Zoekresultaat: 63 artikelen

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Artikel

Het maatschappelijk middenveld in beweging

Een internationale vergelijking van dynamiek in herkomst, perspectief en invulling van vermaatschappelijking

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden Big Society, international comparison, public reform, third sector
Auteurs Sabine van Zuydam, Bob van de Velde en Marlot Kuiper
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article we aim to provide an insight in one of the specifics of the dynamic relationship between government and society; the delegation of public tasks to (civil) society. The concept ‘Big Society’ in the United Kingdom generated immense expectations in this respect. By making use of an explorative case study, we examine the origins, visions and best practices in successively the UK, Australia and Scandinavia in order to generate a better understanding of this dynamical relationship. The major insights following from this analysis relate to the economic and cultural background, the political reality and rhetoric, as well as to concrete practices to understand what civil society has to offer in the delegation of public tasks. Finally, as a first step towards theory development, we formulate five concrete lessons for the delegation of public tasks to the civil society.


Sabine van Zuydam
S. van Zuydam MSc is promovenda aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.

Bob van de Velde
R.N. van de Velde MSc is promovendus aan de VU Amsterdam.

Marlot Kuiper
M. Kuiper BA is student ‘Research in Public Administration and Organizational Science’.
Artikel

Herziening van sociale zekerheid: het perspectief van flexwerkers en zelfstandigen

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden social security, labour flexibility, policy preferences, risk, solidarity
Auteurs Dr. Fabian Dekker, Prof. dr. Romke van der Veen en Dr. Bram Peper
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The social security system provides some form of protection for its citizens. The social security system depends on public support in society. Support is crucial for legitimacy of the social system. To date, it remains unclear whether social policy preferences will be affected by changes on the labour market. In this article we aim to increase our understanding of individual reactions to increasing labour flexibility and the impact on social policy preferences. From the results of our study, we draw the general conclusion that employees with flexible labour contracts as well as the self-employed do not reject the idea of social security.


Dr. Fabian Dekker
Dr. Fabian Dekker is onderzoeker aan het Verwey-Jonker Instituut. FDekker@verwey-jonker.nl

Prof. dr. Romke van der Veen
Prof. dr. Romke van der Veen is hoogleraar sociologie van arbeid en organisatie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Dr. Bram Peper
Dr. Bram Peper is universitair docent aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Kraamkamers van een nieuwe verzorgingsstaat

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden neighbourhood approach, wicked problems, institutional change, citizen initiatives, welfare state
Auteurs Maurice Cramers en Jos van der Lans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2010 and 2011 a committee of experts inspected if and how forty of the most deprived areas in Dutch cities have benefitted from the major national neighbourhood policy program launched by the previous government in 2007. The aim of the program was to restore living conditions in those areas within the next ten years, by investments in the physical, social and economic field, thus trying to improve the living conditions and chances (social mobility) of the neighbourhood citizens. According to the Committee, the forty neighbourhoods have proved to be laboratories for institutional change. There is growing confidence among local parties that with less disintegrated bureaucracy and more possibilities for citizen initiatives, interventions can be organised which are more effective and cheaper. Realising the objectives of the neighbourhood approach demands continuous involvement, effective organization, creative solutions and intensive contact between professionals and citizens. Government organizations and institutions need to relinquish control and facilitate and support the problem solving abilities of the professionals and citizens, who live and work in these neighbourhoods day in day out. In the most problematic neighbourhoods of Dutch cities, the seeds of the new welfare state are being planted.


Maurice Cramers
M. Cramers is beleidsadviseur bij het ministerie van BZK en was secretaris van de Visitatiecommissie wijkenaanpak.

Jos van der Lans
J. van der Lans is cultuurpsycholoog en publicist. Hij was, naast W. Deetman en R. Scherpenisse, één van de voorzitters van deze commissie. Deze bijdrage schrijven zij op persoonlijke titel.
Artikel

Weinig vreemde handen aan de Nederlandse bedden

Arbeidsmigranten in de ouderenzorg in vergelijkend perspectief

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden migrant care work, The Netherlands, elderly care, labour migration, care policy
Auteurs Dr. Franca van Hooren
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In many European countries immigrants play an important role as employees in the elderly care sector. They are employed by a care providing organisation, or directly by a family as private care assistant. By contrast, in the Netherlands such a development is hardly visible. This article investigates why relatively few migrant workers are employed in Dutch elderly care. The Dutch situation is compared with developments in Italy, Great Britain and Austria. I assess explanations based on demand side, supply side and cultural factors and conclude that especially the large public investments in Dutch elderly care can explain the limited demand for migrant workers. A restrictive immigration policy and language and historical factors play only a minor role. Whether a larger demand for migrant workers will emerge in the future, therefore depends on developments in public elderly care policy.


