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Dr. Jan Wynen
Dr. J. Wynen is postdoctoral fellow aan de KU Leuven.
Boekbespreking

Een dubbele kijk op co-creatie

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden Co-creation
Auteurs Dr. Erik de Bakker en Dr. Hans Dagevos
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This essay review discusses three publications on co-creation: ‘We, the government’ by Davied van Berlo (2012), ‘Co-creation of innovation’ by Corry Ehlen (2015), and ‘New Business Models’ by Jan Jonker et al. (2014). The theme of this essay is the specific character of co-creation compared to other buzzwords (e.g. participation, co-production, social responsibility) that can be heard in the search for a new balance between the state and civil society. We suggest that the distinctive character of co-creation lies in the active engagement of parties who work together to co-create. Co-creation means raising the bar of collaboration and dialogue. Openness, trust, equality and reciprocity are emphasised as essential elements in the process. It is literally about collectively creating multiple values in which there should be plenty of room for creativity and sharing ideas. Following on the publications of Ehlen and Jonker a dual vision on co-creation arises. In general terms, the potential of co-creation depends on the know-how, commitment and values of the actors involved (microscopic perspective) and on the social capital in the wider environment that they can draw upon to bolster the co-creation process (macroscopic perspective).


Dr. Erik de Bakker
Dr. E. de Bakker is senior onderzoeker bij onderzoeksinstituut LEI Wageningen UR.

Dr. Hans Dagevos
Dr. H. Dagevos is senior onderzoeker bij onderzoeksinstituut LEI Wageningen UR en lector aan Hogeschool Inholland.
Artikel

Big data en de toezichthouder: een gesprek met Gaël Kermarrec

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2016
Auteurs Prof. dr. Ir. Joep Crompvoets en Dr. Haiko van der Voort
Auteursinformatie

Prof. dr. Ir. Joep Crompvoets
Prof. dr. ir. J. Crompvoets is senior researcher/consultant/lecturer aan de KU Leuven

Dr. Haiko van der Voort
Dr. H.G. van der Voort is universitair docent aan de Technische Universiteit Delft
Artikel

Big data en de onderzoeker: een gesprek met Michel van Eeten

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2016
Auteurs Dr. Haiko van der Voort en prof.dr. Hans de Bruijn
Auteursinformatie

Dr. Haiko van der Voort
Dr. H.G. van der Voort is universitair docent aan de Technische Universiteit Delft

prof.dr. Hans de Bruijn
prof.dr. J.A. de Bruijn is hoogleraar aan de Technische Universiteit Delft
Artikel

Access_open ‘Wat hebben wij aan u?’

Bestuurskundigen beantwoorden vragen over hun vak

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden public administration research, public administration field, state of play, advice, applied research
Auteurs Prof. dr. Martijn van der Steen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The field of public administration research is continuously changing. This article takes stock of the field by asking four open questions to a large group of public administration practitioners and scholars. The questions prompt a debate about the state of play of the field of public administration in The Netherlands. Several dilemmas become apparent. Firstly, there is the tension between rigor and relevance of research. More rigorous methodology should not come at the expense of relevance in practice. Moreover, pressure to publish in international academic journals draws scholars away from the more practical outlets for research findings. Ever more is ‘written’, but less of that reaches the more practical audiences. This is congruent with the impression that public administration scholars should invest more in their narratives, so that the important message of public administration research reaches wider audiences and helps to reflect on pressing societal issues. Furthermore, there is a need for public administration scholars to be more active in helping practitioners solve the complex policy puzzles they face. This requires the ability to walk the fine line between keeping distance and becoming genuinely involved in policy processes. All of these factors can help the field of public administration take next steps in its development, to regain the connection with practice and raise its academic standards.


