Zoekresultaat: 1610 artikelen

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    ‘The Netherlands is a country of commissions. Some are useful: they draw up an analysis that clarifies, declares success or denounces failure’, as the author wrote in his PhD-thesis ‘Looking with strange eyes’ in 2014. This essay also deals with commissions. In the three decentralization operations in the Netherlands, a so-called social affairs advisory council has made its appearance in the Dutch municipalities. Advisory committees or councils play an important role in our political system. For a long time discussions have been held about the position of these advisory bodies and their added value for policy and stakeholders. This fits in with municipalities that are in full development with concepts such as self-management, co-creation and vital communities. Advisory councils want to know if their work matters. There may be growing disappointment about the effects of their advice. That feeling of disappointment is understandable. In 1979 Carol Weiss was rather negative at the time about the degree of utilization of research. In 1983 Arno Korsten put this into perspective: ‘The view that there is underutilization on a large scale requires revision. An important reason is the fact that applying research results is often not immediately and easily visible, neither for researchers involved nor for policy makers.’ Research is something other than advice, but the insights are a source of inspiration for the use of advice. An advisory council wants to increase the effectiveness of its advice. For that reason, in this essay an approach is developed that provides insight into the factors that determine the way in which and the extent to which the advice is used in political decision-making. With this insight, an advisory council for the social domain can strengthen the influence of its advice, as is expected.


Dr. Jean Schutgens
Dr. J.M.L.R. Schutgens is bestuurskundige en bestuurlijk vrijwilliger van het provinciaal Huis voor de Zorg in Limburg. Hij was gemeentesecretaris van Landgraaf in de periode 1992-2008.

Prof. dr. Michiel Herweijer
Prof. dr. M. Herweijer is bijzonder hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen en redacteur van Bestuurswetenschappen. Hij was tot 1 januari 2019 directeur van de Noordelijke Rekenkamer. Sinds 1 november 2018 is hij docent publiek management aan de Universitaire Campus Fryslân te Leeuwarden (een nevenvestiging van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen).

    A large number of people, institutions, journals and approaches have contributed to the history of (local) administrative sciences in the Netherlands. Initially (around 1914) the legal approach was dominant; from 1964 onwards, political science would become the dominant approach; and from 1990 onwards, Public Administration would increasingly profile itself as an independent discipline. This essay concentrates on the influence on this development of sociology and its, typically Dutch, predecessor sociography. The starting point here is the promotion tree of the founder of the Dutch sociology Sebald Steinmetz. Through him various lines (via his doctorates Nicolaas ter Veen and Jakob Kruijt) go to modern Public Administration. This essay tells the story of the influence of sociography and sociology on the development of the administrative sciences and modern Public Administration in six acts, in which two persons from the promotion tree are discussed (via Sjoerd Groenman, who is promoted by Nicolaas ter Veen there are two different lines again). The line via Jakob Kruijt contains Aris van Braam (he wrote in 1957 what is considered the first Dutch empirical study in Public Administration) and Jos Raadschelders. The first line via Sjoerd Groenman contains Henk Brasz (the first full-time professor in Public Administration in the Netherlands), Fred Fleurke and Ko de Ridder. The second line via Sjoerd Groenman contains Joop Ellemers, Geert Braam (professor at the first regular Dutch Public Administration programme in Twente) and Wim Derksen. These acts are framed with short intermezzos about the other sociological key figures who played an important role in the story of sociography, sociology and Public Administration. In conclusion, the author of this essay discusses the continuing relevance of sociology for modern Public Administration.


Dr. Rik Reussing
Dr. G.H. Reussing is onderwijscoördinator van de joint degree Public Governance across Borders aan de Universiteit Twente en redactiesecretaris van Bestuurswetenschappen.

