Zoekresultaat: 367 artikelen

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Artikel

Verantwoordelijke vrijheid: responsabilisering van burgers op voorwaarden van de staat

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden governance, responsibilisation, political discourse, politics, public administration
Auteurs Rik Peeters en Gerard Drosterij
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Behind many notions of ‘governance’, there lies the image of a ‘modest’ or ‘retreating’ state. The assumption is that local and national authorities can only perform effectively if in cooperation with other public and private actors. Generally, it is said, governments increasingly lack the legitimacy for top-down interventions and hence the need of including participative citizen involvement in policy making and implementation. In recent years this democratic image has been disputed in scientific debates because of its lack of attention for new forms of interventionism by the state in societal processes, e.g. crime, youth care, immigration and integration. In this article, we aim to contribute to this other understanding of modern governance by analysing Dutch political discourse between 2001 and 2010 on (implicit) notions of the role and responsibility of the state. We show how the idea of ‘responsibilisation’ of citizens is turned into an argument for more instead of less state involvement in societal processes and citizens’ lives. By emphasizing ‘shared responsibilities’ between government and society, a tricky picture of parity is sketched of this relation. Dutch government presents itself as ‘an ally’ of citizens in fighting pressing social problems, but in the meantime an ideal of ‘responsible behaviour’ is constructed, namely, citizen behaviour in concordance with government’s policy ambitions. Within this political discourse, the socio-liberal idea of ‘responsibility’ turns into ‘responsibilisation on government’s terms’ and ‘irresponsible’ behaviour becomes a legitimate focal point for deep state interventions through techniques of governance.


Rik Peeters
Rik Peeters is onderzoeker en promovendus bij de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur. Correspondentiegegevens: drs. R. Peeters, Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur, Lange Voorhout 17, 2514 EB Den Haag, peeters@nsob.nl.

Gerard Drosterij
Gerard Drosterij is onderzoeker bij de Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur.
Artikel

De investeringsstaat en het verdelingsvraagstuk: waarom is de armoede niet gedaald?

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden welfare state, poverty, inequality, new social risks, labour market, income protection
Auteurs Bea Cantillon en Wim Van Lancker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the past decades, employment and incomes were on the rise, social spending remained high while passive welfare states were progressively transformed into so-called ‘investment states’. Despite these favourable conditions, however, contemporary welfare states did not succeed in reducing poverty and inequality. What lies beneath the disquieting poverty standstill and how did welfare states miss this ‘window of opportunity’? In this article, we aim to shed more light on this question. We identify three structural trends behind the poverty standstill: rising employment has benefited workless households only partially; income protection for the working-age population out of work has become less adequate; social policies and, more generally, social redistribution have become less pro-poor. In other words, the reorientation of social expenditures to the employed occurred at the expense of those at risk in the labour market. The success of future poverty-reducing strategies will depend on the way policies aimed at labour market inclusion will be implemented and the emphasis on redistributive policies.


Bea Cantillon
Bea Cantillon is directeur van het Centrum voor Sociaal Beleid Herman Deleeck van de faculteit Politieke en Sociale Wetenschappen, Universiteit Antwerpen. Correspondentiegegevens: prof. dr. B. Cantillon, Centrum voor Sociaal Beleid Herman Deleeck, Faculteit Politieke en Sociale Wetenschappen, Universiteit Antwerpen, Sint-Jacobstraat 2 - B-2000 Antwerpen, bea.cantillon@ua.ac.be.

Wim Van Lancker
Wim Van Lancker is onderzoeker aan het Centrum voor Sociaal Beleid Herman Deleeck van de faculteit Politieke en Sociale Wetenschappen, Universiteit Antwerpen. Correspondentiegegevens: Wim Van Lancker, Centrum voor Sociaal Beleid Herman Deleeck, Faculteit Politieke en Sociale Wetenschappen, Universiteit Antwerpen, Sint-Jacobstraat 2 - B-2000 Antwerpen, wim.vanlancker@ua.ac.be.
Casus

Een democratie kan niet zonder onderwijs

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden case, Diploma Democracy, levels of education, educational theory
Auteurs Sjoerd Karsten
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In their book Diploma Democracy Mark Bovens and Anchrit Wille state that positions in the field of politics are dominantly held by people with higher levels of education. Because of diverging political preferences between citizens with a higher level of education and those with a lower one this results in a lack of representation of the latter, they argue. Karsten replies to this position from a perspective of educational theory.