Prof. dr. Martijn van der Steen
Prof.dr. M.A. van der Steen is adjunct-directeur van de NSOB en bijzonder hoogleraar aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Gezocht: Burgerparticipatie (voor vaste relatie)

Een vergelijkende gevalsstudie naar 26 lokale netwerken in het sociale domein in de regio Arnhem

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden citizen participation, co-production, local networks, decentralization, collaboration
Auteurs Rigtje Passchier MSc en Dr. Jelmer Schalk
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2015, Dutch local governments have become responsible for youth care, social welfare, employment and income assistance programs, as a result of decentralization. Many municipalities have set up service delivery networks and community teams, in which they collaborate with healthcare providers and civic organizations to build integrated care services. It is assumed that these networks will improve outcomes in terms of enhanced people’s self-reliance and healthcare cost control; by operating close to citizens they are in a position to know the client, activate a client’s social network and mobilize specialized professional expertise if necessary. However, a comparative case study of 26 emerging local networks in the Arnhem area indicates that healthcare providers use the networks mainly for presentation purposes in an effort to secure business continuity, that the role of local governments is fuzzy, and that citizen participation only thrives when actively encouraged in a climate of trust.


Rigtje Passchier MSc
R. Passchier MSc is interim manager voor de publieke zaak en promovenda aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Jelmer Schalk
Dr. J. Schalk is universitair docent aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Big data governance; een analytisch kader

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden big data, governance, public sector, multi-level governance, innovation
Auteurs Bruno Broucker PhD.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Big data has been adhered many potential benefits for the public sector. It could contribute to performance increase and to a better service delivery in many policy domains, across multiple public sector organisations and administrative levels. Within this debate the question of governance is blatantly absent, though crucial to address. To properly use big data in the public sector it will be necessary to integrate big data governance on three interconnected levels: micro, meso and macro-level, respectively referring to the proficient use of big data, its integrated use within an organisational context and the use of big data within the larger public sector for the benefit of public service delivery.


Bruno Broucker PhD.
Bruno Broucker (PhD. Sociale Wetenschappen) is deeltijds docent en senior onderzoeker aan het Instituut voor de Overheid, KU Leuven (Public Governance Institute).
Artikel

Kenniscocreatie rond vernieuwing gebiedsontwikkeling is zinnig

NWO-programma Urban Regions in the Delta hanteerde navolgenswaardige aanpak

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden knowledge co-creation, area development, transdisciplinarity, boundary work
Auteurs Drs. Ymkje de Boer en Ir. Jan Klinkenberg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The research programme Urban Regions in the Delta (URD) wielded an approach worthy of emulation. Create ‘vital’ project consortia, crosslink the research project with on-going planning and policy making processes, give senior scientists a major role and engage expert process managers. These are four key success factors for knowledge co-creation in the field of area development, according to the programme (Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research; URD, 2010-2014 http://urd.verdus.nl). Within URD scientists and practitioners were cooperating from the very beginning. The scientific insight and innovations generated are considered not very visible in traditional scientific publications, but the knowledge that was developed provides considerable added value to society.


Drs. Ymkje de Boer
Drs. Y. de Boer is zelfstandig adviseur in kenniscommunicatie en -overdracht, veelal werkzaam voor NWO-programma’s en het kennisinitiatief Verbinden van Duurzame Steden. Zij was als communicatieadviseur verbonden aan Urban Regions in the Delta. In 2013 was ze medeauteur van het boek ‘Kenniscocreatie’, naar productieve samenwerking tussen wetenschappers en beleidsmakers.

Ir. Jan Klinkenberg
Ir. J. Klinkenberg (Platform31) is als netwerkmanager sinds 2010 werkzaam voor het kennisinitiatief Verbinden van Duurzame Steden, en daarbinnen ook netwerkmanager van Urban Regions in the Delta. Hij richt zich op het opzetten en uitvoeren van praktijkgerichte onderzoeksprogramma’s en -projecten in het ruimtelijk domein, gebaseerd op ervaringen in diverse FES-programma’s.
Artikel

Leerproces voor planologisch wetenschappelijk onderzoek en de praktijk

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden practice-oriented research, practice-academic divide, learning cycle, cost benefiet analysis, transit-oriented development
Auteurs Dr. Els Beukers en Dr. Wendy Tan
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Planning research is increasingly focused on bridging the gap between practice and academia. However, this requires much effort and is not as commonplace as it seems. To ensure success, innovative research approaches, practitioners and academics are required. The experiential learning cycle of Kolb and Fry (1974) offers a research framework for the authors to reflect on their practice-oriented research on Cost Benefit Analysis processes (CBA) and Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) respectively. Both research projects are compared using the learning cycle. The cycle was completed in the CBA project but only partially resolved in the TOD project. Reflecting on their experiences with applying the learning cycle, the authors conclude on the possibilities and limitations of this application and offer insight into how the interaction between theory and practice can occur.


