Zoekresultaat: 92 artikelen

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Artikel

Lessen en conclusies uit vier keer stelselwijziging

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden public management reform, governance arrangements
Auteurs Philip Marcel Karré en Cees Paardekooper
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This concluding article of our special issue on public management reform in the Netherlands summarizes the information presented in the individual articles. We conclude that reform is often an incremental process, aimed at streamlining existing governance arrangements rather than creating and rolling out grand new designs.


Philip Marcel Karré
Dr. P.M. Karré is als programmaleider van de professional master Urban Management aan de Hogeschool van Amsterdam. Hij doet onderzoek naar de governance van hybride organisaties (www.hybrideorganisaties.nl).

Cees Paardekooper
Drs. C. Paardekooper is adviseur bij WagenaarHoes.
Artikel

Successen en rafelrandjes: Stelselwijzigingen in het Openbaar Vervoer

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden public transport, New Public Management
Auteurs Wijnand Veeneman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    During the 1980s and 1990s, successive Dutch governments reformed public transport by introducing market-type mechanisms. However, these New Public Management-style reforms have only been introduced half-heartedly because governments also tried to avoid the negative effects of NPM. On some fronts, the reforms have undoubtedly led to improved quality (better and newer material) and more choice for governments regarding how to organize public transport because there are several new providers. But on other fronts, these positive effects have been hampered by fragmentation, leading to calls for another overhaul of the system. This article chronicles the developments in public transport and discusses which new steps could be taken.


Wijnand Veeneman
Dr. W.W. Veeneman is als universitair hoofddocent Organisatie & Management verbonden aan de Technische Universiteit Delft.

    In policy practice sometimes organizational arrangements appear that at first glance manifest itself as cooperative relations between private organizations, but about which on second thoughts the question can be asked if after all there is an active input from the side of the government. This is for instance the case in the construction of biogas infrastructures. In this article the authors discuss if we can talk about PPC after all. In the debate on governance this question is important because in the design of PPC the public interest involved must be sufficiently guaranteed in terms of control and accountability. On the basis of a confrontation between the results of a literature review and an empirical study of the case of a Green Gas pipeline in North-East Friesland (‘Biogasleiding Noordoost Fryslân’) in the Netherlands, the authors conclude that public steering in practice can take a form in disguise. Using ‘intermediate’ civil law legal persons, governmental influence indeed can be and is exercised during the cooperation. Especially law poses specific demands on control and accountability to take care of public interests, like the promotion of the use of renewable energy. Likewise in this kind of projects, especially in comparison with pure private-private cooperation, the public and if possible even the public law regulation must be safeguarded, for instance by transparency of form and content of steering. Of course this has to be done with preservation of the cooperative nature that is typical of PPC.


Maurits Sanders
Dr. M.P.T. Sanders is hoofddocent Bestuurskunde bij Saxion Hogescholen, zakelijk directeur van het Netherlands Institute of Government (NIG) en onlangs gepromoveerd aan de Faculteit Management en Bestuur van de Universiteit Twente.

Michiel Heldeweg
Prof. mr. dr. M.A. Heldeweg is hoogleraar Public Governance Law aan de Faculteit Management en Bestuur van de Universiteit Twente.

    In dit artikel wordt het evaluatieonderzoek van overheidsbeleid kritisch onder de loep genomen. De auteur bespreekt vier alternatieven: responsieve en multipele evaluatie, argumentatieve evaluatie, netwerkgericht evalueren en lerend evalueren. De bevindingen kunnen positief inwerken op het ‘leren van evalueren’ in organisaties.


Prof. dr. A.F.A. Korsten
Prof. dr. A. (Arno) F.A. Korsten is honorair hoogleraar Bestuurskunde van de lagere overheden aan de Universiteit Maastricht en emeritus hoogleraar Bedrijfs- en bestuurswetenschappen, in het bijzonder bestuurskunde aan de Open Universiteit.
Artikel

Hoe beoordelen topambtenaren veranderingen?