Sjoerd Karsten
Sjoerd Karsten is bijzonder hoogleraar beleid en organisatie van beroepsonderwijs en volwasseneneducatie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en gasthoogleraar onderwijsvernieuwing en -samenwerking aan de Universiteit van Antwerpen. Correspondentiegegevens: prof. dr. S. Karsten, S.Karsten@uva.nl.
Casus

De noodzaak van een democratisch debat over verdienste in een meritocratie

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden case, Diploma Democracy, levels of education, active citizenship
Auteurs Evelien Tonkens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In their book Diploma Democracy Mark Bovens and Anchrit Wille state that positions in the field of politics are dominantly held by people with higher levels of education. Because of diverging political preferences between citizens with a higher level of education and those with a lower one this results in a lack of representation of the latter, they argue. Tonkens replies to this position from a perspective of active citizenship.


Evelien Tonkens
Evelien Tonkens is bijzonder hoogleraar actief burgerschap, afdeling Sociologie en Antropologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: prof. dr. Evelien Tonkens, Universiteit van Amsterdam, afdeling Sociologie en Antropologie, St. Actief burgerschap, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 185, 1012 DK Amsterdam, E.H.Tonkens@uva.nl.
Boekbespreking

Riemens schaduwtheorie

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden review, Rob Riemen, fascism
Auteurs Albert Jan Kruiter
Auteursinformatie

Albert Jan Kruiter
Albert Jan Kruiter is zelfstandig onderzoeker en schrijver van Mild despotisme. Hedendaagse democratie en verzorgingsstaat door de ogen van Alexis de Tocqueville, Amsterdam: Van Gennep 2010. Correspondentiegegevens: dr. A.J. Kruiter, ajkruiter@gmail.com.
Casus

Geen bewijs voor toename ‘opleidingskloof’

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden case, Diploma Democracy, levels of education, political science
Auteurs Armen Hakhverdian, Wouter van der Brug en Catherine de Vries
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In their book Diploma Democracy Mark Bovens and Anchrit Wille state that positions in the field of politics are dominantly held by people with higher levels of education. Because of diverging political preferences between citizens with a higher level of education and those with a lower one this results in a lack of representation of the latter, they argue. Hakverdian et al. reply to this position from a perspective of political science.


Armen Hakhverdian
Armen Hakhverdian is postdoc in de politieke wetenschappen aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: A. Hakhverdian, a.hakhverdian@uva.nl.

Wouter van der Brug
Wouter van der Brug is hoogleraar algemene politicologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Catherine de Vries
Catherine de Vries is UHD politiek gedrag en onderzoeksmethoden aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Casus

De complexe relatie tussen diplomademocratie en populisme

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden case, Diploma Democracy, levels of education, political science
Auteurs Sarah L. de Lange
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In their book Diploma Democracy Mark Bovens and Anchrit Wille state that positions in the field of politics are dominantly held by people with higher levels of education. Because of diverging political preferences between citizens with a higher level of education and those with a lower one this results in a lack of representation of the latter, they argue. De Lange replies to this position from a perspective of political science.


Sarah L. de Lange
Sarah de Lange is UD politicologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Correspondentiegegevens: Sarah L. de Lange, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Department of Political Science, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 237, 1012 DL Amsterdam, s.l.delange@uva.nl.
Casus

Repliek

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden Diploma Democracy, levels of education, reply
Auteurs Mark Bovens en Anchrit Wille
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In their book Diploma Democracy Mark Bovens and Anchrit Wille state that positions in the field of politics are dominantly held by people with higher levels of education. Because of diverging political preferences between citizens with a higher level of education and those with a lower one this results in a lack of representation of the latter, they argue. In this section five authors critically replied to this position from a variety of disciplinary perspectives. In this contribution Bovens en Wille answer their critics.


Mark Bovens
Mark Bovens is als hoogleraar bestuurskunde verbonden aan het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap (USBO) van de Universiteit Utrecht. Correspondentiegegevens: prof. dr. M.A.P. Bovens, Universiteit Utrecht, Faculteit Recht, Economie Bestuur en Organisatie, departement USBO, Bijlhouwerstraat 6, 3511 ZC Utrecht, m.bovens@uu.nl.

