Zoekresultaat: 3351 artikelen

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Dissertatie

Understanding street-level bureaucrats’ attitude towards clients

A social psychological approach

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2021
Auteurs Shelena Keulemans

Shelena Keulemans
Thema-artikel

Verduurzaming vergt het omarmen van diepe onzekerheid

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2021
Trefwoorden transition, unpredictability, foresight, speculation, usability
Auteurs Ed Dammers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The government strives for a low-carbon energy supply, sustainable agriculture and a circular economy. These transitions require a long-term orientation, while the long term is surrounded by deep uncertainty. This challenge poses two dilemmas for public knowledge institutions such as PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency. First, they should pay more attention to the unpredictability of the future, while policymakers expected them to make the future more predictable. Second, they should support the use of foresight more, while policymakers operate in a context that discourages this. The dilemmas require that the knowledge institutions make more work of speculation, that they actively organise the use of foresight and that they seek to connect with formal policy processes. While doing this it’s important that the knowledge institutions maintain their core values of scientific excellence, policy orientation and independence and also propagate this.


Ed Dammers
Dr. E. Dammers is senior onderzoeker Ruimtelijke Ontwikkeling en Toekomstverkenning bij het Planbureau voor de Leefomgeving.
Thema-artikel

Investeren in de toekomst na COVID-19: speelt de crisis een rol in ­partijpositionering?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2021
Trefwoorden intertemporal policymaking, policy investments, crisis, party positioning, elections
Auteurs Pieter Tuytens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Do the budgetary consequences of an acute crisis make us less willing to tackle long-term challenges? This paper asks whether the recent ­COVID-19 crisis has affected the willingness of parties to commit to so-called ‘policy investments’. These are policies where short-term costs are accepted in anticipation of higher benefits in the longer run. Theoretically, there is no unambiguous prediction as to whether the recent crisis plays a role in repositioning party preferences regarding policy investments. In light of this theoretical ambiguity, this article aims to provide an empirical answer by measuring and comparing party positioning regarding policy investments of Dutch parties during the two general elections for the House of Representatives (Tweede Kamerver­kiezingen) of 2017 and 2021 respectively. To identify which proposals qualify as policy investments, and measure the corresponding willingness to engage in them, the article builds on calculations of the budgetary impact of party manifestos provided by the Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis (Centraal Planbureau; Keuze in Kaart). The subsequent analysis shows that overall willingness of parties to engage in policy investments has increased during the COVID-19 crisis; suggesting that the tension between addressing short- and long-term challenges is less strict that often suggested.


Pieter Tuytens
Dr. P. Tuytens is universitair docent aan het Departement Bestuurskunde en Sociologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

    In this feature authors discuss recent research findings that are of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Meike Bokhorst
Dr. Meike Bokhorst is projectleider Armoede bij de Nationale ombudsman en senior onderzoeker aan de Universiteit Utrecht.

    This editorial offers an introduction to the current issue.


Claartje Brons
Dr. Claartje Brons is programmamanager Versterking Democratie en Bestuur, ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties, en redactielid van Beleid en Maatschappij.

    In this feature authors discuss recent research findings that are of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Jeff Handmaker
Dr. Jeff Handmaker is universitair hoofddocent rechtssociologie, International Institute of Social Studies, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Sanne Taekema
Prof. dr. Sanne Taekema is hoogleraar inleiding tot de rechtswetenschap en rechtstheorie, Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

    In this feature authors discuss recent research findings that are of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Claartje Brons
Dr. Claartje Brons is programmamanager Versterking Democratie en Bestuur, ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties, en redactielid van Beleid en Maatschappij.
Artikel

Diversiteit en inclusie bij de rijksoverheid: met beleid vooruit

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2021
Trefwoorden diversity, inclusion, culture, leadership, public sector
Auteurs Saniye Çelik
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Dutch public sector wants to become more diverse and inclusive, which seems necessary for the legitimacy and confidence of the government. This explorative study took place within two Dutch national government departments and shows how scientific insights into diversity and inclusion are reflected in government practice. Four results can be derived from this study: (1) The sense of urgency around diversity and inclusion has a stimulating effect, but the embedding of the theme into both departments deserves attention. (2) There is a wealth of perspectives and interventions, but hardly any attention to the connection with society. (3) The themes of leadership and inclusion should be higher on the agenda. (4) Psychological security determines an inclusive culture.
    Important conclusions and recommendations are:
    - Formulate a clear vision of diversity and inclusion, and involve the entire organisation in the approach.
    - Strengthen an inclusive culture, and invest in inclusive leadership.
    - Promote diversity at the top of the organisation.

    Notably, the influx of diversity in the workforce is still the priority of many public organisations. However, the flow and retention of these employees needs more attention. There lies an important task for executives. These conclusions and recommendations form a basis for organisations that want to move forward with policies and interventions on diversity and inclusion.


Saniye Çelik
Dr. Saniye Çelik is lector diversiteit aan de Hogeschool Leiden en opleider aan de Universiteit Leiden. www.hsleiden.nl/diversiteit.