Dr. Franca van Hooren
Franca van Hooren is postdoctoraal onderzoeker aan de universiteit van Bremen. Zij doet onderzoek naar de gevolgen van de economische crisis voor de verzorgingsstaat, franca.vanhooren@sfb597.uni-bremen.de.
Artikel

Het falende veld van ondersteuning bij ongelijke behandeling

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden equal treatment, work, social protection, retaliation, interorganizational field
Auteurs Marieke van Genugten en Jörgen Svensson
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    There are many different ways in which employees may choose to address unequal treatment at work. They may do so themselves, in an informal or formal manner on the work floor. They may also, at some stage in the dispute, decide to involve specialized advisers such as legal advisers, anti-discrimination officers, health and safety executives and labour unions. It is generally assumed that consulting such specialized advisers will help the employee to address unequal treatment more successfully. In this paper, the effectiveness of the interorganizational field of specialized advisers is analyzed on the basis of an elaborate study among different types of respondents. The main finding is that fear of retaliation plays a crucial role in seeking and receiving specialized advice and that the existing interorganizational field broadly fails to cope with this fear. To resolve this issue, the field needs an improved governance structure with better co-ordination between different types of advisers.


Marieke van Genugten
Marieke van Genugten is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan het Institute for Management Research, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Correspondentiegegevens: dr. M.L. van Genugten, Institute for Management Research, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, Thomas van Aquinostraat 5, 6525 GD Nijmegen, Postbus 9108, 6500 HK Nijmegen, m.vangenugten@fm.ru.nl.

Jörgen Svensson
Jörgen Svensson is universitair docent sociologie aan het Institute for Innovation and Governance Studies, Universiteit Twente.
Artikel

Bewonersinitiatieven: partnerschap tussen burgers en overheid

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden citizen’s initiatives, activation policy, representativeness, partnership relation, competences
Auteurs Dr. Imrat Verhoeven en Prof. dr. Evelien Tonkens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In recent years the Dutch welfare state has invested substantial sums of money in activation of citizen’s initiatives in deprived neighbourhoods. As a policy concept citizen’s initiatives refers to enhancements by citizens to the quality of life in their neighbourhood. Is this activation policy productive or counterproductive for citizen participation? This question is answered by analyzing the representativeness of the activated citizens, the nature of their initiatives, the type of relations they develop with institutions, and whether they develop more competences due to their initiative(s). Our findings indicate that the activated citizens are more often female, below 50, lower educated, and 40 percent is migrant, which makes them more representative than the participation elite (male, 50+, white, and higher educated). They form a new vanguard that activates many participants through initiatives that focus on connecting people and on social problems such as anonymity, isolation and nuisance. Many contacts with professionals contribute for them to a partnership relation geared toward cooperation instead of consumerism or dissatisfaction. Also these citizens develop democratic, bureaucratic and social competences as well as social reflexivity and empathy for other citizens and institutions. We conclude that activation of citizen’s initiatives has positive effects on citizen participation.


Dr. Imrat Verhoeven
Imrat Verhoeven is postdoc onderzoeker aan de afdeling Sociologie en Antropologie, Universiteit van Amsterdam/AISSR. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. I. Verhoeven, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 185, 1012 DK Amsterdam, i.verhoeven@uva.nl.

Prof. dr. Evelien Tonkens
Evelien Tonkens is hoogleraar actief burgerschap aan de afdeling Sociologie en Antropologie, Universiteit van Amsterdam/AISSR. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. E. Tonkens, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 185, 1012 DK Amsterdam, e.h.tonkens@uva.nl.
Artikel

Aspecten van burgerschap

Een historische analyse van de transformaties van het burgerschapsconcept in Nederland

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2009
Auteurs Friso van Houdt en Willem Schinkel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The historical transformations of Dutch citizenship are assessed in this article in light of two aspects. One concerns the dimensions and layers of citizenship; the other pertains to the relative stress laid on either formal or moral citizenship. We illustrate how citizenship was broadened from civic to political, social and cultural rights. Then we discuss the recent moralization of citizenship in the context of Dutch debates on immigrant integration. We illustrate how the relative stress on moral citizenship therein pertains to a virtual disenfranchisement of non-native Dutch citizens.