    In Nederland komen tal van wicked problems (WP) voor. Ze worden ook wel aangeduid als weerbarstige problemen. Kenmerkend is het unieke karakter, het feit dat kennis over probleemaspecten beperkt is en verschillende perspectieven op een probleem en meerdere waardenoriëntaties een rol spelen. Naast cognitieve en normatieve complexiteit bestaat er ook nog sociale complexiteit. WPs zoals voetbalvandalisme spelen zich af in een beleidsnetwerk met tal van elkaar afhankelijke actoren. Kennis, preferenties, handelingsvermogen en middelen blijken gespreid en niet in de hand van één actor. Om toch tot een bevredigend resultaat te komen moeten de actoren gezamenlijk optrekken. Daarom is interorganisationeel netwerkmanagement en deliberatie met burgers een wenselijke responsestrategie. Bij WPs zijn actoren dus tot elkaar veroordeeld. Centralistische besluitvorming werkt niet. Een centrale actor kan overigens nog wel een rol vervullen als initiator, facilitator of regisseur van overleg en discussie; als arbiter bij botsende perspectieven; of beslisser na netwerkberaad en inbreng van burgers.


Arno Korsten
Arno Korsten is emeritus hoogleraar Bestuurskunde aan de Open Universiteit en aan de Universiteit Maastricht.

    Gemeenten ondersteunen, onder andere met subsidies, maatschappelijke initiatieven. Met die subsidies zijn landelijk miljoenen euro’s gemoeid. De maatschappelijke effecten van initiatieven worden niet of slechts globaal onderzocht. Een van de argumenten om dit te rechtvaardigen luidt: als er genoeg draagvlak in een wijk of dorp is, moet een initiatief wel maatschappelijke meerwaarde hebben.
    Een besluit om subsidie te verstrekken resulteert in een transactie tussen gemeente en initiatiefnemers. Met behulp van de transactiekostentheorie en de welvaartstheorie worden in deze bijdrage subsidievoorwaarden geanalyseerd. Hieruit blijkt dat de subsidievoorwaarden in de bestudeerde subsidieregelingen de transactiekosten voor partijen beperken, maar dat zelfs bij voldoende draagvlak een initiatief nog niet een maatschappelijke meerwaarde hoeft te hebben.


Willem Bokkes
Willem Bokkes heeft Algemene Economie gestudeerd aan de Erasmus Universiteit en is gepromoveerd aan de Universiteit Twente. Hij is docent-onderzoeker bij de Academie Economics & Logistics en de onderzoeksgroep Vitale Economie i.o. van NHL Stenden Hogeschool. Zijn onderzoek heeft betrekking op ex ante beleidsevaluaties.
Artikel

Het vernieuwde toezicht in het onderwijs

Hooggespannen verwachtingen van kwaliteitszorg, bestuurskracht en maatwerk

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Inspectorate of Education, Renewed customized work approach, Policy Theory, Effects, Supervision
Auteurs Dr. Marlies Honingh, Prof. dr Melanie Ehren en Dr. Cor van Montfort
Samenvatting

    This paper presents the policy theory of the Dutch Inspectorate of Education’s 2017 framework. The framework includes a set of indicators and working methods for the inspections of school boards which are expected to lead to improved quality and organizational learning of the schools and colleges within each board’s portfolio. Inspection feedback, quality assurance, stakeholder involvement and governance are the key mechanisms through which customized inspections are assumed to affect change. These customized inspections start from a set of legal requirements schools and colleges have to meet, but add inspections modules which are agreed on with each school board at the start of an inspection visit. As these inspections are currently being implemented, there is no evidence yet on the validity of these assumptions.


Dr. Marlies Honingh

Prof. dr Melanie Ehren

Dr. Cor van Montfort
Artikel

Voorlopige contouren van bestuursgericht toezicht

Empirische inzichten in jonge praktijken van bestuursgericht toezicht

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Governance, Regulation, Oversight
Auteurs Prof. dr. Thomas Schillemans, Dr. Meike Bokhorst, Dr. Marieke van Genugten e.a.
Samenvatting

    The regulatory agencies in various public service sectors are said to be changing (some) of their regulatory attention issues of internal governance of organizations in education, health care en social housing. This paper aims to assess how (if, at all) responsible actors within those organizations experience this shift in regulatory focus. We report on the findings from a survey with modest N, distributed at an early stage of this new policy. The paper shows that respondents have fairly divergent views on whether or not this regulatory shift has indeed occurred, something which is not uncommon for a new policy. We distinguish three mechanisms through which governance-based oversight may have an impact on public service providers. This new regulatory regime could 1) have an agenda-setting effect within organizations, could 2) stimulate organizational decision-makers to take well-considered decisions and could 3) induce a sense of relational felt accountability towards the regulator.


