Zoekresultaat: 450 artikelen

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    At December 1st 2014 in the Dutch city of Nijmegen (known from the Treaty of Nijmegen, 1678) the yearly VanHeste-lecture took place. This year the mayors Hubert Bruls of Nijmegen (Netherlands) and Louis Tobback of Leuven (Belgium) discussed the binding role of the modern mayor. Their starting point was the latest book of the American political scientist Benjamin Barber ‘If mayors ruled the world’. Michiel Herweijer, professor of Public Administration at Radboud University Nijmegen, is supposed to lead the discussion. To structure the discussion between the two mayors he formulates six questions, which contain six reservations about the gospel of Benjamin Barber. His conclusion is that Barber has written a fascinating book that has aroused much discussion worldwide. This debate is a good thing, because there are at least six good reasons (the six reservations mentioned by Herweijer himself in this contribution) to abandon the idea of a global parliament of mayors.


Prof. dr. Michiel Herweijer
Prof. dr. M. Herweijer is redacteur van Bestuurswetenschappen, directeur van de Noordelijke Rekenkamer en bijzonder hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Artikel

Van stedelijk onderzoek naar praktijken voor probleembewerking

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden governance of wicked problems, local administration, research, translation, problem structuring
Auteurs Drs. Robert M. Duiveman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In his much praised book on mayors, Benjamin Barber argues it’s up to cities to address the world’s most acute problems. These include wicked problems such as climate change, terrorism, poverty and trafficking of drugs, weapons and humans. Cities are not only excellent problem solvers, they are also given a prominent role in innovation and economics, democracy and citizenship, and more recently domestic care. Complicated, wicked and thus knowledge intensive problems are stacking up at the local level. But where to get the appropriate knowledge to tackle these issues?


Drs. Robert M. Duiveman
Drs. R.M. Duiveman doet (actie-)onderzoek in en naar nieuwe stedelijke kennispraktijken en schrijft hierover een dissertatie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Van Slingelandt-lezing: wie stuurt er (in) de stad?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden local administration, city management, New York
Auteurs Drs. Henk de Jong
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Henk de Jong, former chief clerk of the municipality of Amsterdam, spent some years as a management consultant in New York. Back home, he describes what the Netherlands can learn from the American way of managing big cities. Klaartje Peters, professor of Maastricht University, reflects on the lessons he draws.


Drs. Henk de Jong
Drs. H. de Jong was gemeentesecretaris van Amsterdam, heeft lang als adviseur in de Verenigde Staten gewerkt en is nu bestuurder van het ROC Leiden.
Artikel

Is er een trade-off tussen wetenschappelijke impact en praktijkrelevantie?

Een analyse van de publicaties van bestuurs- en politieke wetenschappers in Nederland (2006-2011)

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden publications, public administration theory, public administration practice, internationalisation, relevance
Auteurs Prof. dr. Sandra Groeneveld, Robin Bouwman MSc en Prof. dr. Steven Van de Walle
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article examines whether there is a trade-off between publishing articles in international peer reviewed journals vis-à-vis national and professional work among scholars in the administrative and political sciences. A cluster analysis on their publications results in three publishing profiles: a professional profile, an international profile and a traditional profile. The professional profile author publishes a relatively high number of professional publications. The international profile author publishes a relatively high number of international peer-reviewed papers. The traditional author profile is characterized by a lower number of publications and a more balanced distribution of publications in both international and national categories. The profiles showcase that indeed there is a trade-off between publishing international scientific articles and publishing for practitioners, but only to some extent. Furthermore, the profiles are associated with the university where authors are employed and whether they got their Ph.D. at a Dutch university or abroad.


Prof. dr. Sandra Groeneveld
Prof. dr. S.M. Groeneveld is hoogleraar public management aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Robin Bouwman MSc
R.B. Bouwman, MSc is promovendus bestuurskunde aan de RU Nijmegen.

Prof. dr. Steven Van de Walle
Prof. dr. S. Van de Walle is hoogleraar vergelijkende bestuurskunde aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Article

De impact van digitale campagnemiddelen op de personalisering van politieke partijen in Nederland (2010-2014)

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden personalization, social media, election campaigns, party politics
Auteurs Kristof Jacobs en Niels Spierings
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Politicians have started to use social media more often. As such media induce personal campaigning, one might expect more personalization to follow. We explore what type of personalization social media stimulate, whether this is different for Twitter and Facebook and analyze the role of parties. We make use of quantitative and qualitative data about the Netherlands (2010-2014). We find that while theoretically the impact of social media may be big, in practice it is fairly limited: more presidentialization but not more individualization (though Twitter might increase the focus on other candidates slightly). The difference between theory and practice seems largely due to the parties. They adopt a very ambiguous stance: though they often stimulate candidates to use social media, they want to keep control nonetheless.