Friso van Houdt
Friso van Houdt is als promovendus verbonden aan de Faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Willem Schinkel
Willem Schinkel is universitair hoofddocent theoretische sociologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. W. Schinkel Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen Capaciteitsgroep Sociologie Postbus 1738 3000 DR Rotterdam schinkel@fsw.eur.nl

Hans Blokland
Hans Blokland studeerde politieke wetenschappen en promoveerde in de sociale en politieke filosofie. Hij was fellow van de Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen en onder meer verbonden aan Yale University, Department of Political Science. Tot zijn recente publicaties behoren Pluralisme, Democratie & Politieke Kennis (Van Gorcum 2005) en Modernization and its Political Consequences (Yale University Press 2006). Zie voor informatie over zijn werk: www.hans-blokland.nl.
Artikel

Life politics: van abstracte theorie naar een bruikbaar model

Bestrijding van overgewicht in Groot-Brittannië en Nederland

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2006
Auteurs Carien Scholtmeijer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    During the last decennium, social theory has provided us with path-breaking insights into the emergence of a new type of social risks (post-industrial, manufactured risks), and on policies which might deal with these risks (life politics; the social investment state). Especially the writings of Anthony Giddens are relevant in this respect. Unfortunately, these abstract ideas have thus far hardly been tested in empirical research. This article aims to fill this gap, by focussing on a telling example of a new, lifestyle related risk, which is the problem of overweight. How useful are Giddens' ideas on risk and social policy when applied in a concrete analysis of this particular problem and related policies? To answer this question, a comparative analysis has been carried out in two welfare states, the British and the Dutch. It will be argued that Giddens' abstract notions can indeed be applied effectively in a practical and fruitful framework for policy analysis. In this respect, the concepts of life politics and the social investment state seem promising, both for the practise and analysis of social policy development in European welfare states.


Carien Scholtmeijer
Drs. Carien Scholtmeijer studeerde bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Twente (2000-2005), afstudeerrichting bestuurlijke organisatie. Correspondentiegegevens: c.scholtmeijer@alumnus.utwente.nl
Artikel

In voor- en tegenspoed?

Over krimp en de verzorgingsstaat

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2008
Auteurs Romke van der Veen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article is concerned with the consequences of economic and demographic decline for the welfare state. The issue of decline itself is not investigated. Decline is taken for granted and the consequences of decline are examined. In this article the sociological 'logic' of social policy is investigated and subsequently applied to the issue of decline. The policy-mechanisms that are discussed are: selective versus universal social policy; the extent and character of redistribution; and individual versus collective responsibility. The question that is raised in the final section is what demographic decline in particular might imply for a universal welfare state: more selectivity in social policy? less redistribution between young and old? more individual responsibility? By making use of the policy-mechanisms discussed before, the consequences of these strategies are discussed.


Romke van der Veen
Romke van der Veen is hoogleraar Sociologie van arbeid en organisatie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. R.J. van der Veen Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen Postbus 1738 3000 DR Rotterdam vanderveen@fsw.eur.nl
Artikel

De governance van klimaatadaptatie

Naar een legitieme balans tussen daadkracht en draagvlak

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2010
Auteurs Arwin van Buuren en Geert Teisman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The problem of climate change is high on the various political-administrative agendas, both national and international. At the same time the problem is full of uncertainties and controversies. Adaptation to climate change asks for adjustments in our spatial planning, but can also necessitate changes in the distribution of public and private responsibilities. A crucial question is how the legitimacy of adaptation measures can be organized in a context surrounded with uncertainties, controversies and conflicting interests. In this paper we introduce the central theme of this special issue and the various contributions.


Arwin van Buuren
Dr. M.W. van Buuren is universitair docent bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. M.W. van Buuren Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam Vakgroep Bestuurskunde Postbus 1738, Kamer M8-31 3000 DR Rotterdam vanbuuren@fsw.eur.nl

Geert Teisman
Prof. dr. ing. G.R. Teisman is hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Bedreigt economische openheid de verzorgingsstaat, of niet?