Dr. Els Beukers
Dr. E. Beukers is als adviseur Impact Analyse en Dialoogmanagement werkzaam bij Balance.

Dr. Wendy Tan
Dr. ir. W.G.Z. Tan is als universitair docent infrastructuur en verkeer- en vervoersplanning werkzaam bij de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Faculteit Ruimtelijke Wetenschappen.
Artikel

Van vrolijke botsing naar fundamenteel inzicht; dubbelinterview Kees van Paridon en Jeroen Slot

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden local governance, intermediaries, boundary work, knowledge practice, interpretative policy analysis
Auteurs Prof. dr. Wim Hafkamp, Prof. dr. John Grin en Drs. Robert Duiveman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this interview Jeroen Slot (head of Research & Statistics, Municipality of Amsterdam) and Kees van Paridon (former chief science officer, municipality of Rotterdam) share their ideas and reflect on their extensive experience with linking scientific knowledge and local policy making. They discuss the divergence between established institutions and emergent knowledge needs and the problematic entwinement of scientific knowledge and policy development. Conditions are proposed for the design of intermediaries between the academic and governmental sectors.


Prof. dr. Wim Hafkamp
Prof. dr. W. Hafkamp is verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit.

Prof. dr. John Grin
Prof. dr. J. Grin is hoogleraar Beleidswetenschap, in het bijzonder systeeminnovaties, aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Drs. Robert Duiveman
Drs. R.M. Duiveman is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Artikel

De rollen van de praktijkonderzoeker: getuige-deskundige, sociaal ingenieur en verhalenverteller

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden social policy, knowledge utilisation, expert witness, social engineer, storyteller
Auteurs Prof. dr. Godfried Engbersen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article shows the relevance of Burawoy’s analytical categories on the division of scientific labour to analyse the interactions between science and practice. It argues that social scientists need to combine the roles of expert witness, social engineer and storyteller in order to develop a productive relationship with policy makers. It also emphasises the relevance of a permanent dialogue between social scientists and policy makers. However, the analysis disagrees with Burawoy’s view that knowledge is based on a consensus between scientists and their publics (consensual knowledge). Burawoy underestimates the risk of a politicisation of science inherent to a close relationship with various ‘publics’. The arguments presented in this article are based on the reception of a research project on labour migration from Central and Eastern Europe. This was a hybrid research project in which different actors participated: the Erasmus University, nine Dutch municipalities, the national government and a Dutch knowledge center on urban issues.


Prof. dr. Godfried Engbersen
Prof. dr. G.B.M. Engbersen is hoogleraar Algemene Sociologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit en lid van de Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid
Artikel

Access_open Quo vadis, Nederlandse Bestuurskunde?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Public administration
Auteurs Dr. Caelesta Braun, Dr. Menno Fenger, Prof. dr. Paul ’t Hart e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Forty years ago, Dutch Public Administration started as an independent academic discipline. The founding fathers considered empirical application and multidisciplinarity the most important characteristics of public administration. This article assesses the current state of the discipline in the Netherlands. The assessment is the result of a series of five debates throughout the country, focussing on different elements of the Public Administration discipline: education, academic research, consultancy and policy advice. In brief, the article argues that the discipline has reached maturity in these forty years. It has become an accepted academic discipline, on the verge of a mono-discipline. The Netherlands is considered as one of the leading countries in public administration research. However, these successes also create a gap between public administration as a successful academic discipline and its roots as a multi-disciplinary, applied science. Renewing the balance between these two will be the main challenge for the decades to come.


Dr. Caelesta Braun
Dr. C. Braun is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Utrecht (USBO).