Prof. dr. Thomas Schillemans

Dr. Meike Bokhorst

Dr. Marieke van Genugten

Dr. Mirjan Oude Vrielink
Artikel

Naar bestuursgericht toezicht in de zorg: een zoektocht naar passendheid

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden healthcare governance, management-oriented regulation, experimenting, recoupling, reflective regulation
Auteurs Dr. Annemiek Stoopendaal en Dr. Hester van de Bovenkamp
Samenvatting

    In this article, we discuss how regulation of governance in healthcare has been shaped over the past decade. We describe the presuppositions under this movement. Searching and balancing was needed to meet the complexity of care management. This has to do with the fact that the external pressure on the regulator after incidents is high. Due to this pressure, it is necessary to constantly ensure that management-oriented regulation does not narrow to the supervision on the actor with final responsibility. The regulation of good governance requires reflectivity of the inspectors and is aimed at stimulating recoupling between management and shop floors. This requires space for experimentation for both managers and inspectors. To provide this space, we do not only need a political and social debate about the quality of care and its management, but also attention and appreciation for the difficult considerations of organizing care.


Dr. Annemiek Stoopendaal

Dr. Hester van de Bovenkamp
Artikel

Wat wendbare organisaties doen (en laten)

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden agility, environmental changes, dynamics, management practices
Auteurs Drs. Mark Nijssen, Dr. Brenda Vermeeren, Drs. Lucien Vermeer e.a.
Samenvatting

    Public organizations are confronted with rapid subsequent changes in their environment. Against this background, we increasingly see and hear a call for agile public organizations. But what exactly is agility? And how can organizations achieve this? In this study, we have developed and validated the concept of agility and empirically identify the effect of different management practices that contribute to agility. This study shows that, seen from the perspective of the experienced dynamics, it is not necessary to be agile for all organizational units within the public sector. At the same time, there is a substantial group that should be more agile given the dynamics they encounter. This study shows that agile organizations are more committed to developing the mindset of employees, influencing the degree of autonomy for decision-making and stimulating the promotion of new ideas and insights.


Drs. Mark Nijssen

Dr. Brenda Vermeeren

Drs. Lucien Vermeer

Ir. Jurgen Visser
Artikel

Diversiteit in bestuurskundig perspectief

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden diversity perspectives, interventions, public sector, business case, binding
Auteurs Dr. Saniye Çelik
Samenvatting

    In practice, diversity interventions do not always appear to be effective. One argument is that there is little or no match between the perspectives of public organizations on diversity and the interventions used. This article provides an overview of the underlying rationales for diversity policy and discusses the perspectives on diversity from the diversity literature, HRM, and management literature and how these overlap, complement each other and differ from each other. What these perspectives have in common is that they all emphasize the added value of diversity. In the diversity literature, the emphasis is on the four perspectives equality, legitimacy, creativity, and the labour market. HRM literature focusses on managing differences. In public administration, there is a shift from active representation by individuals to connecting by all employees. Furthermore, the binding perspective is gaining more and more importance in the public domain because it may be possible to close the gap between the government and its citizen. This perspective emphasizes the importance of the long-term relationship with citizens to strengthen the trust of citizens in the government for realizing social tasks and responsibilities. It makes diversity an issue for all employees. For Hassan and Havva, and also for Hans and Hanna.


Dr. Saniye Çelik
Artikel

Aangescherpt bestuursgericht toezicht in de corporatiesector

Het wakend oog van de Autoriteit woningcorporaties onder de loep genomen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden public accountability, regulation strategies, policy change, policy implementation, (social) housing sector
Auteurs Olga Verschuren Msc en Dr. Stefanie Beyens
Samenvatting

    The Dutch social housing sector is still recovering from a series of incidents that harmed the sector’s reputation drastically. Part of the recovery plan is the installation of an independent Housing Authority, who focuses specifically upon the ‘governance’ of housing corporations. This article explores the implementation and development of the Authority’s regulation strategy. It finds that although the strategy sharpens the focus of housing corporations and limits risky circumstances and behavior, it also triggers adverse effects. The Authority should therefore adopt a broader outlook, that is more sensitive to (1) the complexity of the social housing task, and (2) the pathologies of multiple accountabilities being placed upon the corporation(sector).