De bijzondere positie van de Nederlandse topambtenaar

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2013
Trefwoorden senior officials, reforms, public sector, international comparison
Auteurs Steven Van de Walle, Stephan Dorsman en Tamara Homan
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article shows how top officials in ten European countries evaluate changes in the public sector based on a number of dimensions, such as quality, cost-efficiency, ethics, effectiveness and the attractiveness of the public sector as an employer. Senior public officials in the Netherlands are compared to their counterparts from 9 other European countries. The study is based on the large-scale academic COCOPS Top Executive Survey, and answers from 3,173 top public sector officials were used.
    Results show that senior public officials in the Netherlands are very positive about changes in cost-efficiency and service quality in the public sector. Yet they are concerned about the attractiveness of the public sector as an employer and public trust in government. At the same time, senior public officials in the Netherlands appear to be among the most positive all nationalities about recent changes in how the public sector operates. Only with regard to changes in the attractiveness of the public sector as an employer are senior Dutch public officials considerably less optimistic.


Steven Van de Walle
Prof. dr. S. Van de Walle is verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Stephan Dorsman
S.J. Dorsman MSc. is verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Tamara Homan
T. Homan is verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Nederlands klimaatmitigatiebeleid top-down of bottom-up?

Onderzoek naar de gemeentelijke sturingsrol binnen het klimaatmitigatiebeleid

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden multilevel governance, local climate mitigation policy, governance arrangements, environmental policy, process management, project management
Auteurs Harm Harmsen en Machiel Lamers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Our research question is: how do Dutch municipalities practice their local steering role within climate mitigation policy? Policy documents of twelve municipalities have been analysed and corresponding policymakers have been interviewed. Our research illustrates that the Dutch government is struggling with the changing relations with society and the growing dependency on it for reaching policy targets. According to literature, the governmental steering role of process management is expected to be more effective in situations of high dependency. However, the policy strategies of municipalities meet characteristics of project management. Meanwhile, the project targets are not controllably formulated and rely solely on actions of other local parties. The ministry has assigned municipalities to use this project management style, to implement the projects in a top-down manner, and to find partners after the implementation phase. Municipal policymakers indicate that they are facing problems afterwards, because the ‘partners’ have interests that do not correspond with the projects as formulated by the municipalities. It is more effective to negotiate with the other parties. This is necessary in order to formulate collective policy targets that meet the interests of all of the participating parties in accordance with the theory of network governance and process management.


Harm Harmsen
Ir. T.H. Harmsen is promovendus en docent bij de leerstoelgroep Milieubeleid van Wageningen UR.

Machiel Lamers
Dr. M.A.J. Lamers is universitair docent bij de leerstoelgroep Milieubeleid van Wageningen UR.

Martijn Groenleer
Dr M.L.P. Groenleer is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan de Faculteit Techniek, Bestuur en Management van de TU Delft.

Esther Versluis
Dr E. Versluis is universitair hoofddocent aan de Faculteit der Cultuur- en Maatschappijwetenschappen van de Universiteit Maastricht.

    The problems discussed in the articles of this special issue are not merely wicked in the sense of involving normative dissensus and factual uncertainty. They also are systemic: they reflect institutional inertia, discursive inertia and the disruptive impact of sociological trends (individualization, Europeanization etc.) on incumbent practices and institutions. This systemic character tends to makes them persistent: while fundamental change is unavoidable, such change is likely to be bothered by the very institutional and discursive inertia it seeks to address. Reflecting, from a public policy studies point of view, on previous articles we deduce four principles from urban practices to deal with these challenges: 1) reduce dissent and uncertainty where possible; 2) acknowledge normative diversity by promoting context-specific solutions; 3) organize policies around societal/market initiatives that have emerged in a context and 4) define institutional changes that may further promote and simplify such policies and seize opportunities for structural change.


John Grin
Prof. dr J. Grin is hoogleraar Beleidswetenschap, in het bijzonder systeeminnovaties, aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Jos Koffijberg
Dr J.J. Koffijberg en prof. dr W.A. Hafkamp zijn als respectievelijk hoofd onderzoek en wetenschappelijk directeur verbonden aan Nicis Institute.

Wim Hafkamp
Dr J.J. Koffijberg en prof. dr W.A. Hafkamp zijn als respectievelijk hoofd onderzoek en wetenschappelijk directeur verbonden aan Nicis Institute.