Anchrit Wille
Anchrit Wille is als senior docent/onderzoeker verbonden aan het Instituut Bestuurskunde van de Universiteit Leiden. Correspondentiegegevens: dr. A.C. Wille, Institute of Public Administration, Universiteit Leiden, Postbus 9555, 2300 RB Leiden, wille@fsw.LeidenUniv.nl.
Casus

De afkeer van volk en elite

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden case, Diploma Democracy, levels of education, social and political philosophy
Auteurs Gijs van Oenen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In their book Diploma Democracy Mark Bovens and Anchrit Wille state that positions in the field of politics are dominantly held by people with higher levels of education. Because of diverging political preferences between citizens with a higher level of education and those with a lower one this results in a lack of representation of the latter, they argue. Van Oenen replies to this position from a perspective of social and political philosophy.


Gijs van Oenen
Gijs van Oenen is universitair hoofddocent sociale en politieke filosofie aan de faculteit der Wijsbegeerte van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Corrrespondentiegegevens: dr. G. van Oenen, faculteit Wijsbegeerte EUR, Postbus 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, vanoenen@fwb.eur.nl.
Casus

Diplomademocratie

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden case, Diploma Democracy, levels of education
Auteurs Ewald Engelen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In their book Diploma Democracy: Concerning the Tension Between Meritocracy and Democracy Mark Bovens and Anchrit Wille state that positions in the field of politics are dominantly held by people with higher levels of education. Because of diverging political preferences between citizens with a higher level of education and those with a lower one this results in a lack of representation of the latter, they argue. In this section five authors reply to this position from a variety of disciplinary perspectives. This section is the result of a debate that took place 17 January 2011 organised by B en M and USBO – University Utrecht.


Ewald Engelen
Ewald Engelen is voorzitter van de redactie van Beleid en Maatschappij.

Jacques Thomassen
Jacques Thomassen is emeritus hoogleraar politicologie bij de Faculteit Management en Bestuur van de Universiteit Twente en Algemeen Secretaris van de Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen (KNAW).

Cas Mudde
Cas Mudde is Nancy Schaenen Visiting Scholar aan het Janet Prindle Institute for Ethics alsmede Visiting Associate Professor in het Department of Political Science van DePauw University in Greencastle, Indiana (Verenigde Staten). Zijn onderzoeksinteresse gaat uit naar populisme. Met Populist Radical Right Parties in Europe (Cambridge University Press, 2007), won hij de Stein Rokkan Prijs (2008).

    Reflection and Debate initiates academically inspired discussions on issues that are on the current policy agenda.


Jonathan J.B. Mijs M.Sc.
Jonathan Mijs is promovendus aan Harvard University. Correspondentiegegevens: JJB Mijs M.Sc., Harvard University, Department of Sociology, 611 William James Hall, 33 Kirland Street, 02138 Cambridge, MA, Verenigde Staten, mijs@fas.harvard.edu.
Artikel

De nieuwe burgerlijkheid: participatie als conformerende zelfredzaamheid

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden Participatie, Zelfredzaamheid, legitimatie, Burgerschap, Responsabilisering
Auteurs Dr. Gerard Drosterij en Rik Peeters
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    For many years now, citizenship has been a hot topic in Dutch politics. The activation and participation of citizens has been part and parcel of many policy initiatives. In this fashion, the current cabinet of Prime Minister Rutte has stressed the virtues of a ‘big society’ and a ‘small government’. We call this the new civility: a citizenship philosophy in which an ethico-economic claim of self-sufficiency is accompanied by a strong anticipation of policy conformity. Notably, the democratic legitimation of the new civility has been reversed. Now it is government which demands civic accountability, not the other way around. Responsible citizenship, not responsible government is at its heart. Furthermore, the new civility is based on a reversal of the Mandevillean idea of private vices and public benefits. We illustrate its ambiguous strands by a case study of a citizen’s initiative project in the city of Dordrecht. We conclude by showing how the tension between the values of civil self-sufficiency and policy conformity ironically can turn out in a-political conception of citizenship.


Dr. Gerard Drosterij
dr. Gerard Drosterij is publicist en zelfstandig adviseur. Correspondentie gegevens: Dr. G. Drosterij, Graaf Florisstraat 63b, 3021 CC, Rotterdam, g.drosterij@uvt.nl.

