Zoekresultaat: 166 artikelen

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Johan Mackenbach
Johan Mackenbach (1953) is epidemioloog en sociaal-geneeskundige, en als hoogleraar Maatschappelijke Gezondheidszorg verbonden aan het Erasmus MC, Universitair Medisch Centrum Rotterdam. Veel van zijn onderzoek ligt op het terrein van de sociale epidemiologie. Hij publiceerde ongeveer 300 artikelen in internationale wetenschappelijke tijdschriften, alsmede een groot aantal artikelen in Nederlandstalige wetenschappelijke tijdschriften. Hij is redacteur van het leerboek Volksgezondheid en gezondheidszorg (derde druk, Elsevier 2004), en lid van verschillende adviesorganen, waaronder de Gezondheidsraad en de Raad voor Volksgezondheid en Zorg. Correspondentieadres: Prof. dr. J.P. Mackenbach Afdeling Maatschappelijke Gezondheidszorg, Erasmus MC Postbus 2040 3000 CA Rotterdam j.mackenbach@erasmusmc.nl

Bob de Graaff
Bob de Graaff is hoogleraar terrorisme en contraterrorisme aan de Campus Den Haag van de Universiteit Leiden; tevens is hij Socrates-hoogleraar voor politieke en culturele reconstructie aan de Universiteit Utrecht. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. B.G.J. de Graaff Universiteit Leiden Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen Instituut Bestuurskunde Wassenaarseweg 52 2333 AK Leiden bgraaff@fsw.leidenuniv.nl
Artikel

Werkende vaders, zorgende mannen

De mogelijkheid van verandering

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2006
Auteurs Jan Willem Duyvendak en Monique Stavenuiter
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Fathers may fundamentally change their behaviour, depending on the context. In this article, this aspect was investigated on the basis of three exceptional practices. The 'standard practice' has been defined as a living unit consisting of a man, a woman and one or more children, with the man working outside the home at regular times (generally from 9-17 hours) and the woman being (largely) responsible for household and care tasks. We speak of an exceptional practice if the man works non-regular hours, or has an unusual working pattern, or is part of a special type of household. The study involved around thirty such households, subdivided into the households of homosexual fathers, shiftworkers and teleworkers. The main conclusion of the article into exceptional practices is that men's views and preferences as regards the distribution of tasks between men and women are closely linked to the context in which they perform these tasks. In households characterised by a more balanced distribution of tasks, the alleged skills and preferences of men and the tradition in which they grew up have become largely or totally irrelevant. It turns out that men's opinions may change in situations where men are forced to carry out certain tasks because of a change in circumstances (different working hours, working patterns or alternative lifestyles). In that case, even supposedly poor skills are suddenly of little or no importance. Being 'alone' at home with the children appears to be an important stimulus to actually perform care tasks.


Jan Willem Duyvendak
Jan Willem Duyvendak is hoogleraar algemene sociologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en mede-auteur van het boek Working Fathers, Caring Men, Den Haag/Utrecht: Ministerie SZW/Verwey-Jonker Instituut. Correspondentieadres: UvA – afdeling sociologie en antropologie, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 185, 1012 DK Amsterdam, duyvendak@uva.nl

Monique Stavenuiter
Monique Stavenuiter is werkzaam als hoofd van de onderzoeksgroep Maatschappelijke Participatie bij het Verwey-Jonker Instituut te Utrecht en mede-auteur van het boek Working Fathers, Caring Men, Den Haag/Utrecht: Ministerie SZW/Verwey-Jonker Instituut.
Artikel

Grip op de post-Euclidische stad?

Oefeningen in de regio Amsterdam

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2006
Auteurs Willem Salet
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Cities are in stage of transformation under the combined effect of enlargement of scale and the enlargement of scope of urban activities. The enlargement of scale is visible in the regionalization of urban development. Housing markets, labor markets and mobility patterns crystallize at regional level. However, the scaling up of urban life is not just an extension of the city as is experienced over more than a century. The simultaneous enlargement of scope makes the transformation more complex and dependant on external connections, both in the private and the public sector. The essay explores concepts that try to explain the nature of this new complexity. What is the meaning of 'urban space' and 'urban place' under the conditions of globalization? And what are the consequences for the guidance of collective action in the context of multi actor and multi level governance? The nature of urban change is illustrated in the case of the Randstad Holland, in particular the region of Amsterdam.


