Zoekresultaat: 166 artikelen

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    Politicians and scientists in the Netherlands often claim that only municipalities with over 100,000 inhabitants (so called ‘100,000+ municipalities’) have enough administrative power to be able to carry out their tasks in the future well. This is also the case for the responsibilities that recently have handed over to the Dutch municipalities as part of the three decentralizations. Against the background of this debate, the authors of this essay argue that the experiences of the four European microstates – Andorra, Liechtenstein, Monaco and San Marino –may offer an interesting frame of reference where it concerns the delivery of public services. These four countries have all the responsibilities and tasks of a sovereign state, but at the same time three of the four countries have a population of fewer than 40,000 inhabitants. Also, the fourth country is smaller than a 100,000+ municipality. Despite the small size of these states, their public services are of an exceptionally high level. Therefore this essay tries to answer two questions: How is this possible? What can we learn from the experiences of these microstates about the debate on scale and administrative power in the Netherlands?


Dr. ir. Pepijn van Houwelingen
Dr. ir. P. van Houwelingen is onderzoeker bij het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau.

Dr. Wouter Veenendaal
Dr. W.P. Veenendaal is onderzoeker bij het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde.

Dr. Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is onderwijscoördinator van de opleiding European Public Administration aan de Universiteit Twente en redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen.
Artikel

Robots en arbeid: technologisch determinisme revisited?

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden Robots, technological determinism, organizational choice, new technology, technological unemployment
Auteurs Dr. Fabian Dekker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In today’s debate on the impact of new technology on employment, many fear that robots will substitute human labour. Due to increased exposure to market pressure and the decline in union power, the adoption of new technology at the workplace is perceived as an inevitable course in order to remain competitive. This rejects the basic principles behind organizational choice theory: the idea that technology is shaped by social agency. Analysis of qualitative data from 23 in-depth interviews in two sectors of the Dutch economy shows that the use of robotics at the workplace is far more limited than anticipated.


Dr. Fabian Dekker
Dr. Fabian Dekker is als postdoctoraal onderzoeker verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Hij doet onderzoek naar flexibilisering van werk, jeugdwerkloosheid en nieuwe technologie. Website: www.fabiandekker.nl.
Artikel

Ambtenaren en levensbeschouwelijke tekens – een pleidooi voor inclusieve neutraliteit

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden Inclusieve neutraliteit, hoofddoekendebat, ambtenarij, multiculturele samenleving, levensbeschouwelijke diversiteit
Auteurs dr. François Levrau
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Every now and then the question whether or not civil servants are allowed to wear religious and ideological signs divides the minds of the people, and leads to societal and political controversy. In this article we examine this controversy by contrasting two different conceptions of neutrality, an inclusive and an exclusive account. We illustrate why the former is to be preferred and hence that a neutral government should not necessarily ask its servants to abstract from religious and cultural expressions. This however does not imply that all kinds of expressions should be allowed. In order to prevent a slippery slope, we formulate a number of formal criteria that can help to separate the proverbial wheat from the chaff: (1) the interpretation of neutrality in relation to a minimum and objective review; (2) the proportionality criterion; (3) the functionality criterion; and (4) the criterion of contact with the public.


dr. François Levrau
Dr. François Levrau is algemeen coördinator van het Steunpunt Inburgering & Integratie (Universiteit Antwerpen) en als postdoctoraal onderzoeker verbonden aan het Centrum voor Migratie & Interculturele Studies (Universiteit Antwerpen).

    For the Dutch Association of Municipal Councillors (Raadslid.Nu) Bas Denters, professor of Public Administration at the University of Twente, wrote an essay on control and accountability in local government and the role of the municipality in this process. At close examination the relations in this area are less clear than they look on paper. The reason is what Mark Bovens and others have called the ‘displacement of politics’ in all its appearances: regionalization, privatization and socialization (i.e. tasks carried out by the society instead of the government). That process requires reflection on the question how democratic control and accountability at the local level can be reshaped. It is important to experiment with new ways in which municipal councils redefine the local processes of control and accountability. One can think of: (a) broadening the scope of the section in Dutch Municipal Law on affiliated parties (‘Verbonden Partijen’); (b) formulating Governance Charters and process framework notes; and (c) organizing the ‘democratic encirclement’ of the local administration, e.g. by other parties. In various places interesting initiatives have already been taken and hopefully this essay and the attention from Raadslid.Nu will contribute to more municipalities daring to blaze new paths.


