Zoekresultaat: 1355 artikelen

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Ewald Engelen
Ewald Engelen is hoogleraar financiële geografie aan de Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen van de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. E.R. Engelen Universiteit van Amsterdam Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen Nieuwe Prinsengracht 130 1018 VZ Amsterdam e.r.engelen@uva.nl
Artikel

Werkende vaders, zorgende mannen

De mogelijkheid van verandering

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2006
Auteurs Jan Willem Duyvendak en Monique Stavenuiter
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Fathers may fundamentally change their behaviour, depending on the context. In this article, this aspect was investigated on the basis of three exceptional practices. The 'standard practice' has been defined as a living unit consisting of a man, a woman and one or more children, with the man working outside the home at regular times (generally from 9-17 hours) and the woman being (largely) responsible for household and care tasks. We speak of an exceptional practice if the man works non-regular hours, or has an unusual working pattern, or is part of a special type of household. The study involved around thirty such households, subdivided into the households of homosexual fathers, shiftworkers and teleworkers. The main conclusion of the article into exceptional practices is that men's views and preferences as regards the distribution of tasks between men and women are closely linked to the context in which they perform these tasks. In households characterised by a more balanced distribution of tasks, the alleged skills and preferences of men and the tradition in which they grew up have become largely or totally irrelevant. It turns out that men's opinions may change in situations where men are forced to carry out certain tasks because of a change in circumstances (different working hours, working patterns or alternative lifestyles). In that case, even supposedly poor skills are suddenly of little or no importance. Being 'alone' at home with the children appears to be an important stimulus to actually perform care tasks.


Jan Willem Duyvendak
Jan Willem Duyvendak is hoogleraar algemene sociologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en mede-auteur van het boek Working Fathers, Caring Men, Den Haag/Utrecht: Ministerie SZW/Verwey-Jonker Instituut. Correspondentieadres: UvA – afdeling sociologie en antropologie, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 185, 1012 DK Amsterdam, duyvendak@uva.nl

Monique Stavenuiter
Monique Stavenuiter is werkzaam als hoofd van de onderzoeksgroep Maatschappelijke Participatie bij het Verwey-Jonker Instituut te Utrecht en mede-auteur van het boek Working Fathers, Caring Men, Den Haag/Utrecht: Ministerie SZW/Verwey-Jonker Instituut.
Artikel

Grip op de post-Euclidische stad?

Oefeningen in de regio Amsterdam

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2006
Auteurs Willem Salet
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Cities are in stage of transformation under the combined effect of enlargement of scale and the enlargement of scope of urban activities. The enlargement of scale is visible in the regionalization of urban development. Housing markets, labor markets and mobility patterns crystallize at regional level. However, the scaling up of urban life is not just an extension of the city as is experienced over more than a century. The simultaneous enlargement of scope makes the transformation more complex and dependant on external connections, both in the private and the public sector. The essay explores concepts that try to explain the nature of this new complexity. What is the meaning of 'urban space' and 'urban place' under the conditions of globalization? And what are the consequences for the guidance of collective action in the context of multi actor and multi level governance? The nature of urban change is illustrated in the case of the Randstad Holland, in particular the region of Amsterdam.


Willem Salet
Willem Salet is hoogleraar planologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam, Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen. Recente publicatie: W. Salet en Stan Majoor, 2005, Amsterdam Zuidas European Space, Rotterdam: 010 Uitgevers. Adres: AMIDSt, Nieuwe Prinsengracht 130, 1018 VZ Amsterdam, e-mail: W.G.M.Salet@uva.nl
Discussie

Vrijheid, onder andere een ideaal

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2006
Auteurs Menno Hurenkamp en Monique Kremer
Auteursinformatie

Menno Hurenkamp
Menno Hurenkamp is politicoloog en is columnist van de Groene Amsterdammer

Monique Kremer
Monique Kremer is als stafmedewerker werkzaam bij de WRR
Artikel

Over oude erfenissen en nieuwe ergernissen

Een evaluatie van het rapport 'Een belaste relatie. 25 Jaar Ontwikkelingssamenwerking Nederland – Suriname'