Dr. Menno Fenger
Dr. H.J.M. Fenger is universitair hoofddocent bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Prof. dr. Paul ’t Hart
Prof. dr. P. ’t Hart is hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Utrecht (USBO) en co-decaan bij de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur (NSOB).

Dr. Judith van der Veer
Dr. J. van der Veer, postdoc bestuurskunde aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Drs. Tanja Verheij
Drs. A.J.M. Verheij is managing director bij Berenschot.
Artikel

Nieuwe kennispraktijken: grenzenwerk revisited

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden boundary work, knowledge brokering, intermediaries, problem structuring, unstructured problems
Auteurs Drs. Robert Duiveman, Prof. dr. John Grin, Prof. dr. Wim Hafkamp e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Given the scientific and social importance attached to productive interactions between science and policy practices, there is a striking lack of insight into current knowledge practices and the dilemmas they lead to. Our special issue can’t solve this deficiency but it can provide an impetus for opening up current knowledge practices, reflect on the role of science in them and instigate a more systematic exchange of methods. A warning is given for the reification of boundary work and Gabrielle Bammers’ Implementation and Integration Sciences is introduced as framework for the analyses.


Drs. Robert Duiveman
Drs. R.M. Duiveman is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. John Grin
Prof. dr. J. Grin is hoogleraar Beleidswetenschap, in het bijzonder systeeminnovaties, aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. Wim Hafkamp
Prof. dr. W. Hafkamp is verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit.

Dr. Tamara Metze
Dr. T.A.P. Metze is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Grenzen verleggen in een dialoog over watermonitoring: beperkingen en kansen voor een transitie naar een bio-based economie

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Boundary work, Monitoring water quality, Sustainability Transitions, Bio based economy, Dialogue
Auteurs Dr. Tamara Metze en Dr. Tjerk Jan Schuitmaker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A transition to a bio based economy requires social and technological innovations. Transition management theory holds that these innovations take place in niches that can bring about structural change in society, politics and the economy in a stepwise manner. However, these innovations are always subjected to systemic barriers, such as regulations and institutional structures, that need to be overcome. This was also the case in a consortium of government, industry and eco-toxicologists that collaboratively developed innovative water monitoring tools. In this contribution the authors investigate how systemic barriers can be made productive in a science-society dialogue by creating reflexivity and learning. They conducted a frame analysis of interviews and policy documents to unravel systemic barriers to innovation – in the form of discursive boundary work: the routinized demarcations of practices. Second, they experimented with a science-society dialogue to reflect on these routinized demarcations and develop alternatives to overcome these boundaries. The research demonstrates that reflective conversations occurred and that participants developed a boundary concept of ‘living water’ that enhanced their innovative collaboration and technology.


Dr. Tamara Metze
Dr. T.A.P. Metze is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.

Dr. Tjerk Jan Schuitmaker
Dr. T.J. Schuitmaker is verbonden aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Bereikt coproductie kwetsbare burgers?

Een analyse van belemmeringen voor kwetsbare burgers in drie fasen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden co-production, public services, vulnerable citizens, trust
Auteurs Joost Fledderus MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Co-production is regarded as a way to actively involve vulnerable citizens with public service delivery. However, there are several critical aspects that may lead to the unexpected exclusion of this group by public organizations, which have been insufficiently addressed hitherto. On the basis of a dissertation research, these critical aspects are analyzed for three phases of co-production. In the first phase, self-selection and organizational selection may lead to the exclusion of vulnerable citizens. In the second phase, a lack of commitment of the user and organizational support increase the chance of early discontinuation of co-production by vulnerable citizens. Finally, in the evaluation phase, it is likely that disadvantaged citizens attribute potential success of co-production to themselves and do not reward the public service provider for this. This has the possible consequence that there is no recognition for the added value of co-production, which may lead to less co-production that involves vulnerable citizens in the future.


