Zoekresultaat: 85 artikelen

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Artikel

De inhoud van ‘burgerschap’ in de inburgeringscursus en burgerschapsonderwijs

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden citizenship, civic integration, civic education, text books
Auteurs Matthijs Lems MSc en Dr. Semin Suvarierol
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The recent scholarly debate on policies and discourses with regard to citizenship in the Netherlands point to a moralization or culturalization of citizenship. This article aims to contribute to this debate by zooming into the current contents of citizenship education. We make a comparative analysis of the contents of textbooks for citizenship education that are used for civic integration courses for migrants and for primary and secondary school students in the Netherlands. Our findings show that citizenship has indeed gained a moral content in both contexts but that the difference lies in the norms that are stressed and how they are conveyed to the target population of future citizens. Whereas civic integration books for migrants emphasize the importance of learning local procedures and habits in order to belong to the Dutch national community, primary and secondary school books underscore the importance of dealing with cultural diversity in the multicultural society.


Matthijs Lems MSc
Matthijs Lems MSc is afgestudeerd als socioloog aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam met de scriptie Samen leven kun je leren … (waarop dit artikel grotendeels is gebaseerd). Matthijslems@gmail.com

Dr. Semin Suvarierol
Dr. Semin Suvarierol is als postdoc verbonden aan de Capaciteitsgroepen Bestuurskunde en Sociologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en doet vergelijkend onderzoek naar inburgeringsbeleid in Nederland, Frankrijk en het Verenigd Koninkrijk. Suvarierol@fsw.eur.nl
Artikel

De kanteling van de Wmo: Transformatie van de verzorgingsstaat in de stad?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden welfare state, reform, big society, local level, participation
Auteurs Jeroen Hoenderkamp
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article investigates whether the local practices growing under the Wet Maatschappelijke Ondersteuning (Wmo; Law for social participation) can be viewed as examples of ‘transformation of the welfare state’-in-action. The article argues that indeed, a number of Dutch cities is trying to create a shift in the balance of responsibilities of citizens, social networks, civil society and government that can be judged an operationalization of the more abstract recommendations of many ‘welfare state reformers’. It remains to be seen however, whether these attempts will actually result in change. There are both practical problems and fundamental questions to be tackled. The question whether the transformation wished for by many from a political perspective, is actually feasible (given the political and societal constraints) should be addressed firmly by both local and national actors.As it goes, the opposite is the case: the question of the feasibility of the Wmo seems to have vanished in the void between parliament and municipalities.


Jeroen Hoenderkamp
Dr J. Hoenderkamp was de afgelopen vijftien jaar in dienst van verschillende adviesbureaus in het sociale domein. Recent is hij in dienst getreden van de gemeente Maastricht, waar hij de in dit artikel beschreven transformatie van verzorgingsstaat naar participatiestad mee helpt vormgeven.

Hans Keman
Hans Keman is hoogleraar Vergelijkende Politicologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. Hij heeft gepubliceerd op het gebied van partijen en partijsystemen, de vorming en het fungeren van partijregeringen, de verzorgingsstaat en economische ontwikkeling en op het terrein van de vergelijkende methode.
Artikel

Verantwoordelijke vrijheid: responsabilisering van burgers op voorwaarden van de staat

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden governance, responsibilisation, political discourse, politics, public administration
Auteurs Rik Peeters en Gerard Drosterij
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Behind many notions of ‘governance’, there lies the image of a ‘modest’ or ‘retreating’ state. The assumption is that local and national authorities can only perform effectively if in cooperation with other public and private actors. Generally, it is said, governments increasingly lack the legitimacy for top-down interventions and hence the need of including participative citizen involvement in policy making and implementation. In recent years this democratic image has been disputed in scientific debates because of its lack of attention for new forms of interventionism by the state in societal processes, e.g. crime, youth care, immigration and integration. In this article, we aim to contribute to this other understanding of modern governance by analysing Dutch political discourse between 2001 and 2010 on (implicit) notions of the role and responsibility of the state. We show how the idea of ‘responsibilisation’ of citizens is turned into an argument for more instead of less state involvement in societal processes and citizens’ lives. By emphasizing ‘shared responsibilities’ between government and society, a tricky picture of parity is sketched of this relation. Dutch government presents itself as ‘an ally’ of citizens in fighting pressing social problems, but in the meantime an ideal of ‘responsible behaviour’ is constructed, namely, citizen behaviour in concordance with government’s policy ambitions. Within this political discourse, the socio-liberal idea of ‘responsibility’ turns into ‘responsibilisation on government’s terms’ and ‘irresponsible’ behaviour becomes a legitimate focal point for deep state interventions through techniques of governance.