Rik Peeters
drs. Rik Peeters is onderzoeker en promovendus bij de Nederlandse School voor Openbaar Bestuur.
Artikel

Ondersteuning in vieren

Zichtlijnen in het faciliteren van burgerinitiatieven in de buurt

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden burgerinitiatief, ondersteuning, faciliteren, professionals, wijken
Auteurs Dr. Mirjan Oude Vrielink en Drs. Ted van de Wijdeven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands it is widely acknowledged that neighbourhood oriented citizen’s initiatives often require some professional support. Little is known, however, about the various types of support that professionals may provide. Moreover, Dutch policies usually tend to take an instrumental stance towards citizen initiatives, focussing on their possible contribution to governmental goals. In this contribution we make an effort to develop a typology of different types and roles of professional support. Four basic types of professional support are derived from two axis. The first axis distinguishes between an instrumental approach and a more personal approach, the second between professional support focussing on the initiative/the initiator or on the broader institutional and civil society context. From our empirical findings we conclude that a vital context for citizen initiatives may be produced through the combination of an instrumental and personal approach. The latter comprises efforts of empowerment attuned to both the specific personal needs and capacities of citizens and the typical neighbourhood context. A combined approach may reduce the risk of ‘crowding out citizenship’ that exists when citizen’s initiatives become an instrument in a government’s policy.


Dr. Mirjan Oude Vrielink
Mirjan Oude Vrielink is senior onderzoeker aan de faculteit Management en Bestuur, Universiteit Twente. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. M.J. Oude Vrielink, Universiteit Twente, faculteit Management en Bestuur/PolMT, Postbus 217, 7500 AE Enschede, m.j.oudevrielink@utwente.nl.

Drs. Ted van de Wijdeven
Ted van de Wijdeven is onderzoeker aan de Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur, Universiteit van Tilburg. Correspondentiegegevens: Drs. T.M.F. van de Wijdeven, Universiteit van Tilburg, Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur, Postbus 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, wijdeven@uvt.nl.
Artikel

Particulier initiatief en overheid in historisch perspectief

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden private initiatives, the Netherlands, pillarization, history, civil society
Auteurs Dr. Marcel Hoogenboom
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The central question in this article is whether the relationship between the current citizen’s initiatives and government in the Netherlands shows similarities to the relationship between their predecessors (usually denoted as ‘private initiatives’) and government in the past, and more specifically in the time of pillarization. In the article it is claimed that in the time of pillarization – the period between around 1900 and 1970, when Dutch society was characterized by vertical social divisions along denominational (religious) and ideological lines – private initiatives and Dutch government developed a peculiar symbiotic relationship. In this period, on the one hand the pillarized private initiatives, as a matter of course, expected a large degree of autonomy but at the same time all sorts of support from Dutch government when administering various public tasks. On the other hand, Dutch government took for granted that the pillarized private initiatives highly contributed to the initiation and administration of these public tasks. Since the disintegration of the pillars in 1970s Dutch government has been searching for new ways to relate to the old and new private initiatives, and vice versa. Yet in this search both government and private initiatives still seem driven by the old ‘reflexes’ of pillarization.


Dr. Marcel Hoogenboom
Marcel Hoogenboom is universitair docent algemene sociale wetenschappen, Universiteit Utrecht. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. M.J.M. Hoogenboom, Universiteit Utrecht, faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen, Heidelberglaan 2, 3584 CS Utrecht, m.j.m.hoogenboom@uu.nl.
Artikel

Welke burger telt mee(r) in de doe-democratie?

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden civic participation, citizens’ initiatives, inequalities, neighbourhoods, democracy
Auteurs Drs. Judith Bakker, Prof. dr. Bas Denters en Dr. Pieter-Jan Klok
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In citizens’ initiatives (CI’s) citizens themselves take action to solve problems in their community. Many Dutch municipalities have adopted policies to facilitate CI’s. This raises a number of issues. For example who are involved in such initiatives? And, which problems are likely to be addressed? Such questions are pertinent, because for other forms of civic participation research has demonstrated that privileged social groups are overrepresented. We have compared groups of citizens who are actively involved in CI’s with less active citizens. It is demonstrated that in keeping with previous findings privileged social groups (e.g. high income and well educated people) are overrepresented amongst the more active citizens. This is true for both individual and collective neighbourhood initiatives. However, we did not find an overrepresentation of males amongst the activists. In answering the second question, we have looked at the concerns and worries of the citizens. There is no evidence of systematic differences in the problem definitions of more and less active citizens. This mitigates problem of the social selectivity in civic participation: if citizens agree about the issues to be addressed, who cares about who does the job, provided that someone is willing to do it?


Drs. Judith Bakker
Judith Bakker is junior onderzoeker aan de faculteit Management en Bestuur, Universiteit Twente. Correspondentiegegevens: Drs. J.H.M. Bakker, Universiteit Twente, faculteit Management en Bestuur, vakgroep Political Science and Research Methods, Postbus 217, 7500 AE Enschede, J.H.M.Bakker@utwente.nl.