Prof. dr. Bas Denters
Prof. dr. S.A.H. Denters is hoogleraar Bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Twente, wetenschappelijk directeur van de Nederlandse Onderzoeksschool Bestuurskunde (NOB), wetenschappelijk adviseur van KISS en hoofdredacteur van Bestuurswetenschappen.
Casus

Opleiding als sociale scheidslijn

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2016
Auteurs Dr. Marloes De Lange, Dr. Jochem Tolsma en Prof. dr. Maarten H.J. Wolbers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie


Dr. Marloes De Lange
Dr. Marloes de Lange is als docent verbonden aan de leerstoelgroep Sociologie van Consumptie en Huishoudens van Wageningen UR.

Dr. Jochem Tolsma
Dr. Jochem Tolsma is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan de sectie Sociologie van de Radboud Universiteit.

Prof. dr. Maarten H.J. Wolbers
Prof. dr. Maarten H.J. Wolbers is als hoogleraar onderzoek van onderwijs verbonden aan de sectie Sociologie van de Radboud Universiteit.


Prof. dr. Herman van de Werfhorst
Prof. dr. Herman van de Werfhorst is hoogleraar sociologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.


René Cuperus
René Cuperus is wetenschappelijk medewerker bij de Wiardi Beckman Stichting, gastonderzoeker op het Duitsland Instituut van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, en columnist van de Volkskrant en van Social Europe Journal.
Artikel

De slagkracht van populisme. Een onderzoek naar de houding tegenover populisme bij jongeren en jongvolwassenen in Vlaanderen

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden public opinion, Populism, Democracy, adolescents and young adults, political attitudes
Auteurs Gil Keppens, Dr. Jessy Siongers, Dr. Bram Spruyt e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Populism is usually studied by investigating the political discourses of parties considered to be populist. In contrast, this paper attempts to measure the support for a populist attitude among adolescents and young adults (age 14 to 30) in Flanders (N = 2618), the Dutch speaking part of Belgium. This paper answers two research questions: (1) Which adolescents and young adults support the populist attitude and which are the core elements of populism that get the most support? (2) To what extent are adolescents and young adults who support the core elements of populism willing to be politically engaged? The results show that: (1) the support for the populist attitude is widespread among young people in Flanders, and (2) the relationship between a support for populism and political engagement is nuanced. Implications of the support of the populist attitude for democratic participation are discussed.


Gil Keppens
Gil Keppens is als doctoraatsstudent verbonden aan de onderzoeksgroep TOR van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

Dr. Jessy Siongers
Dr. Jessy Siongers is als doctoraal assistente verbonden aan de vakgroep Sociologie van de Universiteit Gent.

Dr. Bram Spruyt
Dr. Bram Spruyt is docent bij de onderzoeksgroep TOR van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

Lauren Vandenbossche
Lauren Vandenbossche is als doctoraatsstudent verbonden aan de onderzoeksgroep TOR van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

Filip Van Droogenbroeck
Filip Van Droogenbroeck is als doctoraatsstudent verbonden aan de onderzoeksgroep TOR van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

Dr. Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is onderwijscoördinator van de opleiding European Public Administration aan de Universiteit Twente en redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen.
Artikel

De rollen van de praktijkonderzoeker: getuige-deskundige, sociaal ingenieur en verhalenverteller

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden social policy, knowledge utilisation, expert witness, social engineer, storyteller
Auteurs Prof. dr. Godfried Engbersen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article shows the relevance of Burawoy’s analytical categories on the division of scientific labour to analyse the interactions between science and practice. It argues that social scientists need to combine the roles of expert witness, social engineer and storyteller in order to develop a productive relationship with policy makers. It also emphasises the relevance of a permanent dialogue between social scientists and policy makers. However, the analysis disagrees with Burawoy’s view that knowledge is based on a consensus between scientists and their publics (consensual knowledge). Burawoy underestimates the risk of a politicisation of science inherent to a close relationship with various ‘publics’. The arguments presented in this article are based on the reception of a research project on labour migration from Central and Eastern Europe. This was a hybrid research project in which different actors participated: the Erasmus University, nine Dutch municipalities, the national government and a Dutch knowledge center on urban issues.