Een synthese van internationaal vergelijkend onderzoek

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2007
Auteurs Ferry Koster
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    It has been claimed by politicians as well as researchers that economic openness poses a threat to the welfare state. This article investigates whether there is such a threat. Based on the literature four different hypotheses are distinguished; economic openness is negatively, positively, curvilinear or not related to the welfare state. The first and the third hypothesis state that economic openness does threaten the welfare state, whereas the other two hypotheses argue that this is not the case. The empirical studies investigating the relationship between economic openness and the welfare state are systematically reviewed in this article. The analysis shows that economic openness does not threaten the welfare state.


Ferry Koster
Ferry Koster is postdoc bij het Amsterdams Instituut voor ArbeidsStudies (AIAS) en het Henri Polak Instituut van de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Recente publicaties: 'Globalization, Social Structure and the Willingness to Help Others. A Multilevel Analysis Across 26 Countries'. European Sociological Review, 23 (4), en Voor elkaar of uit elkaar? Individualisering, globalisering en solidariteit, Amsterdam: Aksant, 2007, met P. de Beer. Correspondentiegegevens: AIAS Plantage Muidergracht 4 1018 TV Amsterdam

Jelle Visser
De auteur is als hoogleraar empirische sociologie verbonden aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en is wetenschappelijk directeur van het Amsterdams Instituut voor Arbeidsstudies (AIAS).
Casus

De verzorgingsstaat herwogen

Verbinden als machtspolitieke opdracht

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2007
Auteurs Barbara Vis en Kees van Kersbergen
Auteursinformatie

Barbara Vis
Barbara Vis is als promovenda verbonden aan de afdeling Politicologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Kees van Kersbergen
Kees van Kersbergen is hoogleraar politicologie, werkzaam aan de afdeling politicologie van de Faculteit der sociale wetenschappen, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam.
Artikel

De vraag als antwoord?

Normatieve risico's van vraagsturing en de implicaties voor de rol van professionals

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2006
Auteurs Hans Bosselaar
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The growing interest in demand-based delivery is to be comprehended regarding the criticism on the traditional 'apply-based' delivery. Regarding the literature, the main stream notion on demand-based delivery contains the transfer of the tasks and duties from the intermediate professional to the client. Consequently, the (demanding) client is directly able to affect the provisions he is eligible to and to influence the acquirement of the services and goods.

    The main issues are:

    This article focuses on the new role of intermediate professionals. The intermediate professional can maintain a role in realising the demand-supply relationship between the client and the supplying professional; he can get the task to acquire and spread the required market information, but as well can get the responsibility to support the market participants using this information. In the same time, this responsibility can help to avoid the normative risks, especially the risk of inadequacy.

    This new role must probably be regulated and in any case be monitored to prevent from the situation that the intermediate professional will take over the new responsibilities of the client. If this does not happen, the transfer to the demand-based delivery of public services will fail. On the other hand, if their will be no accessible client support by the new intermediate professional, the transfer to the demand-based delivery will tarnish the fundaments of the social system.


Hans Bosselaar
Mr. dr. Hans Bosselaar is zelfstandig gevestigd onderzoeker met bureau Meccano kennis voor beleid. Bosselaar doet voornamelijk onderzoek op het terrein van sociale zekerheid, arbeidsmarkt en disability management in ondernemingen voor opdrachtgevers als het ministerie van Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid, UWV, RWI en diverse (overheids)commissies en sociale partners. Bosselaar promoveerde in 2005 op het proefschrift De vraag als antwoord. Vraagsturing en sociaal beleid: voorwaarden en risico's. Correspondentiegegevens: Mr. dr. Hans Bosselaar, Meccano kennis voor beleid, e-mail: meccano@planet.nl

    The recent decline in professionalism has frequently been explained as a result of the rise of New Public Management (NPM). As will be shown in this article, however, NPM does not automatically result in a decline in professionalism; its effects differ in various professional contexts. In a case study of the work of social insurance doctors and labor specialists the authors demonstrate that NPM structures the technical aspects of professional tasks, that are the verifiable elements of the professional's judgment. NPM proofs to have strong influence on the techniques for quality insurance (performance of production, time and lawfulness). On the longer term this influence can undermine professional self-regulation. NPM has little impact on the indeterminate task aspects, the professional judgment itself, even though this part has become more 'technical' in years. The case study shows however that this is not due to NPM but to the impact of bureaucratization of the professional task. Furthermore it becomes clear that this impact is stronger in the case of the labor specialist than with respect to the social insurance doctor.