Kristof Jacobs
Kristof Jacobs is als universitair docent verbonden aan de Vakgroep Politieke Wetenschappen van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Zijn onderzoek richt zich op politieke partijen, sociale media, kiesstelsels en uitdagingen van de democratie.

Niels Spierings
Niels Spierings is universitair docent bij de Afdeling Sociologie aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Zijn specialismen zijn politieke en gendersociologie en onderzoeksmethoden. Thematisch focust hij op sociale media, politieke participatie en democratisering, genderongelijkheid, de politieke en economische positie van vrouwen, migratie, islam, en intersectionaliteit. Samen met Kristof Jacobs coördineert hij het project VIRAL (www.ru.nl/VIRAL).
Boekbespreking

Governance van woningcorporaties

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden social rented sector, hybrid organization, public interest, housing association, the Netherlands
Auteurs Hugo Priemus
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution presents a review of four publications, selected as building blocks for designing a policy for competent governance of Dutch housing associations. These publications are about:

    • hybrid organisations: Verhoef & Simon (2001);

    • securing public interests: WRR (2000);

    • problems around core tasks, side activities and achievements of housing associations: ARK (2014);

    • the complex separation of social and commercial activities: CFV (2014).


    After analyzing these four publications, a proposal is presented for the future governance of Dutch housing associations. An exclusive orientation on social activities, a discontinuation of commercial activities and a termination of state aid are suggested


Hugo Priemus
Hugo Priemus emeritus hoogleraar, is verbonden aan het Onderzoeksinstituut OTB, Technische Universiteit Delft.
Artikel

Van eerste overheid naar eerst de burger, maar hoe?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden citizen participation, citizen initiative, local governance, municipal public policymaking
Auteurs Dr. Yvonne Kleistra en Drs. Guido Walraven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The first report (2013) by the Association of Netherlands Municipalities think tank deals with the question of how local governments can improve their own performance regarding the current trend of social initiatives in which citizens organize themselves to tackle problems in their neighborhoods. Kleistra and Walraven discuss the method, content and findings of the report. They question the widely used citizen perspective that is adopted by the think tank as a starting point for further research on the topic; its uncritical stance with regard to the highly debated issue of citizen participation; the limited research effort that underpins its overall findings and conclusions; and in particular its unequivocal call for large scale municipal experimenting and improvising without further elaborating on the key question of ‘how to proceed’ for the benefit of municipal policymakers. This brings them to the conclusion that the report itself generates highly relevant questions, but that these questions should be addressed more effectively than has so far been the case, by connecting in-depth empirical research on municipal performance with regard to citizens initiatives to the large body of scientific knowledge on citizen participation.


Dr. Yvonne Kleistra
Dr. Y. Kleistra is werkzaam als universitair docent bij de leerstoelgroep Geschiedenis van de Internationale Betrekkingen van de Universiteit Utrecht en als senior onderzoeker bij het lectoraat Dynamiek van de Stad van de Hogeschool InHolland Rotterdam.

Drs. Guido Walraven
Drs. G. Walraven is werkzaam als lector Dynamiek van de Stad van de Hogeschool InHolland Rotterdam en als coördinator Landelijk Kenniscentrum Gemengde Scholen.
Artikel

De ambtenaar als professional?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden Civil servants
Auteurs Drs. Thijs Jansen, Mr. drs. Luc Janssen en Drs. Tobias Kwakkelstein
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The opening article introduces the topic of this special issue: civil servants. Changes in the context, role and legal status of civil servants in the Netherlands fuel the debate on the civil servant as a professional in academic and policy circles. This special issue reports on this debate, with contributions from legal, sociological, public administration and more applied perspectives.


Drs. Thijs Jansen
Drs. M. Jansen is lid van de redactie van Bestuurskunde en medeoprichter van de Stichting Beroepseer, waar hij kwartiermaker van de Goed Werk Denktank is. Hij was tot 1 juli 2014 als docent en onderzoeker werkzaam aan de School voor Politiek en Bestuur van de Universiteit van Tilburg. Hij is redacteur van verschillende boeken over professionals: Beroepszeer (2005), Beroepstrots (2009), Gezagsdragers (2012) en Loonfatsoen (2014).

