Zoekresultaat: 216 artikelen

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Artikel

De koers van zorgcoöperaties

Samenwerken zonder te verworden tot paradepaard of werkpaard van de participatiesamenleving

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden healthcare cooperatives, raise and development, relationship with government
Auteurs Dr. Meike Bokhorst
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Healthcare cooperatives are not only attractive to citizens, but they also seen by managers as a source of inspiration and as a means to provide care efficiently. This raises the question of how health cooperatives evolve and which relationship with governments is appropriate for them. The aim of this article is examine the state of the art regarding the rise and development of health cooperatives. This development depends on the degree to which health cooperatives are able to overcome cultural, legal and financial obstacles. Health cooperatives seems to be more promising and stable if they succeed in determining their own course, show that they can realize their aims themselves and while learning to work together with others.


Dr. Meike Bokhorst
Dr. A.M. Bokhorst is senior wetenschappelijk medewerker van de Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid.
Artikel

Van stedelijk onderzoek naar praktijken voor probleembewerking

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden governance of wicked problems, local administration, research, translation, problem structuring
Auteurs Drs. Robert M. Duiveman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In his much praised book on mayors, Benjamin Barber argues it’s up to cities to address the world’s most acute problems. These include wicked problems such as climate change, terrorism, poverty and trafficking of drugs, weapons and humans. Cities are not only excellent problem solvers, they are also given a prominent role in innovation and economics, democracy and citizenship, and more recently domestic care. Complicated, wicked and thus knowledge intensive problems are stacking up at the local level. But where to get the appropriate knowledge to tackle these issues?


Drs. Robert M. Duiveman
Drs. R.M. Duiveman doet (actie-)onderzoek in en naar nieuwe stedelijke kennispraktijken en schrijft hierover een dissertatie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Van Slingelandt-lezing: wie stuurt er (in) de stad?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden local administration, city management, New York
Auteurs Drs. Henk de Jong
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Henk de Jong, former chief clerk of the municipality of Amsterdam, spent some years as a management consultant in New York. Back home, he describes what the Netherlands can learn from the American way of managing big cities. Klaartje Peters, professor of Maastricht University, reflects on the lessons he draws.


Drs. Henk de Jong
Drs. H. de Jong was gemeentesecretaris van Amsterdam, heeft lang als adviseur in de Verenigde Staten gewerkt en is nu bestuurder van het ROC Leiden.
Artikel

De netwerkende burgemeester: beweging tussen binnen en buiten

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden mayor, mayoral roles, networks, network society, leadership
Auteurs Dr. Martijn van der Steen en Ilsa de Jong MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Worldwide, cities are becoming increasingly important in global networks. The rise of cities and urban regions is widely described in academic literature. Cities are becoming essential players in networks on three scales: on an international scale as a hub in global networks, on a regional scale in partnerships as a consequence of the necessity of upscaling and on a local scale, in cooperation with citizens. This article addresses what this rise of the city, operating in complex networks on different scales, means for the position and tasks of the mayor, as a representative of the city. The article describes the modern challenges for the mayoral function and role in an emerging network society and addresses the growing importance of strong personal and transactional leadership while operating in networks both inside and outside the municipality.


Dr. Martijn van der Steen
Dr. M.A. van der Steen is co-decaan en adjunct-directeur van de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur (NSOB) in Den Haag.

Ilsa de Jong MSc
I. de Jong, MSc is als onderzoeker/leermanager verbonden aan de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur (NSOB).
Artikel

Zijn eco-steden ook slim? En zijn slimme steden ook eco?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden eco-city, knowledge city, smart city, Terminologische verschillen en overeenkomsten
Auteurs Dr. Martin de Jong, Dr. Simon Joss, Daan Schraven MSc e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Over the last couple of decades, metropolitan areas around the world have been engaged in a multitude of initiatives aimed at upgrading urban infrastructure and services, in an effort to create better environmental, social and economic conditions and to enhance cities’ attractiveness and competitiveness. Reflecting these developments, many new categories of ‘cities’ have entered the policy discourse: ‘sustainable cities’; ‘green cities’; ‘digital cities’; ‘intelligent cities’; ‘smart cities’; ‘information cities’; ‘knowledge cities’; ‘resilient cities’; ‘eco-cities’; ‘low carbon cities’; ‘liveable cities’; and even combinations, such as ‘low carbon eco-cities’ and ‘ubiquitous eco-cities’. Each of these terms apparently seeks to capture and conceptualize key aspects of ongoing urban sustainability efforts. Closer examination, however, reveals that the terms are often used interchangeably by policy makers, planners and developers alike. In this article we examine the reflection of the wider policy debate in academic discourse. By subjecting the twelve most frequently encountered categories mentioned above to bibliometric analysis, we aim to identify the distinct conceptual perspectives harbored by each of them.