Rik Peeters
Rik Peeters is onderzoeker en promovendus bij de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur. Correspondentiegegevens: drs. R. Peeters, Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur, Lange Voorhout 17, 2514 EB Den Haag, peeters@nsob.nl.

Gerard Drosterij
Gerard Drosterij is onderzoeker bij de Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur.
Artikel

Decentralisatie: maatwerk of uniformiteit?

Het Wmo-beleid van Nederlandse gemeenten

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden decentralization, local government, social care
Auteurs Judith van der Veer MSc., Jelmer Schalk MSc. en Dr. Rob Gilsing
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A main motive for policy decentralization is the belief that municipalities are better able to customize public policy to local circumstances, and to realize made-to-measure service provision. In this respect, the introduction of the Social Support Act (Wmo) is an interesting example. With the lack of ‘vertical’ accountability obligations to the national government, the Wmo is governmentally innovative. Whether the decentralization results in customized forms of social support is a fascinating one because a detailed reading of the Wmo and its implementation displays possible incentives as well as barriers to made-to-measure service provision. The empirical exploration in this article uses data from the 2007-2009 evaluation of the Wmo conducted by the Netherlands Institute for Social Research (SCP). The evaluation shows that municipalities involve diverse stakeholders in formulating Wmo policy, and that their involvement seems to lead to customized service provision. At the same time, municipalities follow nationwide models, and information provided by the central government seems to have a major impact on local social care policy. The article concludes with an outlook on future directions in local debates on social care and the recommendation to give time for major decentralization trajectories such as the Wmo.


Judith van der Veer MSc.
Judith van der Veer is promovendus en was als medewerker verbonden aan het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau tijdens de eerste Wmo-evaluatie. Correspondentiegegevens: J.C.V. van der Veer, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen/Bestuurswetenschappen, De Boelelaan 1081, 1081 HV Amsterdam, j.c.v.vander.veer@vu.nl.

Jelmer Schalk MSc.
Jelmer Schalk is promovendus en was als medewerker verbonden aan het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau tijdens de eerste Wmo-evaluatie. Correspondentiegegevens: J. Schalk, Universiteit van Utrecht, Sociologie/ICS, Heidelberglaan 2, 3584 CS Utrecht, j.schalk@uu.nl.

Dr. Rob Gilsing
Rob Gilsing is Hoofd Onderzoeksgroep Jeugd, opvoeding en onderwijs en was als projectleider verbonden aan het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau tijdens de eerste Wmo-evaluatie. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. R. Gilsing, Verwey-Jonker Instituut, Kromme Nieuwegracht 6, 3512 HG Utrecht, rgilsing@verwey-jonker.nl.
Column

Omgaan met trends en onzekerheid

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden Column
Auteurs Prof. dr. S.G. van der Lecq
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In a column a journal editor or an author expresses his or her opinion on a particular subject.


Prof. dr. S.G. van der Lecq
S.G. van der Lecq bezet de Cordares-leerstoel Pensioenmarkten aan de Erasmus School of Economics in Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. S.G. van der Lecq, Erasmus School of Economics, Postbus 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam.