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2006
Auteurs Yvonne Kleistra
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In February 2004, a highly debated research report with the title 'A Burdened Relation. 25 Years Development Aid between the Netherlands and Surinam' was sent to parliament. The study was conducted by a Netherlands scientist and a Surinam senior official (Kruijt and Maks, 2004). Their central aim was to execute a 'quick scan lessons learned evaluation' in order to arrive at a research agenda for a more detailed and profound study of the bilateral development aid relations of the two countries. In spite of this, the Netherlands minister for Development Aid decided in June 2005 to terminate the research project. Main argument she put forward to underpin the decision was that further research would add just about nothing to what already was known, or could be thought relevant for policymaking. The author of this article questions the validity of the argument of the minister. She scrutinizes the threefold research task, the research process and the results of the joint exercise. This demonstrates that the review holds a future scientific research agenda that is both innovative and provocative. Furthermore, she points out that the political ups and downs that accompanied the publication contain some additional practical insights.


Yvonne Kleistra
Dr. Y. Kleistra is werkzaam als inspecteur Vrede en Veiligheid bij de Inspectiedienst Ontwikkelingssamenwerking en Beleid (IOB) van het Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken. Adres: Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken/IOB, Postbus 20061, 2500 EB Den Haag, tel. (070) 348 63 38, e-mail: yvonne.kleistra@minbuza.nl

    This article identifies institutions and arrangements concerning the reconciliation of working life and family life for various European countries. These institutions and arrangements concern time (flexible working hours and leave arrangements), money (tax systems) and facilities (childcare facilities). A fairer distribution of all work and care tasks requires proper facilities at national level in respect of childcare, parental leave, so-called leave savings schemes, the right to work part-time, etc. Such facilities are of particular importance while taking the first steps towards a fairer distribution: they will enable men to take on more tasks at home, while making it easier for women to work outside the home. The article concludes that with regard to reconciliation facilities, the differences between the several welfare states within the European Union are fading away. This is interesting, because as a result the EU countries are increasingly finding common ground in terms of solutions for reconciliation and more specifically the role of men.


Ivy Koopmans
Ivy Koopmans is als onderzoeker verbonden aan de Utrecht School of Economics van de Universiteit Utrecht. Adres: Utrecht School of Economics, Vredenburg 138, 3511 BG Utrecht, I.Koopmans@econ.uu.nl

Joop Schippers
Joop Schippers is hoogleraar Arbeids- en Emancipatie-economie aan de Universiteit Utrecht en tevens is hij als programmahoogleraar verbonden aan de Organisatie voor Strategisch Arbeidsmarktonderzoek (OSA). Adres: Utrecht School of Economics, Vredenburg 138, 3511 BG Utrecht

    Fathers may fundamentally change their behaviour, depending on the context. In this article, this aspect was investigated on the basis of three exceptional practices. The 'standard practice' has been defined as a living unit consisting of a man, a woman and one or more children, with the man working outside the home at regular times (generally from 9-17 hours) and the woman being (largely) responsible for household and care tasks. We speak of an exceptional practice if the man works non-regular hours, or has an unusual working pattern, or is part of a special type of household. The study involved around thirty such households, subdivided into the households of homosexual fathers, shiftworkers and teleworkers. The main conclusion of the article into exceptional practices is that men's views and preferences as regards the distribution of tasks between men and women are closely linked to the context in which they perform these tasks. In households characterised by a more balanced distribution of tasks, the alleged skills and preferences of men and the tradition in which they grew up have become largely or totally irrelevant. It turns out that men's opinions may change in situations where men are forced to carry out certain tasks because of a change in circumstances (different working hours, working patterns or alternative lifestyles). In that case, even supposedly poor skills are suddenly of little or no importance. Being 'alone' at home with the children appears to be an important stimulus to actually perform care tasks.


Monique Stavenuiter
Monique Stavenuiter is werkzaam als hoofd van de onderzoeksgroep Maatschappelijke Participatie bij het Verwey-Jonker Instituut te Utrecht en mede-auteur van het boek Working Fathers, Caring Men, Den Haag/Utrecht: Ministerie SZW/Verwey-Jonker Instituut. Adres: Verwey-Jonker Instituut, Kromme Nieuwegracht 6, 3512 HG Utrecht, e-mail: mstavenuiter@verwey-jonker.nl

Jan Willem Duyvendak
Jan Willem Duyvendak is hoogleraar algemene sociologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en mede-auteur van het boek Working Fathers, Caring Men, Den Haag/Utrecht: Ministerie SZW/Verwey-Jonker Instituut. Adres: Verwey-Jonker Instituut, Kromme Nieuwegracht 6, 3512 HG Utrecht
Artikel

Hoe effectief sturen provincies op de realisering van windenergie?