Dr. Martin de Jong
Dr. W.M. de Jong is universitair hoofddocent beleidskunde aan de Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management van de TU Delft en als toegevoegd hoogleraar verbonden aan Fudan University, Shanghai.

Dr. Simon Joss
Dr. S. Joss is directeur van de International Eco-Cities Initiative en als hoogleraar verbonden aan de University of Westminster in Londen.

Daan Schraven MSc
D. Schraven, MSc is onderzoeker bij de Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management van de TU Delft.

Changjie Zhan
C. Zhan is promovendus bij de Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management van de TU Delft.

Prof. dr. Margot Weijnen
Prof. dr. M.P.C. Weijnen is hoogleraar proces- en energienetwerken aan de Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management van de TU Delft.
Artikel

Gedrag als succesformule voor beleid

Leidt inzicht in menselijk gedrag tot beter beleid?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden behavioral sciences, public policymaking, policy effectiveness
Auteurs Dr. Meyken Houppermans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The economic crisis is forcing Dutch government to deliberate decisions that lead to effective public policy.
    There seems to be a trend for the involvement of behavioral insights in the policymaking process, in order to achieve more effective public policy. The Government Strategy Board organized several conferences on this topic and the Scientific Council for Government policy researches this subject.
    To what extent can behavioral insights be considered a success formula for policy? This article offers a critical consideration from the findings of the thesis ’Two sides of the coin’, that deals with the relationship between the policymaking process and the effectiveness of public policy and makes it clear that behavioral insights are an important condition for successful policy. However, success demands an update of the current dominant scientific perspective on public policy as well as a realistic judgement of the high requirements on policy makers to involve behavioral insights in the policymaking process.


Dr. Meyken Houppermans
Dr. M.K. Houppermans is bestuurskundig socioloog en werkzaam als onderzoeker/adviseur, gepromoveerd op het proefschrift ’Twee kanten van de medaille. Een onderzoek naar de kwaliteit van de beleidsvoorbereiding’.
Artikel

Is er een trade-off tussen wetenschappelijke impact en praktijkrelevantie?

Een analyse van de publicaties van bestuurs- en politieke wetenschappers in Nederland (2006-2011)

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden publications, public administration theory, public administration practice, internationalisation, relevance
Auteurs Prof. dr. Sandra Groeneveld, Robin Bouwman MSc en Prof. dr. Steven Van de Walle
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article examines whether there is a trade-off between publishing articles in international peer reviewed journals vis-à-vis national and professional work among scholars in the administrative and political sciences. A cluster analysis on their publications results in three publishing profiles: a professional profile, an international profile and a traditional profile. The professional profile author publishes a relatively high number of professional publications. The international profile author publishes a relatively high number of international peer-reviewed papers. The traditional author profile is characterized by a lower number of publications and a more balanced distribution of publications in both international and national categories. The profiles showcase that indeed there is a trade-off between publishing international scientific articles and publishing for practitioners, but only to some extent. Furthermore, the profiles are associated with the university where authors are employed and whether they got their Ph.D. at a Dutch university or abroad.


Prof. dr. Sandra Groeneveld
Prof. dr. S.M. Groeneveld is hoogleraar public management aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Robin Bouwman MSc
R.B. Bouwman, MSc is promovendus bestuurskunde aan de RU Nijmegen.

Prof. dr. Steven Van de Walle
Prof. dr. S. Van de Walle is hoogleraar vergelijkende bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Van eerste overheid naar eerst de burger, maar hoe?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden citizen participation, citizen initiative, local governance, municipal public policymaking
Auteurs Dr. Yvonne Kleistra en Drs. Guido Walraven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The first report (2013) by the Association of Netherlands Municipalities think tank deals with the question of how local governments can improve their own performance regarding the current trend of social initiatives in which citizens organize themselves to tackle problems in their neighborhoods. Kleistra and Walraven discuss the method, content and findings of the report. They question the widely used citizen perspective that is adopted by the think tank as a starting point for further research on the topic; its uncritical stance with regard to the highly debated issue of citizen participation; the limited research effort that underpins its overall findings and conclusions; and in particular its unequivocal call for large scale municipal experimenting and improvising without further elaborating on the key question of ‘how to proceed’ for the benefit of municipal policymakers. This brings them to the conclusion that the report itself generates highly relevant questions, but that these questions should be addressed more effectively than has so far been the case, by connecting in-depth empirical research on municipal performance with regard to citizens initiatives to the large body of scientific knowledge on citizen participation.