Olga Verschuren Msc

Dr. Stefanie Beyens

Evrim Tan
Artikel

Access_open Van toezicht op kwaliteit naar toezicht op bestuur

Ontwikkeling van bestuursgericht toezicht in semipublieke sectoren

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Inspection, Governance, Semipublic sector, Quality improvement, Opportunities and risks
Auteurs Dr. Meike Bokhorst, Dr. Marieke van Genugten, Dr. Mirjan Oude Vrielink e.a.
Samenvatting

    In Dutch semi-public sectors of education, healthcare, and housing there is a tendency towards governance based inspection. The attention of inspectorates shifts from inspection on minimum quality standards to inspection on governance based quality improvement. The aim of this special issue is to learn more about the opportunities and risks of governance based inspection. The survey and sector articles show that governance based inspection (1) puts the responsibility of governors to stimulate quality on the agenda, (2) makes governors more aware of the quality targets they want to achieve within their organisations, and (3) has a deregulating effect. However, the risks are (1) reregulation via sector norms, (2) a lack of reality checks, and (3) a narrow focus on governors instead of the quality of public services. Consequently, inspectors have to learn new skills and competences. All in all, governance based inspection can complement but not replace other ways of inspection.


Dr. Meike Bokhorst

Dr. Marieke van Genugten

Dr. Mirjan Oude Vrielink

Prof. dr. Thomas Schillemans

    De narratieve aanpak van evalueren biedt diepgang en verklaring, en vormt daarmee een betekenisvolle aanvulling op methodieken waarin de feitelijke beschrijving van de werkelijkheid en normenkaders centraal staan. De narratieve aanpak is een aanvulling op traditionele methodieken, maar is niet plaatsvervangend.


Yorick van den Berg
Yorick van den Berg is werkzaam bij B&A Groep.
Van de redactie

Editorial

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2018
Auteurs Dr. Tamara Metze
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This editorial offers an introduction to the current issue.


Dr. Tamara Metze
Dr. Tamara Metze is voorzitter van de redactie van Beleid en Maatschappij.

    Reflection and debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Dr. Arjan Vliegenthart
Dr. Arjan Vliegenthart is directeur van het Nationaal Instituut voor Budgetvoorlichting.

    Reflection and debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Bas Blokker
Bas Blokker is correspondent voor NRC Handelsblad en NRC Next in de Verenigde Staten
De blinde vlek

Wie zorgt er voor de samenleving?

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Participatiesamenleving, Stress, Geestelijke gezondheidszorg, Preventie, Inclusie
Auteurs Drs. Piet-Hein Peeters
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The most relevant part of a discussion is not what is discussed but what cannot be spoken of. The real taboos are those for which it is taboo to call them taboos. The status quo defines itself as non-ideological while denouncing any challenge to itself as radical. Therefore the column ‘De Blinde Vlek’ frames the framers, politicizes the status quo and articulates what is not heard of.


Drs. Piet-Hein Peeters
Drs. Piet-Hein Peeters is journalist (www.pietheinpeeters.nl). Tot 1 november was hij hoofdredacteur van het maandblad Zorg+Welzijn.
Boekensignalement

Democratie tussen verlangen en vermoeidheid

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Interactive democracy, Emancipation, Interpassivity, Neoliberalism, Algorithms
Auteurs Robert J. van Putten MA MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this feature authors review recently published books on subjects of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Robert J. van Putten MA MSc
Robert J. van Putten MA MSc is filosoof en bestuurskundige en werkzaam als promovendus en docent aan de afdeling Bestuurswetenschappen & politicologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Reflectie & debat

Empathisch bestuur als politiek statement

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden discretionaire ruimte, cultuurverandering, empathie, morele oordeelsvorming, moreel beraad
Auteurs Dr. mr. Hans Bosselaar
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Reflection and debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Dr. mr. Hans Bosselaar
Dr. mr. Hans Bosselaar is als senior onderzoeker en academisch manager verbonden aan de afdeling Bestuurswetenschap en Politicologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
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