Een evaluatie van de Bestuursovereenkomst Landelijke Ontwikkeling Windenergie

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2006
Auteurs Marieke van Duyn, Hens Runhaar, Susanne Agterbosch e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands, an ambitious policy goal of 1,000 MW of wind power capacity by the year 2000 had already been formulated in 1985 and remained the official basis for wind energy policy until 2000. The pace of realisation of wind turbines however did not keep up with this policy objective. An important reason is that it proves difficult to provide enough locations for wind turbines in spatial plans. Over the last 15 years two covenants have been concluded between the Dutch central government and provinces in order to overcome this problem: the 1991-Governmental Agreement on Planning Problems Wind Energy (BPW), and the 2001-Governmental Agreement on the National Development Wind Energy (BLOW). In the BLOW provinces have agreed to work towards the realisation of wind turbines with a total capacity of 1,500 MW in 2010. For this purpose provinces need the co-operation of municipalities, wind power project developers and local communities. Municipalities have a crucial role because of their discretion of detailed allocation of land use in local spatial plans. They are no partners to the covenant however. Provinces can use several governance strategies for mobilising co-operation: from top-down governance in which provinces specify locations to bottom-up approaches in which the initiatives are left to municipalities and project developers. This paper compares both covenants and assesses the effectiveness of different governance strategies employed by three distinct provinces.


Marieke van Duyn
Marieke van Duyn is beleidsmedewerkster bij de Zuid-Hollandse Milieudefensie.

Hens Runhaar
Hens Runhaar is universitair docent Adres: Copernicus Instituut voor Duurzame Ontwikkeling en Innovatie, Universiteit Utrecht Postbus 80115, 3508 TC Utrecht, h.runhaar@geo.uu.nl

Susanne Agterbosch
Susanne Agterbosch is promovendus.

Marco Tieleman
Marco Tieleman is sr. adviseur bij CEA.
Artikel

De Koning en de spreektelegraaf

Een begrippenkader voor de bestudering van de invloed van overheidsincentives op innovatieve ondernemingen

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2006
Auteurs Helen Stout en Martin de Jong
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Traditionally, technological transitions in infrastructure bound sectors are matters for the private sector. History teaches us that as soon as technological transitions proved successful, government sooner or later got involved with the distribution. Most of this involvement, both in history and now, has taken the form of public regulation with the help of various formal legal instruments.

    This article aims to answer three questions, namely (1) what ideational and materials drives can be distinguished in the government's involvement in these technological transitions, (2) through what legal instruments are these objectives expressed and how , and (3) what are the incentives of these formal legal instruments on innovative private entrepreneurs for their further technological pursuits. How were their behavioural options affected by the use of statutory acts, concessions, permits and/or licences? Incentives to private innovators are qualified as positive, neutral or negative. The research method chosen has been inspired by insights from legal sociology, public choice theory and strategic actor behaviour in qualitative simulation-games, but follows distinct methodological steps. Throughout the article a case study on the transition from telegraphy to telephony in The Netherlands will be used to illustrate the discussion.


Helen Stout
Prof. mr. dr. Helen Stout is hoogleraar Recht en Infrastructuren aan de Technische Universiteit Delft, h.d.stout@tbm.tudelft.nl, tel. (015)-278 54 16

Martin de Jong
Dr. Martin de Jong is universitair hoofddocent aan de Technische Universiteit Delft, w.m.dejong@tbm.tudelft.nl, tel. (015)-278 80 52

    This article examines the impact of European integration on the Dutch constitutional order. It argues that within this constitutional order, the roles of the executive and the judiciary have been strengthened at the expense of the role of parliament. Although these shifts are partly the outcome of domestic developments, they have also been caused by the process of European integration. Within the Netherlands, there has hardly been any debate on the role of the EU and EU law in the Dutch constitutional order and no formal changes to the written constitution have been made. This can be explained, on the one hand, by the openness of the Dutch legal order for international law and, on the other hand, by the fact that many constitutional practices have not been codified in the formal constitution.