Henk Wesseling
Drs H.W.M. Wesseling is verbonden aan Berenschot en leidt daar het Expertisecentrum Arrangementbouw.
Article

De impact van multi-level governance op de democratische input in het EU-handelsbeleid onder het Verdrag van Lissabon

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden multi-level governance, subsidiarity, EU trade policy, legitimacy, participation
Auteurs Fabienne Bossuyt
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article examines the impact of multi-level governance (MLG) on the democratic input into European Union (EU) trade policy under the Lisbon Treaty. Focusing on two recently concluded EU trade agreements, i.e. the multi-party agreement with Colombia and Peru and the association agreement with Central America, the article traces several dangers and risks that MLG entails for democratic accountability and participation, which are closely tied to the strong output-oriented nature of MLG and its emphasis on technical effi ciency. These dangers of MLG – the article argues – are not accidental, but are fi rmly rooted within an underlying hegemonic social-economic trend, characterised by an intentional (neo-liberal dominated) attempt to de-politise, and even de-democratise, European political policy-making.


Fabienne Bossuyt
Fabienne Bossuyt is doctor-assistent aan het Departement Politieke Wetenschappen van de Universiteit Gent. Haar onderzoek richt zich op het extern beleid van de Europese Unie, waaronder de sociale dimensie van het EU-handelsbeleid.

Hugo Durieux
Hugo Durieux is filosoof en jurist en was directeur van het Steunpunt Buitenlands Beleid 2007-2011.
Symposium

Besturen zonder regering?

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 4 2011
Auteurs Marc Hooghe, Koen Schoors en Derk-Jan Eppink
Auteursinformatie

Marc Hooghe
Marc Hooghe is gewoon hoogleraar Politieke Wetenschappen aan de KU Leuven en Visiting Professor aan de Universiteiten van Lille-II en Mannheim. Hij publiceert vooral over politieke participatie en politiek vertrouwen.

Koen Schoors
Koen Schoors is hoogleraar Economie aan de Universiteit Gent en directeur van het Centre for Russian International Socio-Political and Economic Studies (Cerise).

Derk-Jan Eppink
Derk-Jan Eppink is lid van het Europees Parlement namens de Lijst Dedecker en van de fractie van de Europese Conservatieven en Hervormers (ECR) en auteur van De toren van Babel staat in Brussel: pleidooi voor een verenigd Europa van de Staten (Lannoo, 2010).
Artikel

Welke burger telt mee(r) in de doe-democratie?

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden civic participation, citizens’ initiatives, inequalities, neighbourhoods, democracy
Auteurs Drs. Judith Bakker, Prof. dr. Bas Denters en Dr. Pieter-Jan Klok
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In citizens’ initiatives (CI’s) citizens themselves take action to solve problems in their community. Many Dutch municipalities have adopted policies to facilitate CI’s. This raises a number of issues. For example who are involved in such initiatives? And, which problems are likely to be addressed? Such questions are pertinent, because for other forms of civic participation research has demonstrated that privileged social groups are overrepresented. We have compared groups of citizens who are actively involved in CI’s with less active citizens. It is demonstrated that in keeping with previous findings privileged social groups (e.g. high income and well educated people) are overrepresented amongst the more active citizens. This is true for both individual and collective neighbourhood initiatives. However, we did not find an overrepresentation of males amongst the activists. In answering the second question, we have looked at the concerns and worries of the citizens. There is no evidence of systematic differences in the problem definitions of more and less active citizens. This mitigates problem of the social selectivity in civic participation: if citizens agree about the issues to be addressed, who cares about who does the job, provided that someone is willing to do it?


Drs. Judith Bakker
Judith Bakker is junior onderzoeker aan de faculteit Management en Bestuur, Universiteit Twente. Correspondentiegegevens: Drs. J.H.M. Bakker, Universiteit Twente, faculteit Management en Bestuur, vakgroep Political Science and Research Methods, Postbus 217, 7500 AE Enschede, J.H.M.Bakker@utwente.nl.

Prof. dr. Bas Denters
Bas Denters is hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Twente. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. S.A.H. Denters, Universiteit Twente, faculteit Management en Bestuur, vakgroep Political Science and Research Methods, Postbus 217, 7500 AE Enschede, S.A.H.Denters@utwente.nl.