Duco Bannink
Duco Bannink is verbonden aan de Universiteit Twente. Correspondentieadres: Duco Bannink, Universiteit Twente, Faculteit Bedrijf, Bestuur en Technologie, Postbus 217, 7500 AE Enschede, 053-4893222, d.b.d.bannink@utwente.nl

Berber Lettinga
Berber Lettinga is verbonden aan de Universiteit Twente.

Liesbet Heyse
Liesbet Heyse is verbonden aan de Universiteit Twente.

Duco Bannink
Duco Bannink is als universitair docent verbonden aan de Universiteit van Twente. Adres: Universiteit Twente, Faculteit Bedrijf, Bestuur en Technologie, Postbus 217, 7500 AE Enschede, tel. (053)-489 32 22, e-mail: d.b.d.bannink@utwente.nl

    At the start of the century, the organisational fields belonging to the public employment service and social security, which previously were strictly institutionally separated with their rules and norms, have been brought under one umbrella or network structure in the Netherlands. We discuss how within this structure adaptive and reflexive forms of governance enhance information feedback and simultaneous learning processes both at the top and in the execution level of social security. Based upon document study, interviews and a case study of a sectoral experiment on integral service provision, we illustrate which learning elements occurred in bridging the planning and control cycle of New Public Management at the top with the horizontal mutual adjustment between organisations at decentral level.


Marc van der Meer
Marc van der Meer is directeur van het Expertisecentrum Beroepsonderwijs (ECBO). Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. M. van der Meer Expertisecentrum Beroepsonderwijs Pettelaarspark 1 5216 PC Den Bosch marc.vandermeer@ecbo.nl

Bert Roes
Bert Roes is senior adviseur bij het College voor Arbeidszaken van de Vereniging van Nederlandse Gemeenten (VNG).
Artikel

Etatisme in de polder?

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 3 2008
Auteurs Berend Snijders en Femke van Esch
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Decision-making in the Netherlands is generally characterised as (neo) corporatist. Whether stakeholders enjoy a similar level of access to, and influence on the formulation of the national position, which the Dutch government advocates in Brussels, remains however unclear. This article aims at providing a first tentative answer to this question by studying the formulation of the Dutch position on EU resolution 882/2004 concerning the official controls on compliance with feed and food law, animal health and animal welfare.

    In-depth analysis of this case reveals that the development process of the Dutch stance on 882/2004 was largely devoid of stakeholder-input. As such, this process may be characterised as essentially etatist rather than corporatist. Moreover, it was established – as expected – that specialised lobby groups – those that could offer additional information and expertise to the dossier team responsible for 882/2004 – were able to exert more influence than general advocacy groups. Finally, the hypothesis that openness leads to more stakeholder-influence was not confirmed in this case. To the contrary, only during private bilateral discussion did a selection of business organizations manage to convince the dossier team of the benefits of limited border controls.


Berend Snijders
Berend Snijders is promovendus aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht. Correspondentiegegevens: Drs. Berend Snijders Universiteit Utrecht Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap Bijlhouwerstraat 6 3511 ZC Utrecht B.J.B.Snijders@uu.nl

Femke van Esch
Femke van Esch is als universitair docent verbonden aan de Utrechtse School voor Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht.

    This paper offers an introduction to the research theme of 'lobbyism'. Recent Scandinavian research shows that lobbyism is a modern mirror view of corporatism, which develops through changes in the structure of decision-making and implementation by interest groups and government. Three questions are put forward: (a) what is the empirical evidence for the phenomenon of lobbyism? (b) what potential contribution could the concept of lobbyism make to a better understanding of corporatism in the Netherlands? (c) what are, according to the theory of collective decision-making, the most important differences between influence strategies in corporatist negotiation structures, and those in lobby networks?


René Torenvlied
René Torenvlied is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan de capaciteitsgroep Sociologie van de Universiteit Utrecht en het Interuniversitair Centrum voor Sociaal-wetenschappelijke theorievorming en methodenontwikkeling aldaar. Enkele recente publicaties zijn: 'When will they ever make up their minds? The social structure of unstable decision-making.' Journal of Mathematical Sociology. 28(3): 171-196 en 'Polarization and Policy Conflict.' Journal of Conflict Resolution, forthcoming. Adres: Heidelberglaan 2, 3884 CS Utrecht.
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