Joost Fledderus MSc
J. Fledderus MSc studeerde sociologie in Nijmegen en bestuurskunde aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. Zijn PhD-onderzoek aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen richtte zich op de relatie tussen coproductie van publieke dienstverlening en vertrouwen in publieke dienstverlening, vertrouwen in de overheid en vertrouwen in de samenleving. Het empirische deel van zijn onderzoek is voornamelijk gebaseerd op ervaringen van deelnemers van werkcorporaties, een activeringsprogramma voor bijstandsgerechtigden in Nijmegen. Op dit moment is hij werkzaam als onderzoeker/adviseur bij Necker van Naem.
Boekbespreking

De coördinatieopgave van e-government

Een internationaal vergelijkend onderzoek naar de coördinatie van e-government in Denemarken, Oostenrijk en Nederland

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Artikel

De staat als twaalfde man

Zijn overheidsinvesteringen in stadions van waarde voor de stad?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Football stadiums, Public investments, Urban development, Amsterdam, Eindhoven
Auteurs Ir. Dirk van Duijn en Dr. Wouter Jan Verheul
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    On a regular basis, the funding of football stadiums is an issue for large cities. Since football clubs appeal to the municipality for financial support, this is a public matter. Why should a municipality invest in a private project, such as a football stadium? What are the opportunities and risks? What is the public value of a stadium for the city? Based on literature reviews and case studies in Eindhoven and Amsterdam, this article examines what government involvement in stadium projects means, and what the outcomes of this involvement are. The cases show that stadiums may have social and economic spin-off effects on their surroundings, but one cannot take that for granted. Careful processes and elaborate strategies are needed for public investment in stadiums to really add value to the city. Based on the analyses, an assessment framework is presented for the benefit of new stadium project initiatives.


Ir. Dirk van Duijn
Ir. D. van Duijn is vastgoedkundige en werkzaam bij Synchroon.

Dr. Wouter Jan Verheul
Dr. W.J. Verheul is bestuurskundige en werkzaam bij de TU Delft, Faculty of Architecture & the Built Environment, sectie Urban Development Management.
Artikel

Over de werking en waardering van kennispraktijken

Of hoe een vraagstuk het onderzoek krijgt dat het verdient

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden boundary work, Integration & Implementation Sciences, practice approach, knowledge intermediary, knowledge transfer
Auteurs Drs. Robert Duiveman, Prof. dr John Grin, Prof. dr John Hafkamp e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    When scientific values like objectivity, validity and reliability are inadequate for designing research that enables society’s capacity for dealing with unstructured problems, which values or criteria should we use for designing adequate knowledge practices? Based on the articles in this special issue we answer this question by analysing the methods researchers have used for selecting stakeholders, knowledges, synthesis, context and outcome in new knowledge practices. Although a common language for comparison and documentation is lacking, the analysis provides recommendations for better designing interaction between scientific and other practices. The most important message however is that we need a designated platform for exchanging and evaluating experiences and discussing methods and the outcomes they yield.


Drs. Robert Duiveman
Drs. R.M. Duiveman is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Prof. dr John Grin
Prof. dr J. Grin is hoogleraar Beleidswetenschap, in het bijzonder systeeminnovaties, aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Prof. dr John Hafkamp
Prof. dr. W. Hafkamp is verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit.

Dr. Tamara Metze
Dr. T.A.P. Metze is verbonden aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.

Dr. Ringo Ossewaarde
Dr. M.R.R. Ossewaarde is universitair hoofddocent sociologie aan de universiteit Twente
Redactioneel

Inleiding: Staat en toekomst van de bestuurskunde

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2015
Auteurs Dr. Haiko van der Voort en Dr. Philip Marcel Karré
Auteursinformatie

Dr. Haiko van der Voort
Dr. H.G. van der Voort is als universitair docent werkzaam aan de TU Delft, Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management.

Dr. Philip Marcel Karré
Dr. P.M. Karré is als senior onderzoeker verantwoordelijk voor het onderzoek naar sociaal ondernemerschap bij het lectoraat Dynamiek van de Stad van Hogeschool InHolland, Rotterdam. Bij de Hogeschool van Amsterdam is hij een van de kerndocenten van de masteropleiding Urban Management. Hij houdt zich in zijn onderzoek en onderwijs met name bezig met de effecten van botsende waarden in stedelijke context.
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