Willem Salet
Willem Salet is hoogleraar planologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam, Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen. Recente publicatie: W. Salet en Stan Majoor, 2005, Amsterdam Zuidas European Space, Rotterdam: 010 Uitgevers. Adres: AMIDSt, Nieuwe Prinsengracht 130, 1018 VZ Amsterdam, e-mail: W.G.M.Salet@uva.nl

    This article identifies institutions and arrangements concerning the reconciliation of working life and family life for various European countries. These institutions and arrangements concern time (flexible working hours and leave arrangements), money (tax systems) and facilities (childcare facilities). A fairer distribution of all work and care tasks requires proper facilities at national level in respect of childcare, parental leave, so-called leave savings schemes, the right to work part-time, etc. Such facilities are of particular importance while taking the first steps towards a fairer distribution: they will enable men to take on more tasks at home, while making it easier for women to work outside the home. The article concludes that with regard to reconciliation facilities, the differences between the several welfare states within the European Union are fading away. This is interesting, because as a result the EU countries are increasingly finding common ground in terms of solutions for reconciliation and more specifically the role of men.


Ivy Koopmans
Ivy Koopmans is als onderzoeker verbonden aan de Utrecht School of Economics van de Universiteit Utrecht. Adres: Utrecht School of Economics, Vredenburg 138, 3511 BG Utrecht, I.Koopmans@econ.uu.nl

Joop Schippers
Joop Schippers is hoogleraar Arbeids- en Emancipatie-economie aan de Universiteit Utrecht en tevens is hij als programmahoogleraar verbonden aan de Organisatie voor Strategisch Arbeidsmarktonderzoek (OSA). Adres: Utrecht School of Economics, Vredenburg 138, 3511 BG Utrecht

    Fathers may fundamentally change their behaviour, depending on the context. In this article, this aspect was investigated on the basis of three exceptional practices. The 'standard practice' has been defined as a living unit consisting of a man, a woman and one or more children, with the man working outside the home at regular times (generally from 9-17 hours) and the woman being (largely) responsible for household and care tasks. We speak of an exceptional practice if the man works non-regular hours, or has an unusual working pattern, or is part of a special type of household. The study involved around thirty such households, subdivided into the households of homosexual fathers, shiftworkers and teleworkers. The main conclusion of the article into exceptional practices is that men's views and preferences as regards the distribution of tasks between men and women are closely linked to the context in which they perform these tasks. In households characterised by a more balanced distribution of tasks, the alleged skills and preferences of men and the tradition in which they grew up have become largely or totally irrelevant. It turns out that men's opinions may change in situations where men are forced to carry out certain tasks because of a change in circumstances (different working hours, working patterns or alternative lifestyles). In that case, even supposedly poor skills are suddenly of little or no importance. Being 'alone' at home with the children appears to be an important stimulus to actually perform care tasks.


Monique Stavenuiter
Monique Stavenuiter is werkzaam als hoofd van de onderzoeksgroep Maatschappelijke Participatie bij het Verwey-Jonker Instituut te Utrecht en mede-auteur van het boek Working Fathers, Caring Men, Den Haag/Utrecht: Ministerie SZW/Verwey-Jonker Instituut. Adres: Verwey-Jonker Instituut, Kromme Nieuwegracht 6, 3512 HG Utrecht, e-mail: mstavenuiter@verwey-jonker.nl

Jan Willem Duyvendak
Jan Willem Duyvendak is hoogleraar algemene sociologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en mede-auteur van het boek Working Fathers, Caring Men, Den Haag/Utrecht: Ministerie SZW/Verwey-Jonker Instituut. Adres: Verwey-Jonker Instituut, Kromme Nieuwegracht 6, 3512 HG Utrecht

    The EU is transforming the function and power of the Dutch parliament as an institution, and the way in which its principal actors, the governing and opposition parliamentary party groups, interact with each other and the government. This article seeks to address the question: How does parliamentary scrutiny over EU decision-making function in the Netherlands and how has this new role for parliament changed both parliamentary and executive relations in the country and the interaction of parties in parliament? For the purposes of this research, this paper uses the typology of King. The author has conducted a number of in-depth interviews with Dutch MPs. Overall, this article concludes the process of parliamentary scrutiny over EU matters in the Netherlands is no longer exclusively about finding a national consensus towards the outside world, but increasingly mirrors the rough and tumble of normal, domestic politics.