Mr. drs. Luc Janssen
Mr. drs. L.H. Janssen studeerde ondernemingsrecht, bestuurskunde en sociaal recht en sociale politiek aan de Universiteit van Tilburg. Daarna werkte hij als onderzoeker bij de Tilburgse School voor Politiek en Bestuur en als medewerker bezwaar bij UWV. Tegenwoordig is hij werkzaam bij Capra Advocaten.

Drs. Tobias Kwakkelstein
Drs. T. Kwakkelstein is strategisch beleidsadviseur bij de directie Organisatie en Personeelsbeleid Rijk.
Artikel

Proactieve verkeersveiligheid in veranderende bestuurlijke verhoudingen

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden policy analysis, road safety
Auteurs Dr. Peter van der Knaap
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Netherlands enjoys a long-standing reputation in the field of road safety. Following the ‘Sustainable Road Safety’ program of the 1990s, the infrastructural layout considerably reduces the risk of accidents while at the same time many measures are in place to improve road user behavior. In recent years, however, there have been several developments that may affect the success of the approach. In addition to an ageing population, urbanization, and the rise of new technologies, there is a combination of decentralization, policy integration, and budgetary restraints.
    This contribution presents the philosophy behind the sustainable road safety program and describes its key elements. It discusses policy and societal developments, and the continuing need to improve road safety, especially at a decentralized level. The article argues in favor of a continued systematic approach towards safer road traffic, also in periods of decentralization and limited budgets. It presents a concrete perspective of the role of policy analysis and policy evaluation to develop a proactive approach to road safety under the new conditions. In this, evidence-based interventions, an active use of safety performance indicators, and a focus on success are key elements.


Dr. Peter van der Knaap
Dr. P. van der Knaap is directeur-bestuurder van de Stichting Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek Verkeersveiligheid (SWOV).
Artikel

Verder op weg naar een professie voor de beleidsambtenaar?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden Civil servant, Professional autonomy, Professional standards, Professional behavior
Auteurs Drs. Hans Wilmink
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A profession can be defined as a group of workers with shared knowledge, skills and quality standards. To maintain its professional status, the professional community needs to be relatively autonomous. However, while performing their tasks, many pressures jeopardize the professional worker’s autonomous position. Here, the professional community can make a difference.
    Subordination to the political principal characterizes the position of the civil servant. What margin of professional independence do political leaders allow their civil servants? Recent academic empirical reports in the Netherlands show conflicting outcomes.
    This essay describes how civil servants from a Dutch ministry deal with their professional standards and argues that, in the process of professionalization, more clarity is required with regard to how autonomy and independence for civil servants are safeguarded. This is especially relevant in a contemporary context where new ways to account for the professional behavior of civil servants need to be sought.


Drs. Hans Wilmink
Drs. H. Wilmink bekleedde diverse functies op het ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken. Hij ging in 2013 met pensioen.
Artikel

Juridische status van een ethische code: waar plaats je zo’n code in de hiërarchie van de continentale normen?

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden Civil servants, Codes of conduct civil servants, Code of conduct civil servants UK, Code of conduct civil servants Belgium, Codes of conduct civil servants France
Auteurs Prof. dr. mr. Alexander de Becker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The article aims to compare the current legal status of codes of conduct (if any) in five different EU-countries. Its starting point is the recent legal initiative in the Netherlands to abolish the existing status for officials and to replace it with contracts of employment. The parliamentary initiators indicate ethical elements as crucial for the employment relation in the public sector. Does this imply that a code of conduct has to be established?
    The article first focuses on the historical evolution of codes of conduct in different EU-Member States. Within the UK, integrity has always been considered a key stone of the civil service. However, it took until the nineties until a code of conduct was set out. The spread out of the importance of integrity for civil servants has spread out later in continental Europe. The impact of the theory of New Public Management, through the OECD, was therefore crucial. Consequently, Belgium and Germany developed codes of conduct while France and the Netherlands paid more attention to weight of ethical behavior in the public sector.
    Currently, it stays beyond any doubt that the codes of conduct in the UK have got a binding legal value. This value has not yet been achieved by the Belgian and the German codes. The article defends the point of view that a binding code in the Netherlands can be a useful tool.


