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Artikel

Verantwoordelijkheid en voorzorg bij ‘de overgewichtepidemie’

Onzekerheid en transparantie bij preventief leefstijlbeleid

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden prevention, precaution, lifestyle policy, obesogenic society, obesity epidemic
Auteurs Dr. Roel Pieterman
Samenvatting

    Since the start of the 21st century, most nations have followed the lead of the World Health Organization and developed specific policies to tackle the ‘global obesity epidemic’. The medical reasoning is that non-contagious diseases are the most important causes of mortality and morbidity, especially in prosperous nations. As these diseases are conceptualized as ‘caused’ by ‘unhealthy lifestyle choices’, there is dire need for preventive lifestyle policies that help people make ‘the healthy choice’. Seen from this perspective the distribution of responsibilities between governments and their citizens is made in accordance to the ‘intervention ladder’, which has been developed from a stewardship model.
    Regarding the ‘obesity epidemic’, this contribution tests the basic medical claims behind this science policy complex. We find that the knowledge base for these claims is highly uncertain and that interventions lack efficacy. Furthermore, research points to increased levels of stigmatization of ‘fat people’, leading more discrimination. All this changes the status of the policies from preventive (i.e. proportionate) to precautionary (i.e. disproportionate). Further analysis of the preventive medical and policy paradigms shows both are by default biased towards precaution. Combined with the notion that citizens of democratic societies are entitled to trustworthy and transparent information, this contribution concludes that a reorientation of both paradigms is called for.


Dr. Roel Pieterman
Diversen

‘Emancipatie is geen stok om mee te slaan’

Tekst van de Van Slingelandt-lezing door demissionair minister Bussemaker in de Eerste Kamer op 12 oktober 2017

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2017
Artikel

Access_open Acht stellingen bij wijze van uitdaging

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden societal unease, political discontent, angry citizens, emotions
Auteurs Prof. dr. Gabriël van den Brink, Drs. Thijs Jansen en Dr. Philip Marcel Karré
Samenvatting

    In this article we draw several conclusions based on the individual contributions to our special issue. We do so by making eight statements that in our view should contribute to the discussion on societal discontent and political unease in the Netherlands.


Prof. dr. Gabriël van den Brink

Drs. Thijs Jansen

Dr. Philip Marcel Karré
Artikel

‘Een kakafonie van woeste woede’: reflecties op de opkomst van de ‘boze burger’

Inleiding themanummer

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden societal unease, political discontent, angry citizens, emotions
Auteurs Dr. Philip Marcel Karré, Drs. Thijs Jansen en Prof. dr. Gabriël van den Brink
Samenvatting

    The articles in this special issue try to shed some light on the rise of societal unease and political discontent in the Netherlands. It is often assumed that citizens are angry and can no longer identify with the actions undertaken by government. But is this really true? Who are these ‘angry citizens’ that everybody seems to be talking about? Do they really exist and what are they angry about? How to square the heated discussions about the angry citizen with research that shows that trust in government still is quite high in the Netherlands? How can we understand the motivations of societal discontent and how can government react to citizens reacting to its actions more emotionally than before?


Dr. Philip Marcel Karré

Drs. Thijs Jansen

Prof. dr. Gabriël van den Brink
Diversen

Iedereen stuurt iedereen

Over verlegenheid en arrogantie van overheden in netwerken

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2017
Auteurs drs. Jan Herman de Baas

drs. Jan Herman de Baas
Diversen

Gemeentelijke politiek-ambtelijke verhoudingen v2.0?

De invloed van het Gemeentedecreet op de politiek-ambtelijke verhoudingen in de Vlaamse gemeentebesturen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2017
Auteurs Sofie Hennau

Sofie Hennau
Diversen

Spillovers and conflict in collective bargaining

Experimental and survey studies

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2017
Auteurs Alex Lehr

Alex Lehr
Diversen

Sociale werkvoorziening tussen overheid, markt en samenleving

Een studie naar de achtergronden, praktijken en resultaten van de strategieën van hybride organisaties

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2017
Auteurs Lieske van der Torre

Lieske van der Torre
Artikel

Specifieke of generieke institutionalisering van beleid voor de lange termijn

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden future, Policy, short term, long term
Auteurs Albert Faber MSc, Dylan van Dijk en Dr. Peter de Goede
Samenvatting

    Policy decisions taken now can determine the room for manoeuvre of future generations for a very long term. Politicians and civil servants often only seem to be interested in short-term implications, however. A major focus on the short term does not provide sufficient stability and impetus for long-term structural measures. This is primarily an institutional issue. In this article, the authors discuss how to instil a long-term focus in day-to-day processes of policymaking.