Dr. Pieter-Jan Klok
Pieter-Jan Klok is universitair docent beleidswetenschap aan de faculteit Management en Bestuur, Universiteit Twente. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. P.-J. Klok, Universiteit Twente, faculteit Management en Bestuur, vakgroep Science Technology and Policy Studies, Postbus 217, 7500 AE Enschede, P.J.Klok@utwente.nl.
Artikel

De governance van klimaatadaptatie

Naar een legitieme balans tussen daadkracht en draagvlak

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2010
Auteurs Arwin van Buuren en Geert Teisman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The problem of climate change is high on the various political-administrative agendas, both national and international. At the same time the problem is full of uncertainties and controversies. Adaptation to climate change asks for adjustments in our spatial planning, but can also necessitate changes in the distribution of public and private responsibilities. A crucial question is how the legitimacy of adaptation measures can be organized in a context surrounded with uncertainties, controversies and conflicting interests. In this paper we introduce the central theme of this special issue and the various contributions.


Arwin van Buuren
Dr. M.W. van Buuren is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. M.W. van Buuren Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam Vakgroep Bestuurskunde Postbus 1738, Kamer M8-31 3000 DR Rotterdam vanbuuren@fsw.eur.nl

Geert Teisman
Prof. dr. ing. G.R. Teisman is hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Haagse pionnen op het Brusselse schaakbord?

Over de aansturing en beleidsnetwerken van Nederlandse gedetacheerden bij de Europese Commissie

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2008
Auteurs Caspar van den Berg en Semin Suvarierol
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article the question of bureaucratic autonomy of Europeanised civil servants is addressed. As a test bed we examine the political and administrative steering and control of Dutch national civil servants who are seconded to the European Commission (SNEs). The empirical analysis benefits from survey data (N = 90) and interview data (N = 28), acquired from both present and former Dutch SNEs. Based on this material we argue that despite the formal impossibility of steering and control from the member state, in practice SNEs do fulfill a bridging function between the two levels of governance. This may happen by means of frontloading (either consciously, after instructions from the national administration; or unconsciously, as a result of their national-cultural perspective) and signaling (transmitting strategic information and positions from one level of governance to the other). Although the SNEs' contacts within the Commission are generally preserved after the expiration of the secondment, the intensity of the contacts with other types of actors within the policy network mostly decrease rapidly.


Caspar van den Berg
Caspar van den Berg is als docent en onderzoeker verbonden aan het Departement Bestuurskunde van de Universiteit Leiden. Zijn internationaal-vergelijkende promotie-onderzoek gaat over de implicaties van EU-lidmaatschap voor de ambtenarenapparaten en politiek-ambtelijke verhoudingen in de lidstaten. Recente publicaties van zijn hand gaan over multi-level governance, Europeanisering en bureaucratie. Correspondentiegegevens: Departement Bestuurskunde Universiteit Leiden Postbus 9555 2300 RB Leiden cberg@fsw.leidenuniv.nl

Semin Suvarierol
Semin Suvarierol werkte ten tijde van het schrijven van dit artikel als junior universitair docent aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap. In december 2007 is zij gepromoveerd op een proefschrift over het effect van nationaliteit op het netwerkgedrag van Europese Commissie ambtenaren. Haar recente en toekomstige publicaties richten zich op de functionering van de Europese Commissie en het gedrag van zijn permanente en tijdelijke ambtenaren. Momenteel werkt zij als adviseur bij Andersson Elffers Felix.
Artikel

De verplaatsing van de 'Vierde Macht'

Inleiding op het themanummer

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2008
Auteurs Paul 't Hart, Sebastiaan Princen en Kutsal Yesilkagit
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A large number of Dutch policy areas is governed by institutionalized European policy networks and European laws and rules. Various forms of multi-level governance have emerged that were seemingly unforeseen at the time when the field of European integration studies was preoccupied by the fierce debates between intergouvernmentalists and supernationalists. Nevertheless, the field has hitherto given little attention to how europeanisation has affected national civil service systems. This article kicks off this special issue with an overview of the recent literature on the effects of Europeanisation on national civil service systems.