Prof. dr. Godfried Engbersen
Prof. dr. G.B.M. Engbersen is hoogleraar Algemene Sociologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit en lid van de Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid
Artikel

Professioneel vermogen

Proactieve ‘coping’ door publieke professionals

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Public professionals, Teachers, performance pressures, proactive coping, professional capability
Auteurs Prof. dr. Mirko Noordegraaf, Nina van Loon MSc, Madelon Heerema MSc e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Professional services such as educational services, are increasingly managed and optimized in order to improve performances. Performances of students, teachers and school (boards) are measured and evaluated. Increasingly, rules and systems focus on outputs and control. Consequently, the ‘freedom’ of professionals such as teachers is reduced, or is perceived and felt to be reduced. There have been growing debates on the problematic effects of performance pressures. Often, public professionals are seen as ‘defenseless victims’ of systems and pressures – they are ‘professionals under pressure’. In this paper, we introduce a more positive way of understanding professionals and professional action in changing contexts. We see professionals such as teachers as ‘active agents’ who can develop and regain control over their own situation. Professionals can deliver quality, in spite of bureaucratic burdens and managerial intrusions. We call this ability professional capability: ‘the ability to proactively deal with work-related expectations, tasks and burdens in dynamic stakeholder environments’. This paper combines research on public administration, organizational sociology and occupational psychology, to generate a more productive understanding of proactive coping of professionals in public domains. We define and operationalize professional capacity, we explore sources and effects, and we develop hypotheses for further research.


Prof. dr. Mirko Noordegraaf
Prof. dr. Mirko Noordegraaf is als hoogleraar publiek management verbonden aan het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht.

Nina van Loon MSc
Nina van Loon MSc was als promovenda verbonden aan het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht en is thans werkzaam bij Aarhus University, Denemarken.

Madelon Heerema MSc
Madelon Heerema MSc is als researcher verbonden aan het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht.

Marit Weggemans MSc
Marit Weggemans MSc was als student-assistent verbonden aan het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Vroeger voor vandaag

Heden-verledenvergelijkingen voor praktisch gebruik

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden Past-present comparisons, methodology, Valorisation, History, Policy
Auteurs Dr. Anita Boele, Prof. dr. Arjan van Dixhoorn en Dr. ir. Pepijn van Houwelingen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article we explore how and under what circumstances present-past comparisons can be used to find solutions to current social issues. We argue that meaningful comparisons can not only be made between countries or groups within countries, rather, comparisons between current and past societies too can enrich our thinking about pressing social problems. We search for the conditions under which such comparisons are possible without undermining the professional skills, epistemological and methodological insights of the various disciplines. Learning from the past calls for an in-depth study of present problems and the historical (role) model alike, with historians and social and political scientists cooperating in teams. We propose a five-step-method: (1) diagnosing the social issue, (2) tracing comparable historical practices that might offer solutions, (3) distilling these practices from their historical contexts, (4) massaging the ‘historical’ practices into the diagnosed present-day context through an imaginative exercise, and (5) implementing these solutions into everyday life through forms of experiment.


Dr. Anita Boele
Dr. Anita Boele is postdoctoraal onderzoeker aan de Universiteit Utrecht, departement Geschiedenis en Kunstgeschiedenis.

Prof. dr. Arjan van Dixhoorn
Prof. dr. Arjan van Dixhoorn is als bijzonder hoogleraar ‘Geschiedenis van Zeeland in de Wereld’ (Hurgronje-leerstoel) van de Universiteit Utrecht verbonden aan het Arts & Humanities Department van University College Roosevelt (Middelburg).

Dr. ir. Pepijn van Houwelingen
Dr. ir. Pepijn van Houwelingen is onderzoeker bij het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau
Artikel

Verdien ik niet te veel?