Albert Faber MSc

Dylan van Dijk

Dr. Peter de Goede
Artikel

Woede door verwaarlozing

Waarom veel burgers zich verzetten tegen verandering

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden societal unease, political discontent, angry citizens, modernity
Auteurs Prof. dr. Gabriël van den Brink
Samenvatting

    In this very personal narrative, Gabriël van den Brink analyses why many citizens seem to oppose change instigated by government. In his view, this is due to government and society elites embracing a paradigm of change which is based on an unrealistic view on modernity. He analyses what this means, what its effects are and proposes a new way to go forward.


Prof. dr. Gabriël van den Brink
Artikel

Maatschappelijk onbehagen en burgerlijke boosheid

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden societal unease, pessimism, political discontent, angry citizens, emotions
Auteurs Prof. dr. Paul Dekker
Samenvatting

    In recent narratives about the negative mood of the Dutch, ‘societal unease’ and ‘angry citizens’ seem to be concepts that are directly linked: angry behaviour is the manifestation of deep feelings of unease. Is it that simple? In this contribution, I use the Citizens’ Outlook Barometer (COB) to investigate unease and anger, and their relationship. The spread of unease in today’s Netherlands is outlined quantitatively using indicators for strong societal pessimism and political discontent (a complex of negative attitudes towards national politics and globalization). The approach to anger is more exploratory. Anger is definitely not the most dominant feeling that pessimists are aware of, but their explanations of why the country is heading in the wrong direction do often reveal anger. Interviewing ‘angry citizens’ suggests that they are not ‘angry people’ in general, but that their anger is limited to politics and social issues, and is sometimes instrumental (‘you have to express yourself angrily to be heard’). This civic anger can be important both in addressing injustice in politics and as a source of action. It is better to approach anger as a topic in its own right rather than to frame it as an expression of unease.


Prof. dr. Paul Dekker
Artikel

Lessen voor de omgang met het onbehagen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden societal unease, political discontent, angry citizens, emotions
Auteurs Boudewijn Steur, Thomas Zandstra en Yosha van Droffelaar
Samenvatting

    Recently the authors, who all work at the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations, published a paper in which they analysed contemporary literature and research on social discontent to clarify whether this current feeling of discontent is different to previous periods of discontent and how it might affect the functioning of the Dutch government. In addition, to strengthen their analysis they discussed its implications with local politicians, experts and practitioners. In this article, the authors reflect on the outcome of these discussions. Their dialogues revealed that there is a need to redefine the dialogue between administration and society. They distilled five lessons from these discussions: they argue that government should be more 1) reliable and credible, 2) responsive, 3) effective, 4) empathic and 5) cohesive.


Boudewijn Steur

Thomas Zandstra

Yosha van Droffelaar
Artikel

Access_open Over woede en rechtvaardigheid

Liberale democratie als het einde of het einde van de liberale democratie?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden societal unease, political discontent, angry citizens, emotions
Auteurs Drs. Thijs Jansen
Samenvatting

    Populism, terrorist attacks, global revolutions, threats against public figures, hate and fury on social media. All of this suggests that we appear to be living in an ‘age of anger’, as Pankaj Mishra calls it. Everyone is sometimes outraged or angry, but in these times we see permanent moods of anger and revenge raging. This makes classic questions current again: how should anger in the public domain be understood? Is it always inappropriate and should it be controlled and condemned under all circumstances? Or is anger necessary to highlight structural injustices and to force change? The justification of anger is very delicate.. In this article the author discusses these questions based on philosophical treatises of anger by Martha Nussbaum, Peter Sloterdijk, Slavoj Žižek and Pankaj Mishra.