Dr. Yvonne Kleistra
Dr. Y. Kleistra is werkzaam als universitair docent bij de leerstoelgroep Geschiedenis van de Internationale Betrekkingen van de Universiteit Utrecht en als senior onderzoeker bij het lectoraat Dynamiek van de Stad van de Hogeschool InHolland Rotterdam.

Drs. Guido Walraven
Drs. G. Walraven is werkzaam als lector Dynamiek van de Stad van de Hogeschool InHolland Rotterdam en als coördinator Landelijk Kenniscentrum Gemengde Scholen.
Artikel

Verder op weg naar een professie voor de beleidsambtenaar?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden Civil servant, Professional autonomy, Professional standards, Professional behavior
Auteurs Drs. Hans Wilmink
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A profession can be defined as a group of workers with shared knowledge, skills and quality standards. To maintain its professional status, the professional community needs to be relatively autonomous. However, while performing their tasks, many pressures jeopardize the professional worker’s autonomous position. Here, the professional community can make a difference.
    Subordination to the political principal characterizes the position of the civil servant. What margin of professional independence do political leaders allow their civil servants? Recent academic empirical reports in the Netherlands show conflicting outcomes.
    This essay describes how civil servants from a Dutch ministry deal with their professional standards and argues that, in the process of professionalization, more clarity is required with regard to how autonomy and independence for civil servants are safeguarded. This is especially relevant in a contemporary context where new ways to account for the professional behavior of civil servants need to be sought.


Drs. Hans Wilmink
Drs. H. Wilmink bekleedde diverse functies op het ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken. Hij ging in 2013 met pensioen.
Artikel

Juridische status van een ethische code: waar plaats je zo’n code in de hiërarchie van de continentale normen?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden Civil servants, Codes of conduct civil servants, Code of conduct civil servants UK, Code of conduct civil servants Belgium, Codes of conduct civil servants France
Auteurs Prof. dr. mr. Alexander de Becker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The article aims to compare the current legal status of codes of conduct (if any) in five different EU-countries. Its starting point is the recent legal initiative in the Netherlands to abolish the existing status for officials and to replace it with contracts of employment. The parliamentary initiators indicate ethical elements as crucial for the employment relation in the public sector. Does this imply that a code of conduct has to be established?
    The article first focuses on the historical evolution of codes of conduct in different EU-Member States. Within the UK, integrity has always been considered a key stone of the civil service. However, it took until the nineties until a code of conduct was set out. The spread out of the importance of integrity for civil servants has spread out later in continental Europe. The impact of the theory of New Public Management, through the OECD, was therefore crucial. Consequently, Belgium and Germany developed codes of conduct while France and the Netherlands paid more attention to weight of ethical behavior in the public sector.
    Currently, it stays beyond any doubt that the codes of conduct in the UK have got a binding legal value. This value has not yet been achieved by the Belgian and the German codes. The article defends the point of view that a binding code in the Netherlands can be a useful tool.


Prof. dr. mr. Alexander de Becker
Prof. dr. mr. A.H.L. de Becker, universitair hoofddocent UHasselt en bijzonder hoogleraar Ien Dales Leerstoel ‘De overheid als arbeidsorganisatie’ (CAOP en Universiteit van Amsterdam).
Artikel

Socialisatie van ambtenaren: een kritische reflectie

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden Socialization, Education, Civil servants
Auteurs Drs. Tobias Kwakkelstein en Mr. Jet Beaumont
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The changes in the role of government raise questions about the training and socialization of Dutch public servants. How can civil servants and their organizations prepare for what it means to be a civil servant in the 21st century? In this article, the authors give an overview of training and other means of socialization for public servants. They conclude that there is hardly any evidence of universal and coherent means to shape the collective identity of civil servants, and suggest ways to improve this.


Drs. Tobias Kwakkelstein
Drs. T. Kwakkelstein is strategisch beleidsadviseur bij de directie Organisatie en Personeelsbeleid Rijk.