Prof. dr. mr. Alexander de Becker
Prof. dr. mr. A.H.L. de Becker, universitair hoofddocent UHasselt en bijzonder hoogleraar Ien Dales Leerstoel ‘De overheid als arbeidsorganisatie’ (CAOP en Universiteit van Amsterdam).
Artikel

De Verblijfsregeling Mensenhandel in de praktijk: over oneigenlijk gebruik en niet-gebruik

Tijdschrift Beleid en Maatschappij, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden human trafficking, public policy, crime policy, policy misuse, non-take up
Auteurs Dr. Jeanine Klaver en Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In line with international and national legislation, the Netherlands offers certain services, including a temporary residence permit, to third country nationals who have fallen prey to human traffickers. Over the years, concerns have been often expressed about the perceived misuse of this regulation by foreigners who aim at legalising their stay. Based on interviews and file analysis the present article seeks to provide insight into to what extent it is possible to measure this misuse and the policy implications of the findings. In addition, the authors take into account non-use of the programme. The article confirms existing worries about misuse, provides indicators for misuse, but also concludes that at the level of individual cases practitioners cannot discern misuse from rightful use. At the same time, there are also groups that fall outside the reach of the programme. The article concludes with some policy recommendations on the basis of the findings.


Dr. Jeanine Klaver
Dr. Jeanine Klaver is manager onderzoek bij Regioplan Beleidsonderzoek.

Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

    The focus of the diversity policy in the Dutch public sector has moved during the past decennia. In the eighties offering equal chances for the different target groups was the central policy goal, after the millennium this became the effective and efficient management of a diverse work force in order to arrive at a better performing public sector, also called the business case of diversity. This article investigates the question how far the Dutch cabinet has influenced the diversity policy of public organizations. The answer to the question is that there was limited influence from the Dutch cabinet on the arguments for diversity of public organizations, but there was greater influence on the diversity interventions, especially in three sectors: central government, municipalities and police. This influence on interventions of other (‘fellow’) governments is caused by the strong steering of the cabinet. The interventions undertaken therefore reflect to a more limited extent the business case of diversity and remain stuck in the old target group policy. However, public organizations with a longer history in diversity policy, that operate closer to society and see the necessity for diversity, are more inclined to embrace the business case and start interventions that are related to this new approach.


Drs. Saniye Celik
Drs. S. Celik is accountmanager voor de decentralisaties in het sociaal domein bij het Ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties en buitenpromovenda aan het Instituut Bestuurskunde van de Universiteit Leiden, Campus Den Haag.

    Dutch Ministries differ in the manner in which they design and manage their steering relations with independent governing bodies. Based on six cases at four Dutch ministries the authors show these differences. They use two theoretical models (the principal-agent approach and the principal-steward approach) to clarify the kind of relationship. Ministries not only differ in their approach, they also differ in how far they have advanced in the development of their steering relations with independent governing bodies. Because there is no coordination or exchange of knowledge between ministries, ministries that are ‘lagging behind’ cannot learn from the experiences of ministries that have more experience. The authors do not propose one form of central coordination or one model, but they do propose more exchange of knowledge within and between Dutch ministries.


Prof. dr. Sandra van Thiel
Prof. dr. S. van Thiel is redacteur van Bestuurswetenschappen en hoogleraar bestuurskunde aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.

Prof. dr. Ron van Hendriks
R.H.P. Hendriks MPA studeerde bestuurskunde aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen en deed als stagiaire bij het ministerie van BZK onderzoek naar de aansturingsrelaties tussen departementen en zelfstandige bestuursorganen. Hij is sinds kort trainee bij AP Support.

    According to the policy makers of the Dutch police the more complex society for years requires a police organization that can operate as a network player, or even network director, in ever increasing local safety networks to fulfil the police functions of criminal investigation and maintenance of public order in an effective manner. This claim hardly seems to validated by empirical evidence. Validation is important because research shows that a lot of time is spent on the police network function within community based policing. The question is if this time is spent in an effective manner. Therefore this article addresses the question of the revenues of the police network function within community based policing for the core tasks maintenance of political order and criminal investigation. Based on a policy analysis, interviews and five weeks of participatory research in one police force in the Netherlands, the authors conclude that the policy of the police is only to ‘take’ out and not ‘give’ to local safety networks, although according to the practice and the network literature networkers from the police should give to be able to achieve results. Because the police network function does contribute to the quality of life and the social safety in the community, the authors believe that the community is best served by police officers that have a broad network function.


Jelle Groenendaal MSc
J. Groenendaal MSc is senior onderzoeker en promovendus bij Crisislab, dat het onderzoek van de leeropdracht Besturen van Veiligheid aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen ondersteunt.

Prof. dr. Ira Helsloot
Prof. dr. I. Helsloot is hoogleraar Besturen van Veiligheid aan de faculteit Managementwetenschappen van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Praktijk

Speaking truth to power

Tijdschrift Bestuurskunde, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden Politico-administrative relations, civil service, advice
Auteurs Prof. mr. Roel Bekker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this contribution the author, who himself had a long and distinguished career as a top civil servant, reflects on civil servants advising their ministers. This process of ‘speaking truth to power’ can have its own challenges and dilemmas. The author discusses them based on recent cases and relevant developments in the Netherlands. He also proposes several recommendations on how to readjust the relationship between politicians and civil servants in their light.