Drs. Thijs Jansen
Artikel

Onbetaalbare huizen en onderbenutte gebieden

De institutionele leegte van woningbouw en gebiedstransformatie

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden institutional void, urban transformation, urban governance, housing policy, policy instruments
Auteurs Dr. Wouter Jan Verheul
Samenvatting

    In the Netherlands, as in many other countries, housing supply fails to meet the rapidly increasing housing demand in already densely urbanised areas, contributing to rising housing prices and possibly gentrification. The state and local governments aim to satisfy this demand by densifying urban areas and by transforming urban brownfields and vacant office parks into residential areas, thus containing urban sprawl. However, the private actors needed to redevelop these areas operate according to a different institutional logic and discourse: the market. According to this market logic, urban transform is too expensive, even when partly subsidized, and, to some extent, sprawl is unavoidable to satisfy housing demand. The two different logics fail to deliver the housing needed. Building discourse coalitions is suggested as a possible way out of this deadlocked debate, while government actors might also aim to influence the housing market with novel, market oriented policy instruments.


Dr. Wouter Jan Verheul

Bert George
Artikel

Institutionele leegte: nieuwe bronnen, nieuwe uitdagingen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden Institutional void, Literature review, Societal change, Technical innovation, Governance
Auteurs Prof.dr. Ellen van Bueren en Dr.ing. Bram Klievink
Samenvatting

    Societal and technological developments (such as the digital and energy revolutions) move faster than existing institutions can keep up with. The developments may lead to a metaphorical institutional void, which brings questions about the nature of the void, the changing rules, practices and responsibilities, and about the strategies to deal with the void. The concept has been around for a while but (again) seems relevant to understand current socio-technological innovations and challenges, that also allow us to further conceptualise the institutional void. In this introduction to the issue, we discuss the concept of an institutional void and explore how it is used in various domains of study, including public administration. We argue for how the concept is relevant today and therein also introduce the topics that are discussed in this special issue.


Prof.dr. Ellen van Bueren

Dr.ing. Bram Klievink

Marleen Stikker
Artikel

Als ambtenaren in de spiegel kijken

Een onderzoek naar de relatie tussen arbeidsmotivatie en narcisme

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden civil servants, public service motivation, narcissism, human resource management, professionalism
Auteurs Drs. Jochem van Heek en Prof. Dr. Taco Brandsen
Samenvatting

    Discussions of public service motivation tend to emphasize the idealistic side of civil servants, stressing how they are led by self-sacrifice and a commitment to the public good. This article adopts a different perspective by linking the personality trait of narcissism to public service motivation. This notion was tested through a survey among employees of three public organizations. The statistical analysis shows that personalities with narcissistic elements tend to be more attracted to the world of policy and politics. This is accompanied by diminished feelings of compassion. Although the significance of this correlation should not be overstated, it does show that the link between public service motivation and commitment to the public interest is more complex than is sometimes suggested. Given the growth of narcissistic tendencies in contemporary society, it may be effective to take account of them in recruiting and managing civil service personnel.


Drs. Jochem van Heek

Prof. Dr. Taco Brandsen
Artikel

Crowd-based innovaties: verschuivende verantwoordelijkheden in een institutional void

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden responsible innovation, institutional void, crowd-based innovations, governance
Auteurs Thijs Slot MSc, Dr. ir. Eefje Cuppen, Prof. dr. mr. ir. Neelke Doorn e.a.
Samenvatting

    The crowd increasingly plays a key role in facilitating innovations in a variety of sectors, spurred on by IT-developments and the concomitant increase in connectivity. Initiatives in this direction, captured under the umbrella-term ‘crowd-based innovations’, offer novel opportunities in socio-technical systems by increasing the access, reach and speed of services. At the same time, they signify important challenges because these innovations occur in a context of traditional, well-established institutional and governance structures and practices. This dynamic is captured in the idea of the ‘institutional void’: the tension between traditional structures and (radically) new initiatives. Existing rules, standards and practices are challenged, which raises questions about the safeguarding of public values such as quality, legitimacy, efficiency and governance of crowd-based innovations. This article argues that understanding these tensions requires supplementing empirical research with an explicitly normative dimension to reach thorough and balanced conclusions to facilitate innovation while protecting the valuable elements in existing rules and regulations. Illustrated by a number of short examples, we propose a multidisciplinary research agenda towards formulating appropriate governance structures.


Thijs Slot MSc

Dr. ir. Eefje Cuppen

Prof. dr. mr. ir. Neelke Doorn

Maria Galeano Galvan MSc

Dr. ing. Bram Klievink
Boekbespreking

Industrial symbiosis as a social process

Developing theory and methods for the longitudinal investigation of social dynamics in the emergence and development of industrial symbiosis

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2017
Auteurs Wouter Spekkink

Wouter Spekkink
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