Paul 't Hart
Prof. dr. Paul 't Hart is als hoogleraar verbonden aan de Australian National University en de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht. 't Hart publiceerde onlangs met R. Rhodes, P. 't Hart en M. Noordegraaf (red.), Up Close and Personal. Studying Government Elites, Basingstoke: Palgrave McMillan 2007. Correspondentiegegevens: Political Science Program Research School of Social Sciences Australian National University Canberra ACT 0200 Australia hart@coombs.anu.edu.au

Sebastiaan Princen
Dr. Sebastiaan Princen is verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht. Princen publiceerde onlangs 'Agenda-setting in the European Union: A Theoretical Exploration and Agenda for Research', Journal of European Public Policy 2007, 14: 21-38.

Kutsal Yesilkagit
Dr. Kutsal Yesilkagit is verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht. Yesilkagit publiceerde onlangs (met J. Blom-Hansen) 'Supranational Governance or National Bussiness-as-Usual? The National Administration of EU Structural Funds in The Netherlands and Denmark', Public Administration 2007, 85: 503-524.
Artikel

Slot: Klimaatbestendigheid: tussen ordening en adaptiviteit

Een kritische slotbeschouwing over de legitimiteit van klimaatadaptatie

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2010
Auteurs Arwin van Buuren, Peter Driessen en Geert Teisman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The problem of climate change is high on the various political-administrative agendas, both national and international. At the same time the problem is full of uncertainties and controversies. Adaptation to climate change asks for adjustments in our spatial planning, but can also necessitate changes in the distribution of public and private responsibilities. A crucial question is how the legitimacy of adaptation measures can be organized in a context surrounded with uncertainties, controversies and conflicting interests. In this paper we introduce the central theme of this special issue and the various contributions.


Arwin van Buuren
Dr. M.W. van Buuren is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. M.W. van Buuren Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam Vakgroep Bestuurskunde Postbus 1738, Kamer M8-31 3000 DR Rotterdam vanbuuren@fsw.eur.nl

Peter Driessen
Dr. M.W. van Buuren is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Prof. dr. P.P.J. Driessen is hoogleraar milieuwetenschappen aan de Universiteit Utrecht.

Geert Teisman
Prof. dr. ing. G.R. Teisman is hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam

    Although long recognized as beneficial, a global language has not come to fruition despite considerable past efforts. A major reason is that many policy makers and citizens fear that such a universal language would undermine the particularistic, constituting primary languages of local and national communities. This dilemma can be greatly diminished by a two tier approach, in which efforts to protect the primary language will be intensified but all the nations involved would agree to use the same second language as the global one. Although theoretically the UN or some other such body could choose such a language, in effect English is increasingly occupying this position. However, policies that are in place slow down the development of a global language, often based on the mistaken assumption that people can readily gain fluency in several languages.


Amitai Etzioni
Amitai Etzioni is universiteitshoogleraar aan de George Washington University in Washington DC en directeur van het Insititute for Communitarian Policy Studies. Hij wordt beschouwd als een van de grondleggers van het communitarisme. Enkele van zijn meest bekende werken zijn The Active Society (1969), The Spirit of Community (1993) en The New Golden Rule (1996).

    Climate change forces to a fundamental reconsideration of our strategic policy, and especially of the relationship between policy and law. With regard to political urgent topics, a tendency towards policy instrumentalism always lies in wait. In the current policy practice this problem manifests itself in the application of law (in many detailed norm prescriptions) and – curiously – also in its policy counterpart: the search towards informal but even goal specific policy processes.

    The authors plead for dealing with spatial climate challenges by creating room for a strategic policy perspective and a sustainable approach of the relation between law and policy. A qualitative approach of policy and law necessitates an innovative juridical transformation: the use of general normative rules which give direction to flexible policy processes in multiple, specific policy situations.


Marleen van Rijswick
Prof. mr. H.F.M.W. van Rijswick is hoogleraar Europees en nationaal waterrecht aan de Universiteit Utrecht en verbonden aan het Centrum voor Omgevingsrecht en beleid. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. mr. H.F.M.W. van Rijswick Universiteit Utrecht Achter Sint Pieter 200 3512 HT Utrecht h.vanrijswick@uu.nl

Willem Salet
Prof. dr. W.G.M. Salet is algemeen hoogleraar planologie aan het Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research van de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
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