Zoekresultaat: 252 artikelen

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    In dit artikel wordt het evaluatieonderzoek van overheidsbeleid kritisch onder de loep genomen. De auteur bespreekt vier alternatieven: responsieve en multipele evaluatie, argumentatieve evaluatie, netwerkgericht evalueren en lerend evalueren. De bevindingen kunnen positief inwerken op het ‘leren van evalueren’ in organisaties.


Prof. dr. A.F.A. Korsten
Prof. dr. A. (Arno) F.A. Korsten is honorair hoogleraar Bestuurskunde van de lagere overheden aan de Universiteit Maastricht en emeritus hoogleraar Bedrijfs- en bestuurswetenschappen, in het bijzonder bestuurskunde aan de Open Universiteit.
Artikel

Hoe beoordelen topambtenaren veranderingen?

De bijzondere positie van de Nederlandse topambtenaar

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2013
Trefwoorden senior officials, reforms, public sector, international comparison
Auteurs Steven Van de Walle, Stephan Dorsman en Tamara Homan
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article shows how top officials in ten European countries evaluate changes in the public sector based on a number of dimensions, such as quality, cost-efficiency, ethics, effectiveness and the attractiveness of the public sector as an employer. Senior public officials in the Netherlands are compared to their counterparts from 9 other European countries. The study is based on the large-scale academic COCOPS Top Executive Survey, and answers from 3,173 top public sector officials were used.
    Results show that senior public officials in the Netherlands are very positive about changes in cost-efficiency and service quality in the public sector. Yet they are concerned about the attractiveness of the public sector as an employer and public trust in government. At the same time, senior public officials in the Netherlands appear to be among the most positive all nationalities about recent changes in how the public sector operates. Only with regard to changes in the attractiveness of the public sector as an employer are senior Dutch public officials considerably less optimistic.


Steven Van de Walle
Prof. dr. S. Van de Walle is verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Stephan Dorsman
S.J. Dorsman MSc. is verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Tamara Homan
T. Homan is verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

    Dramatic incidents, such as the 1986 Challenger Disaster, induce the instalment of a Commission to investigate the process that lead to the incident. The Commission attempts to reconstruct the many smaller and larger steps towards the one or several decisions and actions that turned out to be vital – and sometimes fatal. Most Commissions serve a dual purpose; the want to learn lessons and avert similar incidents to occur again, but they are also part of a process to allocate responsibilities and – sometimes – to point the blame. An analysis of Commission-reports reveals two dominant patterns in the narratives Commissions produce. One is relatively simple and identifies the decision or action that caused the incidents; it shows the mistakes that were made, when and by who, The lessons is often to not make the same mistake again. The second pattern is more complicated and produces less ‘crisp’ explanations for the incident. Decisions, actions take place in ambiguous, complex and inherently uncertain contexts. Actors acts amidst such complexity, are subject to all sorts of dynamics and pressures and in the process do things that look awkward or wrong in hindsight. Mistakes happen, not because actors are not smart enough or do the wrong things, but because they are an inherent element of complex decision making. The lesson that follows from that is for organizations that make important decisions under complex conditions to organize checks and balances and look for heterogeneity in their processes. That produces a difficult dilemma, given the ambivalent role of commissions. The second line of reasoning produces much richer lessons for policy, but is very ‘soft’ in casting blame. The first line of reasoning is clearer about responsibility and blame, but oversimplifies the lessons. That draws attention to a crucial – and yet unanswered – question for researchers, practitioners and also the general public; do we see them as platforms for learning or tools for sanctioning?


Hans de Bruijn
Prof. mr. J.A. de Bruijn is hoogleraar aan de Faculteit Techniek, Beleid en Management aan de TU Delft.

Martijn van der Steen
Dr. M. van der Steen is co-decaan en adjunct-directeur van de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur (NSOB) in Den Haag.
Artikel

Twee perspectieven op de eerste overheid

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden local government, new localism, modernization model, political community model
Auteurs Marcel Boogers en Bas Denters
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Dutch local government is more and more regarded as a ‘first government’. Vision documents of the association of municipalities and national policy plans stress the importance of local government for improving public governance. This ‘new localism’ builds upon two conflicting perspectives to local government: the modernization model and the political community model. As a result, local governments are becoming overloaded by many new and conflicting demands. A debate about how both perspectives to the ‘first government’ can be balanced, is therefore needed.