Leonard Besselink
Dr. Leonard F.M. Besselink is senior docent/onderzoeker bij de disciplinegroep Staats- en Bestuursrecht van de Universiteit Utrecht. Adres: Achter Sint Pieter 200, 3512 HT Utrecht, e-mail: l.besselink@law.uu.nl
Discussie

Hoe lokaal zijn lokale verkiezingen?

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2006
Auteurs Wouter van der Brug en Philip van Praag
Auteursinformatie

Wouter van der Brug
Wouter van der Brug is als universitair docent werkzaam bij de UvA Adres: UvA, Instituut voor Migratie en Etnische Studies, Kloveniersburgwal 48, 1012 CX Amsterdam

Philip van Praag
Philip van Praag is als universitair hoofddocent werkzaam bij de UvA

    The EU is transforming the function and power of the Dutch parliament as an institution, and the way in which its principal actors, the governing and opposition parliamentary party groups, interact with each other and the government. This article seeks to address the question: How does parliamentary scrutiny over EU decision-making function in the Netherlands and how has this new role for parliament changed both parliamentary and executive relations in the country and the interaction of parties in parliament? For the purposes of this research, this paper uses the typology of King. The author has conducted a number of in-depth interviews with Dutch MPs. Overall, this article concludes the process of parliamentary scrutiny over EU matters in the Netherlands is no longer exclusively about finding a national consensus towards the outside world, but increasingly mirrors the rough and tumble of normal, domestic politics.


Ronald Holzhacker
Ronald Holzhacker is werkzaam bij de Universiteit Twente.

Duco Bannink
Duco Bannink is als universitair docent verbonden aan de Universiteit van Twente. Adres: Universiteit Twente, Faculteit Bedrijf, Bestuur en Technologie, Postbus 217, 7500 AE Enschede, tel. (053)-489 32 22, e-mail: d.b.d.bannink@utwente.nl

    This article examines the impact of the EU on the content of policy. It analyses two cases in which the EU affected Dutch policies in different ways: in the case of packaging waste policy the EU exerted direct influence through EU legislation, whereas in the case of railway policy, the EU only had an indirect impact through policy models. Nevertheless, the impact of the EU was greater in the railway policy case than in the packaging waste case. This suggests that domestic political processes are more important in explaining the impact of the EU on policy content, than the degree of legal adaptation pressure. In addition, the article shows that the EU has affected the policy networks in the area of packaging waste policy, even though Dutch corporatist structures have shown remarkable resilience and have even been strengthened by the implementation requirements of EU legislation in this field.


Markus Haverland
Dr. Markus Haverland is docent/onderzoeker bij het departement Bestuurskunde van de Universiteit Leiden. Adres: Pieter de la Court gebouw, Postbus 9555, 2300 RB Leiden, e-mail: mhaverland@fsw.leidenuniv.nl

Luc Panhuysen
Luc Panhuysen (1962) studeerde geschiedenis in Groningen, was tien jaar werkzaam in de landelijke journalistiek, tot hij besloot om zich te richten op het schrijven van toegankelijke boeken over geschiedenis. In 2000 publiceerde hij De beloofde stad, opkomst en ondergang van het koninkrijk der wederdopers, in 2002 Jantje van Leiden en in september 2005 verscheen van zijn hand De Ware Vrijheid. De levens van Johan en Cornelis de Witt.

    This article is the introduction to this special issue in which the Europeanisation of Dutch polity, politics and policy forms the central focus of attention. The main question we address in this special issue is to what extent the Netherlands has changed under the influence of processes of Europeanisation. This article first discusses the state-of-the-art Europeanisation literature; then it sets out to discuss four problems with this literature. Based on the insights generated by the contributors to this special issue, the authors conclude that for a better understanding of processes of Europeanisation, the EU should no longer be seen as an actor, but rather as an (cluster of) arena(s) in which a variety of actors (member states, EU institutions, interest groups, et cetera) are trying to achieve their political goals.


Sebastiaan Princen
Verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht Adres: Bijlhouwerstraat 6, 3511 ZC Utrecht, e-mail: s.princen@usg.uu.nl

Kutsal Yesilkagit
Verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht Adres: Bijlhouwerstraat 6, 3511 ZC Utrecht, e-mail: k.yesilkagit@usg.uu.nl

    Child labor evokes deep emotions and is cause for growing international concern. What, if anything, should governments of liberal-democratic societies do to combat child labor?