Loonfatsoen voor bestuurskundigen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden income differences, maximum wage in the public sector
Auteurs Prof. dr. Margo Trappenburg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    During the first decades after World War II income policy was an important topic of public debate in the Netherlands. This changed in the eighties and nineties when gross wages were ‘demoralized’ and taken off the political agenda. Income policy was deemed pointless, inefficient, or superfluous. Moreover wages were determined according to technocratic schemes designed by consultancy firms. These schemes encourage employees to compare themselves with people with a comparable education in other organizations rather than with coworkers in their own organization thus fostering a caste mentality.
    However, following the financial crisis a cry for remoralization was launched which ended in a new law which determined that civil servants and top administrators in public organizations should never earn more than a government minister (178.000 euros per annum). In this article it is argued that such a partial remoralization of the highest wages in the public sector is unsatisfactory. It is argued that wages at large should be a moral topic for organizations that should explain their reward policy for their highest and lowest employees, thus encouraging workers to see themselves as members of their organization rather than their educational caste. Public administration scholars should play a role in this debate.


Prof. dr. Margo Trappenburg
Prof. dr. M.J. Trappenburg is universitair hoofddocent Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschappen aan de Universiteit Utrecht en bijzonder hoogleraar aan de Universiteit voor Humanistiek. Zij publiceert over gezondheidszorgbeleid, de verzorgingsstaat en over ethische vraagstukken. In 2014 verscheen van haar hand Loonfatsoen. Eerlijk verdienen of graaicultuur?, samen met Wout Scholten en Thijs Jansen. Trappenburg heeft een eigen website: www.margotrappenburg.nl.
Artikel

Access_open Hoe bestuurskundig is de bestuurskunde?

Nederlandse bestuurskundigen vergeleken met hun Europese vakgenoten

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden public administration, discipline, survey, Practice orientation
Auteurs Stefanie Gadellaa, Dion Curry en Steven Van de Walle
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    As long as the existence of public administration, there is discussion whether public administration should focus on practice or mainly be a purely scientific field. Opinions of public administration scholars are divided on the matter. Moreover, the question is whether public administration is a discipline in itself or part of other disciplines such as political science, law or the management sciences. This article shows how public administration scholars see the discipline and the developments therein, based on a survey among scholars. Dutch public administration scholars are compared with their European colleagues. There are major differences between the Netherlands and the rest of Europe with regard to the status of the discipline. Firstly, as a separate discipline, public administration in the Netherlands is more important in comparison with other European countries. In the rest of Europe, in particular political sciences play an important role. Secondly, regarding the tension within the discipline, the public administration in the Netherlands is developing less towards practitioners than public administration in other European countries.


Stefanie Gadellaa
S.M. Gadellaa is verbonden aan de Afdeling Bestuurskunde, Faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Dion Curry
Dion Curry is verbonden aan het Department of Political and Cultural Studies, Swansea University.

Steven Van de Walle
Steven Van de Walle is verbonden aan de Afdeling Bestuurskunde, Faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Dr. Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is onderwijscoördinator van de opleiding European Public Administration aan de Universiteit Twente en redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen.

    This article is about one of the experiments in local democratic renewal: MyBorne2030 (in Dutch ‘MijnBorne2030’). The aim of the project was to develop a communal vision for Borne (a relatively small suburban municipality of 20.000 inhabitants in the East of the Netherlands) for the year 2030. A steering committee of 20 local organizations has worked out four scenarios on the basis of three building stones: an identity study, a research of societal trends and the formulation of ambitions. These four scenarios have been submitted to the citizens of Borne in a referendum. The scenario that has received the most votes (‘Dynamic villages’) is further elaborated in a new vison for the future called MyBorne2030. Institutionally the decision-making process in Borne can be described as a mixture of participative (deliberative), associative and direct (plebiscitary) democracy. The authors conclude that it was a successful experiment, that has produced broad support for the vision of Borne for the future and a solid basis for the implementation of this vision. Participants (as well as non-participants) think this approach can be repeated not only in Borne, but also in other municipalities. The authors add that this could also be the case for the level above of cooperating municipalities.


Prof. dr. Bas Denters
Prof. dr. S.A.H. Denters is hoogleraar Bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Twente, wetenschappelijk directeur van de Nederlandse Onderzoeksschool Bestuurskunde (NOB) en hoofdredacteur van Bestuurswetenschappen.