Prof. mr. Roel Bekker
Prof. mr. R. Bekker was tot voor kort als bijzonder hoogleraar arbeidsverhoudingen publieke sector (Albeda Leerstoel) verbonden aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Article

Verandering bewerken in een veranderende context

Lessen uit de transitie van de Nederlandse landbouw

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden paradox of embedded agency, institutional void, governance, transition, agriculture
Auteurs John Grin
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    While the Netherlands has been a globally leading country in the area of agrofood for the latter half of the 20th century, its chances to maintain that position will co-depend on its capacity to develop its primary sector into more sustainable directions. This is no trivial task. For a long time, strong institutional arrangements provided guidance to practices of governance, consumption, production and innovation in line with a productivist paradigm. Although these arrangements have been significantly destabilized, and novel ones are emerging, a mature institutional landscape, tailored to a more sustainable development, has not yet fleshed out.
    This article asks the question how innovative practices deal with this ambiguous and dynamic institutional context. It does so through investigating how, over about a decade, two sets of practices to promote more sustainable development (in the fields of livestock systems and greenhouse horticulture), draw on (remains of) incumbent arrangements, and novel institutional elements to provide normative guidance and mobilize resources (money; knowledge; legitimacy). Theoretically, it thus contributes to (1) understanding the emergence of novel modes of governance in an institutional void, (2) taking into account and extending it to a dynamic context, the paradox of embedded agency.


John Grin
John Grin is hoogleraar beleidswetenschap, in het bijzonder systeeminnovaties, aan de Afdeling Politicologie van de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Zijn onderzoek richt zich op beleidsanalyse en governance van maatschappelijke transformaties, in het bijzonder op de gebieden landbouw en voeding, stedelijke innovaties en de curatieve en langdurige zorg.
Symposium

Hoe nu verder? Over de politieke theorie in Nederland en Vlaanderen

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 4 2014
Auteurs Roland Pierik, Patrick Overeem en Tim Heysse
Auteursinformatie

Roland Pierik
Roland Pierik is universitair hoofddocent rechtsfilosofie aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid en geassocieerd lid van de filosofiefaculteit van de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Zijn onderzoek is gesitueerd op het snijvlak van politieke theorie en rechtsfilosofie. In zijn recente werk richt hij zich vooral op mensenrechten, grondrechten, de rule of law, staatsneutraliteit, religieuze diversiteit en globalisering.

Patrick Overeem
Patrick Overeem is universitair docent bij het Instituut Bestuurskunde van de Universiteit Leiden (Campus Den Haag). Hij specialiseert zich in de politieke filosofie en de bestuursethiek.

Tim Heysse
Tim Heysse studeerde klassieke talen en filosofie in Antwerpen en Leuven. Hij is hoogleraar politieke en sociale wijsbegeerte aan de KU Leuven en een van de oprichters van Research in Political Philosophy Leuven (RIPPLE).
Article

Welke eurocrisis? Een vergelijkende analyse van de nieuwsverslaggeving in de Lage Landen

Tijdschrift Res Publica, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden content analysis, euro crisis, newspapers, EU news, framing
Auteurs Willem Joris en Leen d’Haenens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article presents a comparative analysis of the news coverage on the euro crisis in Flanders (Dutch-speaking Belgium) and the Netherlands. The aim of the research was to identify how newspapers in the Low Countries have portrayed the roots of the crisis, the main victims, and those held responsible to solve the crisis, and ways to do so. This study also analyzed the differences across geographical contexts and types of newspapers. Furthermore, it examined how the coverage changed as the crisis continued. Research findings include that Flemish newspapers more often reported about the causes of the crisis, whereas the Dutch newspapers published more articles discussing the responses to it. Furthermore, financial newspapers provided more news stories searching for a solution, while popular newspapers usually published short, factual descriptions.


Willem Joris
Willem Joris is wetenschappelijk medewerker aan het Instituut voor Mediastudies, KU Leuven. Hij doet een doctoraatsonderzoek over de ‘eurocrisis in het nieuws’.

Leen d’Haenens
Leen d’Haenens is gewoon hoogleraar aan het Instituut voor Mediastudies, KU Leuven. Haar onderzoeks- en onderwijsinteresses omvatten westers mediabeleid, jongeren en (sociale) media, media en sociale bewegingen, mediadiversiteit, en journalism studies.
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