Ronald Holzhacker
Ronald Holzhacker is werkzaam bij de Universiteit Twente.

    This article examines the impact of the EU on the content of policy. It analyses two cases in which the EU affected Dutch policies in different ways: in the case of packaging waste policy the EU exerted direct influence through EU legislation, whereas in the case of railway policy, the EU only had an indirect impact through policy models. Nevertheless, the impact of the EU was greater in the railway policy case than in the packaging waste case. This suggests that domestic political processes are more important in explaining the impact of the EU on policy content, than the degree of legal adaptation pressure. In addition, the article shows that the EU has affected the policy networks in the area of packaging waste policy, even though Dutch corporatist structures have shown remarkable resilience and have even been strengthened by the implementation requirements of EU legislation in this field.


Markus Haverland
Dr. Markus Haverland is docent/onderzoeker bij het departement Bestuurskunde van de Universiteit Leiden. Adres: Pieter de la Court gebouw, Postbus 9555, 2300 RB Leiden, e-mail: mhaverland@fsw.leidenuniv.nl

    This article is the introduction to this special issue in which the Europeanisation of Dutch polity, politics and policy forms the central focus of attention. The main question we address in this special issue is to what extent the Netherlands has changed under the influence of processes of Europeanisation. This article first discusses the state-of-the-art Europeanisation literature; then it sets out to discuss four problems with this literature. Based on the insights generated by the contributors to this special issue, the authors conclude that for a better understanding of processes of Europeanisation, the EU should no longer be seen as an actor, but rather as an (cluster of) arena(s) in which a variety of actors (member states, EU institutions, interest groups, et cetera) are trying to achieve their political goals.


Sebastiaan Princen
Verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht Adres: Bijlhouwerstraat 6, 3511 ZC Utrecht, e-mail: s.princen@usg.uu.nl

Kutsal Yesilkagit
Verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht Adres: Bijlhouwerstraat 6, 3511 ZC Utrecht, e-mail: k.yesilkagit@usg.uu.nl

    Child labor evokes deep emotions and is cause for growing international concern. What, if anything, should governments of liberal-democratic societies do to combat child labor?

    This paper discusses the possibilities and pitfalls of Western policies that seek to curb child labor abroad. Since such policies aim to combat practices in another society, policy makers should be aware of the many relevant differences between developing and developed countries. We discuss three issues that are central to this debate: socioeconomic causes of child labor, different conceptions of childhood, and the distinction between child work and child labor. Studying the historical example of the emergence and disappearance of child labor in nineteenth-century Netherlands broadens our analysis. We then evaluate the implications of these investigations and conclude the paper by suggesting five recommendations for Western policy makers that would avoid the pitfalls discussed.


Mijke Houwerzijl
Mijke Houwerzijl is juriste en als onderzoeker (NWO-SaRO project 'Flexicurity') verbonden aan het departement sociaal recht en sociale politiek, Universiteit van Tilburg. Adres: Departement encyclopedie en rechtsgeschiedenis, Faculteit Rechten, Universiteit van Tilburg, Postbus 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, e-mail: m.s.houwerzijl@uvt.nl. Zij is begin 2005 gepromoveerd op een onderzoek naar de detachering van werknemers in de Europese Unie (De Detacheringsrichtlijn, Deventer: Kluwer 2005 (reeks Europese Monografieën, nr. 78). Eerder publiceerde zij over verschillende arbeidsrechtelijke en sociaal-politieke onderwerpen. Over kinderarbeid: 'Wettelijk minimumjeugdloon voor 13- en 14-jarige kinderen?' Arbeid Integraal 2003, p. 28-30. Een overzicht is te vinden op www.uvt.nl/webwijs/show.html?anr=527432).

Roland Pierik
Dr. Roland Pierik is universitair docent politieke theorie aan de Rechtenfaculteit van de Universiteit van Tilburg. In het voorjaar van 2005 was hij visiting scholar aan de filosofiefaculteit van University College Londen. Adres: Departement encyclopedie en rechtsgeschiedenis, Faculteit Rechten, Universiteit van Tilburg, Postbus 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, e-mail: r.pierik@ uvt.nl, www.rolandpierik.nl. Recente publicaties:

    Member states must transpose European directives into national rules. This process, however, is not without problems. The Netherlands regularly transposes directives too late. Moreover, very often the content of the national transposition rules does not match the adaptations required by the directives. This article examines whether political resistance or administrative and legal weaknesses cause these problems. The author concludes that problems regarding transposition are caused by a culture of neglect and lack of priority for EU policies. Improving coordination procedures, formal legislative processes, and information facilities will not solve transposition problems as long as the cultural aspect of the problem isn't adequately addressed.