Dr. Pieter-Jan Klok
Dr. P.J. Klok is universitair docent Beleidsprocessen bij de vakgroep Public Administration van de Universiteit Twente (Faculteit Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences).
Artikel

Burgercoöperaties. Speler of speelbal in de nieuwe verhoudingen tussen overheid, markt en samenleving

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden citizen cooperatives, self-organization, social innovation
Auteurs Dr. Meike Bokhorst, Prof. dr. Jurian Edelenbos, Prof. dr. Joop Koppenjan e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands citizens increasingly unite in cooperatives to realize common facilities and services in their neighborhood themselves. Apparently neither markets nor governments succeed in providing all the public goods and services that citizens strive for. Although these forms of self-organization are still young and their success is far from sure, they are seen as sources of social innovation and new ways of organizing that inspire many. Their example is followed widely: cooperatives seem to be rapidly emerging almost everywhere. Yet not much systemic knowledge is available on their nature, drivers, and impacts, nor on the conditions under which they flourish. In this special issue the state of the art regarding these cooperatives is examined in the areas of energy, care, broadband connections and housing. The various contributions show that the main challenge that cooperatives have to deal with is finding the balance between the ambition to preserve their identity as grass root organizations and the need for professionalization. Also they have to learn to build and maintain relationships with other organizations and actors in their environment on which they are dependent: governments, private parties and professionals.


Dr. Meike Bokhorst
Dr. A.M. (Meike) Bokhorst is senior wetenschappelijk medewerker van de Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid.

Prof. dr. Jurian Edelenbos
Prof. dr. J. Edelenbos is hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Hij is vooral gespecialiseerd op het vlak van participatie, zelforganisatie, vertrouwen en verbindend leiderschap in de sectoren gebiedsontwikkeling, water en energie.

Prof. dr. Joop Koppenjan
Prof. dr. J.F.M. Koppenjan is hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Hij doet onderzoek naar governance van netwerken in de publieke sector en naar innovatieve vormen van publiek-private samenwerking.

Dr. Mirjan Oude Vrielink
Dr. M.J. Oude Vrielink was lange tijd verbonden aan de Universiteit Twente waar zij in de voorhoede onderzoek deed naar sociale wijkteams en burgerinitiatieven. Sinds kort is zij op deze terreinen actief als zelfstandig onderzoeker.
Artikel

Door het glazen plafond

Naar effectieve maatregelen voor meer vrouwen in de top

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden gender equality, glass ceiling, diversity management, Interventions, organisational behavior
Auteurs Drs. Ans Merens, Drs. Wilma Henderikse en Dr. Babette Pouwels
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Although in many Western European countries women have entered the workforce in large numbers this has not resulted in an equal representation in senior positions. Little is known about how organizational policies could be changed and what initiatives have proven to be effective in raising the number of women in the top of organizations. This article examines the effectiveness of measures taken by organizations to increase the number of women in senior management positions. We have reviewed literature regarding the effects of various types of measures on realizing more women in senior positions. The outcomes of this literature review have been used as a framework for an empirical analysis of the effectiveness of measures taken by companies. Data from the Charter Talent to the Top show that adopting a broad range of measures at the strategic level leads to a higher share of women in senior management positions. HR instruments and communication strategies also affect the proportion of women at the top. More specifically, facilitating flexible work options, external communication about the organization’s diversity goals, and increasing women’s visibility within the organization all have positive effects on the share of women in the top.


Drs. Ans Merens
Drs. Ans Merens is wetenschappelijk medewerker bij het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau.

Drs. Wilma Henderikse
Drs. Wilma Henderikse is directeur en partner bij VanDoorneHuiskes en partners.

Dr. Babette Pouwels
Dr. Babette Pouwels is senior onderzoeker bij VanDoorneHuiskes en partners.

    Does scaling up municipalities strengthen or does it weaken (local) political participation? This is an important question because of the intention – as it is written down in the Dutch coalition agreement – to gradually scale up Dutch municipalities to 100.000+ inhabitants. This article answers the question on the basis of a meta-analysis, voter turnouts, the national election study and interviews. The author has also examined behavioural indicators for political participation, especially the turnout figures at local elections. The conclusion from this analysis by the author is clear and unambiguous: as the size of the local government (the municipality) increases (local) political participation decreases. For a lot of forms of political participation a size of about 10.000 inhabitants seems to be the optimal scale for local government. Because other (recent) research in the Netherlands has shown that the assumed cost savings from municipal amalgamation are not achieved, the desirability of (further) upscaling of Dutch municipalities can be questioned.


Dr. ir. Pepijn van Houwelingen
Dr. ir. P. van Houwelingen is onderzoeker aan het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau bij de afdeling Participatie, Cultuur en Leefomgeving.
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