    Reflection and Debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Drs. Fred Meerhof
Fred Meerhof is adviseur en ondernemer. Fredmeerhof@syrima.nl.
Artikel

De nieuwe burgerlijkheid: participatie als conformerende zelfredzaamheid

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden Participatie, Zelfredzaamheid, legitimatie, Burgerschap, Responsabilisering
Auteurs Dr. Gerard Drosterij en Rik Peeters
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    For many years now, citizenship has been a hot topic in Dutch politics. The activation and participation of citizens has been part and parcel of many policy initiatives. In this fashion, the current cabinet of Prime Minister Rutte has stressed the virtues of a ‘big society’ and a ‘small government’. We call this the new civility: a citizenship philosophy in which an ethico-economic claim of self-sufficiency is accompanied by a strong anticipation of policy conformity. Notably, the democratic legitimation of the new civility has been reversed. Now it is government which demands civic accountability, not the other way around. Responsible citizenship, not responsible government is at its heart. Furthermore, the new civility is based on a reversal of the Mandevillean idea of private vices and public benefits. We illustrate its ambiguous strands by a case study of a citizen’s initiative project in the city of Dordrecht. We conclude by showing how the tension between the values of civil self-sufficiency and policy conformity ironically can turn out in a-political conception of citizenship.


Dr. Gerard Drosterij
dr. Gerard Drosterij is publicist en zelfstandig adviseur. Correspondentie gegevens: Dr. G. Drosterij, Graaf Florisstraat 63b, 3021 CC, Rotterdam, g.drosterij@uvt.nl.

Rik Peeters
drs. Rik Peeters is onderzoeker en promovendus bij de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur.

    Reflection and Debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Drs. M.J. Fraanje
M.J. Fraanje is senior adviseur bij de Raad voor het openbaar bestuur (ROB) en de Raad voor de Financiële Verhoudingen (RFV). Correspondentiegegevens: Drs. M.J. Fraanje, Raad voor het openbaar bestuur, Postbus 20011, 2500 EA Den Haag, rien.fraanje@rob-rfv.nl.

    In a column a journal editor or an author expresses his or her opinion on a particular subject.


Menno Hurenkamp
Menno Hurenkamp is hoofdredacteur van S&D (maandblad van de Wiardi Beckman Stichting). Correspondentiegegevens: Menno Hurenkamp, S&D (Wiardi Beckman Stichting), Emmapark 12, 2595 ET Den Haag, mennohurenkamp@gmail.com.

    Reflection and Debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Imrat Verhoeven
Imrat Verhoeven is redactielid van Beleid en Maatschappij.
Artikel

Burgerinitiatieven en de bescheiden overheid

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2011
Auteurs Dr. Mirjan Oude Vrielink en Dr. Imrat Verhoeven
Auteursinformatie

Dr. Mirjan Oude Vrielink
Mirjan Oude Vrielink is senior onderzoeker aan de faculteit Management en Bestuur, Universiteit Twente. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. M.J. Oude Vrielink, Universiteit Twente, faculteit Management en Bestuur/PolMT, Postbus 217, 7500 AE Enschede, m.j.oudevrielink@utwente.nl.

Dr. Imrat Verhoeven
Imrat Verhoeven is postdoc onderzoeker aan de afdeling Sociologie en Antropologie, Universiteit van Amsterdam/AISSR. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. I. Verhoeven, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 185, 1012 DK Amsterdam, i.verhoeven@uva.nl.
Artikel

Bewonersinitiatieven: partnerschap tussen burgers en overheid

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden citizen’s initiatives, activation policy, representativeness, partnership relation, competences
Auteurs Dr. Imrat Verhoeven en Prof. dr. Evelien Tonkens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In recent years the Dutch welfare state has invested substantial sums of money in activation of citizen’s initiatives in deprived neighbourhoods. As a policy concept citizen’s initiatives refers to enhancements by citizens to the quality of life in their neighbourhood. Is this activation policy productive or counterproductive for citizen participation? This question is answered by analyzing the representativeness of the activated citizens, the nature of their initiatives, the type of relations they develop with institutions, and whether they develop more competences due to their initiative(s). Our findings indicate that the activated citizens are more often female, below 50, lower educated, and 40 percent is migrant, which makes them more representative than the participation elite (male, 50+, white, and higher educated). They form a new vanguard that activates many participants through initiatives that focus on connecting people and on social problems such as anonymity, isolation and nuisance. Many contacts with professionals contribute for them to a partnership relation geared toward cooperation instead of consumerism or dissatisfaction. Also these citizens develop democratic, bureaucratic and social competences as well as social reflexivity and empathy for other citizens and institutions. We conclude that activation of citizen’s initiatives has positive effects on citizen participation.