Marcel Boogers
Prof. dr. M. Boogers is bijzonder hoogleraar Innovatie en Regionaal Bestuur aan de Universiteit Twente en senior adviseur bij BMC.

Bas Denters
Prof. dr. B. Denters is hoogleraar Bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Twente en wetenschappelijk directeur van het Netherlands Institute of Government (NIG).
Artikel

Co-regulering: niet doen! Of toch?

Een essay over de beoordeling van co-regulering vanuit twee interpretaties van governance

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden co-regulation, inspection, governance, assessment
Auteurs Haiko van der Voort
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Public regulators and inspectorates are increasingly involved in self-regulatory initiatives. This contribution is about co-regulation, which are co-ordination efforts among public regulators and self-regulating institutions. In co-regulation arrangements typical regulation and oversight activities, such as standard setting, information gathering and sanctioning become subjects of co-ordination between public and private actors. Co-regulation arrangements are typically network efforts. At the same time ‘regulation’ has a hierarchical connotation. This paradox shows in interpretations of ‘governance’ and ‘the move from government to governance’, the latter being a popular phrase qualifying a change of the government’s role in society. Main question in this paper is what the changing role of government in society means for the assessment of co-regulation. Based on literature two implicit, but opposing interpretations of ‘governance’ and the change are described. This implicitness may cause unsound assessments of co-regulation, either too tough or too lenient. In this contribution the normative implications of both interpretations are made explicit for co-regulation. The argument is illustrated by the case of co-regulation in the Dutch coach travel industry.


Haiko van der Voort
Dr. H.G. van der Voort is docent bij de Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management van de TU Delft. In juni is hij gepromoveerd op het onderwerp van dit artikel.
Discussie

Wordt het europeanisering, detachering, mobilisering of doe-het-zelven?

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2013
Auteurs Prof. dr. Ewald Engelen, Dr. Rodrigo Fernandez en Monique Kremer
Auteursinformatie

Prof. dr. Ewald Engelen
Ewald Engelen is professor Financiële Geografie aan de faculteit Mens en Gedragswetenschappen van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, e.r.engelen@uva.nl.

Dr. Rodrigo Fernandez
Rodrigo Fernandez is postdoc onderzoeker aan het departement Aard en Omgevingswetenschappen van de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, R.Fernandez@uva.nl.

Monique Kremer
Monique Kremer is wetenschappelijk medewerker van de Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid, Kremer@wrr.nl.
Artikel

De normaalste zaak van de wereld?

Grensoverschrijdende attitudes van Nederlandse politiefunctionarissen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden policing, attitudes, European Union, cross-border
Auteurs Jeroen Candel en Sebastiaan Princen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Because of the blurring of the European internal borders, combating crime is demanding closer cross-border collaboration between police forces. For that reason, the Dutch police have expressed the objective that dealing with cases with an international component should be an integral part of the job for every police officer. This study focuses on the attitudes of Dutch police officers regarding cross-border policing, and seeks to determine which factors have the greatest effect on those attitudes. This attitude approach contrasts with more traditional, top-down approaches, by shifting the focus to micro dynamics on the individual level. The methods chosen for addressing this research objective consist of semi-structured interviews and observations. The results show that the current attitude of Dutch police officers is mainly determined by the extent to which they have had to deal with international issues in their daily work. Although strong organization-wide attitudes towards cross-border policing are not likely to arise, much could still be gained by facilitating cross-border experiences and making more coherent efforts at socialization.


Jeroen Candel
J. Candel MA is als promovendus verbonden aan de leerstoelgroep Bestuurskunde van Wageningen University.

Sebastiaan Princen
Dr. S. Princen is universitair hoofddocent op het gebied van internationaal en Europees bestuur op het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Initiatie: de ontbrekende schakel in beleidsevaluatieonderzoek?

Drie hefbomen voor beter gebruik van beleidsevaluaties

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2013
Auteurs Peter Oomsels en Valérie Pattyn
Auteursinformatie

Peter Oomsels
P. Oomsels is als wetenschappelijk medewerker verbonden aan het Instituut voor de Overheid en het Steunpunt Bestuurlijke Organisatie Vlaanderen (KU Leuven). Hij is master in het Overheidsmanagement en -beleid en in de Beleidseconomie en bachelor in de Politieke en Sociale Wetenschappen (KU Leuven).

