circumstances in order to be able to achieve effective results.


Imke Lammers MSc
I. Lammers MSc is als promovenda verbonden aan het Department of Governance and Technology for Sustainability (CSTM) van de Universiteit Twente.

Dr. Maarten Arentsen
Dr. M.J. Arentsen is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan het Department of Governance and Technology for Sustainability (CSTM) van de Universiteit Twente.

Dr. Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is onderwijscoördinator van de opleiding European Public Administration aan de Universiteit Twente en redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen.
Artikel

Access_open De groeiende populariteit van de business case

Een verkennend onderzoek naar de kwaliteiten van een nieuw besluitvormingsinstrument in publieke besluitvormingsprocessen

Tijdschrift Beleidsonderzoek Online, juli 2016
Auteurs Maarten Hoekstra
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Bij bijvoorbeeld de bouw van een gemeentelijk multifunctioneel centrum of de aanschaf van een nieuw computersysteem wordt bijna standaard om een business case gevraagd, om daarmee een zakelijke rechtvaardiging van de te nemen beslissing te verschaffen: nut en noodzaak moeten goed uit de doeken worden gedaan. Dit artikel presenteert de eerste resultaten van een zoektocht naar de (vermeende) kwaliteiten van dit besluitvormingsinstrument. Als ijkpunt voor het praktische gebruik van de business case wordt een nieuw ideaaltype van de business case geconstrueerd. De bestaande definities bieden daarvoor afzonderlijk onvoldoende houvast. Aan de hand van het ideaalmodel wordt vervolgens onderzocht hoe de business case in het publieke debat wordt gebruikt. Het datamateriaal bestaat uit 244 nieuwsberichten uit binnen- en buitenland over uiteenlopende business cases. Het artikel laat zien dat de business case sterk in opkomst is en zijn weg vindt in een divers palet van maatschappelijke thema’s en sectoren. Kwalitatieve argumenten voeren sterk de boventoon ten opzichte van cijfermatige inzichten. De belangrijkste kracht van de business case in het publieke domein ligt in het gegeven dat zowel de belangen van initiatiefnemers en bestuurders als van andere stakeholders worden benoemd.


Maarten Hoekstra
Maarten Hoekstra (m.j.hoekstra@nhl.nl) is verbonden aan het lectoraat i-Thorbecke van de NHL Hogeschool. De auteur verricht het onderzoek ‘De toegevoegde waarde van de business case’ als buitenpromovendus aan de faculteit Behavioural, Management & Social Sciences van de Universiteit Twente.
Article

Benadrukken partijen eigen thema’s in verkiezingstijd?

Een onderzoek naar thematische aandacht van Nederlandse partijen rond de verkiezingen van 1994 tot en met 2012

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden issue ownership, elections, Netherlands, political parties, issue convergence
Auteurs Fleur Vis en Jonas Lefevere
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Issue ownership theory argues that the public considers some parties as more capable to handle certain issues. Issue ownership is important, because parties tend to receive more votes if their owned issues dominate the campaign. Consequently, issue ownership theory expects parties to emphasize issues they own, while ignoring issues owned by their competitors. This study investigates to what extent Dutch parties emphasized issues they own, before and after the seven Dutch national elections held between 1994 and 2012. It uses a detailed content analysis of four Dutch newspapers, that tracked parties’ issue attention. The results show that parties tend to emphasize owned issues more, both compared to other issues and compared to their competitors. A surprising finding is that parties tend to emphasize owned issues more during the formation period compared to the campaign. Moreover, government parties emphasize owned issues less than opposition parties.


Fleur Vis
Fleur Vis is student Communicatiewetenschap aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Zij heeft zich tijdens haar afstudeeronderzoek gericht op het domein van de politieke communicatie en doet onderzoek naar issue ownership.

Jonas Lefevere
Jonas Lefevere is universitair docent aan de Amsterdam School of Communications Research (Universiteit van Amsterdam). Hij doet onderzoek naar de mate waarin verkiezingscampagnes kiezers beïnvloeden en strategische partijcommunicatie. Hij publiceerde over deze onderwerpen in onder meer Party Politics, Political Communication en Communication Research.
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