Ellen Mastenbroek
Drs. Ellen Mastenbroek is Assistent in Opleiding bij de departementen Bestuurskunde en Politieke Wetenschap aan de Universiteit Leiden. Adres: Pieter de la Court gebouw, Postbus 9555, 2300 RB Leiden, e-mail: mastenbroek@fsw.leidenuniv.nl
Artikel

Het homunculus-probleem van vrije markten

Over het halal-geval van handel in vertrouwen

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2010
Auteurs Frans van Waarden en Robin van Dalen
Auteursinformatie

Frans van Waarden
Prof. dr. Frans van Waarden is hoogleraar organisatie en beleid Universiteit Utrecht en fellow van het University College Utrecht. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. B.F. van Waarden Universiteit Utrecht University College Postbus 80145 3508 TC Utrecht F.vanwaarden@uu.nl

Robin van Dalen
Robin van Dalen is onderzoeksassistente en studente University College Utrecht.
Column

Het Minderheidskabinet en de Meerderheidscoalitie

Dalende baten en stijgende kosten van regeringsdeelname

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2010
Auteurs Rudy Andeweg
Auteursinformatie

Rudy Andeweg
Rudy B. Andeweg is hoogleraar empirische politicologie aan de Universiteit Leiden. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. R.B. Andeweg Universiteit Leiden Instituut Politieke Wetenschap Postbus 9555 2300 RB Leiden andeweg@fsw.leidenuniv.nl
Artikel

Marktwerkingsdebat: hoe nu verder?

Inleiding op het themanummer Markten maken

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2010
Auteurs Erik Schrijvers, Erik Stam, Bart Stellinga e.a.
Auteursinformatie

Erik Schrijvers
Erik Schrijvers is verbonden aan de WRR en de Universiteit Utrecht. Correspondentiegegevens: E. Schrijvers Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid Lange Vijverberg 4-5 2500 EA Den Haag schrijvers@wrr.nl

Erik Stam
Erik Stam is verbonden aan de Universiteit Utrecht, de WRR en de University of Cambridge.

Bart Stellinga
Bart Stellinga is verbonden aan de WRR en de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Gerard de Vries
Gerard de Vries is verbonden aan de WRR en is hoogleraar wetenschapsfilosofie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Linze Schaap
Dr L. Schaap als Universitair Hoofddocent, L.J. de Graaf en J.J.C. van Ostaaijen als onderzoeker.

Laurens de Graaf

Julien van Ostaaijen

    This paper investigates the causal relationship between neighbourhood characteristics and the popularity of the political party 'Partij voor de Vrijheid (PVV)' during the municipal elections in The Hague on March 3rd 2010. The party, founded and led by Geert Wilders, also operates on the national level and can be characterized as anti-immigration and anti-establishment. During the municipal elections, it received support in different types of neighbourhoods, such as white working class areas from the early and mid 20th century, postwar housing estates, and brand new suburban neighbourhood on the city's periphery. Our analyses point to several neighbourhood characteristics which prove decisive in explaining PVV support. These characteristics are: the presence of older autochthonous Dutch (55 years and older), the presence of autochthonous families with children, a balanced mix between native Dutch and non-Western immigrant residents, and few high income households. These findings support the theoretical explanation of anxiety and insecurity among lower middle classes in an age of globalisation, crises and state retreat. In addition, they also point to dissatisfaction among older and less-mobile residents of rapidly changing inner-city neighbourhoods, who are become more socially isolated as their local social networks are diminishing. The paper concludes with a reflection on current urban policies which are unable to tackle dissatisfaction.