    In this feature authors review recently published books on subjects of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Mirte van Hout
Mirte van Hout, BSc is research masterstudent Public Administration & Organisational Science aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
Dossier

Access_open Ethiek van de macht

Over de moed van de held

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2021
Auteurs Erik Pool
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this feature authors discuss recent research findings that are of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Erik Pool
Erik Pool, BA is programmadirecteur Dialoog en Ethiek bij het ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties.

    The most relevant part of a discussion is not what is discussed but what cannot be spoken of. The real taboos are those for which it is taboo to call them taboos. The status quo defines itself as non-ideological while denouncing any chal-lenge to itself as radical.
    Therefore the column ‘De Blinde Vlek’ frames the framers, politicizes the status quo and articulates what is not heard of.


Hans Sleurink
Hans Sleurink, werkzaam als journalist en tv-programmamaker, is van oordeel dat journalistiek en wetenschap nauwere betrekkingen met elkaar moeten zoeken omwille van een levendiger en adequater maatschappelijk debat.
Artikel

Transitietheorie in de beleidspraktijk

Van cherry picking naar robuuste onderbouwing

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2021
Trefwoorden Transition policy, Social change theory, Sustainability, Normativity, Energy policy
Auteurs Albert Faber
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Policy makers who work on sustainability transitions are well informed by transition science. As many scientific disciplines transition science comprises several theories and schools of thought, with distinct concepts and logical frames. The implication is that we can distinguish – subtle and implicit – different normative assumptions about, e.g., role of government, theory of social change, object of policy and issues of power. Such normative assumptions could then translate into policy, often without a proper assessment. This article aims to make such normative assumptions in transition theories more explicit. I explore how these normative elements translate into actual transition policy in a case of Dutch policy for ‘regional energy strategies’. Revealing normative elements in transition policy (or any policy field) can help policy makers to avoid pitfalls of conceptual cherry picking, thus contributing to transition policy that is scientifically and normatively robust.


Albert Faber
Ir. Albert Faber werkt als strateeg bij het ministerie van Economische Zaken en Klimaat. Deze bijdrage is op persoonlijke titel geschreven.

    In this feature authors discuss recent research findings that are of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Petra Paulides-Ruitenberg
Drs. ing. Petra Paulides-Ruitenberg is zelfstandig adviseur Lokale Democratie en voormalig griffier. Ze is verbonden aan het programma ‘Democratie in Actie’, een samenwerkingsprogramma vanuit het ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijkrelaties, de Vereniging van Nederlandse Gemeenten en alle beroeps- en belangenverenigingen.
Boekensignalement

Tussen strijd en wederkerigheid

Het nieuwe Westen van Hans Boutellier

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2021
Auteurs Bram Verhulst
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this feature authors review recently published books on subjects of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Bram Verhulst
Bram Verhulst, MA MSc is docent bestuurskunde en politicologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

    In this feature authors discuss recent research findings that are of interest to readers of Beleid en Maatschappij.


Imrat Verhoeven
Dr. Imrat Verhoeven is universtair docent bestuur en beleid aan de afdeling Politicologie van de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Article

Opposition in Times of COVID-19 – To Support or Not to Support?

Tijdschrift Politics of the Low Countries, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden minority government, rally-around-the-flag, COVID-19, mainstream parties, challenger parties, opposition, party goals
Auteurs Britt Vande Walle, Wouter Wolfs en Steven Van Hecke
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    COVID-19 has hit many countries all over the world, and its impact on (party) politics has been undeniable. This crisis situation functions as an opportunity structure incentivising opposition forces to support the government. Not much is known about what drives opposition parties to (not) support the government in crisis situations. This article integrates the literature on rally-around-the-flag, political opportunity structures, party types and party goals. More specifically, we focus on the behaviour of opposition parties towards the government’s crisis response to the COVID-19 pandemic. We analyse whether and how the party type influences the position of the party vis-à-vis the governmental coalition, focusing on the case of Belgium. We categorise the seven opposition parties in Belgium as challenger or mainstream parties and explain their behaviour on the basis of policy-, office- or vote-seeking motives. Our analysis is based on party voting behaviour, elite interviews and an analysis of the main plenary debates.


Britt Vande Walle
Britt Vande Walle is PhD Researcher at the KU Leuven Public Governance Instituted, funded by a FWO fellowship ‘Fundamental Research’. Her research focuses on comparative politics, political parties, and political party think tanks. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9594-9897.

Wouter Wolfs
Wouter Wolfs is Senior Researcher at the KU Leuven Public Governance Institute. His research interests include the European Union, political finance, legislative studies and political parties. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6214-5972.