Valérie Pattyn
V. Pattyn is als wetenschappelijk medewerker verbonden aan het Instituut voor de Overheid (KU Leuven). Zij is licentiaat in de politieke wetenschappen (KU Leuven, University of Exeter) en kandidaat in de pedagogische wetenschappen (KU Leuven).
Artikel

Stille ideologie in beleid en bestuur

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden silent ideology, ideology, values, public debate
Auteurs Cor van Montfort, Ank Michels en Wouter Van Dooren
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Political and policy decisions are often presented as neutral choices. Yet, seemingly neutral and widely accepted views are ideologically embedded in a vision on how society should look and what role citizens have to play. These ideologies, we argue, remain silent. In this special issue, we discuss the value and risks of silent ideologies. While silent ideologies may be functional in some cases, there are also risks. The various contributions show that there is a risk of criticism, new ideas and innovative solutions being removed from the political debate. Also, silent ideologies may conceal conflicting interests of citizens and the state, which may exclude the ‘irresponsible’ citizen from the public domain. We argue that public officials and civil servants should take up a role in addressing silent ideologies and their workings.


Cor van Montfort
Prof. dr. C. van Montfort is als bijzonder hoogleraar verbonden aan de Universiteit van Tilburg, werkzaam als projectleider bij de Algemene Rekenkamer en was tot mei 2013 als visiting fellow verbonden aan de Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid.

Ank Michels
Dr. A.M.B. Michels is werkzaam als universitair docent bij het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht.

Wouter Van Dooren
Dr. W. Van Dooren is universitair hoofddocent aan de Universiteit van Antwerpen.

Jurre van den Berg MSc
Jurre van den Berg is socioloog en was tot 1 januari 2013 verbonden aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Jurre.van.den.Berg@gmail.com.
Artikel

Governance by numbers: risico’s verbonden aan de internationale benchmarking en ranking van pensioensystemen

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden Governance by numbers, Commensuratie, comparatief onderzoek, doelmatigheid van pensioenen, standaardisatie
Auteurs Drs. Hans Peeters en Dr. Gert Verschraegen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article points out some of the pitfalls and ambiguities involved in quantified cross-national policy comparisons by looking at the construction and use of standardized indicators in the field of pension policy. The empirical analysis looks at three cases where the OESO and EU use standardized pension indicators to score and rank the performance of national pension systems. The cases illustrate some of the problems associated with scoring and ranking the outcomes of unique and complex pension systems by means of internationally standardized indicators. Our results show that internationally standardised indicators for pension systems are not neutral in the sense that they favor countries with certain institutional pension policy mixes over others. When particular institutional characteristics are treated differently under the same metric, systematically distorted conclusions about the performance of national pension systems may, and likely do, result. Consequently, these observed biases hinder reliable cross-national comparison that is based on these indicators. The article concludes with some recommendations on the construction and use of international indicators in the field of pension policy. It also discusses where research on the process of commensuration – transforming qualities into quantities − in a comparative context should go from here.


Drs. Hans Peeters
Hans Peeters is wetenschappelijk medewerker aan het Centrum voor Sociologisch Onderzoek van de KU Leuven, België, hans.peeters@soc.kuleuven.be.

Dr. Gert Verschraegen
Gert Verschraegen is docent sociologie aan de Universiteit Antwerpen, België, Gert.Verschraegen@ua.ac.be.
Artikel

Groengasprojecten: energietransitie in ruraal Nederland?

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden green gas, Biogas, renewable energy, stakeholder analysis, climate policy
Auteurs Drs. Maurits Sanders en Dr. Thomas Hoppe
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    ‘Green gas’ is a sustainable alternative to natural gas. It is produced by converting biomass into biogas, which can consequently be upgraded to natural gas standards. Expectations about green gas are high. According to the long term vision of Netbeheer Nederland, the representative association of gas grid operators, green gas will entail 50 percent of the domestic gas mixture by 2050. In line with this vision national government has adopted a green gas innovation support program. Production of green gas takes place in rural areas with abundant supply of organic production resources, especially manure. It is in demonstration projects that green gas niche development is to be proven. In this paper the central question is how green gas demonstration projects manifest at the local level. By conducting a stakeholder analysis, we take a ‘bottom-up’ research approach, which helps us to identify organizational and institutional barriers key local stakeholders have in relation to green gas demonstration projects. We judge this necessary to further understanding in green gas niche development. The results of the analysis are used to advice policymakers about design and use of policy instruments which can help to solve these barriers.