Mr. Jet Beaumont
Mr. H.M.M. Beaumont is beleidsmedewerker bij de directie Arbeidszaken Publieke Sector.
Artikel

Een duwtje om over na te denken

De belofte van nudging voor de terugtredende overheid

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden nudge, choice architecture, libertarian paternalism, autonomy, decision-making
Auteurs Jasper Zuure MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Nudging is currently high on the political agenda. The idea behind nudging is that the government can gently push citizens in the ‘good’ direction by anticipating their predictable irrational behaviour. In the Dutch discussion nudging often is seen as an instrument to influence citizens more. Therefore critics fear paternalism, manipulation and technocracy. However, we could also see nudging as a replacement of more coercive instruments. Then nudges might even offer chances for a state that is withdrawing under the condition that citizens have both the opportunity and the capability to make alternative choices in practice than the choices to which nudges aim. Therefore nudges by the government should not avoid reflective and conscious thinking processes, but rather stimulate deliberation and make citizens more aware of their decisions.


Jasper Zuure MSc
J. Zuure, MSc is sociaal psycholoog en adviseur bij de Raad voor Maatschappelijke Ontwikkeling (RMO). Tevens schrijft hij een proefschrift in de politieke filosofie over massapsychologie en politieke theorieën.
Artikel

Publiek-Private Samenwerking

Een reparatiestrategie voor falende ordeningsvormen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden Public-private partnerships, governance arrangements, public values
Auteurs Dr. Maurits Sanders
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Government employs Public-Private Partnerships as a remedial strategy directed at compensating for failures that typically occur in pure market arrangements, networks or pure hierarchical government settings. It is then possible to engage in Public-Private Partnerships corresponding with the three basic forms of social organization: market, network and government. The distinction between: (1) market-PPP, (2) network-PPP and (3) public authority-PPP is elaborated.


Dr. Maurits Sanders
Dr. M.Ph.Th. Sanders is als hoofddocent bestuurskunde verbonden aan Saxion. Hij is tevens executive director van het Netherlands Institute of Government (NIG).
Boekbespreking

Zoeken naar een evenwichtig veiligheidsbeleid: risicomanagement, onzekerheid en crises

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden risk management, uncertainty, crises, safety
Auteurs Dr. Sandra Larissa Resodihardjo
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    How far should governments go to keep their citizens safe? Not an easy question to answer, but the three books reviewed in this essay provide food for thought on this matter. Power (2004) describes how risk management could become such a dominant feature in today’s society while warning for the danger of risk management being misused to save one’s reputation if things do go wrong. Boutellier (2013) paints a picture of Dutch societal uncertainty and explains how crime became a part of Dutch risk society. According to Boutellier, Dutch government tries to deal with this complexity in an improvising manner. Van Duin, Wijkhuijs, and Jong (2013) present an edited volume of crises and incidents which happened in 2012. Lessons are drawn and warnings given, including the warning that it is impossible to prepare for all possible incidents, let alone plan everything ahead and distil those plans in rules and regulations.


Dr. Sandra Larissa Resodihardjo
Dr. S.L. Resodihardjo is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Artikel

Taptoe: de echte helden van de terugtocht

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden administrative history, central government, retreat of the state, citizen initiatives
Auteurs Prof. dr. Paul Frissen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper draws some lessons, expected and unexpected, from the different contributions in this special issue on the retreating state. The special issue has shown that the retreat of the retreat of the state is a paradoxical and unequivocal development. The retreat of the state is also accompanied by active forms of central management and policy initiatives. Wider developments in the economy and international politics demonstrate that the state is not, as has often been suggested, obsolete. Disregarding this, however, many citizens are actively involved in shaping a new form of participative society.


Prof. dr. Paul Frissen
Prof. dr. P.H.F. Frissen is bestuursvoorzitter en decaan Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur, hoogleraar bestuurskunde Universiteit van Tilburg en lid van de Raad voor Maatschappelijke Ontwikkeling.
Artikel

Het organiseren van de terugtocht: voorbereidende beschietingen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden administrative history, central government, retreat of the state, decentralization, framing
Auteurs Dr. Thomas Schillemans en Prof. dr. Paul Frissen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The state has been expanding throughout the twentieth century but now seems to be in retreat. This special issue addresses the question how central governments can organize their retreats. It is a theme with a double-sided focus. On the one hand, we will offer an empirical and theoretical state of the art of the ‘state of the state’. On the other hand, this special issue will thematise how a retreat of the state can be organized in a proper way. The special issue consists of eight different articles; some more theoretical and normative and others clearly empirical. Together the articles provide a colourful overview of the state of the Dutch state in the early 21st Century.


Dr. Thomas Schillemans
Dr. T. Schillemans is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Utrecht.

Prof. dr. Paul Frissen
Prof. dr. P.H.F. Frissen is bestuursvoorzitter en decaan Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur, hoogleraar bestuurskunde Universiteit van Tilburg en lid van de Raad voor Maatschappelijke Ontwikkeling.
Artikel

Terugtrekken of opzij stappen?