Dr. Imrat Verhoeven
Imrat Verhoeven is postdoc onderzoeker aan de afdeling Sociologie en Antropologie, Universiteit van Amsterdam/AISSR. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. I. Verhoeven, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 185, 1012 DK Amsterdam, i.verhoeven@uva.nl.

Prof. dr. Evelien Tonkens
Evelien Tonkens is hoogleraar actief burgerschap aan de afdeling Sociologie en Antropologie, Universiteit van Amsterdam/AISSR. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. E. Tonkens, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 185, 1012 DK Amsterdam, e.h.tonkens@uva.nl.

    Since 1994, the concept of citizenship is a central concept in Dutch Integration policy for immigrants and their descendants. Gradually, the concept has become a moral category of good and active citizenship, associated with all kinds of obligations. Since the turn of the century it is even used to urge on – especially – Muslims to assimilate to mainstream culture and fundamental norms and values. This contrasts sharply with the Dutch multicultural policy of the 1980s. How is it possible for political and policy discourse to change in such a radical way within a few decades? And what role played the concept of citizenship in these changes? This article seeks to answer these questions by investigating how the concept of citizenship has been interpreted and applied differently over time in Dutch discourse on integration policy, focussing on issues of unity versus ethno-cultural diversity. With this purpose, first, the concept of citizenship is defined and differentiated in four dimensions and various perspectives. Next, Dutch political and policy discourse of the last 25 years is examined in broad lines. Subsequently, the Dutch discourse is analysed in more detail in debates of the last decades on dual nationality and on civic integration policy.


Alfons Fermin
Alfons Fermin is als senior onderzoeker verbonden aan het Rotterdams Instituut voor Sociaal-wetenschappelijk BeleidsOnderzoek (RISBO) van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. A. Fermin Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam RISBO Postbus 1738, kamer T11-08 3000 DR Rotterdam fermin@fsw.eur.nl
Artikel

Slot: Klimaatbestendigheid: tussen ordening en adaptiviteit

Een kritische slotbeschouwing over de legitimiteit van klimaatadaptatie

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2010
Auteurs Arwin van Buuren, Peter Driessen en Geert Teisman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The problem of climate change is high on the various political-administrative agendas, both national and international. At the same time the problem is full of uncertainties and controversies. Adaptation to climate change asks for adjustments in our spatial planning, but can also necessitate changes in the distribution of public and private responsibilities. A crucial question is how the legitimacy of adaptation measures can be organized in a context surrounded with uncertainties, controversies and conflicting interests. In this paper we introduce the central theme of this special issue and the various contributions.


Arwin van Buuren
Dr. M.W. van Buuren is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. M.W. van Buuren Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam Vakgroep Bestuurskunde Postbus 1738, Kamer M8-31 3000 DR Rotterdam vanbuuren@fsw.eur.nl

Peter Driessen
Dr. M.W. van Buuren is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Prof. dr. P.P.J. Driessen is hoogleraar milieuwetenschappen aan de Universiteit Utrecht.

Geert Teisman
Prof. dr. ing. G.R. Teisman is hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam
Artikel

Klimaatverandering en waterveiligheid, tussen ernst en enthousiasme

De discursieve framing van bedreigingen en kansen

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2010
Auteurs Arwin van Buuren en Jeroen Warner
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

Arwin van Buuren
Dr. M.W. van Buuren is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. M.W. van Buuren Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam Vakgroep Bestuurskunde Postbus 1738, Kamer M8-31 3000 DR Rotterdam vanbuuren@fsw.eur.nl

Jeroen Warner
Dr. J. Warner is universitair docent rampenstudies aan de Wageningen Universiteit en senior wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

'We can do better than that!'