    This paper discusses the possibilities and pitfalls of Western policies that seek to curb child labor abroad. Since such policies aim to combat practices in another society, policy makers should be aware of the many relevant differences between developing and developed countries. We discuss three issues that are central to this debate: socioeconomic causes of child labor, different conceptions of childhood, and the distinction between child work and child labor. Studying the historical example of the emergence and disappearance of child labor in nineteenth-century Netherlands broadens our analysis. We then evaluate the implications of these investigations and conclude the paper by suggesting five recommendations for Western policy makers that would avoid the pitfalls discussed.


Mijke Houwerzijl
Mijke Houwerzijl is juriste en als onderzoeker (NWO-SaRO project 'Flexicurity') verbonden aan het departement sociaal recht en sociale politiek, Universiteit van Tilburg. Adres: Departement encyclopedie en rechtsgeschiedenis, Faculteit Rechten, Universiteit van Tilburg, Postbus 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, e-mail: m.s.houwerzijl@uvt.nl. Zij is begin 2005 gepromoveerd op een onderzoek naar de detachering van werknemers in de Europese Unie (De Detacheringsrichtlijn, Deventer: Kluwer 2005 (reeks Europese Monografieën, nr. 78). Eerder publiceerde zij over verschillende arbeidsrechtelijke en sociaal-politieke onderwerpen. Over kinderarbeid: 'Wettelijk minimumjeugdloon voor 13- en 14-jarige kinderen?' Arbeid Integraal 2003, p. 28-30. Een overzicht is te vinden op www.uvt.nl/webwijs/show.html?anr=527432).

Roland Pierik
Dr. Roland Pierik is universitair docent politieke theorie aan de Rechtenfaculteit van de Universiteit van Tilburg. In het voorjaar van 2005 was hij visiting scholar aan de filosofiefaculteit van University College Londen. Adres: Departement encyclopedie en rechtsgeschiedenis, Faculteit Rechten, Universiteit van Tilburg, Postbus 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, e-mail: r.pierik@ uvt.nl, www.rolandpierik.nl. Recente publicaties:

Mendeltje van Keulen
Wetenschappelijk medewerker bij de afdeling Opleidingen van het Nederlands Instituut voor Internationale Betrekkingen 'Clingendael' en het Centre for European Studies van de Universiteit Twente.

    The displacement of political decision making from the classic bodies of representative democracy to non democratically legitimised arenas is a major threat to contemporary representative democracy. In this essay, three displacements are discussed: from parliamentary to deliberative processes, from political to professional decision making, and from national to international arenas. Several of the safeguards that have been developed in parliamentary democracy over the past centuries, such as representation, transparency, majority voting, and public accountability, are missing or are underdeveloped in these new arenas. The essay explores how these safeguards could be introduced into these new arenas and concludes that the displacement of politics should be attended by a dissemination of democracy.


Mark Bovens
Prof. dr Mark Bovens is als hoogleraar bestuurskunde verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht. Zijn meest recente boek is: De digitale republiek: Democratie en rechtsstaat in de informatiemaatschappij (Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press 2003). Dit essay markeert zijn afscheid als redactievoorzitter van B en M. Adres: Bijlhouwerstraat 6, 3511 ZC Utrecht, e-mail: m.bovens@usg.uu.nl

    Member states must transpose European directives into national rules. This process, however, is not without problems. The Netherlands regularly transposes directives too late. Moreover, very often the content of the national transposition rules does not match the adaptations required by the directives. This article examines whether political resistance or administrative and legal weaknesses cause these problems. The author concludes that problems regarding transposition are caused by a culture of neglect and lack of priority for EU policies. Improving coordination procedures, formal legislative processes, and information facilities will not solve transposition problems as long as the cultural aspect of the problem isn't adequately addressed.


Ellen Mastenbroek
Drs. Ellen Mastenbroek is Assistent in Opleiding bij de departementen Bestuurskunde en Politieke Wetenschap aan de Universiteit Leiden. Adres: Pieter de la Court gebouw, Postbus 9555, 2300 RB Leiden, e-mail: mastenbroek@fsw.leidenuniv.nl
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