Steven Van Hecke
Steven Van Hecke is Associate Professor in Comparative and EU Politics at the KU Leuven Public Governance Institute. His research focuses on Europarties, EU institutions and European integration history. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0215-5463.
Thema-artikel

From National Lockdowns to Herd Immunity: Understanding the Spectrum of Government Responses to COVID-19 (2019-2021)

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden COVID-19, Health Policy, Policy Strategies, Policy Capacity, Leadership
Auteurs Michael Howlett
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Governments around the world responded at roughly the same time but in several different ways to the emerging threat of COVID-19 in early 2020. This article sets out the nature of the different strategies that emerged over the course of the pandemic, focussing on the policy tools deployed. Some of these efforts were successful in containing the coronavirus while others were not, in some cases due to poor initial choices and in others due to poor implementation of the chosen strategy. Although the initial understanding each government had of the nature of the disease was the same, different state capacities and different levels of preparedness and effective leadership can be seen to have resulted over time in the emergence of six distinct approaches to the pandemic which, once deployed, proved difficult, although not impossible, to change as the pandemic unfolded.


Michael Howlett
Dr. M. Howlett is professor at the Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, Canada.
Thema-artikel

Access_open De pandemie als spiegel

Bestuurskundig leren van de aanpak van de COVID-19-crisis

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden COVID-19, Crisis management, Policy learning, Evidence and policy, Learning from crisis
Auteurs Myrthe van Delden, Wiljan Hendrikx, Shelena Keulemans e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This is an introduction to a special issue dedicated to drawing lessons from the handling of the COVID-19 pandemic. We introduce the various papers of the special issue, raise the questions we seek to answer in this special issue, and formulate an agenda for future research on the handling of the COVID-19 pandemic.


Myrthe van Delden
T.A.M. van Delden, MSc is onderzoeker en opleidingsmanager van de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur (NSOB).

Wiljan Hendrikx
Dr. P.M.A. Hendrikx is onderzoeker en opleidingsmanager van de NSOB.

Shelena Keulemans
Dr. S.A.C. Keulemans is universitair docent Bestuurskunde aan de Radboud Universiteit.

Martijn van der Steen
Prof. dr. M.A. van der Steen is bijzonder hoogleraar bij de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, en is tevens co-decaan en adjunct-directeur van de NSOB en directeur van de Denktank.
Thema-artikel

Lokale democratie achter de schermen

Lessen leren uit digitaal vergaderen door gemeenteraden in coronatijd

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden Local, Councils, Online, Decision-making, Deliberation
Auteurs Klaartje Peters, Geerten Boogaard, Bibi van den Berg e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Shortly after the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, a temporary law came into force enabling online deliberation and decision-making by decentralised governments. For the duration of the law, a committee evaluated its operation and implementation. The commission focused on legality, technology and security, and on political-administrative effects, since there were concerns about the consequences of the law in these three areas. This article shows that although no significant legal and technical problems arose, online deliberation did have an effect on the practices of deliberation and decision-making. Online deliberation during the pandemic was not good for local democracy, which was also due to society temporarily going into lock-down. At the same time, online deliberation also appears to have its advantages. In order to reap the benefits of digital deliberation, however, a permanent law that includes hybrid forms of deliberation and technical improvements to online conference systems is needed.


Klaartje Peters
Prof. dr. K. Peters is bijzonder hoogleraar Lokaal en Regionaal Bestuur aan de Universiteit Maastricht.

Geerten Boogaard
Prof. dr. G. Boogaard is hoogleraar Decentrale Overheden aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Bibi van den Berg
Prof. dr. B. van den Berg is hoogleraar Cybersecurity Governance aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Lianne Van Kalken
Mr. L. van Kalken is onderzoeker Staatsrecht aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Thema-artikel

Corona: stresstest voor het binnenlands bestuur?

Over de Nederlandse corona-aanpak: differentiatie tussen en inbedding in de veiligheidsregio’s

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden Corona virus, Health crisis, Safety regions, Local office holders
Auteurs Caspar van den Berg, Geerten Boogaard, Sofie Dreef e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands, the first period of the fight against the corona virus, which lasted from March, 1 until December 1, 2020, can be seen as a unique experiment. During this period, the 25 chairs of the ‘safety regions’ (veiligheidsregio’s), who are simultaneously the major of an important municipality in their region, were authorized for the first time to issue the most essential measures to tackle a national health crisis, partly on the binding advice of the Dutch health minister. The chairs of the safety regions gathered in the so-called ‘safety convention’ (veiligheidsberaad), in which they aimed to nationally coordinate their respective local measures. In this paper, we argue that the involvement of the safety regions provided a structure in which all local office holders in their respective regions (both on the municipal and the safety region level) could co-operate in the nation-wide fight against the pandemic, while at the same time take into account the existing (cultural) differences between the 25 regions.


Caspar van den Berg
Prof. dr. C.F. van den Berg is hoogleraar Bestuurskunde aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.

Geerten Boogaard
Prof. mr. G. Boogaard is hoogleraar Decentrale Overheden aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Sofie Dreef
S. Dreef, MSc, LLM is promovendus aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en werkt als managing consultant bij Berenschot.

Gert Jan Geertjes
Mr. G.J.A. Geertjes is universitair docent staatsrecht aan de Universiteit Leiden.
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