Drs. Maurits Sanders
Maurits Sanders is hoofddocent bestuurskunde bij Saxion en promovendus bij de vakgroep Public Administration aan de faculteit Management en Bestuur van de Universiteit Twente, m.p.t.sanders@utwente.nl, www.utwente.nl/mb/pa/staff/sanders/.

Dr. Thomas Hoppe
Dr. Thomas Hoppe is als universitair docent verbonden aan het Twente Centre for Studies in Technology and Sustainable Development van het Institute for Innovation and Governance Studies aan de faculteit Management en Bestuur van de Universiteit Twente, t.hoppe@utwente.nl, www.utwente.nl/mb/cstm/staff/cv/hoppe.doc/.
Artikel

Het maatschappelijk middenveld in beweging

Een internationale vergelijking van dynamiek in herkomst, perspectief en invulling van vermaatschappelijking

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden Big Society, international comparison, public reform, third sector
Auteurs Sabine van Zuydam, Bob van de Velde en Marlot Kuiper
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article we aim to provide an insight in one of the specifics of the dynamic relationship between government and society; the delegation of public tasks to (civil) society. The concept ‘Big Society’ in the United Kingdom generated immense expectations in this respect. By making use of an explorative case study, we examine the origins, visions and best practices in successively the UK, Australia and Scandinavia in order to generate a better understanding of this dynamical relationship. The major insights following from this analysis relate to the economic and cultural background, the political reality and rhetoric, as well as to concrete practices to understand what civil society has to offer in the delegation of public tasks. Finally, as a first step towards theory development, we formulate five concrete lessons for the delegation of public tasks to the civil society.


Sabine van Zuydam
S. van Zuydam MSc is promovenda aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.

Bob van de Velde
R.N. van de Velde MSc is promovendus aan de VU Amsterdam.

Marlot Kuiper
M. Kuiper BA is student ‘Research in Public Administration and Organizational Science’.
Boekbespreking

De nieuwe netwerksamenleving en openbaar bestuur

Wat Landsmeer ons leert over onze bestuurlijke toekomst

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2013
Auteurs Gjalt de Graaf en Albert Meijer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Chronicle of a recent policy trend Gjalt de Graaf and Albert Meijer discuss how the new network society influences public administration by exploring a specific case of how citizens are aiming to bring their resigned mayor back in office by a social media campaign.


Gjalt de Graaf
Dr. G. de Graaf is universitair hoofddocent aan de Vrije Universiteit.

Albert Meijer
Dr. A.J. Meijer is universitair hoofddocent aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

The past, present and future of the Big Society

Een ideeëngeschiedenis met betekenis voor Nederland

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden Big Society, political ideas, agenda-setting
Auteurs Peter Franklin en Peter Noordhoek
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article explores the intellectual, political and pragmatic origins of the concept Big Society. The authors argue that although the concept has become intertwined with the political ideas of UK’s Prime Minister David Cameron, the concept has also become firmly rooted in society and is thus likely to survive the political life of Cameron. Also outside the UK, the concept has acquired political attention. The authors explore the meaning of Big Society for the Netherlands. Thus far, the concept has reached the political agenda, but time will tell how the concept succeeds to sustain.


Peter Franklin
P. Franklin is a political researcher and speechwriter specialising in social and environmental issues. A former member of the Conservative Research Department and Policy Unit, he now works in the House of Commons. All views expressed in this article are his own.

Peter Noordhoek
P. Noordhoek is directeur van Northedge BV.
Artikel

Het eindeloze verhaal van de bestuurskunde: complexiteit, vernieuwing en de Big Society

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden Big Society, public administration, complexity, innovation, administrative history
Auteurs Thomas Schillemans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    ‘Big Society’ has been one of those inspirational concepts that have recently swept through the public administration literature. With their appeal for a ‘Big Society’, the British Tories contrasted their policy program with Labours’ traditional ‘Big Government’ program. Upon closer inspection, however, it is revealed that the underlying analysis is not new at all, but reflects a specific analysis that can be traced back to Wilson’s famous essay on the study of public administration in 1887. Stripped from its details, the never-ending story claims that public administration now struggles with overwhelming complexity, which makes traditional bureaucratic methods obsolete and calls for innovative, new approaches. The fact that this story has remained fairly constant for over 125 years is cause for some concern. The article traces the historical genesis of this never-ending story and lands on a plea for more sophisticated attention for administrative history, more critical scrutiny of new ideas and more serious study of the nature and effects of complexity.