Wouter van Gent
Wouter van Gent is onderzoeker aan de afdeling Geografie, Planologie en Internationale Ontwikkelingsstudies, Universiteit van Amsterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. W.P.C. van Gent Universiteit van Amsterdam Afdeling Geografie, Planologie en Internationale Ontwikkelingsstudies Nieuwe Prinsengracht 130 1018 VZ Amsterdam w.p.c.vangent@uva.nl

Sako Musterd
Sako Musterd is hoogleraar sociale geografie aan de afdeling Geografie, Planologie en Internationale Ontwikkelingsstudies, Universiteit van Amsterdam.

    At the start of the century, the organisational fields belonging to the public employment service and social security, which previously were strictly institutionally separated with their rules and norms, have been brought under one umbrella or network structure in the Netherlands. We discuss how within this structure adaptive and reflexive forms of governance enhance information feedback and simultaneous learning processes both at the top and in the execution level of social security. Based upon document study, interviews and a case study of a sectoral experiment on integral service provision, we illustrate which learning elements occurred in bridging the planning and control cycle of New Public Management at the top with the horizontal mutual adjustment between organisations at decentral level.


Marc van der Meer
Marc van der Meer is directeur van het Expertisecentrum Beroepsonderwijs (ECBO). Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. M. van der Meer Expertisecentrum Beroepsonderwijs Pettelaarspark 1 5216 PC Den Bosch marc.vandermeer@ecbo.nl

Bert Roes
Bert Roes is senior adviseur bij het College voor Arbeidszaken van de Vereniging van Nederlandse Gemeenten (VNG).
Artikel

Migranten en de erfenis van de verzuiling in Nederland

Een analyse van de invloed van de verzuiling op het Nederlandse migrantenbeleid (circa 1970-heden)

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2008
Auteurs Marcel Hoogenboom en Peter Scholten
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    It is often claimed, that there is a clear relationship between the Dutch experience with the 'pillarization' of national minorities in the nineteenth and twentieth century, and the 'integration' of ethnic minorities in Dutch society by government policies since the 1970s. This claim has never been substantiated though. In this article, the relationship is examined systematically on the basis of an analytical distinction between the 'organizational principles' and the 'rules of the game' of pillarization. It is concluded that traces of the organizational principles and the rules of the game of pillarization can, indeed, clearly be found in the minority policies of the 1970s and 1980s, but that since the early 1990s a process of 'de-pillarization' of government policies has set in. The article shows that in the early twenty-first century the experience with pillarization can hardly be traced in the minority policies.


Marcel Hoogenboom
Marcel Hoogenboom is universitair docent aan de faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen van de Universiteit Utrecht. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. M. Hoogenboom Universiteit Utrecht Faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen Algemene Sociale Wetenschappen Heidelberglaan 2, de Uithof 3584 CS Utrecht m.j.m.hoogenboom@uu.nl

Peter Scholten
Peter Scholten is universitair docent aan de faculteit Management en Bestuur van de Universiteit Twente. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. P. Scholten Universiteit Twente Faculteit Management en Bestuur Vakgroep Maatschappelijke Risico's en Veiligheid Postbus 217 7500 AE Enschede p.w.a.scholten@utwente.nl
Artikel

Etatisme in de polder?

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2008
Auteurs Berend Snijders en Femke van Esch
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Decision-making in the Netherlands is generally characterised as (neo) corporatist. Whether stakeholders enjoy a similar level of access to, and influence on the formulation of the national position, which the Dutch government advocates in Brussels, remains however unclear. This article aims at providing a first tentative answer to this question by studying the formulation of the Dutch position on EU resolution 882/2004 concerning the official controls on compliance with feed and food law, animal health and animal welfare.

    In-depth analysis of this case reveals that the development process of the Dutch stance on 882/2004 was largely devoid of stakeholder-input. As such, this process may be characterised as essentially etatist rather than corporatist. Moreover, it was established – as expected – that specialised lobby groups – those that could offer additional information and expertise to the dossier team responsible for 882/2004 – were able to exert more influence than general advocacy groups. Finally, the hypothesis that openness leads to more stakeholder-influence was not confirmed in this case. To the contrary, only during private bilateral discussion did a selection of business organizations manage to convince the dossier team of the benefits of limited border controls.


Berend Snijders
Berend Snijders is promovendus aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht. Correspondentiegegevens: Drs. Berend Snijders Universiteit Utrecht Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap Bijlhouwerstraat 6 3511 ZC Utrecht B.J.B.Snijders@uu.nl

Femke van Esch
Femke van Esch is als universitair docent verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht.
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