Prof. dr. Bas Denters
Bas Denters is hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Twente. Correspondentiegegevens: Prof. dr. S.A.H. Denters, Universiteit Twente, faculteit Management en Bestuur, vakgroep Political Science and Research Methods, Postbus 217, 7500 AE Enschede, S.A.H.Denters@utwente.nl.

Dr. Pieter-Jan Klok
Pieter-Jan Klok is universitair docent beleidswetenschap aan de faculteit Management en Bestuur, Universiteit Twente. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. P.-J. Klok, Universiteit Twente, faculteit Management en Bestuur, vakgroep Science Technology and Policy Studies, Postbus 217, 7500 AE Enschede, P.J.Klok@utwente.nl.
Artikel

Burgerinitiatieven en de bescheiden overheid

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2011
Auteurs Dr. Mirjan Oude Vrielink en Dr. Imrat Verhoeven
Auteursinformatie

Dr. Mirjan Oude Vrielink
Mirjan Oude Vrielink is senior onderzoeker aan de faculteit Management en Bestuur, Universiteit Twente. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. M.J. Oude Vrielink, Universiteit Twente, faculteit Management en Bestuur/PolMT, Postbus 217, 7500 AE Enschede, m.j.oudevrielink@utwente.nl.

Dr. Imrat Verhoeven
Imrat Verhoeven is postdoc onderzoeker aan de afdeling Sociologie en Antropologie, Universiteit van Amsterdam/AISSR. Correspondentiegegevens: Dr. I. Verhoeven, Oudezijds Achterburgwal 185, 1012 DK Amsterdam, i.verhoeven@uva.nl.
Article

Een kosmopolitische wereldorde als realistische utopie?

Recente Angelsaksische politieke filosofie in het licht van de natiestaat

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden political philosophy, global justice, cosmopolitanism, sovereignty, transnational democracy
Auteurs Ronald Tinnevelt
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Although hotly debated, the idea of global justice is a relatively new topic within Anglo-Saxon and Continental political philosophy and theory. This paper discusses when and why Anglo-Saxon political theorists became interested in this field of research. The emergence of cosmopolitan norms of justice after the Second World War is one of these reasons. Subsequently, the paper explains some of the basic concepts that are being used within the field and explains why a political philosophical analysis of the ethical significance of boundaries has an added value for political scientists. The paper concludes by elaborating three different themes within the broad debate on global justice: humanitarian aid, global distributive justice, and democratic representation.


Ronald Tinnevelt
Ronald Tinnevelt (1971) is als universitair hoofddocent rechtsfilosofie verbonden aan de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Zijn voornaamste onderzoeksinteresses zijn: democratie, mensenrechten, kosmopolitisme en mondiale rechtvaardigheid. Hij is de co-redacteur van Global Democracy and Exclusion (Blackwell 2010) en Nationalism and Global Justice (Routledge 2010).
Article

De grenzen van de gemeenschap

Over immigratie en de hedendaagse democratie

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden community, sovereignty, identity, hospitality, immigration, Nancy, Agamben
Auteurs Ignaas Devisch en Nanda Oudejans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Not a few continental philosophers are engaged with the debate on democracy, community and tolerance but also globalization, migration and human rights. They do not demand interpretation to get stopped in order to make action possible, as Marx demanded; every political action should start from a critical interpretation of what political acting demands. The work of philosophers such as Agamben, Benhabib, Honig or Nancy is deeply characterized by the challenge of the numerous difficulties and dilemmas our thinking of the other is confronted with, since the stranger or the other discloses limits by contesting who or what we are. He questions and deconstructs the identity of a given, particular community. The limits of community, that’s what it’s all about.


Ignaas Devisch
Ignaas Devisch (1970) is als filosoof verbonden aan de Arteveldehogeschool en de Universiteit Gent. Hij doceert er medische filosofie en ethiek, bio-ethiek en sociale filosofie. Hij studeerde aan de universiteiten van Gent en Brussel en promoveerde in 2002. Hij publiceert regelmatig in binnen- en buitenland over medische filosofie, sociale en politieke filosofie, sportfilosofie en cultuurfilosofie. Hij is tevens voorzitter van vzw De Maakbare Mens.

Nanda Oudejans
Nanda Oudejans (1978) bereidt een wijsgerig proefschrift voor over het vluchtelingenvraagstuk aan de Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen, Universiteit van Tilburg. Haar onderzoeksinteresses zijn asiel, immigratie, mensenrechten, democratie, collectieve identiteit, soevereiniteit en de verhouding tussen (internationaal) recht en politiek.
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