Beleidsadviezen over minder overheid en meer samenleving

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden retreating government, state, society, scientific councils, policy advice
Auteurs Dr. Harmen Binnema
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Various advisory councils for the government advocate a retreat of government. This can take the form of less government, i.e. abandoning certain public tasks, or a more modest government. This retreat of government is said to be necessary to give space to initiatives from society – which are now hampered by policy makers – and because of the failure of both the state and the market to perform public tasks adequately. Yet, it remains to be seen how realistic this call for the retreat of government is. In addition, it is unclear whether this process is already taking place (descriptive) or whether it concerns a desired situation to be achieved in the future (prescriptive). What does a facilitating government actually look like? The advisory rapports discussed in this paper share a thorough line of argumentation analysis which is plausible at first sight. At the same time, they miss out in the practical application for policy makers, they seem to be overly optimistic in their assessment of the role of citizens. Moreover, all advisory councils shy away from making fundamental choices about which tasks governments should discontinue and hand over to societal initiatives.


Dr. Harmen Binnema
Dr. H.A. Binnema is universitair docent/programmacoördinator bestuur en beleid aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Opkrabbelen na de verrassingsaanval

Hoe de culturele sector afkickt van subsidieverslaving

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden cultural sector, subsidies, retreat of the state, decentralization, financial indicators, budget cuts
Auteurs Drs. Daan van Lent
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2012 the Dutch government decided to implement severe budget cuts for the cultural sector, more than in almost any other European country. Not only for austerity reasons but also due to ideological motives 200 million in subsidies to the cultural sector were cut by the central government. Also local government cut their cultural budgets, but only for economic reasons. After an outrage among artists and cultural institutions they started to adapt. But cultural entrepreneurship proved difficult in an era of economic crisis. Sponsorship and donations were difficult to get. Visitors saved on their expenses for visits to theatres. Nevertheless just a small number of cultural institutions stopped their activities. Most cut their staff and are only working with freelancers. The consequences of cuts are mostly felt by individual artists. With the institutions they are trying to find new ways for reaching audiences. But it is too early to tell if they will survive. The government is developing new indicators for judging the performances of the cultural institutions. That has the danger of a cultural utilitarianism, without a vision on other values for society that the cultural sector could provide.


Drs. Daan van Lent
Drs. D. van Lent studeerde juridisch politieke wetenschappen aan de Rijksuniversiteit Leiden en international journalism aan de City University in Londen en werkt als journalist voor NRC Handelsblad.
Artikel

De mythe van de terugtrekkende overheid: een verhaal over Europese idealen en erotische tekorten

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden discourse, liberalism, neoliberalism, radicalism, policy programs
Auteurs Dr. Ringo Ossewaarde
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this paper it is argued that the discourse on the retreating government is a story about mobilizing executive power deemed necessary for enforcing a neoliberal worldview. The intellectual discourse about the retreating government, the argument goes, develops as a radical and neoliberal critique of the Keynesian planning and organization of the enlightenment – an organization that is above all expressed in the postwar welfare state. The Dutch policy discourse, by contrast, is of a practical nature: it is about the organization of the government retreat. In the reconstruction of the policy discourse, as it is manifest in leading policy documents of the Dutch central government, it is observed that this discourse has emancipated from the intellectual discourse. The policy discourse of the retreating government has developed into a financial management discourse, free from European ideals.


Dr. Ringo Ossewaarde
Dr. M.R.R. Ossewaarde is universitair hoofddocent sociologie aan de Universiteit Twente.
Artikel

Veelvormige veelfrontenoorlog

Empirische analyse van terugtocht, optocht, stilstand of hervorming van de Nederlandse staat

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden administrative history, central government, retreat of the state, decentralization, financial indicators
Auteurs Dr. Thomas Schillemans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Many authors have claimed that the role of the Dutch government, and other governments, is changing. The overarching consensus is that states are now retreating after decades of expansion. This paper investigates, on the basis of a secondary analysis of existing data, whether, where and how the Dutch state can be said to be retreating. This leads to mixed findings: four different analyses of the ‘state of the state’. The first tale, focusing on macro financial indicators, suggests ‘stability’. The second tale, focusing on net changes in expenses, depicts further expansion, particularly in the domain of health care. The third tale, focusing on policy intentions, sees a retreat indeed. And the fourth tale would suggest that it is merely about a reorganization of the state itself.


Dr. Thomas Schillemans
Dr. T. Schillemans is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
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