Over de toekomst van het stelsel van sociale zekerheid in het licht van immigratie en integratie van niet-westerse immigranten

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2009
Auteurs Erik de Gier
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article sketches four more or less excluding future scenarios with regard to immigration and social security. Its objective is to find an answer to the question how the Dutch welfare state and more in particular the system of social security can contribute positively to both labour market participation and social integration of non-western immigrants. The four scenarios, constructed on the basis of two dichotomies open versus closed country borders and privatised versus collective social security, can be perceived as ideal types. Although none of the four scenarios will contribute unequivocally to solving the problem of labour market participation and social integration of immigration, it turns out that two scenarios will be more realistic, given in particular the long-term development of the social security system towards further privatisation. These are the scenarios that combine privatised social security with open or closed borders. The first scenario will be more beneficial from an economic viewpoint. By contrast, the second scenario will be more attractive for those people who primarily want to restrict immigration.


Erik de Gier
Erik de Gier is hoogleraar comparatief arbeidsmarktbeleid bij de faculteit Managementwetenschappen van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen en zelfstandig beleidsonderzoeker en adviseur. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. H.G. de Gier Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen Faculteit der Managementwetenschappen Postbus 9108 6500 HK Nijmegen e.degier@fm.ru.nl

    This article discusses the changes in the safety policy in the Netherlands over about the last fifteen years. These changes are analysed as reactions to the problems that the police and other criminal justice agencies face and which result from the shift from a modern to a late modern society. Five main changes are distinguished: in the organisational and managerial arrangements of the police; in the relation between the state (police) and other (both public and private) agencies; the rise of extra-judicial instruments and the growing attention for the position of victims; the increasing use of technological instruments for surveillance and crime prevention; and a harsher and more punitive policy. These changes create new fundamental questions for a future safety policy.


Jan Terpstra
Dr.ir. J.B. Terpstra is werkzaam bij het Instituut voor Maatschappelijke Veiligheidsvraagstukken (ipit) van de Universiteit Twente. Hij verricht de laatste jaren vooral onderzoek rond politie, justitie en veiligheidszorg. Terpstra publiceerde eerder ook over onder meer maatschappelijke achterstand, sociale zekerheid en beleidsuitvoering. Recente publicaties hebben onder andere betrekking op samenwerking in de lokale veiligheidszorg, Justitie in de Buurt en sturing van politie en politiewerk. Adres: Instituut voor Maatschappelijke Veiligheidsvraagstukken (ipit), Universiteit Twente, Postbus 217, 7500 AE Enschede, e-mail: j.b.terpstra@utwente.nl
Artikel

Hoeders van de hygiënische stad

Beveiligers, toezichthouders en handhavers in de openbare ruimte

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2009
Auteurs Ronald van Steden en Maddy Roelofs
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Over recent years, we have seen a steady increase in the number of security officers and city supervisors in Dutch urban areas. However, despite the mounting presence and visibility of these auxiliary patrols, little is known about how citizens perceive and value them. A questionnaire held among a sample of 761 residents of Amsterdam shows that citizens have mixed opinions. Many people are accepting or neutral about the occurrence of security officers and city supervisors in urban space, but at the same time lack a clear idea of their quality and professionalism. This somewhat ignorant and laconic attitude raises the question whether people underestimate the potential consequences of omnipresent quasi-police. It is argued that more repressive approaches may generate substantial conflicts with the general public. Furthermore, safety and security may become 'consumer goods' in the sense that people are quite happy to leave their responsibilities to paid policing professionals – a position which promotes the rise of a 'culture of control'.


Ronald van Steden
Ronald van Steden is als universitair docent verbonden aan de Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. R. van Steden Vrije Universiteit Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen Afdeling Bestuurswetenschappen De Boelelaan 1081 1081 HV Amsterdam r.van.steden@fsw.vu.nl

Maddy Roelofs
Maddy Roelofs was werkzaam bij de Dienst Onderzoek en Statistiek van de gemeente Amsterdam.

Willem Schinkel
Dr W. Schinkel is als socioloog verbonden aan de Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Friso van Houdt
F. van Houdt, MSc, is als socioloog verbonden aan de Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
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