Thomas Schillemans
Dr. Thomas Schillemans is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap, Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Kroniek: bespreking van ‘Vertrouwen in burgers’, rapport 88 van de Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden citizen participation, civil society, governance arrangements
Auteurs Hans de Bruijn
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The report Confidence in Citizens by the Dutch Scientific Council for Government Policy dominantly supports increased room for citizen participation. Based on many examples, the report shows how society benefits from the many citizens’ initiatives and how government interference can hamper or even obstruct these initiatives, which do not fit the logic of civil servants. The report gives four, rather general suggestions of how policy makers could respond to these citizens’ initiatives. The generic character of these recommendations can be ascribed to a weak problem analysis and a biased understanding of how government actions negatively interfere with citizens’ initiatives. The Council could have asked more critical questions with regards to citizens initiatives and how they should respond to the logic of government.


Hans de Bruijn
Prof. mr. dr. J.A. de Bruijn is hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de TU Delft.
Artikel

Watergovernance: het belang van ‘op tijd’ samenwerken

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden cooperation, time, water governance, management
Auteurs Dr. Jasper Eshuis en Dr. Arwin van Buuren
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The factor time is an often neglected issue in the literature on network governance. In this article we analyze the differences in perceptions on time between actors involved in water governance and describe the managerial interventions aimed at synchronizing time horizons, managing the available amount of time and the tempo of the governance process. Two case studies of governance processes in the district of Water Board Delfland are included to provide insight in the question how the factor time influences the governance processes and how aspects of time are managed. The case studies show that different perceptions of time may cause tensions in collaborative relationships, and even cause the end of collaborations. This underscores the importance of time-sensitive governance.


Dr. Jasper Eshuis
Dr. Jasper Eshuis is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, eshuis@fsw.eur.nl.

Dr. Arwin van Buuren
Dr. Arwin van Buuren is universitair hoofddocent bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Legitimiteit van sociaal beleid: maatschappelijke ontwikkelingen en bestuurlijke dilemma’s

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden responsiveness, legitimacy, social policy, policy systems, institutional change
Auteurs Dr. Martijn van der Steen, Dr. Menno Fenger, Lieske van der Torre MA MSc e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Social policy has to be legitimate. But what is legitimacy? And what makes policy legitimate? This article argues that in order to be legitimate policy needs to answer to three different logics: the logic of the policy system, of external conditions, and of societal preferences. However, these three logics are often not coherent and point in different directions. Also, signs are often not coherent and are ambiguous at best. Therefore, following the three logics is not merely a matter of reading the signs, but of interpreting and balancing them. This article shows how policy makers in the Netherlands are balancing for responsiveness in three cases of social policy: social assistance policy, sheltered work policy and labor migration policy. The cases learn that responsiveness does not come from large decisive reforms, but from a wide range of small and often hardly politicized steps. Also, we see that in balancing the various logics, policy makers have a strong bias towards the logic of the policy system and that of public preference, and pay far less attention to external conditions. However, on the longer term external conditions cannot be neglected and policy makers face tough decisions about short term responsiveness towards public preferences and more longer term actions that make for policies that are more balanced with external conditions and therefore sustainable on the longer term.


Dr. Martijn van der Steen
Dr. Martijn van der Steen is codecaan en adjunct-directeur van de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur (NSOB) en directeur van de NSOB Denktank, steen@nsob.nl.

Dr. Menno Fenger
Dr. Menno Fenger is universitair hoofddocent bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Fenger@fsw.eur.nl.

Lieske van der Torre MA MSc
Lieske van der Torre MA MSc is wetenschappelijk docent bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en bereidt een proefschrift voor over strategieën van sociale werkvoorzieningsbedrijven, Vandertorre@fsw.eur.nl.

Arno van Wijk BA
Arno van Wijk BA is junior onderzoeker bij de NSOB, vanwijk@nsob.nl.
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